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Literature on the History of South America
Argentina Peru
First posted on June 17th 2002, last revised on November 28th 2013







History of Chile : Narrative . References : Online Secondary Sources . Online Primary Sources . Bibliographic and Print Sources



NARRATIVE
For the country's earlier history, see History of the Viceroyalty of Peru, History of the Viceroyalty of la Plata
Until 1826 . 1826-1870 . 1870-1918 . 1918-1945 . 1945-1973 . 1973-1989 . Since 1989


Colonial Chile, until 1826 . Chile was part of the Spanish Viceroyalty of Peru (capital Lima). When the Viceroyalty of the Rio de la Plata was carved out of the Viceroyalty of Peru in 1776, Central Chile remained part of the Viceroyalty of Peru, while parts of northern Chile were allocated to the new Viceroyalty of the Rio de la Plata. Southern Chile had never effectively come under Spanish rule; here the Mapuche lived in freedom.

1826-1870 . Chile's struggle for independence began in 1810. Spanish rule had temporarily been reestablished in 1814; then the independence fighters gained the upper hand in 1817/18. Independence was proclaimed by Bernard O'Higgins in 1818, the republic's first president (1818-1823). The Spanish held the island of Chiloe until 1826; with Chiloe's surrender, Chile's independence, militarily, finally was secured. Portugal was the first European government to recognize Chile's independence (1821); France followed in 1830, Spain in 1844.
Only days after the Battle of Rancagua (1817) Bernardo O'Higgins founded the Chilean Military Academy, and within short the young Chilean Republic had an army, and not much later a navy, which played a crucial role in defeating the Spanish. A constitution was passed in 1822. Slavery was abolished in 1823 (there were only a few thousand slaves in the country).
In an effort to reduce the hold of the Catholic church on Chilean society, the bishop of Santiago was banished twice (1817, 1824); property of religious orders was confiscated. The University of Chile (at Santiago) was founded in 1842 (the Univ. of San Felipe, founded in 1758, had been abolished in 1839).
In the 1840es, settlement in the area around Valdivia and Osorno was intensified, many of the settlers originating from Germany. The city of Punta Arenas on the Magellan Straits, opposing Fireland, was founded as a penal colony in 1843, a strategic outpost to justify Chile's claim on the Magellan Straits.
The Economy . The opening of Chile, and all of South America, to international trade had a number of consequences : The trade with Spain soon was reduced to insignificance, the cross-Andes trade declined, the export market of Peru (Chilean grain) was lost. Yet overall exports and imports increased, Great Britain being the most important partner, copper and silver among the leading export products. Port cities such as Valparaiso boomed.
Chile's economy continued to depend on exports. In order to encourage the development of a native Chilean industry, the administration pursued a protectionist (neo-mercantilist) policy, based on high import tariffs. Only in the 1850es was the neo-mercantilist economic philosophy challenged by advocates of a free trade policy. Import tariffs were the Chilean state's major source of revenue; taxation amounted to less, the vast majority of the population being poor, the best land still concentrated in the hands of a few families.
Chile's economy still had the structure of a colonial economy, being the supplier of agricultural products and minerals; the only industry to rise under neo-mercantilist protection was merchant shipping and trade. In colonial times, Lima had functioned as an entrepot for Chilean trade; now, Valparaiso had become an entrepot for Peruvian trade. All machinery had to be imported; engineers, medical doctors, specialist technicians working in Chile often were foreigners. The country depended on imports, especially from Britain, where most foreign loans were obtained.
Santiago de Chile became the capital, in a centralist republic, Concepcion, long a rival to Santiago, now was reduced to a provincial capital. The population of the city increased steadily.
Developments . In 1823 O'Higgins was compelled to resign and the initial period of dictatorship was thus terminated; O'Higgins went into exile to Peru, where he died in 1842.
New constitutions were passed in 1823, 1828 and 1833, the 1820es were a period of political instability, federalists and unitarians, conservatives and liberals arguing over the best system of government, scheming and intriguing. Yet, unlike other South American republics, Chile was spared protracted, full-scale civil war. The constitution of 1833 brought a period of political stability; it concentrated much power in the hand of the president; strangely the strongman of Chile at the time of the adaptation, Diego Portales, did not seek political office himself and ruled through others; the political stability was achieved by election engineering. Voting right was limited to holders of property, with an additional literacy qualification. When Andres de Santa Cruz established a Bolivian-Peruvian confederation (1836), Chile regarded this a threat. Relations with Peru had already been strained over trade issues, and the invasion of Chilean exile insurgents from Peruvian territory provided the casus belli; Chile defeated the combined Peruvian and Bolivian armies in the BATTLE OF YUNGAY (1839), forcing the confederation to be broken up.
In 1857, Chile's major parties - the Liberals (PL), Conservatives (PC) and Nationals (PN) were established.
In 1864-1866 the country found itself at war with Spain, yet the Spanish navy did not accomplish anything.


1870-1918 . In 1879, Bolivian dictator Hilarion Daza raised the taxes to be paid by Chilean enterprises exploiting nitrate deposits in Bolivia's Atacama province, thus unilaterally breaking an agreement with Chile. Chile declared war over the issue (1879-1883) and easily defeated both the Bolivian army and the Peruvian army coming to Bolivia's assistance. Chile annexed Bolivia's Atacama province as well as Peru's Arica province, and occupying Peru's Tacna and Tarata (which it kept until 1929). In 1888, Chile annexed Easter Island.
In the 1880es, the Chilean army turned on the Mapuche and Araucanian Indians in Patagonia, establishing control over it's share of Patagonia; the Indian wars ended in 1883. In 1891 Chile went through a short civil war, an exception in the country's long history of peaceful democratic transition of power. In 1912 the Chilean Communist Party was founded, the oldest of her kind.
Chile, with a community of ca. 30.000 immigrants, remained neutral throughout World War I. In 1915, a squadron of German cruisers, in an attempt to return to Germany from the Pacific, was hunted by the British Navy off the Chilean coast. The Dresden sunk in battle off the Juan Fernandez Islands on March 14th 1915.
Until World War I, Chile was the world's leading supplier of Saltpetre (nitrates used both for the production of explosives, and as fertilizer). German industry and agriculture soon found itself cut off from Chilean supplies by the British Blockade. Chile pursued a course of neutrality; in Chile, political sentiment favoured Germany.
