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Ingushetia Kabardino-Balkaria
First posted on June 1st 2006, last revised on August 29th 2010






The Ossetes (Ossetians, Osseti) are thought to be descendants of the Alans, inhabitants of the Kingdom of Alania which existed from the 8th century to its destruction by the Mongols in 1238-1239. The Alans were comverted to Christianity in the 9th century.
The Osseti inhabited the land to the north and the south of the central Caucasus. From the 16th century onward, Ossetia was, at least nominally, part of Safavid Persia. In the 17th century, Islam was introduced in the region. In 1749 the Russian Orthodox Church began to send missionaries into the region, part of the population of which practiced Christianity of sorts, in a region which lacked a church organization. In 1774-1806 Ossetia was, piece by piece, formally incorporated into the Russian Empire. Under Russian rule, the partition of Ossetia into North Ossetia and South Ossetia was cemented; North Ossetia became part of Terek Oblast, South Ossetia part of Tiflis and Kutais Gubernia.
In 1920 North Ossetia became part of the Soviet Mountain Republic; in 1924 it became the North Ossetian Autonomous Oblast; in 1936 the latter was elevated to the North Ossetian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (ASSR), within the RSFSR. In 1990 the North Ossetian ASSR became the Republic of North Ossetia (within the Russian Federation).

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WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Country Profiles Current Article North Ossetia-Alania, from Wikipedia
Historical Moritz Wagner, Der Kaukasus und das Land der Kosaken in den Jahren 1843 bis 1846, 1850, 2 vol., in German, GB
Links General Category : North Ossetia-Alania, from Wikipedia
on History
Organizations
Historical Dictionary
Timelines
Accounts of History General, Modern Article : History of North Ossetia-Alania, from Wikipedia
General, Historic Aleksandr Kazem-Bek, Derbend-nameh: or, The history of Derbend, trsl. from Turkish, 1851, GB
Specific Periods Articles : Alania, North Ossetian Autonomous Oblast (1924-1936), North Ossetian ASSR (1936-1990), from Wikipedia
Administration Article Administrative Division of North Ossetia-Alania, from Wikipedia
Military History
Economy & Finances
Ethnography Articles : Ossetians, Alans from Wikipedia
Ossetes, from World Culture Encyclopedia
North Ossetia, from European Centre for Minority Issues
Religion Article : Islam in North Ossetia-Alania, from Wikipedia
P. Joselian, A short History of the Georgian Church, trsl. from the Russian, 1866, GB
History of Regions
Local History
Structures, Institutions Structurae : North Ossetia-Alania Republic
Culture
Biographies
Others

WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen Russian Republics : North Ossetia-Alania, from World Statesmen, scroll down
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics by Administrative Division : Russia, from : Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer
Documents Historical Newspapers
Historical Newspaper Articles
Archive Deposits
Document Collections
Historical Maps Map of Administrative Division, posted by R. Daward
Maps : Languages of the Caucasus, Languages of East Caucasus 1, from Titus
Historical
Encyclopedia Entries
General Articles : Osseti, Ossetia, p.536 in vol.16 of Encyclopaedia Perthemsis, 1807, GB
Article : Osseten, in Pierer's Universal-Lexikon 1857-1865 edition, in German, posted by Zeno
Article : Osseten, in Meyers Konversationslexikon, 1885-1892 edition, in German, posted by Retro Bibliothek
Article : Osseten, in Meyers Grosses Konversationslexikon 1902-1909 edition, in German, posted by Zeno
Religious
Economic
Geographical Entry : Ironistan / Ossetien, p.178 in J.E. Fabri, Kurzer Abriss der Geographie entworfen, 1811, in German, GB
Articles : Osseten, Ossetien, p.208 in vol.2 of G. von Hassel, Geographisch-Statistisches Handwörterbuch, 1817, in German, GB
N.S. Vsevolozhskij, Dictionnaire geographique-historique de l'empire de Russie, vol.1, vol.2, 1823, in French, GB
The Ossetes, pp.309-310 in vol.1 of C. Malte-Brun, Universal Geography, 1827, GB
Ethnological Die Osseten, pp.82-85 in vol.6 of Archiv für Geographie, Historie, Staats- und Kriegskunst, 1815, in German, GB
Osseten oder Alanen, pp.82-97 in J. von Klaproth, Asia Polyglotta, 1831, in German, GB
Die Osseten, pp.78-82 in vol.2 of Fr. Bodenstedt, Die Völker des Kaukasus und ihre Freiheitskämpfe gegen die Russen, 1855, in German, GB
Historical
Parliamentary Debates foreign Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues J. von Klaproth, Travels in the Caucasus and Georgia : performed in the years 1807 and 1808, trsl. from the German, 1814, GB
Die Osseten, pp.292-310 in J.G. Kohl, Reisen in Südrussland, 1841, in German, GB
Residence Memoirs
Institutions Archives
Musea See Republic of North Ossetia-Alania, from Global Tourism Network
Russian Museums : General I.A. Pliev House-Museum
Monuments See Republic of North Ossetia-Alania, from Global Tourism Network
Libraries
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW

BIBLIOGRAPHY
Bibliographies general RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
ISBN Database
on South Ossetia
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
e-corpus
Country Specific
Online Journals full text online
General Accounts
Historical Dictionary North Osetiya, pp.90-94, in : Europa Publications, The Territories of the Russian Federation, London : Europa 1st ed. 1999 [G]
Yearbook Entries Article : USSR : North Ossetian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1970-1971 p.1414, 1975-1976 p.1419, 1978-1979 p.1236, 1980-1981 p.1241, 1983-1984 p.1246, 1984-1985 p.1243, 1985-1986 p.1244, 1987-1988 p.1247, 1988-1989 p.1251, 1989-1990 p.1257, 1990-1991 p.1260, 1991-1992 pp.1259-1260 [G]
Article : Commonwealth of Independent States : Russia : North Ossetian Autonomous Republic, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1992-1993 p.409 [G]
Article : Commonwealth of Independent States : Russia : North Ossetian Republic, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1993-1994 pp.410-411, 1994-1995 p.398 [G]
Article : Commonwealth of Independent States : Russia : North Ossetia (Alania), in : Statesman's Yearbook 1995-1996 p.386 [G]
Article : Russia : North Ossetia, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1996-1997 pp.1090-1091, 1997-1998 p.1096, 1998-1999 p.1190, 2000 pp.1333-1334, 2001 pp.1296-1297, 2002 p.1350, 2003 pp.1348-1349, 2004 pp.1353-1354 ( [G]
Article : Russia : North Ossetia (Alania), in : Statesman's Yearbook 2005 pp.1364 [G]