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Literature on the History of South America
Venezuela Suriname
First posted on March 26th 2002, last revised on December 2nd 2013

History of Guyana : Narrative . References : Online Secondary Sources . Online Primary Sources . Bibliographic and Print Sources

1616-1814 . 1814-1831 . 1831-1966 . Since 1966

European discovery of the coast of modern Guyana 1498. The first European settlement : Essequibo 1616 (Dutch); in 1621 it became property of the West Indische Compagnie. In 1627 a second Dutch settlement was established at Berbice (founded by a Zeelander; not W.I.C. property, since 1720 administrated by the Berbice Society), in 1741 a third one, Demerara (W.I.C.). In 1792 the hitherto separate colonies wewre merged to form the United Colony of Demerara and Essequibo; Berbice remained separate. 1796-1802, 1804-1814 British occupation.

In 1814 the Netherlands ceded Demerara & Essequibo as well as Berbice to Britain. Slave rebellion at Essequibo 1823.

In 1831, Demerara & Essequibo and Berbice were merged to form British Guiana. Slavery abolished in 1834 (apprenticeship system until 1844; then indentured labourers were brought into the country; the first Indians arrived in 1838, the first Chinese in 1853. The decline of the sugar industry began in the late 19th century. Until 1899 Anglicanism was official religion. Autonomy introduced 1953.

Independence 1966. Population rose from 661,000 in 1966 to 867,000 in 2000.

Spelling varieties : Essequebo, Essequibo, Issequebo, Demerara, Demerary, Berbice

Historical Atlas, British Empire - the Caribbean Page

Students' Paper : Yoon, Sung Ah, History of Nutrition in South America (2009)

Country Profiles . Links . Organizations . Accounts of History . Politics . Military History . Economic History . Social History . Ethnography
History of Religion . Regional History . Local History . Institutions . Culture . Biography . Environmental History . Others
Country Profiles Modern from CIA World Factbook; BBC Country Profiles; World Desk Reference; Index Mundi, Nations Encyclopedia
Library of Congress Country Studies : Guyana
Article : Guyana, from Wikipedia; from Wikipedia Dutch edition
Historical Demerara, Essequibo and Berbice, pp.241-253 in vol.4 of B. Edwards, The history, civil and commercial, of the British West Indies, 1819, GB
British Guiana, pp.1-136 in vol.2 : Possessions in the West Indies, of R.M. Martin, History of the British colonies, 1834, GB
British Guiana, pp.117-136 in R.M. Martin, Statistics of the colonies of the British empire, 1839, GB
J.O. Bagdon, Guiana, Geographical and Historical: For the Use of Schools (1857), IA; also at GB
J. Foreman, A geography of British Guiana (1863) IA
The new local guide of British Guiana, 1863, GB
R. Tennant, British Guiana and Its Resources (1895), IA
A. Leechman, The British Guiana handbook, 1913, IA
Links General from LANIC
Category : Guyana, from Wikipedia; from Wikipedia Dutch edition
on History from fuzion.com; from www.guyana.org; Category : History of Guyana, from Wikipedia
Kategorie : Geschiedenis van Guyana, from Wikipedia Dutch edition
The Atlantic World and the Dutch : Guyana, Berbice, Demerary, Essequebo
Organizations National Trust of Guyana
Commonwealth Network : Guyana Heritage Society
Guyana Genealogical and Biographical Society
Historical Dictionaries West Indian Encyclopedia
Timelines from timelines.ws; from BBC News
J. Rodway, Th. Watt, Chronological History of the Discovery and Settlement of Guiana (1888), posted on Internet Archive
Accounts of History Modern from Guyana News and Information; from Wikipedia
Historical British Guyana, pp.1-136 in vol.2 : Possessions in the West Indies, of R.M. Martin, History of the British Colonies, 2nd ed. 1838, GB
