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Gubernia Novgorod Gubernia Moscow
First posted on February 20th 2008, last revised on July 17th 2010

History and Administrative Division . In 1796, Tver Namestichestvo (est. 1775) was transformed into Tver Gubernia. Tver Gubernia bordered on Novgorod Gubernia in the north, on Pskov Gubernia in the west, on Smolensk, Moscow and Vladimir Gubernia in the south and on Yaroslavl Gubernia in the east.
Tver Gubernia was divided in 12 districts (Uyezds) : Byezhetsk, Kalyazin, Kashin, Korsheva, Ostashkov, Rzhev, Staritsa, Torzhok, Tver, Vesyegonsk, Vyshniy Volochok and Zubtsov.
The Zemstvo Laws passed in 1864 granted regional self-government on Gubernia and Uyezd level; the regional administrative bodies are refererred to as Zemstvos. The Zemstvos were abolished in the course of the October Revolution.

Population . The population in 1811 was 1,201,000, in 1840 1,323,800, in 1867 1,521,600, in 1885 1,681,800, in 1914 2,402,900 (Lahmeyer). By ethnicity the vast majority of the population was ethnic Russian, some 100,000 were Karelians (c. 1883, Meyer).

Economy . The Volga and many of her tributaries are navigable, permitting much of the area's forests to be tapped for logging. In 1883, 32 % of the area was forest, 28 % pastorage, 26.8 % farmland. Among agricultural products, grain and flax dominated; fishery and the forest industry (logging, production of tar, tarpentine, pitch etc.) were of importance. In 1884 644 factories with a combined total of 20,378 were counted. The dominant industries were textile industry, leather industry, glass industry, further pottery (fayence), grain milling, paper and brick production, sawmills, distilleries. Factories were concentrated on Tver, Rshew, Ostashkov, Kalyazin and Vyshniy Volochok (Meyer).

Culture . Capital Tver, which burnt down in 1763, was seat of a Russian Orthodox bishop; here also an Imperial palace was located.

E x t e r n a l . F i l e s
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Country Profiles Current Article Tverskaya Gubernia, from Wikipedia Russian edition
Historical Articles : Governments : Tver, from EB 1911
Articles : Twer, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Links General
on History
Historical Dictionary
Accounts of History
Economy & Finances List of Match Factories in the Russian Empire : Tver Gubernia, from The Virtual Matchbox Label Museum, in Russian
Russia, from Official catalogue of the industrial department, London Exhibition 1862, GB ; search for Tver
Religion Article Old Believers, from Wikipedia
Article Raskolniks, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1907-1914 edition
History of Regions
Local History Articles Tver, Rzhev, Ostashkov, Staritsa : History, Vyshny Volochyok, Zubtsov, Torzhok, from Wikipedia
Tver History, by Tatiana Kuyukina
Recent History of Tver, from Moscow News
Tver - Later History, from Spiritus Temporis
Torzhok - an Extraordinary Ordinary Town, from Moscow News
Structures, Institutions Structurae : Russia : Tver
A Brief History, from Tver State University

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Russia, from Population Statistics by Jan Lahmeyer
Documents Document Collections
Historical Maps Map : Tver Gubernia, from Wikimedia, in Russian
NW Russia incl. Tver Gubernia (Blackie & Sons 1882), posted by FEEFHS
Maps : Tver, (Atlas Marksa, 2nd edition 1910), posted by M. Witkam
Encyclopedia Entries
General Articles : Governments : Tver, Cities : Tver, Byezhetsk, Rshev, Torzhok, from EB 1911
Articles Twer, Bjeshezk, Kaljasin, Kaschin, Kortschewa, Ostaschkow, Rshew, Stariza, Subzow, Wessjegonsk, Wishne-Wolotschok, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Geographical Das Gouvernement Twer, pp.381-386 in Th. Fr. Ehrmann, Neueste Kunde vom Russischen Reiche in Europa und Asien, vol.3 of Neueste Länder- und Völkerkunde, 1807, in German, GB
Das Gouvernement Twer, pp.122-125 in vol.1 of Das Russische Kaiserreich, seine Geographie, Statistik, Volks- und Regentengeschichte, 1847, in German, GB
W.H. Beable, Russian gazetteer and guide, being an account of the territorial divisions and a description of over 300 of the principal towns and cities of Russia, Finland and Siberia (1919), posted on Internet Archive; Tver p.42
Parliamentary Debates foreign Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues
Institutions Archives Tver Region Archives
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Tver Gubernia Coat of Arms, from Civic Heraldry; from Vector Images, from Wikimedia

Bibliographies general RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
ISBN Database
on Tver
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
Country Specific
Online Journals full text online
General Accounts
Historical Dictionary B. Raymond, P. Duffy, Historical Dictionary of Russia, Methuan : Scarecrow 1998, KMLA Lib.Sign. R 947.8 R268h

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