History and Administrative Division . Severny Krai was established in 1929, from what used to be Arkhangelsk Gubernia and part of Severo Dvinsk Gubernia. In 1936 Severny Krai was elevated to Severny Oblast, in 1937 renamed Arkhangelsk Oblast. Nenets National Okrug was created in 1927, renamed Nenets Autonomous Okrug in 1977. The USSR had annexed Franz Josef Land in 1926; as in the case of Novaya Zemlya, it was allocated to Arkhangelsk Oblast.. The capital of Arkhangelsk Oblast is Arkhangelsk.
As of 2008, Arkhangelsk Oblast borders on the Arctic Ocean and on Murmansk Oblast in the north, on the Karelian Republic in the west, on Vologda Oblast, Kirov Oblast and Komi Republic in the south. Arkhangelsk Oblast, except for Novaya Zemlya, Franz Josef Land and Nenets Autonomous Okrug, consists of 20 districts : Kargopol, Kholmogory, Konosha, Kotlas, Krasnoborsk, Lenskiy, Leshukonskoye, Mezen, Nyandoma, Onega, Pinega, Plesstsk, Primorskiy, Shenkursk, Solovetskiy, Ustyanskiy, Velsk, Verkhnyaya, Viiegodskiy, Vinogradovskiy.
Population . The population of Arkhangelsk Oblast was 1,199,200 in 1939, 1,230,000 in 1959, 1,362,000 in 1970, 1,420,000 in 1979, 1,515,000 in 1989, 1,397,000 in 2001 (Lahmeyer). From 1954 to 1990, Novaya Zemlya was used as a nuclear test explosion site. The ethnic Nenets population of southern island was resettled in Nenets National Okrug prior to the first test.
Historical Atlas, Russia Page
see also History of Russia in Europe, Russia, USSR
Article Arkhangelsk Oblast,
Administrative Divisions of Arkhangelsk Oblast,
Franz Josef Land,
Nenets Autonomous Okrug, from Wikipedia |
A History of Kotlas, from The Kotlas Connection
Structurae : Arkhangelsk Oblast
Historical Roots of the North, from Barents Info
Historical Population Statistics by Administrative Division : Russia,
from : Population Statistics by Jan Lahmeyer |
Map : Administrative Division of Arkhangelsk Oblast and Republic of Komi, from Barents Info
Map : Northern Russia (as of 1926), from Andrees Handatlas 8th edition 1930, posted by M. Witkam
Coat of Arms, from Civic Heraldry
Archives in the Russian Federation, scroll down for Arkhangelsk Oblast
Map of Administrative Division, posted by R. Daward
Archangel (!) Oblast, pp.129-131 in : Europa Publications, The Territories of the Russian Federation, London : Europa 1st ed. 1999 [G] |