H.G. Dalton, The history of British Guiana, 1855, GB
Geschichte von Essequibo und Demerary, pp.317-324 in A.F. Lüder, Geschichte des holländischen handels, 1788, in German, GB
Specific Periods Articles : Dutch Guiana, Demerara-Essequibo, British Guiana, from Wikipedia
Article : Nederlands Guiana, in Wikipedia Dutch edition
The Archaeology of the Guianas : A focus on Life and culture of the pre-Columbian Indians of the Guianas, by A.H. Versteeg
O. Ishmael, Topics on Guyanese Post-Independence History, www.guyana.org
J.R. Hyles, Guiana and the shadows of empire : colonial and cultural negotiations at the edge of the world, thesis Baylor 2010
Politics Politics of Guyana, from Wikipedia; Political Resources on the Net : Guyana; Governments on the WWW : Guyana
H. Woolford, A History of Political Alliances in Guyana, 1953-1997, from Guyana under Siege
Military Wars of Guyana, 1800-1999, from Armed Conflict Events Data
CASCON Case GYV : Guyana - Venezuela 1970, by L.P. Bloomfield, L. Moulton
Orders, Decorations and Medals of Guyana, from ODM
Regiments of the British West Indies and Bermuda, by Frank Goodwill
British Guiana 1953, from Britain's Small Wars
J. Bryant, Account of an insurrection of the negro slaves in the colony of Demerara, 1824, GB
Article : Demerara rebellion of 1823, from Wikipedia
Van Berbice, pp.154-158, Van Demerary & Isequibo pp.159-164 in J. Deutz, Proeve over de middelen die tot bescherming van de zeevaart en koophandel en tot verdediging der binnenlandsche en buitenlandsche bezittingen der Republicq in de Oost-Indien en op 't vaste land van America zullen kunnen aangewend worden, 1783, in Dutch, GB
Economy & Finances Entry Guyana, from Global History of Currencies, by Bryan Taylor
Article Economy of Guyana, from Wikipedia
Catregory : Economy of Guyana, from Wikipedia
A. MacRae, A manual of plantership in British Guiana (1856), IA
K. Kramer, Plantation Development in Berbice from 1753 to 1779 : the Shift from the Interior to the Coast, pp.51-65 in vol.65 no.1/2 of De Nieuwe West-Indische Gids1991
O. Ishmael, The Beginnings of the Rice Industry, The Beginning of the Gold Industry, The Start of the Bauxite Industry, from The Guyana Story
Berbice, Demerara and Essequibo Cotton, p.322 in J. Montgomery, The theory and practice of cotton spinning, 1833, GB
B. Hoonhout, Subprime plantation mortgages in Suriname, Essequibo and Demerara, 1750-1800. On manias, Ponzi processes and illegal trade in the Dutch negotiatie system, thesis Leiden 2012
Social History Alcohol and Drugs History Society : Guyana
Crime and Society. A Comparative Criminology Tour of the World : Guyana
Demerara, pp.1-140 in H. Martineau, Illustrations of political economy, issue 4, 1832 (anti-slavery)
O. Ishmael, Expansion of Public Education (1844-1876) , from the Guyana Story
O. Ishmael, The Transition of Guyanese Education in the XXth Century, 2012
Y. Slagter, The Sugar-Coated Path to Economic Inequality. A Comparative Study of Guyana and Suriname, ca. 1600-present, thesis Utrecht 2011
W.A. Ishmael, Urbanization in a peripheral capitalist state: a Guyana case study thesis Portland State 1993
N.D. Mohabir, The last return indenture/ship from Guyana to India : diaspora, decolonization, and douglarized spaces, thesis Leeds 2011
S. Chatterjee, Indian women's lives and labor: The indentureship experience in Trinidad and Guyana: 1845-1917, thesis Amherst 1997
A.G. Lewis, Remaking of Race and Labor in British Guiana and Louisiana: 1830-1880, thesis Georgia State 2011
Ethnography Languages of Guyana (17), from Ethnologue
Category Languages of Guyana, from Wikipedia
Guyana : Africans, East Indians, from Minorities at Risk
World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples : Guyana
Article : Berbice Creole Dutch, from Wikipedia
Indian Indentured Immigration to Guyana, from Guyanaca
