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Gubernia Tambov Gubernia Simbirsk
First posted on February 25th 2008, last revised on July 4th 2010

History and Administrative Division . From 1708 until 1780 the territory which later was to form Penza Gubernia was part of Kazan Gubernia. In 1780 Penza Namestichestvo was formed; in 1797 it was elevated to Penza Gubernia. Penza Gubernia bordered on Nizhny Novgorod Gubernia in the north, Simbirsk Gubernia in the east, Saratov Gubernia in the south and Tambov Gubernia in the west.
Penza Gubernia was divided in 10 districts (Uyezds) : Penza, Gorodishche, Insar, Kerensk, Krasnoslobodsk, Mokshany, Narovchat, Nizhni-Lomov, Saransk and Chembar.
The Zemstvo Laws passed in 1864 granted regional self-government on Gubernia and Uyezd level; the regional administrative bodies are refererred to as Zemstvos. The Zemstvos were abolished in the course of the October Revolution.

Population . The population in 1815 was 869,000, in 1840 978,300, in 1867 1,197,400, in 1885 1,471,400, in 1915 1,940,500 (Lahmeyer). The population is composed of ethnic Russians, Mordvinians, Meshcheryaks and Volga Tatars.

Economy . Sura and Moksha River are navigable. In 1883, 62.4 % of the area was farmland, 22 % forest, 11.6 % pastorage. Main agricultural products included grain, potatoes, lentals. In 1884 there were 106 factories withy a combined total of 6,133 industrial workers; the dominant industry being distillery, further textile industry, sugar refinery and paper production (Mayer).

Culture . Penza was seat of a Russian Orthodox bishop.

Penza Gubernia within the RSFSR . Penza Gubernia annexed part of Tambov Gubernia. In 1926, Penza Gubernia bordered on Nizhny Novgorod Gubernia in the north, on Simbirsk Gubernia in the east, on Saratov Gubernia in the south, on Tambov and Ryazan Gubernia in the west.

Population . The population in 1926 was 1,997,000, in 1939 1,648,000 (Lahmeyer).

E x t e r n a l . F i l e s
Country Profiles Links, Portals Organizations Accounts of History Politics Military History Economic History
Social History Ethnography History of Religion Regional History Local History Institutions Culture
Biography Others
D o c u m e n t s
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P r i n t e d . R e f e r e n c e
Bibliographies Online Libraries Online Journals General Accounts Specific Topics Historical Dictionaries Others

Country Profiles Current Article Penzenskaya Gubernia, from Wikipedia Russian edition
Historical Articles : Penza, from EB 1911
Articles : Pensa, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Links General
on History
Historical Dictionary
Accounts of History History of the Region, from Penza Oblast
Economy & Finances List of Match Factories in the Russian Empire : Penza Gubernia, from The Virtual Matchbox Label Museum, in Russian
Russia, from Official catalogue of the industrial department, London Exhibition 1862, GB ; search for Penza
Ethnography Mordvinians, from NUPI Centre for Russian Studies, scroll down for historikk; from Institute for Bible Translation, has history; Mordovia - History, from Turanian History
Articles Volgaic Finns, Volga Tatars, from Wikipedia
Volga Tatars, from World Culture Encyclopedia
Religion Article Old Believers, from Wikipedia
Article Raskolniks, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1907-1914 edition
History of Regions
Local History Articles Penza : History, Gorodishche, from Wikipedia
Structures, Institutions Structurae : Russia : Penza Oblast

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Russia, from Population Statistics by Jan Lahmeyer
Documents Document Collections
Historical Maps Russian Empire - Southeast (Blackie & Son 1882), posted by FEEFHS
Maps : Penza (Atlas Marksa, 2nd edition 1910), posted by M. Witkam
Encyclopedia Entries
General Articles : Government : Penza, Cities : Penza, Mokshany, Ethnicities : Meshcheryaks, Mordvinians, Tatars, from EB 1911
Articles Pensa, Meschtscherjäken, Mordwinen, Tataren, Gorodischtsche, Insar, Kerensk, Krassno-Slobodsk, Mokschan, Narowtschat, Saransk, Tschembar, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Geographical Das Gouvernement Pensa, pp.477-480 in Th. Fr. Ehrmann, Neueste Kunde vom Russischen Reiche in Europa und Asien, vol.3 of Neueste Länder- und Völkerkunde, 1807, in German, GB
Das Gouvernement Pensa, pp.234-236 in vol.1 of Das Russische Kaiserreich, seine Geographie, Statistik, Volks- und Regentengeschichte, 1847, in German, GB
W.H. Beable, Russian gazetteer and guide, being an account of the territorial divisions and a description of over 300 of the principal towns and cities of Russia, Finland and Siberia (1919), posted on Internet Archive; Penza p.32
Parliamentary Debates foreign Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues
Institutions Archives
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Penza Gubernia Coat of Arms, from Civic Heraldry; from Vector Images, from Wikimedia

Bibliographies general RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
ISBN Database
on Penza
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
Country Specific
Online Journals full text online
General Accounts
Historical Dictionary B. Raymond, P. Duffy, Historical Dictionary of Russia, Methuan : Scarecrow 1998, KMLA Lib.Sign. R 947.8 R268h

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