During the war, demand for Chilean exports (nitrates, copper etc.) increased. Yet German wartime Esatzstoffforschung (replacement material research) lead to the invention of synthetical fertilizer and thus in the long turn was to cause a decline in Chilean exports.

1918-1945 . President Arturo Alessandri Palma (1920-1924) was the first member pf the Radical Party in that office; he separated church and state, introduced income tax, pushed through social reforms and issued a labour code. Under one of his successors, Ibanez, the Chilean government borrowed huge amounts of money from foreign banks, piling up a huge debt, which would be a legacy for generations of Chileans.
Chile passed a new constitution in 1925, which lasted until 1973. The 1920es and early 1930es were marked by a severe political crisis, reflecting the economic crisis; cabinets were shortlived, the year 1932 saw 6 presidents, one of them in office twice. Chile's exports, especially those of Saltpetre, declined, partially due to the worldwide economic crisis, partially due to German wartime research which had lead to the invention of synthetic gunpowder and fertilizer, thus reducing the demand for this Chilean export product.
In 1929 the provinces of Tacna and Tarata, which Chile had held since 1883, were returned to Peru and relations to this neighbour country were finally normalized.
After a 1931 "Socialist Republic of Chile" had lasted only 12 days, the Popular Front, consisting of Radicals, Socialists and Communists, won the election of 1938, Radical Aguirre Cerda becoming president (1938-1944). An earthquake in 1939 killed c. 25,000. During World War II, Chile broke up diplomatic relations with Germany, Italy and Japan in 1943 and declared war on Japan in 1945, without dispatching combat forces. There were several small Nazi parties in Chile.
In 1945 the Nobel Prize for Literature was awarded to Chilean poet Gabriela Mistral.

1945-1973 . Chile seems somewhat run-down at the edges, dispirited by inflation and, in a peculiar way, short on vitality, but it has a keen intellectual urbanity and sophistication. The electorate is urbane and responsible. The army plays no role whatever in political life. There has been no revolution since the early 1930's. .. Gunther 1964b p.257
In 1949 voting right was granted to women.
President VIDELA, who ruled 1946-1948 with the support of the communists, outlawed his former coalition partner in 1948. During the 1950es and 1960es the country experienced growing inflation and a number of attempts for social reform. The Communist Party was legalized again in 1958. The large gap betweem landholding oligarchy and landless peasantry continued to be a major problem in Chilean society. In an unusual pastoral letter, Cardinal Raul Silva Henriquez, Primate of Chile, in 1961 urged land reform - and donated 50,000 acres of church-oened farmland to poor tenants. The hope for a deeper going reform brought to power in 1970 the Popular Unity coalition in 1970, lead by president Salvador Allende Goossens. Under his administration Chile attempted to introduce a socialist system.
In 1973, a coup d'etat ended the socialist experiment. Allende was shot while working at his desk. Thousands of socialists and communists, as well as persons suspected to be socialists or communists, were arrested, held prisoner in Santiago's soccer stadium, mostly never to be heard of again. Many Chileans fled the country, seeking asylum elsewhere, some of them in the socialist countries of Eastern Europe. The CIA actively supported the coup.

1973-1989 . In a 1973 coup supported by the CIA, the Chilean military ousted the democratically elected government headed by Salvador Allende. General Augusto Pinochet was installed as president and ruled dictatorially until 1989. Many Chileans with liberal or leftist sympathies were arrested, as the military justified the coup with the alleged threat of a Communist takeover (as the Communists had been a junior partner in the ousted government, this made little sense). Many of those arrested were never seen again; the authorities used a.o. torture. Many Chileans fled into exile, among others to East Germany.
Santiago's soccer stadium was used to hold many of the political prisoners, many of whom vanished. When the Soviet soccer team was to play a qualifier for the 1974 World Cup in the stadium against host Chile, the Soviet team did not show up, rejecting to play in a place where human rights had been abused; Chile thus qualified for the cup.
World opinion held Pinochet responsible for the atrocities; during the 1970es, his anti-Communist stand ensured him the support of the United States, which continued under the Reagan presidency. With the Cold War deescalating in the latter half of the 1980es, the hold of the military over Chilean society seemed less secure. In 1989 Pinochet resigned.
During the Allende years, the U.S. had dumped their copper reserves on the market, and succeeded in, by drastically reducing the world market price for copper (Chile's main export product), triggered rising inflation in Chile; this inflationcontinued throughout the 1970es, only slowing down in the early 1980es, again accelerating in 1985 (IHS pp.641-642). Chile's copper exports rose from 728,000 metric tons in 1973 to 1,628,000 metric tons in 1989 (IHS p.335). Chile's wines enjoyed rising popularity abroad.

Since 1989 . Administration . In 1989 Chile saw the first democratic elections since 1970. The Concertacion, a broad coalition of democratic parties (Christian Democrats, Socialists, Radical Social Democrats and the Party for Democracy) won the election and was to dominate Chile for more than a decade. The presidency was held by Patricio Aylwin (Christian Democrat, 1990-1994), Eduardo Frei (Christian Democrat, 1994-2000), Ricardo Lagos (Socialist, 2000-2006). In the 2006 presidential election Socialist Michelle Bachelet defeated the Concertation candidate, and assumed the presidency (2006-).
Foreign Policy . Chile joined Mercosur in 1991. Chile did not participate in the military coalitions liberating Kuwait in 1991, invading Afghanistan in 2001 and Iraq in 2003.