Some preliminary thoughts on Portuguese emigration from Madeira to British Guiana , from Guyanaca
Chinese in Guyana : their roots, from RootsWeb
R. Chickrie, The Afghan Muslims of Guyana and Suriname, 2003
Article : Chinese Guyanese, from Wikipedia
Trev Sue-A-Quan, A History of the Chinese Indentured Labourers, from Guyana under Siege
M.N. Menezes, The Madeiran Portuguese and the Establishment of the Catholic Church in British Guiana: 1835-1898, posted on Guyana under Siege
R. Ramertab, The Wismar Page (on 1964 anti-Asian pogrom), posted on Guyana under Siege
C. Seecharan, Indians in British Guiana, 1919 -1929: a study in effort and achievement, thesis Warwick 1990
Religion General Category : Religion in Guyana, from Wikipedia
Country Report : Guyana, from ARDA
Anglican The History of St. George's Cathedral, Georgetown, Guyana
(Diocese of Guyana, History (Anglican)
Anglicanism in Guyana, from Project Canterbury
Lutheran Evangelical Lutheran Church in Guyana, History
Catholic Chronology of Catholic Dioceses : Guyana, from Kirken i Norge
British Guyana, from Roman Catholic Hierarchy
M.N. Menezes, The Madeiran Portuguese and the Establishment of the Catholic Church in British Guiana: 1835-1898, posted on Guyana under Siege
Hindu Article : Hinduism in South America : Hinduism in Guyana, from Wikipedia
Guyana under Siege : Hindus of South America 2000
Muslim R.S. Chickrie and D. Ameenullah, The Overseas Hindustani Muslim Community of British Guiana and Pakistan, 1947, 2008
R. Chickrie, Muslims in Guyana, 1999
R. Chickrie, Evangelical War against Muslims in British Guiana, 1911, 2008
R. Chickrie, History and Politics Islamic Organizations in Guyana, 1936-2006, 2007
A. Hamid, Guyana : History of Muslims : Loss of Language 1930-2000
A. Hamid, The Unification of Sadí»r Anjuman and The Islamic Association (1926-1950)
Other The Baha'i Faith in Guyana - a brief history
Shady Religious Organizations Article : Jim Jones, from Wikipedia
House of Israel, from Guyana under Siege
History of Regions Article Regions of Guyana, from Wikipedia
Category : Regions of Guyana, from Wikipedia
Regions of Guyana, from www.statoids.com
Councils of Guyana, from www.statoids.com
J.M. Merklin, Countries and Territories of the 20th Century, 2009 : Colony of British Guiana 1900-07-08, 1908-07-08, 1918-07-08, 1928-07-08, 1938-07-08, 1948-07-08, 1958-07-08, Monarchy of Guyana 1968-07-08, Co-operative Republic of Guyana 1978-07-08, 1988-07-08, 1998-07-08, 2008-07-08
Local History List of Cities in Guyana, from Wikipedia
Articles : Berbice, Demerara, Essequibo (colony), Georgetown, Guyana : History, from Wikipedia
Articles : Berbice, Demerary, Essequebo (Kolonie), from Wikipedia Dutch edition
History of Leonora, from Guyana under Siege
History of Den Amstel & Fellowship, from Guyana under Siege
Institutions British Guiana, Guyana, from Airline History
Search Lighthouse Explorer for Guyana
A. Morrison, The Tramways of British Guiana
Culture Alcohol and Drugs History Society : Guyana
Article Guyana at the Olympics, from Wikipedia
Biographies List of Eastern Caribbean People : Guyana, from Wikipedia
Search NNDB for Guyana
Environmental History
Others Disaster History by Country : Guyana, from Relief Web
Neotropic Ecoregion, from WWF

Historical Data . Statistical Data . Documents Newspapers . Yearbooks . Image Databanks . Archival Deposits . Laws . Historiography
Document Collections . Historical Maps . Historical Encyclopedia Articles . Travelogues . Institutions . National Symbols
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon), from Rulers (B. Schemmel), from World Rulers (E. Schulz, illustrated)
Lists of Ambassadors List of Ambassadors from the United Kingdom to Guyana, from Wikipedia, U.S. Ambassador to Colombia, from Wikipedia; Heads of Post, Guyana, from MOFA Canada
