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Literature on the History of South America
First posted on December 3rd 2010, last revised on November 26th 2013





History of the Viceroyalty of Peru : Narrative . References : Online Secondary Sources . Online Primary Sources . Bibliographic and Print Sources




Conquistadores under Francisco Pizarro in the name of Spain conquered the Inca Empire in 1532-1533. In 1542 the Viceroyalty of Peru was established, with capital in Lima. In 1550 the Vicereoyalty of New Spain ceded Tierra Firma to the Viceroyalty of Peru.
In 1717 the Viceroyalty of New Granada (Audiencias of Santa Fe de Bogota and Quito) was carved out of the Viceroyalty of Peru; in 1723 the Audiencia of Quito reverted to the Viceroyalty of Peru. In 1739 the Viceroyalty of Peru ceded the Audiencias of Quito and Panama to the Viceroyalty of New Granada.
In 1776 the Viceroyalty of La Plata was carved out of the Viceroyalty of Peru.
The Treaty of San Ildefonso 1777 resulted in a large chunk of territory, which included most of Amazonia, being ceded to Portugal, enlarging its colony of Brazil.
The Spanish defeat in the Battle of Ayacucho 1824 resulted in the end of the Viceroyalty of Peru. Successor states the Republics of Peru and Bolivia.

The vast extent of the territory claimed by the Viceroyalty is deceiving. Spanish control centered on cities such as Lima, Panama, Cusco, Quito, Bogota, Santiago de Chile, on mining centers such as Potosi, on areas with intensive agriculture. Spanish economic policy regarding the colonies - banning trade with foreigners, granting Lima a privilege which required any (legal) imports first to be offered on her market before being sold anywhere else in the Viceroyalty (abolished only in 1740) resulted in huge areas such as Patagonia, Amazonia, most of Guiana to remain hardly untouched (by the Spaniards), the La Plata region with its huge potential for cultivation, to be long neglected. Spanish reformers of the 18th century realized this and broke up the Viceroyalty.
The reformers also realized that other European colonies in the Americas were economically successful because of slave-based plantations. The Treaty of San Ildefonso was to give Spainaccess to Africa (Portuguese territory according to the Treaty of Tordesillas).


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Students' Paper : Yoon, Sung Ah, History of Nutrition in South America (2009)
Students' Papers : Song, Jeeun : History of Metallurgy and Mining in the Andean Region (2009)
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WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNAL SECONDARY SOURCES
Country Profiles . Links . Organizations . Accounts of History . Politics . Military History . Economic History . Social History . Ethnography
History of Religion . Regional History . Local History . Institutions . Culture . Biography . Environmental History . Others
Country Profiles Modern Article : Viceroyalty of Peru, from Wikipedia
Article : Virreinato de Peru, from Wikipedia Spanish edition
Historical Anon., An account of the Spanish settlements in America, 1762, IA; pt.I. An account of the discovery of America; with a description of the Spanish insulan colonies in the West Indies.--pt.II. The Spanish settlements on the continent of North America.--pt.III. The Spanish settlements in Peru, Chili, Paraguay, and Rio-de-la-Plata.--pt.IV. The Spanish settlements in Terra Firma. Of the different countries in South America still possessed by the Indians, &c., with a description of the Canary Islands.--Appendix, containing a succinct account of old Spain.--Accounts of the siege and surrender of the Havannah
W. Robertson, The history of America, 1787, GB
Viceroyalty of Peru, pp.75-155 in vol.2 of R.H. Bonnycastle, Spanish America, 1818, GB
Links from Virtual Library History; Category : History of Peru, from Wikipedia
Categoria : Virreinato del Peru, from Wikipedia Spanish edition
Organizations Organization of American Historians
Instituto de Estudios Peruanos
Congreso Profesional de Arquelogos del Peru (COARPE)
The Cusichaca Trust
Institut Français d'Etudes Andines, Lima
Historical Dictionaries M. de Mendiburu, Diccionario historico-biografico del Peru (1887) in Spanish, IA; from Biblioteca Cervantes Virtual