Students' Paper : Jung, Changwoo, A Comparison of the Mining and Metallurgic Industry in Germany, Japan, Russia, the U.S, and Chile 1850-1950 (2011)
Students' Paper : Yoon, Sung Ah, History of Nutrition in South America (2009)
Students' Paper : Song, Jeeun : History of Metallurgy and Mining in the Andean Region (2009)
Students' Paper : Suh Jungkyu, An Analysis of the US Diplomacy in the Era of President Nixon's Detente: A Case Study of Chile and South Korea (2006)





WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNAL SECONDARY SOURCES
Country Profiles . Links . Organizations . Accounts of History . Politics . Military History . Economic History . Social History . Ethnography
History of Religion . Regional History . Local History . Institutions . Culture . Biography . Environmental History . Others
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Library of Congress Country Studies : Chile
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Links General from LANIC
Category : Chile, from Wikipedia
on History from Virtual Library History; from Virtual Library Labour History; from LANIC
Category : History of Chile, from Wikipedia
Historical Text Archive : Chile
Organizations Organization of American Historians
Asociacion Chilena de Historia Economica
Society for Irish Latin American Studies
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Articles : Conquest of Chile, Captaincy General of Chile, Patria Vieja, History during the Parliamentary Era (1891-1925), Presidential Republic (1925-1973), Socialist Republic of Chile, Radical Governments of Chile, Chile under Allende, Chile under Pinochet, Chilean Transition to Democracy, from Wikipedia
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Le Chili et l'Espagne, 1865, GB
S. Hirsch, Counter Memories of the Coup: British Solidarity with Chile 1973-1998 , thesis Manchester 2013
M.T. Hove, Losing a Model Democracy. Salvador Allende and U.S.-Chilean Relations, 1945-1970 , thesis Univ. of Florida 2009
S. Gilbert, The U.S. Policy of Democracy Promotion in Latin America, thesis Eastern Michigan Univ. 2008
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D.A. McCray, Eternal Ramifications of the War of the Pacific, thesis Univ. of Florida 2005
Other J.E. Miller Medina, The State Machine : politics, ideology, and computation in Chile, 1964-1973, thesis MIT 2005
J. Esberg, Regimes of Terror: The Relationship between Democracy and Terrorism in Chile, thesis Stanford 2009
M.C. Prieto Larrain, Branding the Chilean Nation, thesis Leiden 2011
G. van der Ree, Citizenship 'from Above'? The Case of Chile, 1964-2010, European Review of Latin American and Caribbean Studies 90, April 2011 pp.23-38
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Cl.R. Markham, The War Between Peru and Chile, 1879-1882 (1882), posted on Internet Archive
H. Kunz, Der Bürgerkrieg in Chile: Mit Porträts, Karten und Plänen (1892) in German, posted on Internet Archive
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J.G. Courneille-Seneuil, Guerre de l'Espagne au Chili : les neutres et le droit des gens, 1866, GB
D.J. Cubitt, Lord Cochrane and the Chilean Navy, 1818-18 23 , with an inventory of the Dundonald papers relating to his service with the Chilean Navy, thesis Edinburgh 1974
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Economic History of Chile, by Thayer Watkins
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R. Sicotte et al., The ?scal impact of the War of the Paci?c, Cliometrica (2009) 3 pp.97-121
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The Chilean Criollo (horse breed), from Just a Criollo
Mining & Metal Industry Copper
Company History : Madeco S.A., Corporacion Nacional del Cobre de Chile, from Funding Universe
Chilean Copper Exports, from TED Mandala Projects, brief description of the economical importance of copper mining; environmentalist site
Copper Smelting in Chili, pp.331-332 in J. Percy, Metallurgy, 1861, GB
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Article : Codelco, Wikipedia
Codelco History
Petrol
Empresas Copec S.A., from Funding Universe
Saltpetre
S. Gonzalez Miranda, Las Politicas Salitreras Peruana y Chilena. Del Monopolio Estatal a la Libertad Economica ? (1873-1884), Cuadernos de Historia no.38 Santiago jun. 2013
Energy Energy in Chile, from Global Axxis
The History of Geothermal Energy in Chile, from GGE Chile SpA - The Tolhuaca Geothermal Discovery
Transportation Company History : Antofagasta PLC, from Funding Universe
Manufacturing Industries Company History : Cristalerias de Chile, from Funding Universe
Social History Crime and Punishment Chile, from Crime and Society. A Comparative Criminology Tour of the World
Health Chile, from Alcohol and Drugs History Society
Women Cronologia de la Mujer en la Historia de Chile, from Archivo Chile
A. Pietarinen, Resistin oblivion : remembering the Chilean women's movement of Pinochet's time , thesis Helsinki 2010
M. Hektner, "We Wanted to Sew Our History", The Arperilla Movement, Motherhood, and Political Mobilization in Chile, thesis Vanderbilt 2003
C. Fernandez Anderson, The Impact of Social Movements on State Policy : Human Rights and Women Movements in Argentina, Chile and Uruguay vol.1, thesis Notre Dame 2011
Class T. Ariztia Larrain, Moving home: the everyday making of the Chilean middle class, thesis LSE 2009
Labour M. Godoy Orellana, Las sociabilidades rotas : fiesta, borrachera y violencia entre los mineros del Norte Chico, Chile 1840-1900, thesis Colegio Andino 2004, FLACSO Ecuador
G.A. Palma Aguirre, Explaining Earnings and Income Inequality in Chile, thesis Göteborg 2007
L. Salinas Robinson, Transnational Corporations and the Development of Labour Movements: The case of the salmon industry workers in Puerto Montt and Chiloe, thesis Lund 2011
