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Simbirsk Gubernia Samara
First posted on March 22nd 2008, last revised on July 19th 2010

History and Administrative Division . The Petrine administrative reform of 1708 left Saratov within Kazan Gubernia. A larger Saratov Gubernia was established in 1780, a smaller Saratov Gubernia in 1797; in 1851 Samara Gubernia was formed from territory previously belonging to Saratov, Orenburg and Stavropol Gubernia.
Saratov Gubernia bordered on Penza and Simbirsk Gubernia in the north, on Samara Gubernia in the east, on Astrakhan Gubernia and the Don Cossack Host in the south, on Voronezh amd Tambov Gubernia in the west. Saratov Gubernia was divided in 10 Uyezds (districts) : Atkarsk, Balashov, Kamyshin, Khvalynsk, Kuznetsk, Petrovsk. Saratov, Serdobsk, Tsaritsyn and Volsk.
Following the Russian Revolution, Saratov Gubernia became part of the RSFSR.

Population . The population was 1,901,000 in 1810, 1,717,300 in 1840, 1,725,500 in 1867, 2,222,000 in 1885, 3,432,000 in 1915 (Lahmeyer). The jumps in the population figures indicate that, early in the 19th century, Saratov Gubernia was bigger; probably included part or all of Samara Gubernia, for which population figures are not available prior to 1851. Saratov Gubernia was frontier land, which in the 19th century saw significant immigration, among which featured German colonists. In 1885, capital Saratov had 122,829 inhabitants.

Economy . In 1883, 57 % of the area was farmland, 20 % pastorage, 13 % covered by forest; main agricultural products were grain, potatoes and lentals. In 1884 1300 factories were counted, the leading industries being distilleries, grain mills, oil mills, leather and tobacco processing, textile industry etc. (Meyer)

Culture . Saratov University was opened in 1909.

Historic Encyclopedias on Saratov Gubernia, 1857-1915

Saratov Gubernia within the RSFSR . Tsaritsyn Gubernia was split from Saratov Gubernia. In 1926, Saratov Gubernia bordered on Penza and Simbirsk Gubernia in the north, on Samara Gubernia and the Volga German ASSR in the east, on Tsaritsyn Gubernia in the south, on Tambov Gubernia in the west. An anomaly was the exclave of Saratov Gubernia located east of the Volga, ceded by Samara Gubernia, separated from the core of Saratov Gubernia by the Volga German ASSR.

Population . The population in 1926 was 2,413,400, in 1939 1,454,000 (Lahmeyer).

E x t e r n a l . F i l e s
Country Profiles Links, Portals Organizations Accounts of History Politics Military History Economic History
Social History Ethnography History of Religion Regional History Local History Institutions Culture
Biography Others
D o c u m e n t s
Historical Data Documents Institutions National Symbols
P r i n t e d . R e f e r e n c e
Bibliographies Online Libraries Online Journals General Accounts Specific Topics Historical Dictionaries Others

Country Profiles Current Article Saratovskaya Gubernia, from Wikipedia Russian edition
Historical Articles : Governments : Saratov, from EB 1911
Articles : Saratow, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Links General
on History
Historical Dictionary N S. Vsevolojsky, Dictionnaire geographique-historique de l'empire de Russie , 1813, in French, GB
Timelines Saratov Timeline, from chaos.ssu
Google News Archive Search, search for Saratov
Accounts of History History of Saratov Region, from Kommersant
History, from Saratov Region
Economy & Finances List of Match Factories in the Russian Empire : Saratov Gubernia, from The Virtual Matchbox Label Museum, in Russian
Russia, from Official catalogue of the industrial department, London Exhibition 1862, GB ; search for Saratov
Ethnography Article Volga Germans, from Wikipedia
The Volga Germans, a Brief History, from LHM, from Webbitt
Religion Search Gameo for Saratov Oblast
Der moskausche Konsistorialbezirk, from Die evangelisch-lutherische Kirche in Russland 1914; scroll down for Propstei auf der Bergseite der Wolga im Gouvernement Ssaratow.
History of Regions
Local History Articles Saratov : History, Atkarsk, Khvalynsk, Petrovsk, Volsk, Volgograd (Tsaritsyn, Stalingrad), from Wikipedia
Nieder-Monjou, Russia : History
Structures, Institutions Structurae : Russia, Saratov Oblast, Volgograd Oblast

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Russia, from Population Statistics by Jan Lahmeyer
Documents Document Collections Saratov Governor Golitsyn's Critical Evaluations of Civil Servants, 1829, from Russian Military History
Historical Maps Volga and Don River Basin etc. 1882, from FEEFHS (Blackie & Sons 1882)
Southeastern Russia, from Flemming's Kriegs-Handatlas 1854 (o the Crimean War), posted by M. Witkam; has pre-1851 borders of Saratov Gubernia
Maps : Saratov (Atlas Marksa, 2nd edition 1910), posted by M. Witkam
Encyclopedia Entries
General Governments : Saratov, Cities : Saratov, Tsaritsyn, from EB 1911
Articles Saratov, Atkarsk, Kamyschin, Kusnezk, Petrowsk, Serdobsk, Wolsk, Zarizyn, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Geographical Das Gouvernement Saratow, pp.480-484 in Th. Fr. Ehrmann, Neueste Kunde vom Russischen Reiche in Europa und Asien, vol.3 of Neueste Länder- und Völkerkunde, 1807, in German, GB
Das Gouvernement Saratow, pp.251-254 in vol.1 of Das Russische Kaiserreich, seine Geographie, Statistik, Volks- und Regentengeschichte, 1847, in German, GB
W.H. Beable, Russian gazetteer and guide, being an account of the territorial divisions and a description of over 300 of the principal towns and cities of Russia, Finland and Siberia (1919), posted on Internet Archive; Saratov p.36
Articles Saratow (Guv.), Saratow (Stad), from Geografisk-Statistisk Haandbog 1858-1863, in Danish
Parliamentary Debates foreign Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues H.A. Munro-Butler-Johnstone, A trip up the Volga to the Fair of Nijni-Novgorod (1875), posted on Internet Archive pp.51-65 : Saratov, the Colonists, Little Russians
Institutions Archives
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Saratov Gubernia Coat of Arms, from Vector Images; from Civic Heraldry
Others March of the 108th Saratov Regiment, from Russian Marches

Bibliographies general RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
ISBN Database
on Saratov Volga German-Russian History Books, by Darrel Kaiser
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
Country Specific
Online Journals full text online
General Accounts
Historical Dictionary B. Raymond, P. Duffy, Historical Dictionary of Russia, Methuan : Scarecrow 1998, KMLA Lib.Sign. R 947.8 R268h

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