A. de Alcedo, Diccionario geografico-historico de las Indias Occidentales o America, vol.1, 1786, vol.2 1787, vol.3, 1788, vol.4, 1788, vol.5, 1789, in Spanish, GB
Arqueologia del Peru, La enciclopedia en linea de la arqueologia prehispanica del Peru
Portals
Timelines from timelines.ws; from BBC News
Accounts of History Modern Article : Viceroyalty of Peru, from Wikipedia
Articles : Virreinato de Peru, Historia del Virreinato de Peru, from Wikipedia Spanish edition
Peru, from Casa Historia, in English
Historical Cl.R. Markham, A History of Peru (1892), IA
Relaciones de los virreyes y audiencias que han gobernado el Peru (1871) in Spanish, IA
Specific Periods Conquest
William H. Prescott, History of the Conquest of Peru (1847) NY : Barnes and Noble 2004 [G]; online version (1901) vol.1, vol.2, IA
Cl.R. Markham, The Incas of Peru (1912), IA
Cl.R. Markham (ed.), Reports on the discovery of Peru, vol.1 (de Xeres 1872), vol.4 (Pedro Sancho, 1872) IA
Habsburg Dynasty
H. Bell, The golden age of Peru (1921), IA
S. Lorente, Historia del Peru bajo la dinastia austriaca, 1542-1598 (1863), 1598-1700 in Spanish, IA
Bourbon Dynasty
Struggle for Independence
B.R. Hamnett, La Politica Contrarrevolucionaria del Virrey Abascal, Peru 1806-1816, 1999, in Spanish
J.L. Igue, De Cangallo y Huamanga a fines de la epoca colonial: antecedentes populares y politicos de la insurreccion patriota del ano 1814, Huari: Boletin de Estudios Historicos y Sociales 2, 2013, pp.9-20
J.L. Orrego Penagos, La contrarrevolucion del virrey Abascal: Lima, 1806-1816, Procesos: revista ecuatoriana de historia, no.29 (I Semestre, 2009) pp.93-112
Historiography R. Adorno, Guaman Poma and His Illustrated Chronicle from Colonial Peru: From a Century of Scholarship to a New Era of Reading, n.d.
M. Baud, Towards a New Social and Political History in Peru. A Review Essay, Revista de Indias, 2008, vol.LXVIII, no.242, pp.283-300
C.R.E. Fernandez de Cordoba, The Fabrication of Andean Particularism, Bull. Inst. fr. Et. andines, 1989 18 No.2 pp.269-298
M. Vega, La utopia andina y la historiografia peruana, Procesos: revista ecuatoriana de historia. no.9 (II Semestre, 1996) pp.93-109.
Administration J.F. Chuchiak, Bourbon Reforms in Late Colonial Spanish America
I. de Maman Rodriguez, Los otros caminos de la tirania : los corregidores en la Audiencia de Quito 1750-1790, thesis Quito 1993, FLACSO Ecuador
M.E. Crahan, Conflict in Colonial Peru: Bourbon Regalism under the Last of the Hapsburgs, Catholic Historical Review 62 (2) 1976 pp.224-244
Military Pedro Sancho, An Account of the Conquest of Peru (1917), IA
Th. Cochrane Earl of Dundonald, Narrative of Services in the Liberation of Chili, Peru and Brazil,: from Spanish and Portuguese Domination, vol.1 (1854), vol.2, IA
Relacion historica de los sucesos de la rebelion de Jose Gabriel: Tupac-Amaru en las provincias del Peru, el ano de 1780 () in Spanish, IA
L.G. Campbell, Military reform in the viceroyalty of Peru, 1762-1800 1970, IA
Marina de Guerra del Peru, Peru Virreinal
M. Ramos, Jefes Militares de la Revolucion Quitena (Analisis), Revista Ecuador Debate No.78, Dec. 2009 pp.169-184, FLACSO Ecuador (on suppressed Quito Revolution 1809-1812)
J.M. Jaurequi Cordero, La rebelion indigena en el campo, 1780-1783: el corregimiento de la Paz y la provincia de Chichas, thesis Quito 1987, FLACSO Ecuador
J.E. Rodriguez, "Los origenes de la Revolucion de Quito en 1809", Procesos: revista ecuatoriana de historia. 34 (II Semestre, 2011) pp.91-123.
T. Eagles, Ideological Dissonance, Civil War, and Revolutionary Failure during the Great Rebellion of Peru and Bolivia, 1780-1783, thesis Bryn Mawr 2010
Economy & Finances General
Periods in Economic History G. Colmenares, La Formacion de la Economia Colonial (1500-1740)., in : M. Avella, Historia Economica de Colombia, 1987
S.J. Stein, Bureaucracy and Business in the Spanish Empire, 1759-1804: Failure of a Bourbon Reform in Mexico and Peru, The Hispanic American Historical Review, vol.61, no.1 (Feb. 1981), pp.2-28
Currency & Finances M.L. Talavan, Los libros de Huacas en el virreinato del Peru : Fiscalidad y Control Regio en Torno a los Tesoros Prehispanicos Enterrados, La Moneda: Investigacion numismatica y fuentes archivisticas, n.d.
