|Gubernia Novgorod||Gubernia Arkhangelsk|
History and Administrative Division .
From 1708 to 1780 the territory of Vologda Gubernia formed part of Arkhangelgorod (Arkhangelsk) Gubernia. In 1780, Vologda Namistchevo was separated
from the former; in 1796 it was reorganized as Vologda Gubernia. |
Vologda Gubernia was divided in 10 districts (Uyezds) : Gryazovets, Kadnikov, Nikolsk, Solvychegodsk, Totma or Totyma, Ustyug Velikiy, Ust-Sysolsk, Velsk, Vologda and Yarensk.
The Zemstvo Laws passed in 1864 granted regional self-government on Gubernia and Uyezd level; the regional administrative bodies are refererred to as Zemstvos. The Zemstvos were abolished in the course of the October Revolution.
Population . The population in 1811 was 703,000, in 1840 790,100, in 1867 974,700, in 1885 1,198,600, in 1915 1,772,200 (Lahmeyer). By 1906, 90 % of the population were Russians, the remaining 10 % Syryenians (EB 1911); by 1883 the latter still made up 16 % of the population (Meyer).
Economy . The Sukhona River, on which capital Vologda is located, is navigable. The opening of two dairy factories in 1835 marks the beginning of a dairy industry; in 1872 the railway Vologda-Yaroslavl was opened. Among agricultural production, limited to Gryazovets, Kadnikov and Vologda Uyezds, grain and apples dominated; by the early 20th century, mining was in its infancy (EB 1911). Vodka distilleries, textile factories, ironworks, salt mines existed; manufacturing industry was, by 1906, in its infancy (EB 1911). By 1883, 86.3 % of the territory was covered by forest; 2.3 % fields, 3.6 % pastorage (Meyer). Timber cutting and hunting were important economic activities, the latter especially for the Syryenian population element. Other forest products included tar, charcoal, tarpentine, berries, mushrooms, pottash. Animal husbandry (cattle, horses, sheep, pigs) were of importance. In 1883, there were 421 factories with a combined total of 3483 industrial workers (Meyer).
Vologda Gubernia within the RSFSR .
Severo Dvinsk Gubernia was split off Vologda Gubernia; the latter ceded territory to Komi ASSR.
Vologda Gubernia annexed territory from Olonets Gubernia and from
Novgorod Gubernia. In 1926, Vologda Gubernia bordered on
Arkhangelsk Gubernia in the north, on Severo Dvinsk Gubernia in the east, on Kostroma
Gubernia and on Yaroslavl, on Cherepovets, Leningrad
Gubernia and on Karelia ASSR in the west. |
Population . The population in 1926 was 1,200,500, in 1939 1,408,000 (Lahmeyer).
|E x t e r n a l . F i l e s|
|Country Profiles||Links, Portals||Organizations||Accounts of History||Politics||Military History||Economic History|
|Social History||Ethnography||History of Religion||Regional History||Local History||Institutions||Culture|
|D o c u m e n t s|
|Historical Data||Documents||Institutions||National Symbols|
|P r i n t e d . R e f e r e n c e|
|Bibliographies||Online Libraries||Online Journals||General Accounts||Specific Topics||Historical Dictionaries||Others|
|WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNAL FILES|
Vologodskaya Gubernia, from Wikipedia Russian edition |
Article : Government : Vologda, from
EB 1911 |
Articles : Wologda, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
|Accounts of History|
|Economy & Finances||
List of Match Factories in the Russian Empire : Vologda Gubernia, from
The Virtual Matchbox Label Museum, in Russian |
Russia, from Official catalogue of the industrial department, London Exhibition 1862, GB ; search for Vologda
Article Old Believers, from Wikipedia |
Article Raskolniks, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1907-1914 edition
|History of Regions|
Nikolsk, from Wikipedia |
Structurae : Russia : Vologda Oblast |
|WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS|
|Historical Data||Lists of Statesmen|
Historical Population Statistics : Russia, from Population
Statistics by Jan Lahmeyer |
Maps : NW Vologda,
E Vologda (Atlas Marksa, 2nd edition 1910), posted by M. Witkam |
Articles : Governments : Vologda,
Ethnic Groups : Syryenians,
Cities : Vologda,
Ustyug Velikiy, from EB 1911 |
Articles Wologda, Syrjänen, Grjäsowez, Jarensk, Kadnikow, Nikolsk, Solwytschegodsk, Totma, Ustjug Weliki, Ust-Syssolsk, Welsk, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Das Gouvernement Wologda, pp.413-418 in Th. Fr. Ehrmann,
Neueste Kunde vom Russischen Reiche in Europa und Asien,
vol.3 of Neueste Länder- und Völkerkunde, 1807, in German, GB |
Das Gouvernement Wologda, pp.136-138 in vol.1 of Das Russische Kaiserreich, seine Geographie, Statistik, Volks- und Regentengeschichte, 1847, in German, GB
W.H. Beable, Russian gazetteer and guide, being an account of the territorial divisions and a description of over 300 of the principal towns and cities of Russia, Finland and Siberia (1919), posted on Internet Archive; Vologda p.45
Hansard (British Parliament) |
|Tour Guides, Travelogues|
|Official Symbols||Flags, Coats of Arms||
Vologda Gubernia Coat of Arms, from Civic Heraldry;
from Vector Images,
from Wikimedia |
RHS Bibliography |
UK National Archive Online Library
Internet Archives |
Gutenberg Library Online
|Online Journals||full text online|
B. Raymond, P. Duffy, Historical Dictionary of Russia, Methuan : Scarecrow 1998, KMLA Lib.Sign. R 947.8 R268h |