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Gubernia Vologda Gubernia Kazan
First posted on February 22nd 2008, last revised on June 28th 2010

History and Administrative Division . In 1796, Vyatka Namestichestvo was elevated to Vyatka Gubernia. Vyatka Gubernia bordered on Vologda Gubernia in the north, on Perm Gubernia in the east, on Ufa, Kazan and Nizhny-Novgorod Gubernia in the south and on Kostroma Gubernia in the west. Vyatka Gubernia was divided in 11 districts (Uyezds) : Vyatka, Elabuga, Glazov, Kotelnich, Malmyzh, Nolinsk, Orlov, Sarapul, Slobodsk, Urzhum and Yaransk.
The Zemstvo Laws passed in 1864 granted regional self-government on Gubernia and Uyezd level; the regional administrative bodies are refererred to as Zemstvos. The Zemstvos were abolished in the course of the October Revolution.
When the RSFSR was established, Vyatka Gubernia was transformed into Vyatka Oblast (later renamed Kirov Oblast), with areas ceded to the Mari (est. 1920), Tatar (est. 1920) and Votsk (since 1932 Udmurt) ASSRs (est. 1920).

Population . The population in 1811 was 1,120,000, in 1840 1,529,600, in 1867 2,347,700, in 1885 2,859,000, in 1915 4,062,000 (Lahmeyer). In 1906 the population consisted to 78 % of Russians, 12.2 % of Udmurts (Votyaks), 5 % of Mari (Cheremisses) and 3.4 % Volga Tatars (EB 1911).

Economy . In 1883, 54.9 % of the area was covered by forest, 30.7 % was farmland, 7 % pastorage. In 1883, 83 % of the population were peasants; the dominant agricultural product was grain. Animal husbandry (cattle, horses, sheep, pigs, goats) did not produce sufficient manure to supply the regional demand for fertilizer. Forest products included honey and beeswax. Hunting was of importance. The few factories (1883) concentrated on Slobodsk, Sarapul, Vyatka and Elabuga Uyezds. Metalworks (production of guns, church bells), distilleries, tanneries dominated; in 1883 Vyatka Gubernia was home to 684 factories with a combined total of 9710 industrial workers (Meyer). By 1906, the crown owned 53 % of the land, private owners (estates) 2 %, peasant communities 44 % (EB 1911). The stretch of the Transiberian Railroad passing through Vyatka Gubernia was constructed in 1899/1906.

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Country Profiles Current Article Viatskaya Gubernia, from Wikipedia Russian edition
Historical Article : Government : Vyatka, from EB 1911
Articles : Wjatka, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Links General
on History
Historical Dictionaries
Accounts of History
Economy & Finances European Russia, from Transsib
List of Match Factories in the Russian Empire : Vyatka Gubernia, from The Virtual Matchbox Label Museum, in Russian
L. Tegoborski, Commentaries on the productive forces of Russia, vol.1, 1855, vol.2, 1856, vol.3 not found on Google Books June 28th 2010 ; numerous Wiatka entries
Russia, from Official catalogue of the industrial department, London Exhibition 1862, GB ; search for Vyatka
Ethnography Article Udmurt People, from Wikipedia
Religion Article Old Believers, from Wikipedia
Article Raskolniks, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1907-1914 edition
History of Regions
Local History Articles Kirov : History (Vyatka), Kotelnich : History, Malmyzh, Nolinsk, Orlov, Slobodskoy, Urzhum, Yaransk, from Wikipedia
Structures, Institutions Structurae : Russia : Kirov Oblast

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen Article Viatskaya Gubernia, from Wikipedia Russian edition; scroll down for list of Gubernators (Governors)
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Russia, from Population Statistics by Jan Lahmeyer
Documents Document Collections
Historical Maps Maps : W. Vyatka, E. Vyatka (Atlas Marksa, 2nd edition 1910), posted by M. Witkam
Encyclopedia Entries
General Articles Wjatka, Wotjaken, Glasow, Jaransk, Jelabuga, Kotelnitsch, Malmysh, Nolinsk, Orlow, Sarapul, Slobodskoi, Urshum, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Articles : Governments : Vyatka, Cities : Vyatka, Elabuga, Izhevsk, Sarapul, Votkinsk, from EB 1911
Geographical Das Gouvernement Wiatka, pp.465-469 in Th. Fr. Ehrmann, Neueste Kunde vom Russischen Reiche in Europa und Asien, vol.3 of Neueste Länder- und Völkerkunde, 1807, in German, GB
Government of Wiatka, p.238 in vol.4 of C. Malte-Brun, Universal geography, 1829, GB
Government of Wiatka, pp.65-66 in vol.4 of J. Bell, A system of geography, popular and scientific, 1836, GB
Das Gouvernement Wjatka, pp.236-239 in vol.1 of Das Russische Kaiserreich, seine Geographie, Statistik, Volks- und Regentengeschichte, 1847, in German, GB
W.H. Beable, Russian gazetteer and guide, being an account of the territorial divisions and a description of over 300 of the principal towns and cities of Russia, Finland and Siberia (1919), posted on Internet Archive; Vyatka p.46
Parliamentary Debates foreign Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues Government of Vyatka, pp.162-170 in W.D. Cooley, Travels in Siberia, 1848, GB ; observations on geology & mining
Institutions Archives
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Vyatka Gubernia Coat of Arms, from Civic Heraldry; from Vector Images, from Wikimedia

Bibliographies general RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
ISBN Database
on Vyatka
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
Country Specific
Online Journals full text online
General Accounts
Historical Dictionary B. Raymond, P. Duffy, Historical Dictionary of Russia, Methuan : Scarecrow 1998, KMLA Lib.Sign. R 947.8 R268h

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