D.S. Ordinola, Aproximacion al desarrollo de la industria editorial en el Virreinato del Peru 2011
L. Achiq Subia, La politica tributaria en la Gobernacion de Cuenca a finales del periodo colonial : tributacion, recaudacion, evasion, corrupcion e insurreccion, Fiscalidad. Revista Institucional del Servicio de Rentas Internas. Quito : SRI, (no.03, 2009): pp.11-32
Trade M. Torres, An Exposition of the Commerce of Spanish America, with some Observationbs upon its Importance to the United States 1816, GB
X. Lamikiz, Commerce transatlantique et commercants etrangers dans le Perou colonial, 1740-1780 2013
X. Lamikiz, Trade and Trust in the Eighteenth-Century Atlantic World: Spanish Merchants and Their Overseas Networks 2010
W.L. Schurz, Mexico, Peru, and the Manila Galleon, The Hispanic American Historical Review 1 1918, IA
C.A, Contreras Carranza, El sector exportador de una economia colonial : la costa del Ecuador entre 1760 y 1820, thesis Lima 1987
Industry W.H. Holmes, Textile Fabrics of Ancient Peru (1889), IA
R.W. Jamieson, Majolica in the Early Colonial Andes : The Role of Panamanian Wares, Arquelogica Andina 12 2001
C. Büschges, Las manufacturas de la provincia de Quito, de Juan de Larrea y Villavicencio (1802), Procesos: revista ecuatoriana de historia. 9 (II Semestre, 1996) pp.139-143
Agriculture W.G. Mortimer, Peru. History of coca, "the divine plant" of the Incas; with an introductory account of the Incas, and of the Andean Indians of to-day (1901), IA
C. Vizcarra, Bourbon Intervention in the Peruvian Tobacco Industry, 1752-1813, J. Lat. Amer. Stud. 39 2007, pp.567-593
C. Vizcarra, The Tobacco Tax in Late Colonial Spanish America : The Making of the Royal Tobacco Monopoly, draft 2005
C. Vizcarra, The Spanish Royal Tobacco Monopoly in the Viceroyalty of Peru, 1752-1813, 2010
M. Burga, "Rasgos fundamentales de la historia agraria peruana: s. XVI al s. XVIII", Procesos: revista ecuatoriana de historia. 1 (II Semestre, 1991) pp.49-67
Livestock Anon., Las Vaquerias: Extraccion de Ganados sin apropiacion de Tierras, Web de Historia, on cattle ranching in the La Plata region, 18th century
Mining Discovery: Iron Ore Mine In Peru Pre-Dates Inca, from Science 2.0
Peru's historic mercury pollution still of concern today. from Mines and Communities
Social History General
Class The Hill Center for World Studies, Colonial Legacies I : Colonial Elites in Cuzco, Viceroyalty of Peru, c.1680
P. Latasa Vassallo, Comerciantes, burocratas y aristocratas en la Lima borbonica: revision historiografica 2003
S. Aldana Rivera, Los comerciantes piuranos (1700-1830): el soporte humanos de una region economica, thesis Lima 1992, FLACSO Ecuador
P. Ponce Leiva, El poder del discurso o el discurso del poder: el criollismo quiteno en el siglo XVII, Procesos: revista ecuatoriana de historia, 10 (I Semestre, 1997): pp.3-20
Urban Society G.H. Kim, Shantytown Formation as an Anti-Systemic Historical Process: A World-System Study on Peruvian Social Transformation, thesis Concordia Univ., Montreal, 2009
R. Chuhue, Plebe, prostitucion y conducta sexual en Lima del Siglo XVIII. Apuntes sobre la sexualidad en Lima Borbonica, 2011
R. Chuhue, Cafes, Ilustracion y Plebe. Una mirada a los espacios publicos y la participacion popular en Lima Borbonica, Revista del Archivo General de la Nacion, May 2013 pp.71-110
R. Chuhue, Orfandad, asistencialismo y caridad cristiana en Lima Colonial. Historia de la Iglesia de Ninos Huerfanos de Lima, Revista del Archivo General de la Nacion, no.27 2009 pp.143-164
R. Chuhue, La piedad ilustrada y los "necesitados" en Lima borbonica. Una aproximacion hacia la plebe limena y el manejo institucional en el siglo XVIII, Summa Historiae Ano 1 no.1 (2004) Lima-Peru pp.109-135
Language P. Gullette, Theories of the Emergence of Colonial Peruvian Andean Spanish (1533-1821) Selected Proceedings of the 16th Hispanic Linguistics Symposium 2013 pp.292-302
P. Haggerty, History and Language in the Andes, 2011
Women K.B. Graubart, With Our Labor and Sweat: Indigenous Women and the Formation of Colonial Society in Peru 1550-1700 2008
P. Latasa Vassallo, La celebracion del matrimonio en el virreinato peruano: disposiciones sinodales de Charcas y Lima (1570-1613) 2005
C. Leon, Matrimonio criollo y violencia conyugal : Cuenca 1750-1800 , thesis Quito 1996, FLACSO Ecuador
Health Peru, from Alcohol and Drugs History Society
R. Dahlby, 500 Years of Coca Erradication [!] Policy in Peru, thesis Ohio State 2009
Diet S.M. Martinez-Zuniga, Cultural Factors Affecting Food Preference: The Case of Tarwi in Three Quechua Speaking Areas of Peru, thesis Vanderbilt 2007
R.W. Jamieson, The Market for Meat In Colonial Cuenca. A Seventeenth-Century Urban Faunal Assemblage from the Southern Highlands of Ecuador, Historical Archaeology 42(4) 2008, pp.21-37.
