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Gubernia Bessarabia Gubernia Taurida
First posted on February 16th 2008, last revised on July 25th 2010








History and Administrative Division . Kherson Gubernia was established in 1803; predecessor Novorossija Gubernia. Kherson Gubernia bordered on Taurida Gubernia in the southeast, on Bessarabia Gubernia in the west, on Podolia, Kiev and Poltava Gubernia in the north, on Ekaterinoslav Gubernia in the east. Originally (as of 1809) divided in five Uyezds : Alexandria, Kherson, Ananiev, Tiraspol, Yelizavetgrad; in 1825 Odessa added as sixth Uyezd, in 1828-1865 Bobrynets functioned as the 7th Uyezd (W : Kherson G.). In 1920 partitioned, in 1922 reunited, in 1925 abolished. From 1917 the territory of Kherson Gubernia formed part of Ukraine.
In 1865 the Zemstvo constitution was introduced in Kherson Gubernia; the Zemstvo Council was exclusively composed of nobles (EOA : Zemstvo).

Population . The population rose from 370,000 in 1811 to 1,330,000 in 1863 to 3,745,000 in 1914 (J. Lahmeyer), largely due to immigration. The ethnic composition of the population was diverse, consisting in order of importance of Ukrainians, Romanians, Russians, Jews, Germans, Bulgarians, Serbs, Greeks, Gypsies, the Germans to be differentiated in Lutherans and Mennonites.

Economy . In 1879 Kherson Gubernia had 128 factories with a combined total of 2,345 industrial workers (Meyer. In 1906, 45 % of the land was owned by peasant communities, 31 % by the nobility, 12 % by the crown (EB 1911).

Culture . Kherson seat of a Russian Orthodox Eparch responsible for Kherson and Taurida Gubernias.

Historic Encyclopedias on Kherson Gubernia, 1809-1885







E x t e r n a l . F i l e s
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Social History Ethnography History of Religion Regional History Local History Institutions Culture
Biography Others
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Historical Data Documents Institutions National Symbols
P r i n t e d . R e f e r e n c e
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WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Country Profiles Current Article Kherson Governorate, from Wikipedia; Kherson Gubernia, from Wikipedia Russian edition
Article Kherson Gubernia, from Encyclopedia of the Ukraine
Historical Articles : Governments : Kherson, from EB 1911
Articles : Cherson, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Links General
on History
Organizations
Historical Dictionary EOA : Encyclopedia of Ukraine
Timelines
Accounts of History
Economy & Finances List of Match Factories in the Russian Empire : Kherson Gubernia, from The Virtual Matchbox Label Museum, in Russian
Russia, from Official catalogue of the industrial department, London Exhibition 1862, GB ; search for Kherson
Ethnography Languages of Ukraine, from Ethnologue
Religion Article Protestants in Ukraine, Russian Mennonite, from Wikipedia
Jewish History of Ukraine, by Daniel Romanowski
Article Ukrainian Orthodox Church, from Wikipedia
History, from Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church
Early Russian Mennonite History, by C. Henry Smith (1927)
Search Gameo for Kherson Oblast
History of Regions Articles Pale of Settlement, from Wikipedia; Pale of Settlement, from Jewish Virtual Library
Local History Articles Ananiv, Beryslav, Kherson : History, Kirovohrad : History (Yelizavetgrad), Mikolayiv : History, Ochakiv : History, Odessa : History, Ovidiopol, Tiraspol : History, Voznesensk, from Wikipedia
History, from Kirovograd
Structures, Institutions Structurae : Ukraine : Kherson Oblast, Mikolayiv Oblast, Odesa Oblast
Culture
Biographies
Others

WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Ukraine, from Population Statistics by Jan Lahmeyer; scroll down for Chersonskaja Oblast, data for 1811, 1838, 1840, 1846, 1851, 1858, 1863/1864, 1867, 1871, 1881, 1885, 1891, 1897, 1907, 1910, 1914
Documents Document Collections Berichte und Gesuche, welche an die Staatsregierung in Angelegenheiten der deutsxchen Landgemeinden in Suedrussland gerichtet wurden, Samuel Kludt (1882) 1898 GenWiki Digitale Bibliothek Project 2007-
Russia - Belarus - Ukraine - Uzbekistan Documents, at Central Archive for the History of the Jewish People, Jerusalem
Historic photos of Elizavetgrad, from Millman Family from Novy Bug and Elisavetgrad
Historical Maps Government Kherson etc. 1882, from FEEFHS (Blackie & Sons 1882)
Kherson Gubernia (no date), from Wikimedia, in Russian
Maps : W Kherson, E Kherson, (Atlas Marksa, 2nd edition 1910), posted by M. Witkam
Historical
Encyclopedia Entries
General Articles Cherson, Alexandrija, Ananjew, Berislaw, Jelissawetgrad, Nikolajew, Odessa, Otschakow, Owidiopol, Tiraspol, Wosnessensk, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Articles : Governments : Kherson, Cities : Kherson, Odessa, Nikolayev, Ochakov, Elisavetgrad, from EB 1911
Religious Articles Kherson, Odessa, Nikolaief, Yelizavetgrad, from Jewish Encyclopedia 1901-1906 edition
Economic
Geographical Das Gouvernement Cherson, pp.511-514 in Th. Fr. Ehrmann, Neueste Kunde vom Russischen Reiche in Europa und Asien, vol.3 of Neueste Länder- und Völkerkunde, 1807, in German, GB
Cherson, p.492 in The London general gazetteer, or Geographical dictionary, 1825, GB
Kherson p.212 in vol.4 of C. Malte-Brun, Universal Geography, 1829, GB
Cherson, Odessa, pp.107-108 in vol.1 of J. Bell, A system of geography, popular and scientific, 1836, GB
Article : Cherson, Nikolajew, Odessa, from Geografisk-Statistisk Haandbog 1858-1863, in Danish
Das Gouvernement Cherson, pp.265-269 in vol.1 of Das Russische Kaiserreich, seine Geographie, Statistik, Volks- und Regentengeschichte, 1847, in German, GB
W.H. Beable, Russian gazetteer and guide, being an account of the territorial divisions and a description of over 300 of the principal towns and cities of Russia, Finland and Siberia (1919), posted on Internet Archive; Kherson p.25
Historical
Parliamentary Debates foreign Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues M. and M. Guthrie, A tour, performed in the years 1795-6, through the Taurida, or Crimea, the antient kingdom of Bosphorus, the once-powerful republic of Tauric Cherson, and all the other countries on the north shore of the Euxine, ceded to Russia by the peace of Kainardgi and Jassy (1802), posted on Internet Archive
Institutions Archives Archives of Ukraine
Musea
Monuments
Libraries
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Bessarabia Kherson Coat of Arms, from Civic Heraldry; from Vector Images

BIBLIOGRAPHY
Bibliographies general RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
ISBN Database
on Kherson
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
e-corpus
Country Specific Electronic Library of Ukrainian Literature
Online Journals full text online
General Accounts
Historical Dictionary Kohut, Zenon E., Historical Dictionary of Ukraine, Rowman & Littlefield 2005, KMLA Lib.Sign. R 947.7 K79h