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Astrakhan Gubernia Terek Oblast
First posted on September 17th 2010

Stavropol was established as a Russian Empire army camp in 1777 and granted the status of a city in 1785. In 1843 it became the seat of a Russian Orthodox bishop. In 1847 Stavropol was designated capital of newly-created Stavropol Gubernia (within the Governorate General of the Caucasus). In 1920 a stretch of territory in the Northeast was ceded to the newly established Kalmyk AO. Stavropol Gubernia was disestablished in 1924, its territory annexed into the newly-formed North Caucasian Krai (1924-1937) within the RSFSR (1917-1991) and USSR (1922-1991).
Stavropol bordered on Astrakhan Gubernia and the Territory of the Don Cossacks in the North, on Terek Oblast in the Southeast, on Kuban Gubernia in the Southwest and on the territory of the Black Sea Cossacks in the West.

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Country Profiles Current Article : Stavropolskaya Gubernia, from Wikipedia Russian edition
Stavropol Territory, from Russia by Numbers (official)
Links General Category : Stavropolskaya Gubernia, from Wikipedia Russian edition
on History
Historical Dictionary N S. Vsevolojsky, Dictionnaire geographique-historique de l'empire de Russie , 1813, in French, GB
Accounts of History general L. Moser, The Caucasus and its people, with a brief history of their wars, 1856, GB
Stavropol Territory : History, from Russia by Numbers (official)
specific periods Article : North Caucasian Krai, from Wikipedia Russian edition
Military Events at Stavropol, pp.189-190 in P. Kenez, Civil war in South Russia, 1918: the first year of the Volunteer Army, 1971, GB
Economy & Finances Russia, from Official catalogue of the industrial department, London Exhibition 1862, GB ; search for Stavropol
Religion Baptized Kalmucs of Stavropol, pp.121-124 in J.G. Georgi, Russia: Mongol nations, 1783, GB
History of Regions
Local History Articles : Stavropol : History, from Wikipedia
Structures, Institutions

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Russia, from Population Statistics by Jan Lahmeyer
Documents Document Collections
Historical Maps Caucasus etc. 1882, from FEEFHS (Blackie & Sons 1882)
Southeastern Russia, from Flemming's Kriegs-Handatlas 1854 (o the Crimean War), posted by M. Witkam
Maps : Caucasus (Atlas Marksa, 2nd edition 1910), posted by M. Witkam
Map : North Caucasus Krai 1931, from Wikipedia Russian edition
Encyclopedia Entries
General Article Caucasia, p.251 in vol.5 of Encyclopaedia Britannica 1833, GB
Articles Stawropol, Kaukasien, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Government-Generalship : Caucasia, Governments : Stavropol, Cities : Stavropol, from EB 1911
Geographical Article : Stavropol, in : R. Brookes, The general gazetteer : or, compendious geographical dictionary, 1801, GB
Article : Caucasia, p.133 in R. Brookes, The general gazetteer: or, Compendious geographical dictionary, 1815, GB
Government of Caucasia, pp.44-62 in vol.2 of C. Malte-Brun, Universal geography, 1824, GB
Kaukasien, pp.307-314 in vol.1 of Das Russische Kaiserreich, seine Geographie, Statistik, Volks- und Regentengeschichte, 1847, in German, GB
Articles Kaukasien, Cis, Stavropol, from Geografisk-Statistisk Haandbog 1858-1863, in Danish
W.H. Beable, Russian gazetteer and guide, being an account of the territorial divisions and a description of over 300 of the principal towns and cities of Russia, Finland and Siberia (1919), posted on Internet Archive; Stavropol pp.37, 123
Parliamentary Debates foreign Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues Stavropol, p.873 in C.E. von Eichwald, Reise auf dem Caspischen Meere und in den Caucasus vol.1 pt.2, 1837, in German, GB
Stavropol, pp.48-53 in J.Ch. de Besse, Voyage en Crimée, au Caucase, en Géorgie, en Arménie et en Asie mineure 1838, in French, GB
Stavropol, pp.337-338 in X. Hommaire de Hell, Travels in the steppes of the Caspian Sea, the Crimea, the Caucasus, &c 1847, GB
Institutions Archives
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW, adopted in 1997
Coat of Arms, from Wikimedia Commons

Bibliographies general RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
ISBN Database
on Saratov
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
Country Specific
Online Journals full text online The Caucasus and Globalization
Central Asia and the Caucasus
Central Eurasia Annual
General Accounts
Historical Dictionary B. Raymond, P. Duffy, Historical Dictionary of Russia, Methuan : Scarecrow 1998, KMLA Lib.Sign. R 947.8 R268h

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