Other A. Garcia Monton, "Identity Matters: Economic and Political Performance of a Genoese Network: Lima, Madrid and Genoa" 2012
S.E. Huerta, Plebe, sociedad y revolucion. el Peru y el Rio de la Plata en el contexto de las guerras de Independencia, n.d.
A. Zarzar et al., Respuestas indigenas, conflicto y vida rural en la region de Huamanga: siglo XVIII. (Una critica a la "utopia andina"), thesis FLACSO Ecuador 1997
M. Chocano, Tensiones etnicas en la vida rural: el callejon de Conchucos en el siglo XVIII, thesis Lima 1986, FLACSO Equador
P. Hernandez, Organisacion social de las doctrinas guaranes de la Compana de Jesus vol.1 1913, vol.2 1913, IA
Ethnography D. Cahill, Colour by Numbers. Racial and Ethnic Categories in the Viceroyalty of Peru, 1532-1824, pp.325-346, n.d.
A.R. Castello, Afro-Peruvian Identity and Its Connection with the Land : The Guayabo-Chincha Case, thesis Univ. of Kansas 2008
S.E. Huerta, From sworn loyalty to negotiated obedience. Political transformations in Peru during the War of Independence. The Huacho: a case study (1820-1822), n.d.
B.E. Schmidt, Afro-Peruvian Representations in and around Cusco: a Discussion about the Existence or Non-existence of an Afro-Andean Culture in Peru, Indiana no.24 2007 pp.191-209
P.A. Means, Indian Legislation in Peru, The Hispanic American Historical Review 3 1920, IA
D. Bonnett Velez, Los protectores de naturales en la audiencia de Quito, siglos XVII y XVIII, thesis Quito 1991, FLACSO Ecuador
Religion Indigenous Religion A. Reville, The native religions of Mexico and Peru, 1884, IA
P.J. de Arriaga, La extirpacion de la idolatria en el Peru, 1920, Gb
Catholicism :
Orders and Societies
Historia de la Compana de Jesus en la provincia del Paraguay (Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, Per, Bolivia y Brasil) segn los documentos originales del Archivo General de Indias vol.1 (1912), vol.2 (1912), vol.3 (1912), vol.4 (1912) in Spanish, IA
B.B. Roemer, Foundations of the Jesuits in the Viceroyalty of Peru (1568-1605), thesis Loyola Univ. Chicago 1946
E. Cavieres, Los Jesuitas Expulsos: La Comunidad y los Individuos. La Provincia de Chile, Cuadernos de Historia no.38 Santiago jun. 2013
P.J. Hernandez, El extranamiento de los Jesuitas del Rio de la Plata y de las misiones del Paraguay por decreto de Carlos III, 1908, IA
M. de Angles y Gortari, Los jesuitas en el Paraguay. Copia del informe que hizo el general d. Mathias de Angles y Gortari, corregidor del Potosi, sobre los puntos que han sido causa de las discordias sucedidas en la ciudad de la Asuncion, de la provincia del Paraguay, y motivaron la persecucion de d. Josef de Antequera, de parte de los regulares de la Compania 1896, IA; J. de Antequera died in 1731
J.P. Fernandez, Relacion historial de las misiones de indios chiquitos que en el Paraguay tienen los padres de la Compania de Jesus, escrita por el P.J. Patricio Fernandez. s.J. Reimpresa fielmente segun la primera edici3n que saco a luz el P.G. Herran, en 1726 vol.1, 1895, vol.2, 1895, IA
J.P. Otero, La Orden franciscana en el Uruguay : cronica historica del convento de San Bernardino de Montevideo (1908) in Spanish, IA
Catholicism :
Inquisition
Peru : The Lima Inquisition and Book Censorship, from Beacon for Freedom of Expression
H.Ch. Lea, The inquisition in the Spanish dependencies : Sicily - Naples - Sardinia - Milan - the Canaries - Mexico - Peru - New Granada (1908), posted on Internet Archive
Catholicism :
Inclusion of Pre-Christian Elements
J.M. Prochaska, Mother of the Mountains: the Virgin Mary as a Bridge from the Inka Past to Post-Colonial Christian-Andean Religiosity, thesis Emory 2013
J.P. Fernandez, Relacion historial de las misiones de indios chiquitos que en el Paraguay tienen los padres de la Compania de Jesus n.d., IA; (F. died in 1733)