M. Gatica, Exilio, migracion, destierro? Los trabajadores chilenos que se asentaron en el Nor Este de Chubut a partir de Septiembre de 1973. Memorias, historias e implicancias, thesis Univ. Nacional de la Plata 2010
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Land B. Loveman, Property, Politics and Rural Labor: Agrarian Reform in Chile, 1919-1972, thesis Indiana Univ. 1973
Language Languages of Chile (11), from Ethnologue
Category : Languages of Chile, from Wikipedia
Ethnography General
Indigenous Chile : Indigenous Peoples, from Minorities at Risk
World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples : Chile
J.T. Medina, Los aborijenes de Chile (1882) in Spanish, IA
J.P. Ojeda, Colonialismo Chileno, Censura Fronteriza y Ortogramas Reaccionarios. Respuesta a Sergio Villalobos Rivera, Cuadernos de Historia no.36 Santiago jun. 2012 pp.119-136 on the treatment of the Mapuche
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European Descent N. Vega, La inmigracion europea en Chile, 1882 a 1895 (1896) in Spanish, IA
Pacific Islanders R. Foerster, Bautista Cousin, su Muerte Violenta y los Principios de Autoridad en Rapa Nui. 1914-1930, Cuadernos de Historia no.36 Santiago jun. 2012 pp.67-84
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B. Natkaniec, Church-State Relationship and Democratic Transition: A Comparative Study of Chile, Brazil, Spain and Poland, thesis MacMaster 2003
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Patron Saint Index : Chile
F. Enrich, Historia de la Compania de Jesus en Chile (1891) in Spanish, posted on Internet Archive
J.T. Medina, Historia del Tribunal del Santo Oficio de la Inquisicion en Chile vol.1 (1890), vol.2 (1890), in Spanish, posted on Internet Archive
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Judaism Virtual Jewish History Tour : Chile, from Jewish Virtual Library
Jews in Chile 01 : 1535-1945, 02 : 1945-1970, from Encyclopaedia Judaica
Islam S. Elhamalawy, The Muslim Community in Chile: Origins and Dreams
History of Regions Regions of Chile, Provinces of Chile, from www.statoids.com
CategoryRegions of Chile, from Wikipedia
List of Provinces in Chile, from Wikipedia
History of the Juan Fernandez Islands, from Juan Fernandez Islands by Juan Pablo Berlinger
The Kingdom of Araucania and Patagonia, from Araucania.org has Mapuche history, 1860es
J.M. Merklin, Countries and Territories of the 20th Century, 2009 : Republica de Chile 1900-07-08, 1908-07-08, 1918-07-08, 1928-07-08, 1938-07-08, 1948-07-08, 1958-07-08, 1968-07-08, 1978-07-08, 1988-07-08, 1998-07-08, 2008-07-08
A.A. Harambour, Borderland Sovereignties. Postcolonial Colonialism and State Making in Patagonia. Argentina and Chile, 1840s-1922, thesis Stony Brook 2012
Local History History of Santiago de Chile, Antofagasta, Concepcion, Iquique, Valparaiso, from Wikipedia
Category : Cities in Chile, from Wikipedia
Institutions History of Broadcasting in Chile, from The Broadcast Archive
The Magic of the Andes, from Mike's Railway History
Chilean Airlines, by Erwin van Dijkman
History of the University of Chile, from Wikipedia
Chile, from Airline History
Search Lighthouse Explorer for Chile
Culture Language Articles : Mapuche Language, from Wikipedia; Mapudungun Language History, from Wikiversity
Fine Arts, Literature Article : Chilean Literature, from Wikipedia
Music, Dance Article : Music of Chile, from Wikipedia
Sports Article Chile at the Olympics, Primera Division de Chile, from Wikipedia
Article Chilean Rodeo, from Wikipedia
Cuisine Chile, from Alcohol and Drugs History Society
Chile, from Food by Country
Article : Chilean Cuisine, from Wikipedia
Humour Los mejores chistes Chilenos, from chistes.cl
Biographies Biografia de Chile
List of Chileans, from Wikipedia
R. Hilton, Who S Who In Latin American Part IV Bolivia Chile And Peru (1947), posted on Internet Archive
P.P. Figueroa, Diccionario biografico general de Chile : 1550-1887, Diccionario biografico de Chile (1897), Diccionario biografico de Estranjeros en Chile (1900) in Spanish, posted on Internet Archive
Environmental History Disaster History by Country : Natural Disasters, Chile, from Relief Web
Neotropic Ecoregion, from WWF
IRIS, International Digital Earthquake Archives : 1906 Valparaiso (Chile) Earthquake Archive
Carl Meachum, The Bio-Bio River Case, Chile ICE Case Studies 1998
Jim Lee, Guano Wars, ICE Case Studies 1997
N. Fuentes Parada, Alien plant invasion in Chile: history, drivers, and risks, thesis Halle-Wittenberg n.d.
Others History of Chile Vegetarian Societies, from IVU

WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED PRIMARY SOURCES
Historical Data . Statistical Data . Documents Newspapers . Yearbooks . Image Databanks . Archival Deposits . Laws . Historiography
Document Collections . Historical Maps . Historical Encyclopedia Articles . Travelogues . Institutions . National Symbols
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon), from Rulers (B. Schemmel), from World Rulers (E. Schulz, illustrated)
Lists of Ambassadors List of Ambassadors from the United Kingdom in Chile, from Wikipedia; U.S. Ambassadors to Chile, from NNDB; Canadian Heads of Post, Chile, from MOFA Canada, Chinese Ambassadors to Chile, from PRC MOFA; Liste der Botschafter der Bundesrepublik Deutschland in Santiago de Chile (Chile), from Wikipedia German edition; Embajadores de Mexico en Chile, from Acervo Historico Diplomatico
Lists of Consuls The Political Graveyard : Chile, has incomplete list of U.S. Consuls
Lists of Bishops Category : Roman Catholic Dioceses in Chile: Articles : Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Antofagasta, Concepcion, La Serena, Puerto Montt, Santiago de Chile, from Wikipedia
Statistical Data Responsible Institution Instituto Nacional de Estadistica, Chile
Population Figures from Population Statistics, Univ. Utrecht
World Life Expectancy : Chile