Lists of Consuls The Political Graveyard : Guyana, has incomplete list of U.S. Consuls
Lists of Bishops Article : Roman Catholic Diocese of Georgetown, from Wikipedia
Statistical Data Responsible Institution Bureau of Statistics, Guyana
Population Figures from Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer
World Life Expectancy : Guyana
Exchange Rates Historical Exchange Rates, from Oanda, since 1990
Historical Exchange Rates, from FXTop, since 1953
Economic Indicators Economic Indicators, from Trading Economics, since 1995
Election Results from Guyana (since 1997); from IFES Election Guide
Documents Historical Newspapers History of French Guiana, Suriname, Guyana, from World History Archives
C.L.R. James, On Federation (1958); posted by Stabroek News
Guyana Colonial Newspapers (1803-1807, 1815)
Essequebo and Demerary Gazette 1807 Aug. 22
Modern Newspapers Newspapers and News Media : Guyana, from ABYZ; from Online Newspapers, from World Newspapers, from Worldpress.org (links)
Guyana Journal
Online Yearbooks - British Guiana, Guyana Entries Statesman's Year-Book, Guiana, British, 1890, pp.210-211, IA, 1891, pp.216-217, IA, 1892, pp.223-224, IA, 1894, pp.223-224, IA, 1895, pp.222-223, IA, 1896, pp.222-223, IA, 1898, pp.222-223, IA, 1899, pp.239-240, IA, 1903, pp.273-274, IA, 1913, pp.276-278, IA, 1919, pp.318-320, IA, 1921, pp.330-332, IA
Films on History/Society Most Popular Titles, History Titles, Documentaries with Country of Origin : Guyana, from IMDb
Image Databanks Systematic Collections
Photographs of Guyana
Systematic Collections
The Violent 60es, from Guyana under Siege
Old Pictures of Georgetown, Guyana
Accidental Collections
Universal Collections
Items on Singapore
License Plates, from Francoplaque, from License Plates around the World
Airline Timetable Images : Guyana
Search Scripophily for Guyana, Guiana
Archival Deposits Search National Archives (UK)
Peace Corps Digital Library (more of an archive)
The Atlantic World and the Dutch : Guyana, Berbice, Demerary, Essequebo; guide to archival repositories for the period of Dutch administration
Search ARCHIEVEN.NL combined search engine for many archives; Archief.NL, Dutch language site providing links to individual archives
Het Nationaal Archief : Inventaris van de Collectie Verspreide West-Indische Stukken, 1614-1875; Inventaris van de archieven betreffende de West-Indische Bezittingen en de Kust van Guinea, 1795-1810: Raad der Amerikaanse Bezittingen en Etablissementen, 1801-1806
Stadsarchief Amsterdam, Rooms-Katholiek Oude-Armenkantoor en R.K. bejaardenhuis Sint Jacob
US Govt. Declassified Documents on British Guiana , Latest US Govt. Declassified Files on Guyana, posted on www.guyana.org
Declassified documents recording American Involvement in our internal affairs during the 60s, Declassified Documents on British Guiana, posted on Guyana under Siege
Constitutions, Laws Constitutions of Guyana, from Political Database of the Americas
List of Ratifications of International Labour Conventions by Guyana, from ILO, 45 docs. since 1966
The laws of British Guiana (1905) vol.1, vol.5, posted on Internet Archive
J. Henry, Report on the criminal law at Demerara and in the ceded Dutch colonies, 1821, GB
British Guiana, pp.236-298 in Ch. Clark, A summary of colonial law, 1834, GB
Foreign West Indies : Berbice, Demerara and Essequibo, in Practical abridgement of the laws of customs and excise ... of Great Britain and her Dependencies, 1819, GB
West India Committee, An Abstract of the British West Indian statutes, for the protection and government of slaves, 1830, GB
Treaties General Treaty Collections
Bilateral Treaty Collections Aug. 12th 1815 : Convention between Great Britain and Netherlands. Demerara, &c. London, (pp.296ff.)