Catholicism :
Other
J.B. Bermudez, Anales de la Catedral de Lima : 1534 a 1824, n.d., in Spanish
A. Coello de la Roca, Conciencia Criolla y Espiritualidad en Lima Colonial, 2002, IEP, in Spanish
Judaism The Virtual Jewish History Tour : Peru, Lima
History of Regions Articles : Royal Audiencia of Panama, Lima, Quito, Buenos Aires, Concepcion, from Wikipedia
Articles : Real Audiencia de Chile, Buenos Aires, Lima, Cuzco (est. 1787), Charcas (diss. 1573), Santa Fe de Bogota, from Wikipedia Spanish edition
P. Lozano, Historia de las revoluciones de la provincia del Paraguay (1721-1735) obra inedita (1905) in Spanish, IA
D. Muriel, Historia del Paraguay desde 1747 hasta 1767, 1918, IA
M.A. Campetella, At the periphery of empire: Indians and settlers in the Pampas of Buenos Aires, 1580-1776, thesis Rutgers 2008
P. Stenborg, Holding Back History. Issues of Resistance and Transformation in a Post-Contact Setting, Tuciman, Argentina c. A.D. 1536-1660, thesis Göteborg 2001
Local History List of Cities in Peru, from Wikipedia
History of Lima, Cuzco, Arequipa, Ayacucho, Iquitos, Cajamarca, Tumbes, Callao, from Wikipedia
Cl.R. Markham, Cuzco: a journey to the ancient capital of Peru; with an account of the history, language, literature, and antiquities of the Incas. And Lima: a visit to the capital and provinces of modern Peru; with a sketch of the viceregal government, history of the republic, and a review of the literature and society of Peru (1856), posted on Internet Archive
M.A. Cossio Olavide, Doble enunciacion en el discurso para las murallas de Lima. Analisis de la Relacion del Virrey Duque de la Palata, thesis Notre Dame 2013
R. Chuhue, Historia de Lima 2011
S. Webster, Quito, Ciudad de Maestros: Arquitectos, edificios y urbanismo en el largo siglo XVII, n.d.
S. Webster, Masters of the Trade: Native Artisans, Guilds, and the Construction of Colonial Quito, 2009
J. Granda Ore, Pero Diaz, y la encomienda de los indios Acos: un ensayo de microhistoria social 1532-1807, thesis Ayacucho 1987, FLACSO Ecuador
M.E. Porras, La elite quitena en el cabildo 1763-1805, thesis Quito 1987, FLACSO Ecuador
L. Rebolledo, Tierras, indigenas, transformaciones: el caso de Lumbisi durante la colonia., thesis Santiago 1986, FLACSO Ecuador
Institutions
Culture Censorship Peru : The Lima Inquisition and Book Censorship, from Beacon for Freedom of Expression
P.M. Guidovich, Authors and Censors in the Peruvian Viceroyalty 2011
C. Espinosa Fernandez de Cordova, "El retorno del Inca: los movimientos neoincas en el entorno de la intercultura barroca", Procesos: revista ecuatoriana de historia. 18 (I Semestre, 2002) pp.3-29
P. Hurtado Valdez, Bovedas Encamonadas: Origen, Evolucion, Geometria y Construccion entre los Siglos XVII y XVIII en el Virreinato de Peru, thesis Univ. Politecnica de Madrid 2011
Enlightenment K.A. Parker, Reason as Race: Enlightenment Voyages of Discovery and their Effect on 18th Century Racial Discourse, thesis Oregon State 2010
Writing/Script V. Moscovich, El khipu entre 1532 - 1650: de registro a historia, 2011
Literature D. Ferris, Intertextualization: An historical and contextual study of the battle villancico, El mas augusto campeon, thesis Univ. of North Texas 2009
L. Portugal, Curiosidad Barroca: La Coleccion en la Cultura Literaria Hispanoamericana Virreinal y Contemporanea, thesis Univ. of Oregon 2013
Painting Article : Peruvian Art - Colonial Art, from Wikipedia
Article : Cuzco School, from Wikipedia
Architecture Article : Andean Baroque, from Wikipedia
Biographies C. Ibanez Murphy, Primera escritora colonial? Santa Rosa de Lima: Sus "Mercedes" y la "Escala Mistica", thesis Univ. of Arizona 1997
X.E. Armstrong, Sor Catalina de Jesus Maria Herrera: visionaria teresiana de Quito Colonial Siglo XVIII, thesis Univ. of Victoria 2012
