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Literature on the History of South America
Suriname Brazil
First posted on May 13th 2002, last revised on December 2nd 2010

History of French Guyana : Narrative . References : Online Secondary Sources . Online Primary Sources . Bibliographic and Print Sources

1624-1804 . 1804-1870 . 1870-1918 . 1918-1945 . Since 1945

The coast of Guyana was discovered in 1500. The French settled at Sinnemary in 1624, at Cayenne in 1643. In 1664 the Dutch took Cayenne. The Treaty of Breda 1667 awarded the area to France. The Dutch again took Cayenne in 1676, but the French under D'Estrees retook it the same year.
During the French revolution, French Guiana served as a penal colony as well as a place of political exile.
French Guiana is an inhospitable stretch of territory, for the most part covered by tropical rain forest. There were sugar plantations along the coast. The area became famous for another product, Cayenne Pepper.

During the Napoleonic Wars, the colony was occupied by the British. In 1815, it was returned to France. With France definitely abolishing slavery in 1848, the plantation economy of French Guiana declined. Sugar production had already decreased, as France, since the beginning of the century, had a thriving beet sugar industry.
The main importance of the colony now lay in Devil's Island, an infamous prison located off the coast of Guiana. Since 1852 French Guiana again was used as a penal colony. In 1855, gold was discovered.

French Guiana's main importance was serving as a penal colony for France. Colonel Alfred Dreyfus, wrongly accused of treason, served several years on infamous Devil's Island.
The exploitation of the colony's Bauxite deposits began.

French Guiana continued to serve as a penal colony until 1939. By then, more than 70,000 convicts had been deported to French Guiana. The horrible conditions under which they had to live were made public in 1932 and caused an outcry, which lead to the termination of the practise. In 1930, the inland region was separated from French Guiana under the name Territoire d'Inini and given an own administration.
During World War II, while much of France was occupied by Germany, the colonial administration nominally stayed loyal to the Vichy administration (there was little contact, though) until Governor Felix Eboue - he was governor of several French colonies simultaneously - took the side of de Gaulle's government-in-exile on August 26th 1940.

Since 1945
French overseas department since 1946. Launching site for the Ariane rockets sent into orbit by the European Space Agency.

Students' Paper : Yoon, Sung Ah, History of Nutrition in South America (2009)

Country Profiles . Links . Organizations . Accounts of History . Politics . Military History . Economic History . Social History . Ethnography
History of Religion . Regional History . Local History . Institutions . Culture . Biography . Environmental History . Others
Country Profiles Modern from CIA World Factbook; BBC Country Profiles; from Index Mundi
Article French Guiana, from Wikipedia
Article Guyane, from Wikipedia French dition
Historical J.S. Guisan, Traite sur les terres noyees de la Guiane, appelees communement Terres-Basses, 1788, in French, GB
Links General from LANIC
Category : French Guiana, from Wikipedia
Categorie : Guyane, from Wikipedia French Edition
on History Category : History of French Guiana
Categorie : Histoire de la Guyane Française, from Wikipedia French Edition
Organizations Association of Caribbean Historians
Historical Dictionaries West Indian Encyclopedia
Accounts of History Modern from Wikipedia, from Lonely Planet, from Infoplease
Specific Periods J.R. Hyles, Guiana and the shadows of empire : colonial and cultural negotiations at the edge of the world, thesis Baylor 2010
C. Ronsseray, "Administrer Cayenne": Sociabilites, fidelites et pouvoirs des fonctionnaires coloniaux en Guyane française au XVIIIe siecle, thesis La Rochelle 2007
Politics from Wikipedia; Political Resources on the Net : French Guiana
Economy & Finances Entry French Guiana, from Global History of Currencies, by Bryan Taylor
Wikipedia Economy of French Guiana
Article Economie de la Guyane, from Wikipedia French Edition
Social History J.L. Sanchez, La relegation des recidivistes en Guyane française. Les relegues au bagne colonial de Saint-Jean-du-Maroni, 1887-1953, thesis Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales 2009
Ethnography Languages of French Guiana (10), from Ethnologue
Category : Languages of French Guiana, from Wikipedia
World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples : French Guiana
Exile Destinations : French Guiana, from Acadian-Cajun Genealogy & History
French Guiana, pp.851-852 in G.G. Chisholm, The world as it is; a popular account of the countries and peoples of the earth 1884, IA
S. Mazieres, Le peuplement amerindien de la Guyane française : Apport des marqueurs moleculaires, thesis Univ. Paul Sabatier - Toulouse III 2006
Religion Chronology of Catholic Dioceses : French Guiana, from Kirken i Norge
Country Profile : French Guiana, from ARDA
French Guiana, from Roman Catholic Hierarchy
Mission de Cayenne et de la Guyane française (1857) in French, IA
A Chronology of Protestant Beginnings : French Guiana, from Prolades
History of Regions Article : Inini, from Wikipedia
Arrondissements of French Guiana, from www.statoids.com, Communes of French Guiana, from www.statoids.com
J.M. Merklin, Countries and Territories of the 20th Century, 2009 : Colonie de la Guyane française 1900-07-08, 1908-07-08, 1918-07-08, 1928-07-08, 1938-07-08, Departement d'outre-mer français 1948-07-08, 1958-07-08, 1968-07-08, 1978-07-08, 1988-07-08, 1998-07-08, 2008-07-08
Local History History of Cayenne, from Wikipedia
History of Kourou, from Wikipedia
Article Cayenne, from Speedy Look
Institutions French Guyana, from Airline History
Environmental History
Others Neotropic Ecoregion, from WWF

