History by Country . A . B . C . D . E . F . G . HI . JK . L . M . N . OP . QR . S . TUV . WXYZ

Sweden Russia
First posted on June 19th 2002, last revised on January 4th 2011

Finland since 1990
Finland 1969-1990
Finland 1948-1969
Finland 1944-1948
Finland 1939-1944
Finland 1929-1939
Finland 1920-1929
Finland 1917-1920

Finland 1914-1917 . Russian Empire
Finland 1898-1914 . Russian Empire
Finland 1863-1898 . Russian Empire
Finland 1809-1863 . Russian Empire

Finland 1772-1809 . Sweden
Finland 1721-1772 . Sweden
Finland 1640-1721 . Sweden
Finland 1523-1640 . Sweden
Finland 1389-1523 . Sweden
Finland 1249-1389 . Sweden
Finland 1150-1249 . Sweden

Historical Encyclopedia Entries : Lapps 1809-1905
Historical Atlas, Finland Page
List of Wars : Finland

E x t e r n a l . F i l e s
Country Profiles Links, Portals Organizations Accounts of History Politics Military History Economic History
Social History Ethnography History of Religion Regional History Local History Institutions Culture
Biography Others
D o c u m e n t s
Historical Data Documents Institutions National Symbols
P r i n t e d . R e f e r e n c e
Bibliographies Online Libraries Online Journals General Accounts Specific Topics Historical Dictionaries Others