Environmental History Neotropic Ecoregion, from WWF
A. Kendall et al., Cultural and environmental change in the Cuzco region of Peru: rural development implications of combined archaeological and palaeoecological evidence 2006
Julissa Castellanos, Tupac Amarau Uprising and the Environment, ICE Case Studies 1997
C. Lopez Pardo, Aguas de Copajira : mineria en el Potosi colonial, FLACSO sede Ecuador. Programa de Estudios SocioambientaleS pp.3-5, May 2010
J. Valenzuela Marquez, Relaciones Jesuitas del Terremoto de 1730: Santiago, Valparaiso y Concepcion, Cuadernos de Historia no.37 Santiago Dec. 2012
Others

WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED PRIMARY SOURCES
Historical Data . Statistical Data . Documents Newspapers . Yearbooks . Image Databanks . Archival Deposits . Laws . Historiography
Document Collections . Historical Maps . Historical Encyclopedia Articles . Travelogues . Institutions . National Symbols
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon)
Lists of Bishops Articles : Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Lima, Asuncion, Concepciion, Popayan, Quito, from Wikipedia
Various Data Richard L. Garner, PhD, retired., 2011-09-30, "Replication data for: Annual Silver Registrations by Cajas: Peru", http://hdl.handle.net/1902.1/16805 World-Historical Dataverse
Richard L. Garner, PhD, retired., 2011-09-30, "Replication data for: Silver Series from Mint and Other Records", http://hdl.handle.net/1902.1/16810 World-Historical Dataverse; Silver series (some annual but not all) based on mint and other records for Mexico, Guatemala, New Granada, Peru, Potosi & Chile
Documents Historical Newspapers Mercurio Peruano, 1791-1792, GB
Image Databanks Wikimedia Commons
Archival Deposits Portada de Pares, Archivos de Espana
Search National Archives, UK
Search Vatican Secret Archives
Columbia Univ. Libraries, Archival Collections, Peru Viceroyalty papers, 1815-1816
Duke Univ., Rubenstein Library, Guide to the Peruvian Collection, 1583-1892
Constitutions, Laws Recopilacion de las Leyes de Indias, 1680, posted by Archivo Digital de la Legislacion en el Peru, in Spanish
Recopilacion de las Leyes de Indias, vol.1, 1774, vol.2, 1774, vol.3, 1774, in Spanish, GB
Recopilacion de las Leyes de Indias vol.1, 1791, vol.2, 1791, vol.3, 1791, in Spanish, GB
Nueva constitucion que ha de regir en Espana e Indias, 1808, in Spanish, GB
Archivo Digital de la Legislacion en el Peru
A collection of mining laws of Spain and Mexico, 1859, GB
Treaties
Historiography Pedro Pizarro, Relation of the discovery and the conquest of the kingdoms of Peru, vol.1 (1921), vol.2, IA
Bartolome de las Casas, De las antiguas gentes del Peru (1892) in Spanish, IA
Father Bernabe Cobo, History of the Inca Empire (1653), trsl. by Roland Hamilton, Austin : University of Texas Press 1983 [G]
P. de Cieza de Leon, Cronica del Peru 1553, IA
P. de Chiesa de Leon, The Second Part of the Chronicle of Peru (1883), IA
G. de la Vega, Historia general del Peru 1610 ed., 1617 ed., GB
G. de la Vega, Comentarios reales, que tratan del origen de los Yncas, vol.1, 1723, vol.2, 1722, in Spanish, GB
The Conquest of the River Plate, 1895, IA; Engl trsl. of accounts by U. Scheidel 1567 and A. Nunez Cabeza de Vaca, 1555
Document Collections Documentos historicos del Peru en las epocas del coloniaje despues de la conquista y de la .. (1863) in Spaqnish, IA
Coleccion de documentos y de sucessos notables en las campanas de la pacificacion del Peru (1837) in Spanish, IA
M. de Odriozola (ed.), Documentos historicos del Peru en las epocas del coloniaje despues de la conquista y de la .. (1877) in Spanish, IA
J. de la Riva-Aguero, Memorias y documentos para la historia del Peru (1858) in Spanish, IA
