|Gubernia Kursk||Gubernia Kaluga|
History and Administrative Division .
Established in 1778 as Oryol Namestichestvo, reorganized as Oryol Gubernia in 1796, dissolved in 1928. Oryol Gubernia bordered in the north
on Smolensk, Kaluga and Tula Gubernia,
in the east on Tambov Gubernia, in the south on Voronezh and
Kursk Gubernia, in the west on Chernigov Gubernia.
Oryol (Orel) Gubernia was divided in 12 districts (Uyezds) : Bolkhov, Bryansk, Dmitrovsk, Yelets, Karachev, Kromy, Livny, Maloarkhangelsk,
Mtsensk, Orel, Syevsk, Trubchevsk. |
The Zemstvo Laws passed in 1864 granted regional self-government on Gubernia and Uyezd level; the regional administrative bodies are refererred to as Zemstvos. The Zemstvos were abolished in the course of the October Revolution.
Population . The population in 1811 was 1,228,000, in 1840 1,410,300, in 1867 1,578,000, in 1885 1,963,700, in 1914 2,816,200 (Lahmeyer). The vast majority belonged to the Russian Orthodox Church, c. 1 % were Old Believers.
Economy . 62 % on the area was used as farmland, 20 % covered by forest, 12.5 % pastorage. The dominant agricultural products were grain and potatoes. In 1884 531 factories with a combined total of 16,777 industrial workers were counted. The leading industries were distillery, production of steel rails, oil production, grain milling, glass industry, hemp industry, leather industry (Meyer).
Oryol Gubernia within the RSFSR .
Oryol Gubernia ceded territory to Bryansk Gubernia, annexed a small stretch of territory from Tula Gubernia.
In 1926, Oryol Gubernia bordered on Kaluga, Tula and
Ryazan Gubernia in the north, on Tambov Gubernia in the east, on
Voronezh and Kursk Gubernia in the south and on Bryansk Gubernia in the west. |
Population . The population in 1926 was 1,884,000, in 1840 1,410,300, in 1939 1,537,000 (Lahmeyer).
|E x t e r n a l . F i l e s|
|Country Profiles||Links, Portals||Organizations||Accounts of History||Politics||Military History||Economic History|
|Social History||Ethnography||History of Religion||Regional History||Local History||Institutions||Culture|
|D o c u m e n t s|
|Historical Data||Documents||Institutions||National Symbols|
|P r i n t e d . R e f e r e n c e|
|Bibliographies||Online Libraries||Online Journals||General Accounts||Specific Topics||Historical Dictionaries||Others|
|WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNAL FILES|
Oryolskaya Gubernia, from Wikipedia Russian edition |
Articles : Orel,
from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German |
|Accounts of History|
|Economy & Finances||
List of Match Factories in the Russian Empire : Oryol Gubernia, from
The Virtual Matchbox Label Museum, in Russian |
Russia, from Official catalogue of the industrial department, London Exhibition 1862, GB ; search for Orel
Article Old Believers, from Wikipedia |
Article Raskolniks, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1907-1914 edition
|History of Regions|
Articles Oryol : History,
Mtsensk, from Wikipedia |
Structurae : Russia : Oryol |
|WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS|
|Historical Data||Lists of Statesmen|
Historical Population Statistics : Russia, from Population
Statistics by Jan Lahmeyer |
Maps : Tula, (Atlas Marksa, 2nd edition 1910), posted by M. Witkam |
Articles : Cities : Orel, from EB 1911 |
Articles Orel, Bolchow, Brjansk, Dmitrowsk, Jelez, Karatschew, Kromy, Liwny, Maloarchangelsk, Mzensk, Sjewsk, Trubtschewsk, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Das Gouvernement Orel, pp.436-440 in Th. Fr. Ehrmann,
Neueste Kunde vom Russischen Reiche in Europa und Asien,
vol.3 of Neueste Länder- und Völkerkunde, 1807, in German, GB |
Das Gouvernement Orel, pp.109-112 in vol.1 of Das Russische Kaiserreich, seine Geographie, Statistik, Volks- und Regentengeschichte, 1847, in German, GB
W.H. Beable, Russian gazetteer and guide, being an account of the territorial divisions and a description of over 300 of the principal towns and cities of Russia, Finland and Siberia (1919), posted on Internet Archive; Orel p.31
Hansard (British Parliament) |
|Tour Guides, Travelogues|
|Official Symbols||Flags, Coats of Arms||
Oryol Gubernia Coat of Arms, from Civic Heraldry;
from Vector Images,
from Wikimedia |
RHS Bibliography |
UK National Archive Online Library
Internet Archives |
Gutenberg Library Online
|Online Journals||full text online|
B. Raymond, P. Duffy, Historical Dictionary of Russia, Methuan : Scarecrow 1998, KMLA Lib.Sign. R 947.8 R268h |