Historical Data . Statistical Data . Documents Newspapers . Yearbooks . Image Databanks . Archival Deposits . Laws . Historiography
Document Collections . Historical Maps . Historical Encyclopedia Articles . Travelogues . Institutions . National Symbols
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon), from Rulers (B. Schemmel)
Lists of Consuls The Political Graveyard : French Guiana, has incomplete list of U.S. Consuls
Lists of Bishops
Statistical Data Responsible Institution Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques, Guyane
Population Figures from Population Statistics, Univ. Utrecht
Election Results
Documents Historical Newspapers History of French Guiana, Suriname, Guyana, from World History Archives, recent newspaper articles
Modern Newspapers Newspapers and News Media : French Guiana, from ABYZ
Online Yearbooks - French Guiana Entries Statesman's Year-Book, Guiana, French 1890, p.514, IA, 1891, p.519, IA, 1892, p.527, IA, 1894, p.527, IA, 1895, p.527, IA, 1896, p.527, IA, 1898, p.525, IA, 1899, p.569, IA, 1903, pp.636-637, IA, 1913, pp.847-848, IA, 1919, pp.881-882, IA, 1921, pp.908-909, IA
Newsreels Search INA for Guiane Française
Image Databanks Systematic Collections
Archives nationales d'outre-mer, Base Ulysse, image base
Systematic Collections
Cartes Guiane, from Antanlontan Antilles
Accidental Collections
Universal Collections
Items on Fr. Guiane
Search Scripophily for French Guiana
License Plates, from Francoplaque, from License Plates around the World
Airline Timetable Images : French Guiana
Archival Deposits Search National Archives (UK)
Archives Nationales d'Outre Mer
O. Krakovitch, Les archives des bagnes de Cayenne et de Nouvelle-Caledonie : la sous-serie colonies H aux archives nationales. Revue d'Histoire du XIXe Siecle 1985
Constitutions, Laws
Consular Reports
Document Collections Downloadable documents from Edward Hertslet: The map of Europe by treaty (Vol.1 London 1875), posted by gallica.bnf
Aug. 28th 1817 : Convention between France and Portugal. French Guiana. Paris (pp.530ff)
Historical Maps Responsible Authority Guyane Region : Geosciences
collections Search David Rumsey Map Collection for South America, Guyane
Atlas of French Guiana, from Wikimedia Commons
Category : Old Maps of French Guiana, from Wikimedia Commons
French Guiana Maps, PCL, UTexas
South America, Modern Languages of South America, from TITUS
South America 1800, 1816, 1827, 1900, 1901-2010, by J. de Salas Vara del Rey
Map : America del Sur, 1799, from Historical and Political Maps of the Modern Age, administrative regions, in Spanish
South America, Contemporary South America 1826, from World Maps Online
South America 1905, from Zonu
Guyane Fr., Modern
Guyane Fr., Contemporary Bellin 1763 : Carte de la Guyane françoise et l'isle de Cayenne
Encyclopedia Entries
Secular Article Cayenne, p.280 in vol.5 of Encyclopaedia Britannica 1833, GB
Article Guayana (Französisch), from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Article Guiana, from EB 1911, scroll down for French Guiana; Classic Encyclopedia, Internet Archive Wayback Machine
Religious from Catholic Encyclopedia, 1910 edition; scroll down for French Guiana
Geographical De la Guiane, pp.485-486 in vol.4 of J. Hübner, La geographie universelle, 1746, in French, GB
Guiane, pp.105-106 in J.F. Lamp, Abrege de geographie industrielle et commerciale, 1837, in French, GB
French Guayana, pp.608-609 in vol.1 of R.S. Fisher, Book of the World, 1852, GB
Cayenne, p.386 in Th. Prescott, The Volume of the World, 1855, GB
Das Französische Guyana, p.682 in F.H. Ungewitter, Neueste Erdbeschreibung und Staatenkunde, 1859, in German, GB
French Guiana, p.228 in A. Harris, A geographical hand book, 1862, GB
French Guiana, pp.62-76 in E. Reclus, South America, 1905
The Guiana Colonies, p.478 in J. MacFarlane, Economic geography, c.1910, GB
Parliamentary Debates Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues
Residence Memoirs
Institutions Archives, Musea, Libraries
Museums Space Museum Kourou
Monuments Liste des Monuments Historiques de la Guyane, from Wikipedia French edition
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW; Coat of Arms, from International Civic Heraldry
Coins, Banknotes French Guiana banknotes, from World Currency Museum; from Ron Wise's World Paper Money
Banknotes issued 1836 - 1846, from cgb.fr; Banknotes issued 1933-1942, from cgb.fr
French Guiane Coins, from Numista, from ColNect
Stamps Rare French Colonies Stamps, from Sandafayre Stamp Gallery, scroll down for French Guaina ; French Guiana Stamps 1886-1912, from Stamps Catalogue 1840-1920 by Evert Klaseboer