Exchange Rates Historical Exchange Rates, from Oanda, since 1990
Historical Exchange Rates, from FXTop, since 1953
Economic Indicators Economic Indicators, from Trading Economics, since 1995
Election Results from Chile (since 2001); from IFES Election Guide
Documents Historical Newspapers Hemerotheques Biblioteca Virtual Miguel de Cervantes, Portal Chile, Hemeroteca
Selected Newspaper Articles History of Chile, from World History Archives, recent newspaper articles
Theodore Child, Agricultural Chili, in Harper's New Monthly Magazine, Oct. 1890, pp.764-795, and Urban and Commercial Chili, from idem Nov. 1890 pp.901-957, from Cornell Digital Library Collection
Modern Newspapers Newspapers and News Media : Chile, from ABYZ; from Online Newspapers, from World Newspapers, from Worldpress.org (links)
Online Yearbooks - Chile Entries Statesman's Yearbook : Chili vol.1 : 1865 pp.554-557, GB, vol.2 : 1865 pp.550-553, GB, vol.3 : 1866 pp.553-556, GB, vol.4 : 1867 pp.543-547, GB, vol.5 : 1868 pp.543-547, GB, vol.6 : 1869 pp.543-547, GB, 1870 pp.521-525, GB, 1871, pp.521-526, IA, 1872, pp.520-525, IA, 1873, pp.510-515, IA, 1874, pp.510-515, IA, 1875, pp.511-517, IA, 1876, pp.515-521, IA, 1877, pp.522-528, IA, 1878, pp.522-528, IA, 1879, pp.522-528, IA, 1880, pp.522-528, IA, 1881, pp.522-528, IA, 1883, pp.522-528, IA, 1884, pp.555-561, IA, 1885, pp.563-571, IA, 1886, pp.576-584, IA, 1887, pp.598-606, IA, 1888, pp.599-607, IA, 1889, pp.603-612, IA, 1890, pp.400-409, IA, 1891, pp.404-413, IA, 1892, pp.410-419, IA, 1894, pp.410-419, IA, 1895, pp.410-419, IA, 1896, pp.410-419, IA, 1898, pp.410-419, IA, 1899, pp.445-456, IA, 1903, pp.493-504, IA, 1913, pp.705-714, IA, 1919, pp.731-740, IA, 1921, pp.734-744, IA
Annales du Commerce Exterieur, Chili / Legislation commerciale, Volumes 1-13, 1843-1854, 1855, in French, GB
Annuario pontificio 1822, 1833, 1834, 1835, 1836, 1837, 1838, 1840, 1842, 1843, 1844, 1845, 1846, 1851, 1853, 1854, 1856, 1857, 1858, 1863, 1864, 1865, 1866, 1868, 1869, in Italian, GB; search for Chile
Staatskalender
Newsreels
Films on History/Society Cine Chile : Archivos
Cinema Chile
Most popular Titles, History Titles, Documentaries with country of origin : Chile, from IMDb; Lista des Documentales, from Cine Chile
Filmmaking in Chile, from This is Chile
P. Guzman, The Battle of Chile, 1998, Icarus Films
N. White, Chile, the other 9/11, BBC 4
J.C. Rodriguez, The Postdictatorial Dpcumentaries of Patricio Guzman : Chile, Obstinate Memory; The Pinochet Case and Island of Robinson Crusoe; P. Blaine, Reconstructing Resistant Memory in the Chilean Social Documentary : Guzman and Ruiz, 2010
Image Databanks Systematic Collections
General
Museo Historico Nacional, Catalogo Fotografico Digital
Systematic Collections
Specialist
Folletos y Recortes Historicos, from Chile Buses
Archivo Fotografico Chilectra
Accidental Collections
Universal Collections
Items on Chile
Search Scripophily for Chile, Chili
License Plates, from Francoplaque, from License Plates around the World
Passports of Chile, from World Passports
Airline Timetable Images : Chile
Archival Deposits Chilean Provenience
U.S. Provenience
National Security Archive (U.S.), Chile Documentation Project
National Security Archive (U.S.), Electronic Briefing Books, EBB 8 : Chile and the United States: Declassified Documents Relating to the Military Coup, September 11, 1973, EBB 33 : New Information on the Murders of U.S. Citizens Charles Horman and Frank Teruggi by the Chilean Military, EBB 110 : Nixon on Chile Intervention. White House Tape Acknowledges Instructions to Block Salvador Allende, EBB 255 : New Kissinger 'Telcons' Reveal Chile Plotting at Highest Levels of U.S. Government, EBB 282 : Brazil Conspired with U.S. to Overthrow Allende, EBB 366 : Chilean Judge Requests Extradition of U.S. Military Official in "Missing" Case, EBB 413 : Oscars: Declassified Documents Tell History Behind Best Foreign Film Nomination, "No", EBB 437 : Kissinger and Chile : The Declassified Record
Other Provenience
Open Society Archives (OSA), Budapest : Chile
Portada de Pares, Archivos de Espana
Search National Archives (UK), Chile Documents, at Central Archive for the History of the Jewish People, Jerusalem
Constitutions, Laws List of Ratifications of International Labour Conventions by Chile, from ILO, 49 docs. since 1919
Chilean Constitution of 1980, in Spanish, posted by Georgetown; also from constitution.org
Treaties General Treaty Collections C. Calvo, Coleccion completa de los tratados, convenciones, capitulaciones, armisticios y otros actos diplomaticos: de todos los estados de la America Latina, vol.1 1862, vol.2 1862, vol.3 1862, vol.4 1862, vol.5 1862, vol.6 1862, vol.7 1865, vol.8 1866, vol.9 1866, vol.10 1866, vol.11 1869, GB
Bilateral Treaty Collections Tratados Internacionales, Biblioteca del Congreso Nacional de Chile
Chile, pp.518-646 in vol.6 of Treaties and Other International Agreements of the United States of America 1776-1949, 1971, GB
Chili, pp.37-38 in Johann Vesque von Puttlingen, Uebersicht der Verträge Oesterreichs mit den auswärtigen Staaten, 1854, in German, GB
Treaty between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and Chile for the Establishment of a Peace Commission, 1919, from Australian Treaty Series
Consular Reports Consular Recommendations on South American Trade 1915 U.S. consuls, Chile pp.15-17
Supplement to Commerce reports : daily consular and trade reports issued by the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, Department of Commerce : Chile : June 6 1916, Nov. 10 1916, IA
Chamber of Commerce Reports
Historiography
Document Surveys The citizen's appeal to the European Parliament : Petitions 1958-1979; Repression in Chile pp.34-35
Document Collections Truth Commissions : Chile, from United States Institute of Peace
TEXTES sur la decolonisation de l'Amerique du Sud : le Chili, from cliotexte, 2 texts (1810, 1818) in French