Consular Reports Consular Recommendations on South American Trade 1915 U.S. consuls, British Guiana pp.14-15
Supplement to Commerce reports : daily consular and trade reports issued by the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, Department of Commerce : British Guiana, Apr. 29 1915, Dec. 27 1915, Oct. 27 1916, Oct. 29 1917, Feb. 1 1919, Nov. 19 1919, IA
Chamber of Commerce Reports
Document Collections Monumental Inscriptions, from Jamaican Family Search Genealogical Research Library, scroll down for British Guiana
Walter Raleigh, The Discovery of Guiana (16th C.), IA
Reports by Sir Robert H. Schomburgk, from Guyanaca
The Wismar Report (on racial violence 1964), posted by www.guyana.org
Declassified Documents, Guyana under Siege
Historical Maps Responsible Authority Guyana Lands and Survey Commission
collections Search Koninklijk Instituut voor de Tropen, Nederlandse Koloniaale Kaarten
Atlas of Mutual Heritage
Atlas of Guyana, from Wikimedia Commons
Search David Rumsey Map Collection for South America, Guyana
Category : Old Maps of Guyana, from Wikimedia Commons
Guyana Maps, PCL, UTexas
South America, Modern Languages of South America, from TITUS
South America 1800, 1816, 1827, 1900, 1901-2010, by J. de Salas Vara del Rey
Map : America del Sur, 1799, from Historical and Political Maps of the Modern Age, administrative regions, in Spanish
South America, Contemporary South America 1826, from World Maps Online
South America 1905, from Zonu
Guyana, Modern
Guyana, Contemporary Map of British Guyana : J. Arrowsmith 1844, from David Rumsey Collection
British Guiana 1906, from Probert Encyclopedia
Detail, Modern
Detail, Contemporary Map : Boundary Lines of British Guiana 1896, from Wikipedia
Encyclopedia Entries
General Articles Georgetown, Essequibo, Demerara, EB 1911, from Classic Encyclopedia, Internet Archive Wayback Machine
Article Guiana, from EB 1911, scroll down for French Guiana; Classic Encyclopedia, Internet Archive Wayback Machine
Article Guayana, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Religious Article Guiana, from Catholic Encyclopedia, 1907 edition
Economic J. Chr. Nelkenbrecher, Allgemeines Taschenbuch der Münz-, Maass- und Gewichtskunde für Banquiers und Kaufleute (General Manual on Coinage, Measurement and Weights, for Bankers and Merchants) Berlin 1832, in German, entries Demerary, posted by DTBSWS
Surinam, Berbice, Demerara and Essequibo, pp.311-312 in G.Th. Flügel, The merchant's assistant, or, Merchantile instructer, 1834, GB
West Indies : Dutch West Indies : Surinam, Berbice, Demerara, Essequebo, p.365, in P. Kelly, The Universal Cambist and Commercial Instructor, 1835, GB
Demerara, p.80, Essequibo p.74 in J. Daniel, Shipowner's and shipmaster's directory to the foreign port charges, 1844, GB
Geographical Demerara, p.13, Essequebo, p.82 in vol.2 of A. de Alcedo, The geographical and historical dictionary of America and the West Indies, 1812, GB
Guiana : English Guiana, pp.327-332 in J. Morse, A compendious and complete system of modern geography , 1814, GB
Guiana, pp.163-168 in vol.5 of G.N. Wright, A new and comprehensive gazetteer, 1838, GB
