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Gubernia Sankt Petersburg Gubernia Tver
First posted on February 21st 2008, last revised on July 17th 2010

History and Administrative Division . Novgorod Gubernia in 1727 was carved out of Sankt Petersburg Gubernia (est. 1708 as Ingermanland G., renamed Sankt Petersburg G. in 1710). In 1772, Pskov Gubernia was separated from Novgorod Gubernia. In 1777, Novgorod Gubernia was included in newly created Yaroslavl Namestichestvo; in 1781 it was recreated as Novgorod Namestichestvo; in 1796 reconstituted as Novgorod Gubernia (Wikipedia).
Novgorod Gubernia bordered on Sankt Petersburg Gubernia in the northwest, on Olonets Gubernia in the northeast, on Vologda Gubernia and Yaroslavl Gubernia in the east, on Tver Gubernia in the south, on Pskov Gubernia in the southwest.
Novgorod Gubernia was divided in 11 districts (Uyezds) : Byelosersk; Borovichi, Deyjansk, Kirilov, Kresttsy, Novgorod, Staraya Russa, Tikhvyn, Cherepovets, Ustyushna, Valday.
The Zemstvo Laws passed in 1864 granted regional self-government on Gubernia and Uyezd level; the regional administrative bodies are refererred to as Zemstvos. The Zemstvos were abolished in the course of the October Revolution.
Following the establishment of the RSFSR, Novgorod Gubernia was partitioned into Novgorod Oblast and Cherepovets Oblast, with a small strip of land in the extreme northeast being ceded to Vologda Oblast. In 1927, Novgorod Oblast was annexed into Leningrad Oblast.

Population . The population in 1811 was 766,000, in 1840 709,600, in 1867 1,016,400, in 1885 1,194,100, in 1914 1,729,300 (Lahmeyer).

Economy . Numerous lakes and rivers, and the canals connecting the Ladoga-Neva River System and the Volga River System are navigable. In 1883, 49.3 % of the area was covered by forest, 21.7 % swamp, 16 % pastorage, only 12.6 % farmland. Among the agricultural products, grain and potatoes dominated. Hunting, fishery and forest industries were of importance, as were mineral springs at Staraya Russa. Part of the population, for part of the year, moved on into Sankt Petersburg Gubernia in search for work. In 1884, 300 factories with a combined number of 7,237 industrial workers were counted; the leading industries were grain mills, distilleries, saw mills, paper production, match production, glass industry, pottery, breweries, textile factories ( Meyer).

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Country Profiles Current Article Novgorodskaya Gubernia, from Wikipedia Russian edition
Historical Article : Government : Novgorod, from EB 1911
Articles : Nowgorod, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Links General
on History
Historical Dictionary
Accounts of History
Economy & Finances List of Match Factories in the Russian Empire : Novgorod Gubernia, from The Virtual Matchbox Label Museum, in Russian
Russia, from Official catalogue of the industrial department, London Exhibition 1862, GB ; search for Novgorod
Religion Article Old Believers, from Wikipedia
Article Raskolniks, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1907-1914 edition
History of Regions
Local History Articles Veliky Novgorod : History, Borovichi, Staraya Russa, Valday, from Wikipedia
Novgorod Online
Structures, Institutions Structurae : Russia : Novgorod Oblast

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Russia, from Population Statistics by Jan Lahmeyer
Documents Document Collections Novgorod Resources, posted by Daniel Waugh
Historical Maps Novgorod Gubernia (Brockhaus & Efron 1890-1907), from Wikimedia
Maps : Novgorod, (Atlas Marksa, 2nd edition 1910), posted by M. Witkam
Encyclopedia Entries
General Articles : Governments : Novgorod, Cities : Novgorod, from EB 1911
Articles Nowgorod, Staraja Russa, Bjelosersk, Borowitschi, Demjansk, Krestzy, Tichwin, Tscherepowez, Ustjushna, Waldai, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Geographical Das Gouvernement Novgorod, pp.371-377 in Th. Fr. Ehrmann, Neueste Kunde vom Russischen Reiche in Europa und Asien, vol.3 of Neueste Länder- und Völkerkunde, 1807, in German, GB
Das Gouvernement Nowgorod, pp.118-122 in vol.1 of Das Russische Kaiserreich, seine Geographie, Statistik, Volks- und Regentengeschichte, 1847, in German, GB
W.H. Beable, Russian gazetteer and guide, being an account of the territorial divisions and a description of over 300 of the principal towns and cities of Russia, Finland and Siberia (1919), posted on Internet Archive; Novgorod pp.30-31
Parliamentary Debates foreign Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues
Institutions Archives
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Novgorod Gubernia Coat of Arms, from Civic Heraldry; from Vector Images

Bibliographies general RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
ISBN Database
on Novgorod
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
Country Specific
Online Journals full text online
General Accounts
Historical Dictionary B. Raymond, P. Duffy, Historical Dictionary of Russia, Methuan : Scarecrow 1998, KMLA Lib.Sign. R 947.8 R268h

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