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Gubernia Kherson Gubernia Ekaterinoslav
First posted on February 16th 2008, last revised on July 23rd 2010

History and Administrative Division . Taurida Gubernia was established in 1802, predecessor Novorossiya; defunct 1917-1918. Its territory were divided by Ukraine (north) and the RSFSR (Crimea), both founding members of the USSR in 1922. Taurida Gubernia 1802-1917 bordered on Kherson and Ekaterinoslav Gubernia in the north, in all other directions on bodies of water (Black Sea, Kerch Straits, Sea of Asov). At Kerch Straits it faced the Kuban Cossack Host in the east.
Taurida Gubernia was divided in 8 districts (Uyezds) : Aleshki or Dniepr, Berdyansk, Melitopol, Eupatoria, Perekop, Simferopol, Theodosia and Yalta, as well as the two cities of Kerch and Sevastopol (W : Taurida G.).
The Zemstvo constitution was introduced in 1866, providing for a degree of autonomy. The Zemstvo councils were dominated by noble owners of estates (EOU : Zemstvo).

Population . The population in 1811 was 255,000, in 1840 517,000, in 1867 658,000, in 1885 1,080,000, in 1914 2,059,000 (Lahmeyer). Taurida Gubernia provided the stage for the Crimean War 1853-1856, which not only brought war-related casualties, but also pandemics such as cholera. The population figures do reflect a considerable level of immigration. However, the years 1853-1856, 1860-1863 and 1877-1878 saw stages of a partial exodus of the Crimean Tatar population (to the Ottoman Empire; W : Crimean Tatars). Immigrants were mainly Ukrainians (mainland) and Russians (Crimea), further Jews, Germans, Greeks etc. In 1893-1894, the Jewish population was deported from certain parts of the Crimea (W : History of the Jews in Ukraine).

Economy . In 1884, 47 % of the area was pastorage, 38.7 % farmland, 6 % forest. The main afgricultural product was grain; vinyards were of importance, as was animal husbandry (Meyer), the cultivation of tobacco and tourism.

Historic Encyclopedias : Crimea 1857-1884

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Country Profiles Current Article Taurida Governorate, from Wikipedia
Historical Articles : Governments : Taurida, from EB 1911
Articles : Taurien, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Links General
on History
Historical Dictionary EOA : Encyclopedia of Ukraine
Accounts of History
Economy & Finances List of Match Factories in the Russian Empire : Taurida Gubernia, from The Virtual Matchbox Label Museum, in Russian
Russia, from Official catalogue of the industrial department, London Exhibition 1862, GB ; search for Taurida
Ethnography Languages of Ukraine, from Ethnologue
Article Crimean Tatars in the Russian Empire, from Wikipedia
Religion Article Protestants in Ukraine, Russian Mennonite, History of the Jews in Ukraine, from Wikipedia
Jewish History of Ukraine, by Daniel Romanowski
Article Ukrainian Orthodox Church, from Wikipedia
History, from Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church
Early Russian Mennonite History, by C. Henry Smith (1927)
Search Gameo for Taurida Oblast
History of Regions Articles Pale of Settlement, from Wikipedia; Pale of Settlement, from Jewish Virtual Library
Local History Articles Bakhchisaray : History, Berdyansk, Eupatoria, Feodosiya : History (Yelizavetgrad), Kerch : History, Melitopol : History, Perekop, Sevastopol : History, Simferopol : History, Yalta : History, from Wikipedia
Structures, Institutions Structurae : Ukraine : Crimea, Sevastopol

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Ukraine, from Population Statistics by Jan Lahmeyer
Documents Document Collections Russia - Belarus - Ukraine - Uzbekistan Documents, at Central Archive for the History of the Jewish People, Jerusalem
Historical Maps Government Taurida etc. 1882, from FEEFHS (Blackie & Sons 1882)
Taurida Gubernia (no date), from Wikimedia
Maps : N Taurida, S Taurida (Atlas Marksa, 2nd edition 1910), posted by M. Witkam
Encyclopedia Entries
General Articles : Governments : Taurida, Regions : Crimea, Cities : Bakhchi-Sarai, Balaklava, Berdyansk, Eupatoria, Kerch, Perekop, Sevastopol, Simferopol, Theodosia, Yalta, from EB 1911
Articles Taurien, Krim, Aleschki, Baktschisarai, Berdjansk, Eupatoria, Feodosia, Jalta, Kertsch, Melitopol, Perekop, Sebastopol, Simferopol, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Religious Articles Crimea, Simferopol, Kaffa, Eupatoria, from Jewish Encyclopedia 1901-1906 edition
Economic Entry : Die Grimm, pp.608-610 in : J.F. Lange et al., Übersicht und Berechnung aller Münzen, Ellenmaasse und Handelsgewichte von allen Welttheilen, 1804, in German, GB
Geographical Das Gouvernement Taurien, pp.515-519 in Th. Fr. Ehrmann, Neueste Kunde vom Russischen Reiche in Europa und Asien, vol.3 of Neueste Länder- und Völkerkunde, 1807, in German, GB
Das Gouvernement Taurien, pp.261-265 in vol.1 of Das Russische Kaiserreich, seine Geographie, Statistik, Volks- und Regentengeschichte, 1847, in German, GB
W.H. Beable, Russian gazetteer and guide, being an account of the territorial divisions and a description of over 300 of the principal towns and cities of Russia, Finland and Siberia (1919), posted on Internet Archive; Taurida p.39
Parliamentary Debates foreign Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues M. and M. Guthrie, A tour, performed in the years 1795-6, through the Taurida, or Crimea, the antient kingdom of Bosphorus, the once-powerful republic of Tauric Cherson, and all the other countries on the north shore of the Euxine, ceded to Russia by the peace of Kainardgi and Jassy (1802), posted on Internet Archive
Institutions Archives Archives of Ukraine
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Tavria Gubernia Coat of Arms, from Civic Heraldry; from Vector Images

Bibliographies general RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
ISBN Database
on Taurida
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
Country Specific Electronic Library of Ukrainian Literature
Turkistan Newsletter, from SOTA
Online Journals full text online
General Accounts Historical Section of the Foreign Office, Peace Handbooks : The Don and Volga Basin, London : H.M.SO. 1920 [G]
Historical Dictionary Kohut, Zenon E., Historical Dictionary of Ukraine, Rowman & Littlefield 2005, KMLA Lib.Sign. R 947.7 K79h

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