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Gubernia Ryazan Gubernia Tambov
First posted on February 19th 2008, last revised on July 20th 2010

History and Administrative Division . The Petrine administrative reform of 1708 placed most of what was to become Tula Gubernia under Kiev Gubernia, the Uyezds Efremov and Chem under Azov Gubernia. In 1777 Tula Namestichestvo was established; in 1796 it was elevated to Tula Gubernia. Tula Gubernia bordered on Moscow Gubernia in the north, Kaluga Gubernia in the west, Oryol Gubernia in the south, Ryazan and Tambov Gubernia in the east.
Tula Gubernia was divided in 12 districts (Uyezds) : Tula, Bogoroditsk, Alexin, Byelev, Epifan, Efremov, Kashira, Krapivna, Novosil, Odoyev, Chern and Venev.
The Zemstvo Laws passed in 1864 granted regional self-government on Gubernia and Uyezd level; the regional administrative bodies are refererred to as Zemstvos. The Zemstvos were abolished in the course of the October Revolution.

Population . The population in 1811 was 1,115,000, in 1840 1,190,000, in 1867 1,154,300, in 1885 1,409,000, in 1914 2,016,000 (Lahmeyer).

Economy . In 1883, 73 % of the area was farmland, 10.7 % pastorage, 10.5 % forest. Main agricultural products were grain, potatoes, beets, tobacco, oil containing plants, In 1884, 558 factories with a combined workforce of 11,790 workers were counted. Dominant industries were beet sugar industry, copper industry, distilleries, production of guns and ammunition, leather industry, grain mills, metal industry, production of musical instruments, of bricks. flax, hemp (Meyer). In 1906, 48.2 % of the land was owned by peasant communities, 32 % by noblemen (EB 1911).

E x t e r n a l . F i l e s
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Country Profiles Current Article : Tulskaya Gubernia, from Wikipedia Russian edition
Historical Articles : Governments : Tula, from EB 1911
Articles : Tula, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Links General
on History
Historical Dictionary
Accounts of History History of the Region, from Penza Oblast
Economy & Finances Russia, from Official catalogue of the industrial department, London Exhibition 1862, GB ; search for Toola
Religion Article Old Believers, from Wikipedia
Article Raskolniks, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1907-1914 edition
History of Regions
Local History Articles Tula, Aleksin, Belyov, Bogoroditsk, Venyov, from Wikipedia
Structures, Institutions Structurae : Russia : Tula

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Russia, from Population Statistics by Jan Lahmeyer
Documents Document Collections
Historical Maps Maps : Tula, (Atlas Marksa, 2nd edition 1910), posted by M. Witkam
Encyclopedia Entries
General Articles : Governments : Tula, Cities : Tula, Byelev, from EB 1911
Articles Tula, Bjelew, Bogorodizk, Jefremow, Kaschira, Krapiwna, Odojew, Tschern, Wenew, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Geographical Das Gouvernement Tula, pp.391-395 in Th. Fr. Ehrmann, Neueste Kunde vom Russischen Reiche in Europa und Asien, vol.3 of Neueste Länder- und Völkerkunde, 1807, in German, GB
Das Gouvernement Tula, pp.106-109 in vol.1 of Das Russische Kaiserreich, seine Geographie, Statistik, Volks- und Regentengeschichte, 1847, in German, GB
W.H. Beable, Russian gazetteer and guide, being an account of the territorial divisions and a description of over 300 of the principal towns and cities of Russia, Finland and Siberia (1919), posted on Internet Archive; Tula pp.41-42
Parliamentary Debates foreign Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues
Institutions Archives
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Tula Gubernia Coat of Arms, from Civic Heraldry; from Vector Images

Bibliographies general RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
ISBN Database
on Tula
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
Country Specific
Online Journals full text online
General Accounts
Historical Dictionary B. Raymond, P. Duffy, Historical Dictionary of Russia, Methuan : Scarecrow 1998, KMLA Lib.Sign. R 947.8 R268h

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