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Gubernia Novgorod Gubernia Arkhangelsk
First posted on February 22nd 2008, last revised on July 15th 2010

History and Administrative Division . From 1708 to 1780 the territory of Vologda Gubernia formed part of Arkhangelgorod (Arkhangelsk) Gubernia. In 1780, Vologda Namistchevo was separated from the former; in 1796 it was reorganized as Vologda Gubernia.
Vologda Gubernia was divided in 10 districts (Uyezds) : Gryazovets, Kadnikov, Nikolsk, Solvychegodsk, Totma or Totyma, Ustyug Velikiy, Ust-Sysolsk, Velsk, Vologda and Yarensk.
The Zemstvo Laws passed in 1864 granted regional self-government on Gubernia and Uyezd level; the regional administrative bodies are refererred to as Zemstvos. The Zemstvos were abolished in the course of the October Revolution.

Population . The population in 1811 was 703,000, in 1840 790,100, in 1867 974,700, in 1885 1,198,600, in 1915 1,772,200 (Lahmeyer). By 1906, 90 % of the population were Russians, the remaining 10 % Syryenians (EB 1911); by 1883 the latter still made up 16 % of the population (Meyer).

Economy . The Sukhona River, on which capital Vologda is located, is navigable. The opening of two dairy factories in 1835 marks the beginning of a dairy industry; in 1872 the railway Vologda-Yaroslavl was opened. Among agricultural production, limited to Gryazovets, Kadnikov and Vologda Uyezds, grain and apples dominated; by the early 20th century, mining was in its infancy (EB 1911). Vodka distilleries, textile factories, ironworks, salt mines existed; manufacturing industry was, by 1906, in its infancy (EB 1911). By 1883, 86.3 % of the territory was covered by forest; 2.3 % fields, 3.6 % pastorage (Meyer). Timber cutting and hunting were important economic activities, the latter especially for the Syryenian population element. Other forest products included tar, charcoal, tarpentine, berries, mushrooms, pottash. Animal husbandry (cattle, horses, sheep, pigs) were of importance. In 1883, there were 421 factories with a combined total of 3483 industrial workers (Meyer).

Vologda Gubernia within the RSFSR . Severo Dvinsk Gubernia was split off Vologda Gubernia; the latter ceded territory to Komi ASSR. Vologda Gubernia annexed territory from Olonets Gubernia and from Novgorod Gubernia. In 1926, Vologda Gubernia bordered on Arkhangelsk Gubernia in the north, on Severo Dvinsk Gubernia in the east, on Kostroma Gubernia and on Yaroslavl, on Cherepovets, Leningrad Gubernia and on Karelia ASSR in the west.

Population . The population in 1926 was 1,200,500, in 1939 1,408,000 (Lahmeyer).

E x t e r n a l . F i l e s
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Country Profiles Current Article Vologodskaya Gubernia, from Wikipedia Russian edition
Historical Article : Government : Vologda, from EB 1911
Articles : Wologda, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Links General
on History
Historical Dictionary
Accounts of History
Economy & Finances List of Match Factories in the Russian Empire : Vologda Gubernia, from The Virtual Matchbox Label Museum, in Russian
Russia, from Official catalogue of the industrial department, London Exhibition 1862, GB ; search for Vologda
Religion Article Old Believers, from Wikipedia
Article Raskolniks, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1907-1914 edition
History of Regions
Local History Articles Vologda, Totma, Veliky Ustyug, Gryazovets, Kadnikov, Nikolsk, from Wikipedia
Structures, Institutions Structurae : Russia : Vologda Oblast

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Russia, from Population Statistics by Jan Lahmeyer
Documents Document Collections
Historical Maps Maps : NW Vologda, NE Vologda, W Vologda, E Vologda (Atlas Marksa, 2nd edition 1910), posted by M. Witkam
Encyclopedia Entries
General Articles : Governments : Vologda, Ethnic Groups : Syryenians, Cities : Vologda, Ustyug Velikiy, from EB 1911
Articles Wologda, Syrjänen, Grjäsowez, Jarensk, Kadnikow, Nikolsk, Solwytschegodsk, Totma, Ustjug Weliki, Ust-Syssolsk, Welsk, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Geographical Das Gouvernement Wologda, pp.413-418 in Th. Fr. Ehrmann, Neueste Kunde vom Russischen Reiche in Europa und Asien, vol.3 of Neueste Länder- und Völkerkunde, 1807, in German, GB
Das Gouvernement Wologda, pp.136-138 in vol.1 of Das Russische Kaiserreich, seine Geographie, Statistik, Volks- und Regentengeschichte, 1847, in German, GB
W.H. Beable, Russian gazetteer and guide, being an account of the territorial divisions and a description of over 300 of the principal towns and cities of Russia, Finland and Siberia (1919), posted on Internet Archive; Vologda p.45
Parliamentary Debates foreign Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues
Institutions Archives
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Vologda Gubernia Coat of Arms, from Civic Heraldry; from Vector Images, from Wikimedia

Bibliographies general RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
ISBN Database
on Vologda
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
Country Specific
Online Journals full text online
General Accounts
Historical Dictionary B. Raymond, P. Duffy, Historical Dictionary of Russia, Methuan : Scarecrow 1998, KMLA Lib.Sign. R 947.8 R268h

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