British Guiana, pp.604-607 in vol.1 of R.S. Fisher, Book of the World, 1852, GB
British Guyana, pp.385-386 in Th. Prescott, The Volume of the World, 1855, GB
Das Brittische Guyana, pp.681-682 in F.H. Ungewitter, Neueste Erdbeschreibung und Staatenkunde, 1859, in German, GB
British Guiana, pp.227-228 in A. Harris, A geographical hand book, 1862, GB
British Guiana, pp.47-55 in E. Reclus, South America, 1905
The Guiana Colonies, p.478 in J. MacFarlane, Economic geography, c,1910, GB
Ethnological Demerara pp.355-361, Guyana pp.361-362, in A. Hamilton, Marriage rites, customs, and ceremonies, of all nations of the universe, 1822, GB
The Tropical Forests : the Orionoco and Guiana pp.253-280, in vol.11 of L.H. Gray, The Mythology of all Races, 1920, GB
British Guiana, pp.849-851 in G.G. Chisholm, The world as it is; a popular account of the countries and peoples of the earth 1884, IA
Historical Guiana, pp.431-432 in vol.2 of S. Maulder, The history of the world, 1856, GB
Other Bradshaw's railway manual, shareholders' guide and official directory for 1864 (vol.16) : Demerara, p.421, GB
Bradshaw's railway manual, shareholders' guide and official directory for 1867 (vol.19) : Demerara, p.458, GB
Parliamentary Debates Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues J.W. Norie, Sailing directions for the coast of Guayana, 1841, GB
H. Bolingbroke, A voyage to the Demerary, 1813, GB
Residence Memoirs H. Kirke, Twenty-five years in British Guiana (1898), posted on Internet Archive
Institutions Archives Caribbean Database of Documentary Heritage : Caribbean Contacts, scroll down for Guyana
National Archives, Guyana
Musea Category Museums in Guyana, from Wikipedia
Guyana National Museum
Dutch Heritage Museum, Fort Island, Essequibo
Monuments World Heritage Site : Colombia
Libraries Libraries in Guyana, from LibDex
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW; Coat of Arms, from International Civic Heraldry
National Anthem, from David's National Anthem Reference Page
Coins, Banknotes Guyana banknotes, from World Currency Museum; from Ron Wise's World Paper Money
Article : Banknotes of Demerary and Essequibo, from Wikipedia
Guyana Coins, from World Coin Gallery; from Numista; from ColNect; from Omnicoin
Essequibo & Demerara Coins, from Coin Pictures; from Colnect; from Numista
Coin, 1 Stiver, Essequebo & Demarary, 1813, from Napoleonic Medals
Essequibo & Demerary, from Coin Community Forum
British Guiana Coins, from Colnect
Sarcastic Coin ?, from World of Coins
O. Ishmael, Establishment of a money system, from The Guyana Story
Stamps Rare British Guiana Stamps, from Sandafayre Stamp Gallery; Catalogue British Guiana 1850-1875, from Stamps Catalogue 1840-1920 by Evert Klaseboer

Bibliographies . Online Libraries . Thesis Servers . Online Journals . General Accounts . Specific Topics . Historical Dictionaries . Statistical Data . Yearbooks
Bibliographies general Search ISBN Database
RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
Nederlandse Bibliografie Online (publications since 1974); Digitale Bibliografie Nederlandse Geschiedenis