Country Profiles modern from CIA World Factbook; BBC Country Profiles; from Eurodata World Desk Reference
from Library of Congress; from Nations Encyclopedia; from Wikipedia
historical D. Hinshaw, Heroic Finland (1952), posted on Internet Archive
E. Ward, Despatches from Finland (1940), posted on Internet Archive
A. Reade, Finland and the Finns (1917), posted on Internet Archive
A. Rothery, Finland, the New Nation (1937), posted on Internet Archive
F. Fox, Finland To-day (1926), posted on Internet Archive
H. de Windt, Finland as it is (1901), posted on Internet Archive
K.V. Blomstedt, Finland: its country and people, a short survey (1919), posted on Internet Archive
N.D. Sergieevskij, Finland : the question of autonomy and fundamental laws (1911), posted on Internet Archive
F. Rühs, Finland und seine Bewohner, 1809, in German, GB, Swed. trsl. 1811, GB
Links, General from Library of Congress, Portals to the World; from BUBL; from SSEES
from Virtual Library Finland
Links, on History from Virtual Library History; from Virtual Library Women's History; from Virtual Library Labour History; from Virtual Library Economic and Business History
Resources on European History : Scandinavia, from Carnegie Mellon Univ., numerous links
Organizations Finland's Family History Association FFHA
Finnish Economic History Association FEHA
Finnish Historical Society (FHS)
Finnish Society of Church History (FSCH)
Swedish-Finn Historical Society (SFHS)
Historian ja Yhteiskuntaopin Opettajien Liitto, from Euroclio
Historical Dictionaries
Timelines from timelines.ws, a website exploiting US newspaper articles, very detailed on the 20th century; from BBC News
Category : Years in Finland
Accounts of History general from Virtual Finland; by Pasi Kuoppamaeki; by Joni Maekivirta; from Wikipedia
Specific Period J.R. Danielson, Finland's Union with the Russian Empire: With Reference to M.K. Ordin's Work Finland's Subjugation (1891), posted on Internet Archive
C.Chr. Ekman, Dagbok förd under kriget i Finland 1788-1790 (1900), in Swedish, posted on Internet Archive
V. Vladimirov, The revolution in Finland under Prince John Obolensky (1911), posted on Internet Archive
H. Söderhjelm, The Red Insurrection in Finland in 1918 : a study based on documentary evidence (1919), posted on Internet Archive
Historiography Lärobok i Finlands historia och geografi, 1832, in Swedish, GB
Politics Political Resources on the Net : Finland; For the Record 2000 : Finland, from UN Human Rights System; Article Politics of Finland, from Wikipedia; List of Political Parties in Finland, from Wikipedia
The Finnish Party in Finland and Their Present Programme (1907), posted on Internet Archive
Military see here
Article Military History of Finland, from Wikipedia
Orders, Decorations and Medals of Finland, from ODM
Economy & Finances An Economic History of Finland, by Riitta Hjerppe (EH Net); Political and Economic History of Finland, by Thayer Watkins
A Global History of Currencies : Finland
History of theNordic Exchange
History of the National Board of Patents and Registration
Viewpoints on the History of Ergonomics in Finland, by Launis M. Seppälä
Finland, from Showcaves, lists several historical mines
Ninety Two Years of Machinery, from Machinery Oy
History of Hemp in Finland, by Erkki Laitinen
Co-Evolution of Institutions and Strategies. Finnish Pulp and Paper Industry 1918-1995, by Juha-Antti Lamberg
Ola Honningdal Grytten, Economic Policy and Labour Markets in Nordic Countries during the Great Depression of the 1930es, IEHC 2006
Matti Hannikainen, Unemployment Policy and the Measurement of Unemployment in Finland during the Great Depression in the 1930s. The Case of Construction Workers in Helsinki, IEHC 2006
Timo Myllyntaus, Foreign Investments in Finnish Electricity Supply Utilities, 1884-1936, IEHC 2006
Company History : Finnair Oyj, Nokia Corporation, UPM Kymmene Corporation, M-real Oyj, from Funding Universe
Finland, from European Textile Network (historical sites)
Michelson, Karl-Erik, and Markuu Kuisma. Nationalism and Industrial Development in Finland. Business and Economic History, 2d ser., 21 (1992): 343-53.
Trade and industry of Finland (1922), posted on IA
O. Heikinheimo, Forestry in Finland (1922), posted on IA; J.Cr. Brown, Finland : its forests and forest management (1883), posted on IA
N.Chr. Frederiksen, Finland; its public and private economy (1902), posted on IA
Ethnography Languages of Finland, from Ethnologue
National Minorities of Finland : The Sami, The Swedish-Speaking Finns, The Roma, The Old Russians, The Tatars, from Virtual Finland
Articles Finns, Saami, Swedes, Scandinavian Peripatetics (Roma), from World Cultures Encyclopedia
World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples : Finland
Finland, pp.2053-2098 in vol.3B of J.A. Hammerton, Peoples of All Nations, c.1920, illustrated, IA
J. Nyyssönnen, "Everybody recognized that we were not white". Sami identity politics in Finland, 1945-1950, thesis Tromsø 2007
Social History
Religion Virtual Jewish History Tour : Finland, from Jewish Virtual Library; The Jewry of Finland, from Virtual Finland; Finland, from International Association of Jewish Genealogical Societies - Cemetery Project
Chronology of Catholic Dioceses : Finland, from Kirken i Norge; Finland, from Roman Catholic Hierarchy; Patron Saints Index : Finland
History of Regions Provinces, Sub-Regions of Finland, from www.statoids.com
The Åland question and the rights of Finland, a memorandum by a number of Finnish jurists and historians (1920), posted on Internet Archive
F.P. von Knorring, Gamla Finland, eller Det fordna wiborgska gouvernementet, 1833, in Swedish, GB
Local History History of Helsinki, from Wikipedia
History of Tampere, from Wikipedia, from History of Tampere
History of Turku, from Wikipedia
Institutions History of the Finnish Red Cross, from Finnish Red Cross, in Swedish, many subfiles
Article VR Group, from Wikipedia (Finnish railroad history)
Finnish Broadcasting History, from The Broadcast Archive
History, from Finnish Academy of Letters and Sciences
Finland, from Airline History
Structurae : Finland; Search Lighthouse Explorer for Finland
Culture Finland's Film Industry, from Learn about Movie Posters; Article Cinema of Finland, from Wikipedia
Biographies Standard Works of Reference Biografiakeskus; National Biography of Finland
Web Compilations, General Famous Finns, from Virtual Finland, from Finland Links, from Nations Encyclopedia, List of Finns from Wikipedia
Specialized Compilations Biographies of Finnish Saints, from Ökumenisches Heiligenlexikon, in German
Paper Industry International Hall of Fame Inductees; a number of Finnish entries
Others Finnish Sauna. History of the Nordic Bath, by Mikkel Aaland
Finnish Gateway to Environmental History
Article : Finland at the Olympics, from Wikipedia
V. Vasenius, Outlines of the History of Printing in Finland (1898), posted on Internet Archive
Dan E. Beauchamp, The Case of the 1969 Alcohol Act in Finland, in : M.H. Moore et al., Alcohol and public policy: beyond the shadow of prohibition, pp.225-, 1981, GB

