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First posted on June 1st 2006, last revised on August 27th 2010

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History and Administrative Division . The Komi-Zyryan Autonomous Oblast was created in 1921 out of territory previously belonging to Vologda Gubernia. In 1929, when Arkhangelsk Gubernia was transformed into Severniy Krai (predecessor of Arkhangelsk Oblast), the Ust-Tsilma District was transferred to the Komi-Zyryan Autonomous Oblast, and at the same time, Priluzskiy and Koygorodok Districts, hitherto belonging to Vyatka Gubernia (dissolved) were transferred to Komi-Zyryan Autonomous Oblast. Simultaneously, a stretch of territory was ceded by Komi-Zyryan Autonomous Oblast to the newly formed Nenets National Okrug (part of Arkhangelsk Oblast). In 1929 Komi-Zyryan Autonomous Oblast was elevated to Komi-Zyryan ASSR (within RSFSR, USSR), capital Syktyvkar. In 1992 it was reorganised as Komi Republic, within the Russian Federation. As of 2008, it borders on Arkhangelsk Oblast in the west and north (Nenets Autonomous Okrug), on the Yamalo-Nenets and Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug and on Sverdlovsk Oblast in the east, on Perm Krai and on Kirov Oblast in the south.
Komi Republic is composed of 20 districts : Inta, Izhma, Knyapogost, Kortkeros, Koygorodok, Pechora, Priluzskiy, Sosnogorsk, Syktyvkar, Syktyvdinskiy, Sysolskiy, Troilsko Pechorsk, Udorskiy, Ukhta, Usinsk, Ust-Kulom, Ust-Tsilma, Ust-Vym, Vorkuta and Vuktyl.

Population . The population was 319,000 in 1939, 815,000 in 1959, 1,119,000 in 1979, 1,265,000 in 1989, 1,126,000 in 2001 (Lahmeyer). The population increase in the 1930es to 1950es is largely to be explained by immigrants, mostly ethnic Russians. The settlement of prisoners at Vorkuta was begun in 1931; the settlers worked in coal mines. In 1953 the prisoners revolted.

Economy . Syktyvkar is the site of mining industry (copper) since the mid 18th century. Coal mining at Vorkuta was begun in 1932. The railroad connectiong Vorkuta with Kotlas was completed in 1941.
Historical Atlas, Russia Page

see also History of Russia in Europe, Russia, USSR

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Country Profiles Current Article : Komi Republic, from Wikipedia
Komi Republic at a glance
Article Komi, from Wikipedia Russian edition
Links General Category : Komi Republic, from Wikipedia
on History
Historical Dictionary
Accounts of History General, Modern Komi Republic at a glance; scroll down for history
General, Historic
Specific Periods
Military History 1953 : The Gulag Uprising at Vorkuta, from libcom
Economy & Finances
Ethnography Articles Komi Language, Komi-Zyrian Language, from Wikipedia
Chapter Komi, from World Culture Encyclopedia
History of Regions
Local History Article Vorkuta, from Wikipedia
Structures, Institutions Structurae : Komi Republic
Biographies Vorkuta to Perm : Russia's Concentration Camp Museums and my Father's Story, by Kon Basil Utley

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen Russian Republics : Komi, from World Statesmen
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics by Administrative Division : Russia, from : Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer
Documents Historical Newspapers
Historical Newspaper Articles
Archive Deposits
Document Collections Trotskyists at Vorkuta (1963), from marxists.org
Historical Maps Map : Administrative Division of Arkhangelsk Oblast and Republic of Komi, from Barents Info
Map of Administrative Division, posted by R. Daward
Map : Northern Russia (as of 1926), from Andrees Handatlas 8th edition 1930, posted by M. Witkam
Encyclopedia Entries
General Article : Syrjänen, p.643 in vol.14 of Brockhaus, Allgemeine deutsche Real-Encyklopädie für die gebildeten Stände, 1854, in German, GB
Geographical N.S. Vsevolozhskij, Dictionnaire geographique-historique de l'empire de Russie, vol.1, vol.2, 1823, in French, GB
Entry : Syrjäns, p.53 in vol.1 of J. Bell, A system of geography, popular and scientific, 1836, GB
Ethnological Permians and Sirjanians, p.15 in R. Phillips, A geographical view of the world, embracing the manners, customs, and .., 1838, GB
Die Permier und Syrjänen, pp.382-388 in vol.1 of F.H. Müller, Der ugrische Volksstamm, 1839, in German, GB
The Siranians, pp.47-49 in R.G. Latham, The native races of the Russian empire, 1854, GB
Parliamentary Debates foreign Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues
Residence Memoirs
Institutions Archives
Musea See Komi Republic , from Global Tourism Network
Monuments See Komi Republic , from Global Tourism Network
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW
Coat of Arms, from Wikipedia

Bibliographies general RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
ISBN Database
on Komi Republic
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
Country Specific
Online Journals full text online
General Accounts
Historical Dictionary Komi, pp.81-83, in : Europa Publications, The Territories of the Russian Federation, London : Europa 1st ed. 1999 [G]
Yearbook Entries Article : USSR : Komi Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1970-1971 p.1413, 1975-1976 p.1418, 1978-1979 p.1235, 1980-1981 p.1240, 1983-1984 p.1245, 1984-1985 p.1242, 1985-1986 p.1243, 1987-1988 pp.1245-1246, 1988-1989 pp.1249-1250, 1989-1990 pp.1255-1256, 1990-1991 pp.1258-1259 [G]
Article : USSR : Komi Soviet Socialist Republic, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1991-1992 p.1258 [G]
Article : Commonwealth of Independent States : Russia : Komi Republic, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1992-1993 p.408, 1993-1994 p.409, 1994-1995 p.397 [G]
Article : Commonwealth of Independent States : Russia : Komi, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1995-1996 p.385 [G]
Article : Russia : Komi, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1996-1997 pp.1089-1090, 1997-1998 p.1095, 1998-1999 p.1189, 2000 pp.1332-1333, 2001 p.1295, 2002 p.1349, 2003 pp.1347-1348, 2004 pp.1352-1353, 2005 pp.1363-1364 [G]

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