Documentos, from Biografias de Chile
Individual Documents Salvador Allende, First speech to the Chilean parliament after his election , Sept. 20 1970
Historical Maps Responsible Authority Instituto Geografico Militar, Chile
collections Atlas of Chile, from Wikimedia Commons; Chile Maps, from PCL, Utexas
Search David Rumsey Map Collection for South America, Chile
Links, from Thomas Hoeckmann
Historical Chile Maps, from Library of Congress Map Collection
Historical Maps of Chile, from Wikimedia Commons
South America, Modern Languages of South America, from TITUS
South America 1800, 1816, 1827, 1900, 1901-2010, by J. de Salas Vara del Rey
Map : America del Sur, 1799, from Historical and Political Maps of the Modern Age, administrative regions, in Spanish
South America, Contemporary South America 1826, from World Maps Online
South America 1905, from Zonu
Chile, modern
Chile, contemporary Map : Le Chili, avec les Contrees voisines et le pays des Patagons, from Bonne, Atlas Encyclopedique, 1787-88
H. Moll, n.d., Chile, Patagonia, Maps of
Limites de Chile, Evolucion, from Profesor en Linea, in Spanish
detail, hindsight/modern Chile Maps, from Maps of the World
Santiago Maps, from Maps of the World
B.G. Carrera, Historia Cartographica Resumida de los Limites de Chile, in Spanish
Mapas de Chile
detail, contemporary Atlas van der Hagen, Maps Chili (No.91, 1630) and Mag. Straits (No.92, 1635), posted at KB, click : bladeren, Atlas van der Hagen, volume IV, volgende kaarten, until you reach the proper page
Carlos Prieto 1881-1882 : Magellan Straits, Maps of
Historical
Encyclopedia Entries
General Articles Chile, Santiago de Chile, Antofagasta, Concepcion, Valparaiso, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Articles Chile, Concepcion (Province), Valparaiso (Province), Linares, Bio-Bio, Talca, Malleco, Llanquihue, Atacama, Tarapaca, Aconcagua, Colchagua, Juan Fernandez Islands, Magellanes, Valparaiso (City), Concepcion (City), Santiago (City), Iquique, Antofagasta, Cobija, Coquimbo, La Serena, Chilean Civil War, Chile-Peruvian War, from EB 1911
Religious Articles Chile, Araucanians, from Catholic Encyclopedia, 1907 edition
Article Chile, from Jewish Encyclopedia 1901-1906
Economic J. Chr. Nelkenbrecher, Allgemeines Taschenbuch der Münz-, Maass- und Gewichtskunde für Banquiers und Kaufleute (General Manual on Coinage, Measurement and Weights, for Bankers and Merchants) Berlin 1832, in German, entries Chile, San Yago de Chile, posted by DTBSWS
Chili, pp.514-520 in J. Blunt, The shipmaster's assistant, and commercial digest, 1837, GB
Gülich, Gustav von, Geschichtliche Darstellung des Handels, der Gewerbe und des Ackerbaus der bedeutenden handeltreibenden Staaten unserer Zeit (Historical Description of Trade, Industry and Agriculture of the Important Trading States of Our Time), Jena : Frommann 6 vol.s 1830-1845, chapter : Das vormals Spanische Amerika : Chile, vol.4 1844 pp.101-104, DTBSWS
Valparaiso, p.83, Concepcion pp.83-84, Copiapo p.87, Coquimbo p.80. Iquique p.225, Valdivia pp.94-95 in J. Daniel, Shipowner's and shipmaster's directory to the foreign port charges, 1844, GB
Chili, p.35 in vol.1 of J.D.B. de Bow, The industrial resources, etc. of the southern and western states, 1852, GB
W.H. Weed, The Copper Mines of the World 1907, Chile pp.184-191
Geographical Chili, in The American gazetteer, 1810, GB
Chili, pp.352-357 in vol.3 of C. Malte-Brun, Universal Geography, 1827, IA
Chili, pp.108-112 in vol.5 of G.N. Wright, A new and comprehensive gazetteer, 1838, GB
Chili, pp.464-468 in vol.1 of S.G. Goodrich, Pictorial geography of the world, 1840, GB
The Republic of Chile, pp.553-566 in vol.1 of R.S. Fisher, Book of the World, 1852, GB
Chile, pp.362-369 in Th. Prescott, The Volume of the World, 1855, GB
Chili, pp.665-667 in F.H. Ungewitter, Neueste Erdbeschreibung und Staatenkunde, 1859, in German, GB
Chili, pp.213-216 in A. Harris, A geographical hand book, 1862, GB
Chile, pp.465-468 in J. MacFarlane, Economic geography, c.1910, GB
Ethnological Terra del Fuego pp.258-263 in vol.2 of R. Phillips, A general view of the manners, customs and curiosities of nations, 1810, GB
Republique du Chili, pp.460-462 in X. Heuschling, Manual de statistique ethnographique universelle, 1847, in French, GB
The Araucanian Race, pp.574-609 in Ch. Wolf, The Indian races of North and South America , 1856, GB
Chile p.80 in R.D. Owen, The wrong of slavery, the right of emancipation, and the future of the African race in the United States, 1864, GB
Chile, pp.882-889 in G.G. Chisholm, The world as it is; a popular account of the countries and peoples of the earth 1884, IA
The Araucanians, pp.324-331, the Fuegans pp.338-344 in vol.11 of L.H. Gray, The Mythology of all Races, 1916, GB
The Fuegans pp.301-306 in A.H. Keane, The World's Peoples : A Popular Account of Their Bodily & Mental Characters, 1908, GB
Historical The Present State of Chili, pp.343-373 in vol.3 of Th. Salmon, Modern history or the present state of all nations, 1746, GB
The Araucanians, pp.98-112, The Southern Indians of South America pp.112-121, in S.G. Goodrich, History of the Indians of North and South America, 1844, GB
Republica de Chile, pp.173-207 in H. Belloc, Historia de America desde los tiempos mas remotos hasta nuestros dias, 1845, in Spanish, GB
Chili, pp.427-428 in vol.2 of S. Maunder, The history of the world, 1856, GB
The Rise of the Progressive States : Chile, pp.193-196 in W.W. Sweet, A History of Latin America, 1929, GB
Other Bradshaw's railway manual, shareholders' guide and official directory for 1857 (vol.9) : Arica and Tacna (Peru), p.360, Copiapo, p.360, GB
Bradshaw's railway manual, shareholders' guide and official directory for 1864 (vol.16) : Arica and Tacna, p.384, Copiapo and Caldera, p.386, Coquimbo, p.386, Valparaiso and Santiago, p.390, GB