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon); from Rulers (B. Schemmel); from Regnal Chronologies; from World Rulers (E. Schulz, illustrated)
Lists of Ambassadors List of Ambassadors from the United Kingdom to Finland, from Wikipedia; Liste der deutschen Botschafter in Helsinki (Finland), from Wikipedia German edition
Article : United States Ambassador to Finland, from Wikipedia; List of Canadian Ambassadors to Finland, from MOFA Canada; Embajadores de Mexico en Finlandia, from Acervo Historico Diplomatico
Chinese Ambassadors to Finland, from PRC MOFA
Statistical Data Responsible Institution Statistics Finland
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Finland, from Population Statistics, J. Lahmeyer
Historical Abortion Statistics - Finland, from Johnston's Archive
K.E.F. Ignatius, Statistisk handbok för Finland 1890, IA
The Finland Year Book 1939 40, IA
Statistisk årsbok för Finland: Annuaire statistique pour la Finlande 1905, 1907, IA
World Life Expectancy : Health Profile : Finland
Exchange Rates Historical Exchange Rates, from Oanda, since 1990
Federal Reserve (U.S.) : Foreign Exchange Rates, Historic
Inflation Rates Historical Inflation Rates, from Index Mundi, since 2000
Election Results from Psephos (since 1999)
Lijphart's Elections Archive : Finland
Documents Historical Newspapers Official Gazette Flare, Union List of Official Gazettes : Finland
Finlex : Elektronisk författningsamling 1998-2012
Hemerotheques National Library (Finland), Digital Collections : Historical Newspaper Library; 1771-1860 (to be expanded to 1890)
Specific Newspapers Life Magazine, 1936-1972, Search for "Finland", search all issues; 749 Finland articles, GB
Modern Newspapers links from Online Newspapers, from World Newspapers
Online Yearbooks - Finland Entries
Propaganda Films George C. Marshall Motion Pictures
Films on History/Society Finnish Film Archive
Cinema of the World, does not have a Finland entry in country list; film.fm : Genre History, Finnish
Article : Cinema of Finland, from Wikipedia
Historical Movies by Nation : Finland
Image Databanks Systematic Collections
Systematic Collections
Accidental Collections Wikimedia Commons
Universal Collections
Items on Finland
License Plates, from Francoplaque, from License Plates of the World
Airline Timetable Images : Finland
Archival Deposits in Finland National Archives of Finland : Digital Archive
abroad Finland Documents, from Central Archive for the History of the Jewish People, Jerusalem
Guide to the Hoover Institution Archives 1980, GB ; search for Finland
Nationaalarchief (NL) : Inventaris van het archief van het Gezantschap in Finland te Helsinki, 1946-1952; Inventaris van de archieven van de gezantschappen te Zweden (Stockholm) (1868) 1910-1946 (1948) (tot 1919 mede-geaccrediteerd bij de regeringen van Noorwegen en Denemarken) en te Finland (Helsinki) 1919-1940;
Constitutions, Laws List of Ratifications of International Labour Conventions by Finland, from ILO, 96 docs. since 1920
Finlex, database of Finland's Parliament's acts and decrees as well as of international treaties Finland has entered, many of the former in English translation
Internet Law Library : Finland
Treaties General Treaty Collections
Bilateral Treaty Collections Australian Treaty Series : Bilateral Treaties : Finland
U.S. Dept. of State, Texts of the Finland "peace." With map (1918), posted on Internet Archive
Foreign Office (British) : Peace Handbooks (1919-1920), posted on Internet Archive; v. 8. Poland and Finland, no. 43-48
