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Astrakhan Gubernia Stavropol Gubernia
First posted on September 16th 2010

The first Cossacks had moved into the region in 1520. By the end of the 16th century, the band of (independent) Terek Cossacks was strong enough to launch campaigns against the Ottoman Empire. In 1720 the Russian Empire established control over the Terek Cossacks. In the later 18th century, more Cossacks from the Don and Dnepr regions were moved into the area, and Russia began a policy of expansion. In 1860 the Terek Cossack Host was formed; in 1869 Terek Oblast, capital Vladikavkaz, as part of the Governorate General of the Caucasus.
In 1921 Terek Oblast was divided in Terek Governorate and the Mountain Republic (the latter existing since 1917, now transformed into a Communist entity). In 1922 the Chechen AO seceded and territory was ceded to Dagestan; in 1924 the remainder was partitioned into the North Ossetian AO and the Ingushetian AO.

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Country Profiles Current Article : Terskaya Oblast, from Wikipedia Russian edition
Article : Oblast Terek, from Wikipedia German edition
Links General
on History
Historical Dictionary N S. Vsevolojsky, Dictionnaire geographique-historique de l'empire de Russie , 1813, in French, GB
Accounts of History general L. Moser, The Caucasus and its people, with a brief history of their wars, 1856, GB
specific periods Articles Mountainous Republic of the Northern Caucasus, Mountain ASSR, from Wikipedia
Economy & Finances List of Match Factories in the Russian Empire : Terek Gubernia, from The Virtual Matchbox Label Museum, in Russian
Ethnography see under North Ossetia, Ingushetia, Chechnya, Dagestan.html">
Articles :
Terek Cossacks, from Wikipedia
History of Regions
Local History The city of Grozny, from latautonomy
Information about Michaelsdorf, Russia [North Ossetia], from Rootsweb
Articles : Vladikavkaz : History, Grozny : History, from Wikipedia
Structures, Institutions

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Russia, from Population Statistics by Jan Lahmeyer
Documents Document Collections
Historical Maps Caucasus etc. 1882, from FEEFHS (Blackie & Sons 1882)
Southeastern Russia, from Flemming's Kriegs-Handatlas 1854 (o the Crimean War), posted by M. Witkam
Maps : Caucasus (Atlas Marksa, 2nd edition 1910), posted by M. Witkam
Encyclopedia Entries
General Article Caucasia, p.251 in vol.5 of Encyclopaedia Britannica 1833, GB
Articles Terekgebiet, Kaukasien, Wladikawkas, Osseten, Inguschen, Tschetschenzen, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Article : Terskaya Oblast, from Brockhaus-Efron 1901, Brockhaus Efron, Suppl. 1906, in Russian
Government-Generalship : Caucasia, Governments : Terek, Caucasia, Cities : Vladikavkaz, Pyatigorsk, Groznyi, Kizlyar, from EB 1911
Geographical Article : Caucasia, p.133 in R. Brookes, The general gazetteer: or, Compendious geographical dictionary, 1815, GB
Government of Caucasia, pp.44-62 in vol.2 of C. Malte-Brun, Universal geography, 1824, GB
Kaukasien, pp.307-314 in vol.1 of Das Russische Kaiserreich, seine Geographie, Statistik, Volks- und Regentengeschichte, 1847, in German, GB
Articles Kaukasien, Cis, Wladikawkas, from Geografisk-Statistisk Haandbog 1858-1863, in Danish
W.H. Beable, Russian gazetteer and guide, being an account of the territorial divisions and a description of over 300 of the principal towns and cities of Russia, Finland and Siberia (1919), posted on Internet Archive; Vladikavkaz p.134
Parliamentary Debates foreign Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues
Institutions Archives
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Coat of Arms, from Wikipedia

Bibliographies general RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
ISBN Database
on Saratov
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
Country Specific
Online Journals full text online The Caucasus and Globalization
Central Asia and the Caucasus
Central Eurasia Annual
General Accounts
Historical Dictionary B. Raymond, P. Duffy, Historical Dictionary of Russia, Methuan : Scarecrow 1998, KMLA Lib.Sign. R 947.8 R268h

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