Bradshaw's railway manual, shareholders' guide and official directory for 1867 (vol.19) : Arica and Tacna (Peru), p.416, Copiapo and Caldera, p.419, Coquimbo, p.419, Valparaiso and Santiago, p.425, GB
Article : Chile, in : Röll, Enzyklopädie des Eisenbahnwesens, 1912, in German, posted by Zeno
Parliamentary Debates Discursos de Apertura en las Sesiones del Congreso, y Memorias Ministeriales correspondentes al Pres. Quinquenio vol.1 : 1831-1841, 1858, vol.2 : 1842-1846, 1858, vol.4 : 1852-1853, 1858, vol.5 : 1854-1856, 1859, vol.6 : 1857-1858, 1859, vol.7 : 1859, 1859, vol.8 : 1860, 1861, vol.9 : 1861, in Spanish, GB
Tour Guides Pacific line guide to South America; containing information to travellers & shippers to ports on the east & west coasts of South America 1895, IA; Straits of Magellan, Patagonia pp.58-74; Chile pp.118-148
A. Hale, Practical Guide to Latin America, 1909, IA; on Chile pp.87-95
W.A. Hirst, A Guide to South America 1915, IA; on Chile pp.153-185
A.S. Peck, The South American Tour - A Descriptive Guide 1916, IA; on Chile pp.154-198
Travelogues G. Prince, Rambles in Chili: and life among the Araucanian Indians, in 1836, 1851, GB
Chile, pp.178-197 in Ch.A. Goodrich, The Universal Traveller, 1838, GB
A.F. Gardiner, A visit to the Indians on the frontiers of Chili, 1840, GB
F. Maynard, Voyages et aventures au Chili, 1858, GB
E.R. Smith, The Araucanians: or, Notes of a tour among the Indian tribes of southern Chili, 1855, GB
Residence Memoirs Notices on Bolivia, pp.81-159 in W.S.W. Ruschenberger, Three years in the Pacific, 1834, GB
I.F. Coffin, Journal of a residence in Chili , 1823, GB
G.B. Mervin, Three years in Chili, 1863, GB
Institutions Archives Archivo Nacional de Chile
National Archives : Latin America, from UNESCO Archives Portal, one entry for Chile
Regional Archives : Chile, from UNESCO Archives Portal, 2 entries
Chile, from Repositories of Primary Sources : Latin America (UIdaho)
Musea Museos Nacionales de Chile; Museums in Chile, from ChileTravel, Tours, Hotel and Vacation Guide
Monuments UNESCO World Heritage List, scroll down for Chile; UNESCO World Heritage, Tentative List : Chile
Showcaves : Chile
Category : Cathedrals in Chile, from Wikimedia Commons
Category : Forts in Chile, from Wikipedia
Libraries Biblioteca Nacional de Chile
Libraries in Chile, from LibDex
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW; Coat of Arms, from International Civic Heraldry
National Anthem, from David's National Anthem Reference Page
Coins, Banknotes Chile banknotes, from World Currency Museum; from Ron Wise's World Paper Money
Collections of Coins : Chile, bilingual Russian-English page; currently used coins and banknotes, from Central Bank of Chile; Chile Coins, from World Coin Gallery; from Numista; from Colnect; from OmniCoin; Search Coin Archives for Chile; Chile, from Encyclopedia of Small Silver Coins
Numismatica Chilena
Stamps Rare Chile Stamps, from Sandafayre Stamp Gallery, Chili Stamps 1853-1910, from Stamps Catalogue 1840-1920 by Evert Klaseboer
Encyclopedic Description of Chile's Philatelic History, from Sandafayre's Stamp Atlas

BIBLIOGRAPHY AND PRINT SOURCES
Bibliographies . Online Libraries . Thesis Servers . Online Journals . General Accounts . Specific Topics . Historical Dictionaries . Statistical Data . Yearbooks
Bibliographies general Search ISBN Database
on Chile bibliographic database Bibliografia Chilena en Linea
general bibliographies pp.297-309 in S. Bizzarro, Historical Dictionary of Chile, Metuchen NJ : Scarecrow 1972 [G]
specialist bibliographies Bibliografia : La Concepcion del Tiempo y Espacio en el Mundo Andino, Chile, Volvere May 2004
Bibliografia : Movimentos Indigenos en America Latina : Chile, Volvere July 2004
Biblioteca Congreso Nacional, Bibliografia Chile-Bolivia
Tomas Dinges, A Select Bibliography of Titles relating the history of the Juncal Valley in Chile
Bibliography : Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador and Peru, from The Irish in Latin America and Iberia ; Migration Bibliography Chile, from Discover Nikkei
Bibliography of the Chilean Economy, from Banco Central de Chile
serial publications
general bibliographies
Chile entries
Latin American Books
Library of Congress HLAS Online Handbook of Latin American Studies (Bibliography)
Bibliography : Andes, from Environmental History of Latin America ; Bibliography : Cono Sur, from Environmental History of Latin America ; Online Bibliography on Latin American Environmental History
Food and Culture (a bibliography), by R.T. Dirks, click on South America
booksellers
Online Libraries general Google Books; Internet Archives; Gutenberg Library Online; HathiTrust; Gallica
Biblioteca Digital Hispanica; Biblioteca Virtual Miguel de Cervantes
International Boundary Studies
on Chile Biblioteca Digital de la Universidad de Chile
Biblioteca Virtual del Bicentenario
Thesis Server Open Access Theses and Dissertations
Registry of Open Access Repositories : Chile
TDX (Theses from Spanish Universities Online; almost exclusively in Spanish); search for Chile
Online Journals Directory, Article Library Directory of Open Access Journals
HAPI Online, Hispanic American Periodicals Index (HAPI), The Database of Latin American Journal Articles
On Latin America Latin American Studies Journals (links, from LANIC)
Colonial Latin American Historical Review (CLAHR)
Revista Latino-Americana de Arqueologia Historica
On Chile LANIC, Academic Journals : Chile
Revistas de Historia en Chile, from Memoria Chilena
Cuadernos de Historia
Historia, 1961-
Historiography Article : Latin American Historiography (excluding Mexico and Brazil) - Writing on the precolonial and colonial periods from the sixteenth century to the present day, by G.L. Vasquez, pp.534-542, Article : Latin American Historiography (excluding Mexico and Brazil) - The National Period, 1820-1990, pp.542-545 in vol.2 of A Global Encyclopedia of Historical Writing, NY 1998 [G]