on Guyana survey of bibliographies
bibliographic database
general bibliographies Bibliography, Library of Congress, Country Studies : Guyana and Belize
P.H. Hiss, A selective guide to the English literature on the Netherlands West Indies, with a supplement on British Guiana (1943), IA
NNDB Bibliography Guyana
Guyana, from The Online Books Page
General References, from Guyana Story
annual bibliographies
specialist bibliographies
serial publications
general bibliographies
Guyana entries
Annotated Bibliography for the English Speaking Caribbean (Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, The British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Montserrat, Saint Lucia, St. Kitts and Nevis, Turks and Caicos, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, and the U.S. Virgin Islands) (In order of importance.), from Florida Coastal School of Law
National Archives (UK) : Caribbean Histories Revealed : Bibliography
Mitchell's West Indian Bibliography
Bibliography of Caribbean Archaeology, from Florida Museum of Natural History
Library of Congress HLAS Online Handbook of Latin American Studies (Bibliography)
booksellers Books on the History of the Caribbean (mainly Guyana) from Hansib Publications
Online Libraries general Google Books; Internet Archives; Gutenberg Library Online; HathiTrust; Gallica
Biblioteca Digital Hispanica; Biblioteca Virtual Miguel de Cervantes
International Boundary Studies
on Guyana Caribbean Digital Library
Digital Library of the Caribbean
Thesis Server Open Access Theses and Dissertations
Online Journals General Directory of Open Access Journals
On Guyana Nieuwe West Indische Gids, since 1919, posted by KITLV
Guyana Journal, Recent Archive 2009-2010
General Accounts
Specific Topics Pomeroon / Pauroma, pp.67-82 in : Mordechai Arbell, The Jewish Nation of the Caribbean, Jerusalem : Gefen 2002
Steven Vertovec, Indian Indentured Migration to the Caribbean, pp.57-62 in : Robin Cohen, The Cambridge Survey of World Migration, Cambridge : UP 1995, KMLA Lib.Sign. 304.809 C678c
Gad Heuman, The British West Indies, pp.470-493 in : Andrew Porter (ed.), The Oxford History of the British Empire, Vol.III : The Nineteenth Century, Oxford : UP 1999, KMLA Lib.Sign. 909.0971241 O98o v.3
The Cambridge History of the Native Peoples of the Americas. Vol.III : South America, Part 2, Cambridge : UP 1999 [G]
Historical Dictionaries
Statistical Data IHS : B.R. Mitchell, International Historical Statistics. The Americas 1750-2000, London : Palgrave 2003 [G]
Yearbook Entries Britannica Book of the Year British Guiana, 1913 pp.655-656, 1944 p.129, 1945 pp.126-127, 1946 p.149, 1947 pp.151-152, 1948 p.141, 1949 pp.124-125, 1950 p.129, 1951 p.125, 1952 p.123, 1953 p.124, 1954 p.124, 1955 p.183, 1956 p.122, 1957 pp.182-183, 1958 pp.120-121, 1959 pp.121-122, 1960 p.122, 1961 p.121, 1962 p.108, 1963 pp.223-224 [G]
Commonwealth of Nations, 1964 pp.268-269 [G]
Colonies and Other Dependencies, 1965 p.252 [G]
