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Gubernia Kazan Gubernia Penza
First posted on February 25th 2008, last revised on June 27th 2010

History and Administrative Division . In 1708, the territory of what later was to become Simbirsk Gubernia was allocated to Kazan Gubernia. In 1780 Simbirsk Namestichestvo was carved out of the former; in 1796 it was elevated into Simbirsk Gubernia (Wikipedia). Simbirsk Gubernia bordered on Saratov Gubernia in the south, Samara Gubernia (established in 1851, in part from territory hitherto belonging to Simbirsk) in the east, Kazan Gubernia in the north, Nizhny Novgorod and Penza Gubernia in the west.
Simbirsk Gubernia was divided until 1851 in 13 districts, since 1851 in 8 districts (Uyezds) : Simbirsk, Alatyr, Ardatov, Buinsk, Karsun, Kurmysh, Sengilei and Syzran. The 5 districts ceded to Samara Gubernia in 1851 were Stavropol, Samara, Kanadei, Tagai, Kotizkof.

Population . The population in 1840 was 1,192,100, in 1867 1,192,500, in 1885 1,527,800, in 1915 2,124,500 (Lahmeyer). The population was composed of Russians, Mordvinians (12 % in 1906), Chuvash (8 %) and Volga Tatars (8 %; EB). By religion, adherents of the Russian Orthodox Church dominated, followed by Old Believers, Muslims, and a few Jews (Meyer).

Economy . By 1883, 51.2 % of the area was farmland, 33.6 % forest, 10 % pastorage. Main agricultural products were grain, lentals, potatoes; among domesticated animals, sheep, horses, cattle, pigs and goats were held. The Mordvinians kept bees, producing honey and beeswax.

Culture . Simbirsk was seat of a Russian Orthodox bishop. Simbirsk burnt down in 1864.

Simbirsk Gubernia within the RSFSR . Simbirsk Gubernia ceded territory to the Chuvash ASSR (est. 1920), Tatar ASSR (est. 1920) and to Samara Gubernia. In 1924, city and gubernia were renamed Ulyanovsk. As of 1926, Ulyanovsk (Simbirsk) Gubernia bordered on the Chuvash and Tatar ASSR in the north, on Samara Gubernia in the east, on Saratov Gubernia in the south and on Penza and Nizhny Novgorod Gubernia in the west.

Population . The population in 1926 was 1,384,200, in 1939 1,276,000 (Lahmeyer).

E x t e r n a l . F i l e s
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Country Profiles Current Article Simbirskaya Gubernia, from Wikipedia Russian edition
Historical Articles : Simbirsk, from EB 1911
Articles : Simbirsk, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Links General
on History
Historical Dictionaries
Accounts of History
Economy & Finances List of Match Factories in the Russian Empire : Simbirsk Gubernia, from The Virtual Matchbox Label Museum, in Russian
L. Tegoborski, Commentaries on the productive forces of Russia, vol.1, 1855, vol.2, 1856, vol.3 not found on Google Books June 28th 2010 ; numerous Simbirsk entries
Russia, from Official catalogue of the industrial department, London Exhibition 1862, GB ; search for Simbirsk
Ethnography Mordvinians, from NUPI Centre for Russian Studies, scroll down for historikk; from Institute for Bible Translation, has history; Mordovia - History, from Turanian History
Articles Volgaic Finns, Volga Tatars, from Wikipedia
Chuvash, Volga Tatars, from World Culture Encyclopedia
Religion Article Old Believers, from Wikipedia
Article Raskolniks, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1907-1914 edition
Confessional Peculiarities (of the Chuvash), from gov.cap.ru
History of Regions Article Chuvashia : History, from Wikipedia
Category Districts of Chuvashia, from Wikipedia
List of 13 Districts in 1809 from J. Pinkerton, A general collection of ... voyages and travels, 1809 GB
Local History Articles Ulyanovsk (Simbirsk), Sengiley, from Wikipedia
Structures, Institutions Structurae : Russia : Chuvash Republic, Ulyanovsk Oblast

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Russia, from Population Statistics by Jan Lahmeyer
Documents Document Collections
Historical Maps Russian Empire - Southeast (Blackie & Son 1882), posted by FEEFHS
Southeastern Russia, from Flemming's Kriegs-Handatlas 1854 (o the Crimean War), posted by M. Witkam; has pre-1851 borders of Simbirsk Gubernia
Maps : Simbirsk (north), Simbirsk (south) (Atlas Marksa, 2nd edition 1910), posted by M. Witkam
Encyclopedia Entries
General Articles Simbirsk, Mordwinen, Tataren, Tschuwaschen, Alatyr, Ardatow, Buinsk, Karsun, Kurmysch, Sysran, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Articles : Government : Simbirsk, Cities : Simbirsk, Syzran, Ethnicities : Chuvashes, Mordvinians, Tatars, from EB 1911
Geographical Das Gouvernement Simbirsk, pp.473-477 in Th. Fr. Ehrmann, Neueste Kunde vom Russischen Reiche in Europa und Asien, vol.3 of Neueste Länder- und Völkerkunde, 1807, in German, GB
Simbirsk, pp.625-627 in vol.3 of J. Playfair, A System of Geography, ancient and modern, 1810, GB
Simbirsk, in : R. Brookes, Brookes's General gazetteer improved, 1812, GB, unpaginated
Government of Simbirsk, p.235 in vol.4 of C. Malte-Brun, Universal geography, 1829, GB
Government of Simbirsk, pp.66-67 in vol.4 of J. Bell, A system of geography, popular and scientific, 1836, GB
W.H. Beable, Russian gazetteer and guide, being an account of the territorial divisions and a description of over 300 of the principal towns and cities of Russia, Finland and Siberia (1919), IA; Simbirsk p.37
Parliamentary Debates foreign Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues Simbirsk, pp.231-232 in J. Murray, Handbook for travellers in Russia, Poland, and Finland, 1868, GB
Institutions Archives
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Simbirsk Gubernia Coat of Arms, from Civic Heraldry; from Vector Images, from Wikimedia

Bibliographies general RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
ISBN Database
on Simbirsk
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
Country Specific
Online Journals full text online
General Accounts
Historical Dictionary B. Raymond, P. Duffy, Historical Dictionary of Russia, Methuan : Scarecrow 1998, KMLA Lib.Sign. R 947.8 R268h

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