Coleccion Documental de la Independencia del Peru, GB
F.J. Bravo (ed.), Coleccion de documentos relativos a la expulsion de los Jesuitas de la Republica Argentina y del Paraguay, en el reinado de Carlos III, 1872, IA
El Archivo Nacional de la Asuncion 1900, IA; frontispiece missing; an edition of colonial era historical documents
Individual Documents Henry C. Lea (1829-1909), The Inquisition in 17th Century Peru, a case of Portuguese Judaizers, from Modern History Sourcebook
Univ. of Arizona, Petition, 1734, to the Marques de Castelfuerte, Viceroy of Peru, on behalf of the Tributary Yanaconas Indians, 1734
Auto de la fe celebrado en Lima a 23. de enero de 1639. Al tribunal del Santo oficio de la Inquisicion, de los reynos del Peru, Chile, Paraguay, y Tucuman. Por el licenciado d. Fernando de Montesinos, 1639, IA
Historical Maps Languages of South America, from TITUS
Map : Perou et Pays circonvoisins, from Bonne, Atlas Encyclopedique, 1787-88
Article : Peru en los mapas historicos, from Wikipedia Spanish edition
Mapoteca del Archivo Historico de Limites , Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores del Peru
Historical
Encyclopedia Entries
Secular
Religious
Economic
Geographical Viceroyalty of Peru, pp.803-811 in J. Morse et al., The American universal geography, 1819, GB
Historical The Present State of Peru, pp.263-342 in vol.3 of Th. Salmon, Modern history or the present state of all nations, 1746, GB
The first discovery of Peru, and the progress on the conquest of that kingdom pp.288-448 in vol.38 of The modern part of an universal history, 1763, GB
Historia del Peru, pp.12-105 in H. Belloc, Historia de America desde los tiempos mas remotos hasta nuestros dias 1845, in Spanish, GB
Parliamentary Debates Hansard (British Parliament)
Diario de las discusiones y actas de las Cortes, vol.1, 1811, vol.2, 1811, vol.3, 1811, vol.4, 1811, vol.5, 1811, vol.6, 1811, vol.7, 1811, vol.8, 1811, vol.9, 1811, vol.10, 1811, vol.11, 1812, vol.12, 1812, vol.13, 1812, vol.14, 1812, vol.15, 1812, vol.16, 1812, vol.18, 1813, vol.19, 1813, vol.20, 1813, vol.21, 1813, vol.22, 1813, vol.23, 1813, 1820-1821 vol.1, 1820, 1820-1821 vol.3, 1820, 1820-1821 vol.4, 1820, 1820-1821 vol.7, 1820, 1820-1821 vol.8, 1820, 1820-1821 vol.9, 1820, 1820-1821 vol.10, 1820, 1820-1821 vol.11, 1820, 1820-1821 vol.12, 1821, 1820-1821 vol.13, 1821, 1820-1821 vol.16, 1821, 1820-1821 vol.18, 1821, 1820-1821 vol.20, 1821, 1820-1821 vol.21, 1821, 1820-1821 vol.22, 1821, 1820-1821 vol.23, 1821, in Spanish, GB
Tour Guides, Travelogues Pedro de Cieza de Leon, The seventeen years travels of Peter de Cieza, through the mighty kingdom of Peru, and the large provinces of Cartagena and Popayan in South America: from the city of Panama, on the isthmus, to the frontiers of Chile. Now first tr. from the Spanish, and illustrated with a map, and several cuts (1709), IA
A.Z. Helms, Travels from Buenos Ayres, by Potosi, to Lima, 1806, GB
E.M. Garcia, The Maritime Voyage of Jorge Juan to the Viceroyalty of Peru (1735-1746), 2012
Residence Memoirs
Institutions Archives, Musea, Libraries Archivo General de las Indias, Sevilla, Spain
Archivo General de la Nacion, Peru nf, Archivo General de la Nacion, Argentina, Archivo y Biblioteca Nacional de Bolivia nf, Archivo Nacional de Chile, Archivo General de la Nacion, Colombia, Archivo Nacional del Ecuador, Archivo Nacional de Panama, Archivo Nacional de Asuncion, Paraguay
National Archives : Latin America, from UNESCO Archives Portal
Libraries in Peru, from LibDex
Museums of Peru, from Enjoy Peru
Peru, from Repositories of Primary Sources : Latin America (UIdaho)
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW; Coat of Arms, from International Civic Heraldry