General Accounts Thomas A. Skidmore, Peter H. Smith, Modern Latin America, NY : Oxford UP 5th edition 2001, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 980 S628m
E. Bradford Burns, Latin America, A Concise Interpretive History, Eaglewood NJ : Prentice Hall 6th edition (1972) 1994, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 980 B967l
Simon Collier, William F. Sater, A History of Chile, 1808-1994, Cambridge Latin America Studies No.82, Cambridge UP 1996, KMLA Lib.Sign. 983.04 C699a
Sergio Villalobos, A Short History of Chile, Editorial Universaria 1996 [G]
Specific Topics Ch.C. Griffin, The States of Latin America, pp.516-541 in F.H. Hinsley, The New Cambridge History, vol.XI : Material Progress and World-wide Problems 1870-1898, Cambridge : UP (1962) 1978 [G]
The Cambridge History of the Native Peoples of the Americas. Vol.III : South America, Part 2, Cambridge : UP 1999 [G]
Specific Periods Jaime Llambias-Wolff, Chile's Exiles and their Return : Two Faces of Expatriation, pp.229-231 in : Robin Cohen, The Cambridge Survey of World Migration, Cambridge : UP 1995, KMLA Lib.Sign. 304.809 C678c
Chapter XVI : Popular Front in Chile, pp.234-259, Chapter XVII : Chile Getting Hot, pp.260-270, in : John Gunther, Inside Latin America, NY : Harper & Bros. 1940 [G]
John Gunther : A Good Man in Chile, in : John Gunther, Inside South America, NY : Harper & Row 1964, pp.257-279 [G]
Historical Dictionaries Salvatore Bizzarro, Historical Dictionary of Chile, Scarecrow 1972, 309 pp. [G]
Articles : Araucania pp.34-37, in : James Minahan, Nations without States, A Historical Dictionary of Contemporary National Movements, Westport CT : Greenwood 1996 [G]
Statistical Data IHS : B.R. Mitchell, International Historical Statistics. The Americas 1750-2000, London : Palgrave 2003 [G]
Yearbook Entries Britannica Book of the Year 1913 pp.1074-1076, 1944 pp.181-182, 1945, pp.182-183, 1946 pp.205-206, 1947 pp.204-205, 1948 pp.194-195, 1949 pp.165-166, 1950 pp.176-177, 1951 pp.179-180, 1952 pp.174-175, 1953 pp.170-171, 1954 pp.170-171, 1955 pp.222-223, 1956 pp.160-161, 1957 pp.218-219, 1958 pp.156-157, 1959 p.157, 1960 pp.156-157, 1961 p.166, 1962 p.150, 1963 pp.264-265, 1964 pp.240-241, 1965 pp.229-230, 1966 pp.181-182, 1967 pp.197-198, 1968 pp.194-195, 1969 pp.194-195, 1970 pp.196-197, 1971 pp.188-189, 1972 pp.172-174, 1973 pp.170-171, 1974 pp.178-179, 1975 pp.163-164, 1976 pp.189-190, 1977 pp.191-192, 1978 pp.247-248, 1979 pp.246-248, 1980 pp.243-244, 1981 pp.241-243, 1982 pp.239-240, 1983 pp.236-238, 1984 pp.231-233, 1985 pp.583-584, 656, 1986 pp.573-575, 652, 1987 pp.543-544, 621, 1988 pp.497-498, 573, 1989 pp.496-497, 573, 1990 pp.513-514, 588, 1991 pp.498-499, 573, 1992 pp.471-472, 573, 1993 pp.479-480, 583, 1994 pp.390-391, 583, 1995 pp.390-391, 583, 1996 pp.388, 583, 1997 pp.407, 581, 2002 pp.405, 578 [G]
Statesman's Yearbook Chili, 1878 pp.522-528, 1889 pp.603-612, Chile, 1895 pp.410-418, 1898 pp.410-419, 1901 pp.470-481, 1902 pp.483-494, 1905 pp.510-521, 1910 pp.675-684, 1918 pp.734-745, 1919 pp.731-740, 1924 pp.724-734, 1925 pp.735-746, 1926 pp.714-723, 1928 pp.724-733, 1929 pp.717-722, 1932 pp.723-732, 1937 pp.757-766, 1942 pp.762-772, 1943 pp.751-766, 1961-1962 pp.884-893, 1970-1971 pp.797-803, 1973-1974 pp.803-811, 1975-1976 pp.808-815, 1976-1977 pp.820-827, 1978-1979 pp.327-333, 1979-1980 pp.326-333, 1980-1981 pp.329-335, 1981-1982 pp.334-341, 1982-1983 pp.337-344, 1983-1984 pp.339-345, 1984-1985 pp.338-343, 1985-1986 pp.340-345, 1986-1987 pp.344-350, 1987-1988 pp.344-349, 1988-1989 pp.346-351, 1989-1990 pp.349-354, 1990-1991 pp.348-353, 1991-1992 pp.348-353, 1992-1993 pp.349-354, 1993-1994 pp.349-354, 1994-1995 pp.340-345, 1995-1996 pp.328-333, 1996-1997 pp.339-344, 1997-1998 pp.341-347, 1998-1999 pp.371-377, 2000 pp.434-440, 2001 pp.421-427, 2002 pp.438-444, 2003 pp.437-443, 2004 pp.437-443, 2005 pp.433-439, 2006 pp.426-434 [G]
Americana Annual Article : Chile, in : Americana Annual 1927 pp.177-180, 1928 pp.155-157, 1930 pp.168-171, 1931 pp.195-197, 1932 pp.158-160, 1933 pp.159-161, 1934 pp.146-147, 1935 pp.150-151, 1936 pp.141-142, 1937 pp.123-125, 1938 pp.123-125, 1939 pp.132-134, 1940 pp.130-132, 1943 pp.158-159, 1944 pp.165-167, 1945 pp.169-172, 1947 pp.140-142, 1957 pp.153-154, 1958 pp.150-152, 1959 pp.143-145, 1960 pp.144-145, 1961 pp.137-138, 1962 pp.136-138, 1963 pp.139-140, 1964 pp.140-141, 1965 p.152, 1966 pp.158-159, 1967 pp.161-162, 1968 pp.150-151, 1969 p.164, 1970 p.166, 1971 pp.200-201, 1972 pp.395, 190-191, 1973 pp.182-183 [G]
Latin America : Chile, 1974 p.335 [G]
Chile, 1974 pp.168-161, 1975 pp.178-179, 1976 pp.166-167, 1977 pp.155-156, 1978 pp.148-149, 1979 p.154, 1980 p.166, 1981 p.183, 1983 p.172, 1984 p.174, 1985 p.179, 1986 p.175, 1987 pp.178-179, 1988 pp.183-184, 1989 pp.181-182, 1990 pp.177-178, 1992 pp.186-187, 1993 pp.179-180, 1994 pp.182-183, 1995 pp.177-178, 2002 p.137 [G]
Other Article : Chile, in : International Year Book 1898 pp.181-184, 1899 pp.182-184, 1900 pp.192-195 [G]
Article : Chile, in : New International Year Book 1907 pp.162-164, 1908 pp.147-149, 1909 pp.155-158, 1910 pp.156-157, 1913 pp.157-159, 1914 pp.157-160, 1916 pp.140-143, 1917 pp.147-149, 1918 pp.134-137, 1919 pp.152-154, 1920 pp.141-143, 1921 pp.141-145, 1922 pp.148-150, 1923 pp.150-152, 1924 pp.152-155, 1925 pp.152-154, 1926 pp.166-168, 1928 pp.160-163, 1929 pp.180-184, 1930 pp.163-165, 1931 pp.190-193, 1932 pp.173-176, 1933 pp.155-156, 1934 pp.140-142, 1935 pp.139-141, 1938 pp.148-151, 1939 pp.134-137, Events of 1940 pp.128-131, 1941 pp.114-117, 1942 pp.132-136, 1943 pp.120-123, 1944 pp.122-125, 1945 pp.111-113 [G]
Article : Chili, in : Appleton's Annual Cyclopedia and Register of Important Events 1886 pp.149-152, 1894 pp.120-122 [G]