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Gubernia Ryazan Gubernia Penza
First posted on February 26th 2008, last revised on July 19th 2010







History and Administrative Division . From 1708 to 1780, the territory which was to form Tambov Gubernia in part was allocated to Kazan Gubernia, in part to Azov Gubernia. Tambov Gubernia was established in 1796; its borders remained unchanged until the administrative reform of 1928. Tambov Gubernia bordered on Ryazan, Tula and Oryol Gubernia in the west, Vladimir and Nizhny Novgorod Gubernia in the north, Penza and Saratov Gubernia in the east and Voronezh Gubernia in the south.
Tambov Gubernia was divided in 12 districts (Uyezds) : Borissoglebsk, Jelatma, Kirsanow, Koslow, Lebedjan, Lipezk, Morschansk, Schazk, Spask, T., Temnikow und Usman.
The Zemstvo Laws passed in 1864 granted regional self-government on Gubernia and Uyezd level; the regional administrative bodies are refererred to as Zemstvos. The Zemstvos were abolished in the course of the October Revolution.

Population . The population in 1815 was 1,267,000, in 1840 1,750,900, in 1867 2,151,000, in 1885 2,759,100, in 1915 3,555,000 (Lahmeyer). Cities over 10,000 inhabitants in 1880 included Tambow, Koslow, Morschansk, Lipezk, Borissoglebsk (Meyer). The population consisted largely of ethnic Russians, with Mordvinians, Meshcheryaks and Volga Tatars dwelling in the west and northwest (EB 1911).
In 1825 the Subbotnik (christians who observed the sabbath and a number of Jewish customs; labelled Jews by the authorities) residents of Tambov Gubernia were expelled (Jewish Encyclopedia).

Economy . In 1883, 63.3 % of the land was farmland (mostly the fertile black soil), 18.3 % forest, 13.4 % pastorage. Main agricultural products were grain, linen, hemp, cabbage, cucumbers, beets, tobacco. Dominant industries were distilleries, textile industry, sugar refineries, tobacco industry and steel foundries. The most notable trading centres were Tambov, Koslov and Morshansk (Meyer). The railroad line Moscow-Tambov was completed in 1870. Tambov Gubernia had a flourishing textile industry, supplying the Russian armed forces with uniforms.





Tambov Gubernia within the RSFSR . Tambov Gubernia ceded territory to Ryazan and Penza Gubernia. Tambov Gubernia annexed territory from Voronezh Gubernia. In 1926, Tambov Gubernia bordered on Ryazan and Penza Gubernia in the north, on Saratov Gubernia in the east, on Voronezh Gubernia in the south, on Oryol and Tula Gubernia in the west.

Population . The population in 1926 was 2,726,900, in 1939 2,016,000 (Lahmeyer).








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WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Country Profiles Current Article Tambovskaya Gubernia, from Wikipedia Russian edition
Historical Articles : Tambov, from EB 1911
Articles : Tambow, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Links General
on History
Organizations
Historical Dictionary
Timelines
Accounts of History History of Tambov Region, from Russia Trek; from Moscow City
Historical Chronicle, from Directorate for Tambov Region
Economy & Finances History of Horse Breeding in the Tambov Region, from TSTU
List of Match Factories in the Russian Empire : Tambov Gubernia, from The Virtual Matchbox Label Museum, in Russian
Russia, from Official catalogue of the industrial department, London Exhibition 1862, GB ; search for Tambov
Ethnography Mordvinians, from NUPI Centre for Russian Studies, scroll down for historikk; from Institute for Bible Translation, has history; Mordovia - History, from Turanian History
Articles Volgaic Finns, Volga Tatars, from Wikipedia
Volga Tatars, from World Culture Encyclopedia
Religion Article Old Believers, from Wikipedia
Article Raskolniks, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1907-1914 edition
Article Judaizing Heresy, from Jewish Encyclopedia 1901-1906 edition
Article Subbotniki, from Old Orthodox Wikipedia
Molokane Goroda Rasskazovo, from rasskazovo.ru, in Russian
History of Regions
Local History Articles Tambov : History, Kirsanov, Morshansk, Rasskazovo, from Wikipedia
Structures, Institutions Structurae : Russia : Penza Oblast
Culture
Biographies Fedor Fedorovich Uskakov, from Russian Generals and Naval Commanders of the Napoleonic Epoch
Biographies of Famous Persons from Tambov Region, general, brief, artists, longer, from Tambov State Technical University
Others

WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Russia, from Population Statistics by Jan Lahmeyer
Documents Document Collections
Historical Maps Russian Empire - Southeast (Blackie & Son 1882), posted by FEEFHS
Maps : N Tambov, SW Tambov, SE Tambov (Atlas Marksa, 2nd edition 1910), posted by M. Witkam
Historical
Encyclopedia Entries
General Articles : Government : Tambov, Cities : Tambov, Borisoglyebsk, Lipetsk, Ethnicities : Meshcheryaks, Mordvinians, Tatars, from EB 1911
Articles Tambow, Meschtscherjäken, Mordwinen, Tataren, Borissoglebsk, Jelatma, Kirsanow, Koslow, Lebedjan, Lipezk, Morschansk, Schazk, Spask, Temnikow, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Religious
Economic
Geographical Das Gouvernement Tambow, pp.422-426 in Th. Fr. Ehrmann, Neueste Kunde vom Russischen Reiche in Europa und Asien, vol.3 of Neueste Länder- und Völkerkunde, 1807, in German, GB
Das Gouvernement Tambow, pp.101-104 in vol.1 of Das Russische Kaiserreich, seine Geographie, Statistik, Volks- und Regentengeschichte, 1847, in German, GB
W.H. Beable, Russian gazetteer and guide, being an account of the territorial divisions and a description of over 300 of the principal towns and cities of Russia, Finland and Siberia (1919), posted on Internet Archive; Tambov pp.38-39
Historical
Parliamentary Debates foreign Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues
Institutions Archives
Musea
Monuments
Libraries
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Tambov Gubernia Coat of Arms, from Civic Heraldry; from Vector Images, from Wikimedia

BIBLIOGRAPHY
Bibliographies general RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
ISBN Database
on Tambov
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
e-corpus
Country Specific
Online Journals full text online
General Accounts
Historical Dictionary B. Raymond, P. Duffy, Historical Dictionary of Russia, Methuan : Scarecrow 1998, KMLA Lib.Sign. R 947.8 R268h