National Anthem, from David's National Anthem Reference Page
Coins, Banknotes Peruvian banknotes, from World Currency Museum; from Ron Wise's World Paper Money
Peru Coins, from World Coin Gallery
Search Coin Archives for Pru

BIBLIOGRAPHY AND PRINT SOURCES
Bibliographies . Online Libraries . Thesis Servers . Online Journals . General Accounts . Specific Topics . Historical Dictionaries
Bibliography General RHS Bibliography
Biblioteca Nacional del Peru, Centro Bibliografico Nacional ; no searchable database offered
Biblioteca Nacional del Peru, Catalogo General
on Viceroyalty of Peru Biblioteca Nacional del Peru
Library of Congress HLAS Online Handbook of Latin American Studies (Bibliography)
Bibliography : Andes, from Environmental History of Latin America; Online Bibliography on Latin American Environmental History
Bibliography on Prehispanic Hydraulic Systems on the Peruvian Coastal Valleys, from Tiwanaku Archeo
An Expanding Bibliography of Huachuma and San Pedro Mesa Shamanism, by O. Blanco
Inca Bibliography, from archaeology.about.com
Latin American Books
Food and Culture (a bibliography), by R.T. Dirks, click on South America
G.A. Dorsey, A bibliography of the anthropology of Peru (1898), posted on Internet Archive
Instituto de Estudios Peruanos : Biblioteca
Online Libraries General Gutenberg Library Online, Internet Archive
Persee (French search engine)
Biblioteca Virtual Miguel de Cervantes
on Viceroyalty of Peru Biblioteca Virtual, Sistema de Bibliotecas (Peru)
Libros Peruanos, Biblioteca Digital
Academia.edu : Documents in Spanish Colonial Peru, Documents in Viceroyalty of Peru, Documents in Peruvian History
Thesis Server Open Access Theses and Dissertations
Registry of Open Access Repositories, Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela
Amauta. Repositorio Digital Peruano
Biblioteca Virtual, Sistema de Bibliotecas (Peru)
Repositorio Digital FLACSO Andes, Ecuador, Repositorio Digital de la PUCE, Ecuador, Universidad Andina Simon Bolivar Digital, Ecuador, Repositorio Digital de Instituto de Altos Estudios Nacionales, Ecuador, Universidad Estatal de Bolivar, Repositorio Digital Academico, Ecuador, Repositorio Digital Universidad de las Americas, Ecuador, Repositorio Digital Universidad Laica "Eloy Alfaro" de Manabi, Ecuador Repositorio Digital de la Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Ecuador
TDX (Theses from Spanish Universities Online; almost exclusively in Spanish)
Online Journals Directory, Article Library Directory of Open Access Journals
HAPI Online, Hispanic American Periodicals Index (HAPI), The Database of Latin American Journal Articles
On Latin America Latin American Studies Journals (links, from LANIC)
Colonial Latin American Historical Review (CLAHR)
Revista Latino-Americana de Arqueologia Historica
On Viceroyalty of Peru LANIC, Academic Journals : Peru
Bulletin, Institut Français d'Etudes Andines 1972-
Revista Andina 1991-2009, HAPI
Chile : Cuadernos de Historia
Chile : Historia, 1961-
Ecuador : Boletines de la Academia Nacional de Historia Ecuador Collection, no.s 179-182, Scribd; no.185 2011, IAEN
Ecuador : Procesos: revista ecuatoriana de historia 1991-
Historiography Article : Latin American Historiography (excluding Mexico and Brazil) - Writing on the precolonial and colonial periods from the sixteenth century to the present day, by G.L. Vasquez, pp.534-542, Article : Latin American Historiography (excluding Mexico and Brazil) - The National Period, 1820-1990, pp.542-545 in vol.2 of A Global Encyclopedia of Historical Writing, NY 1998 [G]
General Accounts E. Bradford Burns, Latin America, A Concise Interpretive History, Eaglewood NJ : Prentice Hall 6th edition (1972) 1994, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 980 B967l
Specific Topics
Historical Dictionaries