Guyana, 1967 p.384, 1968 p.386, 1969 p.381, 1970 pp.388, 1971 pp.369-370, 1972 pp.339-340, 1973 p.337, 1974 pp.342-343, 1975 pp.337-338, 1976 p.374, 1977 pp.376-377, 1978 p.419, 1979 pp.411-412, 1980 pp.414-415, 1981 p.414, 1982 p.411, 1983 p.407, 1984 pp.409-410, 1985 pp.586, 695, 1986 pp.580, 692, 1987 pp.549, 661, 1988 pp.503, 613, 1989 pp.503, 614, 1990 pp.519, 629, 1991 pp.503, 614, 1992 pp.477, 613, 1993 pp.485, 623, 1994 pp.485, 622, 1995 pp.415, 622, 1996 pp.413, 622, 1997 pp.426, 620, 2002 pp.434, 624 [G]
Statesman's Yearbook Guiana, British, 1889 pp.305-306, 1895 pp.222-224, 1898 pp.222-224, 1901 pp.255-256, 1902 pp.265-267, 1905 pp.284-286, 1907 pp.298-300, 1910 pp.258-260, 1918 pp.312-314, 1919 pp.318-320, 1924 pp.317-319, 1925 pp.321-323, 1926 pp.320-323, 1928 pp.319-321, 1929 pp.324-326, 1932 pp.326-329, 1937 pp.350-353, 1942 pp.273-276, 1943 pp.268-271 [G]
Guyana, 1970-1971 pp.493-496, 1973-1974 pp.320-325, 1975-1976 pp.322-325, 1976-1977 pp.322-327, 1978-1979 pp.563-567, 1978-1979 pp.567-572, 1980-1981 pp.564-568, 1981-1982 pp.568-573, 1982-1983 pp.573-578, 1983-1984 pp.573-577, 1984-1985 pp.574-578, 1985-1986 pp.576-580, 1985-1986 pp.576-580, 1986-1987 pp.579-584, 1987-1988 pp.585-589, 1988-1989 pp.587-591, 1989-1990 pp.592-596, 1990-1991 pp.592-596, 1991-1992 pp.591-595, 1992-1993 pp.664-668, 1993-1994 pp.669-672, 1994-1995 pp.661-664, 1995-1996 pp.660-663, 1996-1997 pp.603-606, 1997-1998 pp.612-615, 1998-1999 pp.662-665, 2000 pp.764-768, 2001 pp.742-746, 2002 pp.773-777, 2003 pp.775-779, 2004 pp.778-782, 2005 pp.778-782, 2006 pp.775-780 [G]
Other Article : British Guiana, in : International Year Book 1898 pp.134-135, 1899 p.139, 1900 pp.143-144 [G]
Article : British Guiana, in : New International Year Book 1907 p.116, 1908 p.107, 1909 p.110, 1910 p.117, 1913 p.119, 1914 p.116, 1916 p.101, 1917 p.105, 1918 p.99 [G]
Article : British Guiana, in : New International Year Book 1919 p.117, 1920 p.104, 1921 p.104, 1922 p.105, 1923 pp.107-108, 1924 p.112, 1925 p.108, 1926 p.118, 1928 pp.115-116, 1929 p.125, 1930 p.115, 1931 p.122, 1932 pp.115-116, 1933 pp.110-111, 1934 p.101, 1935 p.103, 1938 pp.106-107, 1939 p.94, Events of 1940 pp.89-90, 1941 p.81, 1942 p.93, 1943 p.81, 1944 pp.82-83 [G]
Article : British Guiana, in : Americana Annual 1927 p.126, 1928 pp.114-115, 1930 pp.131-132, 1931 pp.125-126, 1932 pp.122-123, 1933 pp.115-116, 1934 p.118, 1935 p.113, 1936 p.103, 1937 pp.90-91, 1938 p.91, 1939 p.99, 1940 p.87, 1943 p.115, 1944 pp.110-111, 1945 p.115, 1946 p.123, 1947 pp.100-101, 1957 pp.104-105, 1958 pp.103-104, 1959 pp.100-101, 1960 pp.100-101, 1961 p.96, 1962 pp.94-95, 1963 pp.102-103, 1964 pp.102-103, 1966 pp.127-129 [G]
Article : Commonwealth of Nations - Guiana, in : Americana Annual 1965 pp.183-185 (on events of 1964) [G]
Article : Guyana, in : Americana Annual 1967 pp.325-326, 1968 p.318, 1969 pp.331-332, 1970 pp.335-336, 1971 pp.329-330, 1972 pp.322-323, 1973 pp.330-331, 1974 pp.277-278, 1976 pp.279-280 [G]
Article : Guyana, in : The World in Figures 1st ed. 1976 pp.130-131, 2nd ed. 1978 pp.130-131, 4th ed. 1984 p.131 [G]
Entry : Guyana, in : The Commonwealth Yearbook 1989 pp.205-209 [G]

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