Bibliographies . Online Libraries . Thesis Servers . Online Journals . General Accounts . Specific Topics . Historical Dictionaries . Statistical Data . Yearbooks
Bibliographies general Search ISBN Database
on French Guiana survey of bibliographies Academie Guyane, Bibliographies sur le Guyane
bibliographic database
general bibliographies Erudit, Bibliographie d¡¯histoire de l¡¯Amerique française (publications recentes), Revue d'histoire de l'Amerique française, vol.40, no.3, 1987, pp.457-487.
annual bibliographies
specialist bibliographies
serial publications
general bibliographies
French Guiana entries
Library of Congress HLAS Online Handbook of Latin American Studies (Bibliography)
Bibliographie : Guyane Française, from L'am?agement linguistique dans le monde
Online Libraries general Google Books; Internet Archives; Gutenberg Library Online; HathiTrust; Gallica
Biblioteca Digital Hispanica; Biblioteca Virtual Miguel de Cervantes
International Boundary Studies
Koninklijke Bibliotheek - Digitization
on French Guiana Caribbean Digital Library
Digital Library of the Caribbean
Thesis Server Open Access Theses and Dissertations
Online Journals General Directory of Open Access Journals
On Guiane Française
General Accounts
Specific Topics The Jewish Settlement in Cayenne, pp.45-58 in : Mordechai Arbell, The Jewish Nation of the Caribbean, Jerusalem : Gefen 2002 [G]
The Cambridge History of the Native Peoples of the Americas. Vol.III : South America, Part 2, Cambridge : UP 1999 [G]
Historical Dictionaries
Statistical Data IHS : B.R. Mitchell, International Historical Statistics. The Americas 1750-2000, London : Palgrave 2003 [G]
Yearbook Entries Britannica Book of the Year Article French Colonial Empire, from : Britannica Book of the Year 1945 pp.301-302 (on events in 1944) [G]
Statesman's Yearbook Article : French Guiana, in : Statesman's Year Book 1895 p.527, 1898 p.525, 1901 p.607, 1902 pp.624-625, 1905 pp.672-673, 1910 p.815 [G]
Article : Guiana (Fr.), in : Statesman's Yearbook 1919 p.372, 1924 pp.928-929, 1925 p.940, 1926 pp.912-913, 1928 pp.929-930, 1929 pp.916-917, 1932 pp.919-920, 1937 pp.960-961, 1942 pp.948-949, 1943 pp.945-946 [G]
Other Article : French Guiana, in : International Year Book 1898 p.336, 1899 p.349, 1900 pp.368-369, 1907 p.286, 1908 pp.537-538, 1909 p.265, 1910 p.273, 1913 p.268, 1914 p.274, 1916 p.248, 1917 p.270, 1918 p.233 [G]
Article : French Guiana, in : Americana Annual 1927 p.364, 1928 p.323, 1930 p.341, 1931 p.337, 1932 p.307, 1933 p.335, 1934 p.264, 1935 pp.306-307, 1936 p.312, 1937 pp.305-306, 1938 p.297, 1939 p.321, 1940 p.322, 1943 p.307, 1944 p.295, 1945 pp.303-304, 1946 p.306 [G]
Article : French Inini, in : Americana Annual 1932 p.308, 1933 p.336 [G]
Article : French Guiana, in : New International Year Book 1919 p.272, 1920 p.260, 1921 p.250, 1922 pp.273-274, 1923 p.265, 1924 p.272, 1925 pp.260-261, 1926 p.291, 1928 p.276, 1929 pp.307-308, 1930 p.289, 1931 p.334, 1932 p.304, 1933 p.289, 1934 p.252, 1935 p.259, 1938 p.270, 1939 p.293, Events of 1940 p.290, 1941 p.223, 1942 p.267, 1943 p.227, 1944 p.239, 1945 p.223 [G]

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