Finland, pp.688-762 in vol.7 of Treaties and Other International Agreements of the United States of America 1776-1949, 1971, GB
Finlex, database of Finland's Parliament's acts and decrees as well as of international treaties Finland has entered, many of the former in English translation
Document Surveys British Library, Social Sciences Collection Guides, Finnish Government Documents
Document Collections European History Primary Sources : Finland
Diplomatarium Fennicum, Online Project
Documents on Finnish History, from Eurodocs; A selection of events and documents on the history of Finland, by Pauli Kruhse
Individual Documents J. Purdy, New and accurate piloting directions for the Gulf of Finland, 1821, GB
J.W. Norie, Piloting directions for the Gulf of Finland, 1839, GB
Historical Maps responsible institutions UNESCO, National Mapping Agencies : Finland : National Land Survey of Finland (NLS), Helsinki
collections click here
M. Alfthan e.a., Atlas öfver Finland, 1910, maproom
Finland Maps, PCL, UTexas
Category : Old Maps of Finland, Maps of the History of Finland, Wikimedia Commons
Discus Media : The 1900 Collection, Maps of Yesteryear, Finland
National Library of Finland, Map Collections
Uralic World Guide, Historical Maps of Finno-Ugric People (1935)
Heikki Rantatupa Historical Maps Portal, in Finnish
David Rumsey Map Collection : Finland
U.S. Army Map Service, Northern Europe 1:250,000, 1951-, PCL, UTexas
Finland, hindsight Europe in the Year 1000, 1100, 1200, 1300, 1400, 1500, 1600, 1700, 1800, 1900, 2000, euratlas
Finland, Contemporary Finland 1906, 1922, 1932, 1938, Probert Encyclopedia
detail, hindsight
detail, contemporary
Encyclopedia Entries
General Articles Finland, Provinces : Abo-Bjorneborg, Kuopio, Tavastehus, Uleaborg, Vasa, Regions : Aland Islands, Cities : Abo, Helsingfors, Kuopio, Tammerfors, Viborg, from EB 1911
Articles Finland, Abo, from Jewish Encyclopedia 1901-1906
Articles Finnland, Governments : Abo-Björneborg, Kuopio, Nyland, Uleåborg, Wasa, Wiborg, Cities : Abo, Helsingfors, Nystad, Raumo, Tammerfors, from Meyers Konversationslexikon, 1888-1890, in German
Religious Article Finland, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1907-1914 edition
Economic J. Chr. Nelkenbrecher, Allgemeines Taschenbuch der Münz-, Maass- und Gewichtskunde für Banquiers und Kaufleute (General Manual on Coinage, Measurement and Weights, for Bankers and Merchants) Berlin 1832, in German, entries Åbo, posted by DTBSWS
Geographical Entry : Lapland, pp.189-214, The Particular Districts of Swedish Lapland pp.214-217, in : T.G. Smollett, The Present State of the World, vol.1 1768, posted on Google Books
Specialist Encyclopedias Article : Finnländische Eisenbahnen, from Röll, Enzyklopädie des Eisenbahnwesens (Encyclopedia of Railroads) 2nd ed. 1912-1923, in German
Parliamentary Debates Parliament of Finland Annual Report 2003-
Historic Tour Guides
Institutions Archives Repositories of Primary Sources : Europe : Finland, from Univ. of Idaho. Mostly Archive Webpages, 52 entries
Historical Research in Europe, listing of archives; click Atlas Search, Finland, 90 entries
Musea Museums.fi
Category : Museums in Finland, from Wikipedia
Monuments Tentative List : Finland, World Heritage List, scroll down for Finland; from UNESCO World Heritage
Finland, from Showcaves; lists several historic mines
Windmills in Finland, from Windmill World
Category : Watermills in Finland, Windmills in Finland, from Wikimedia Commons
Category : Forts, Castles, Cathedrals, Churches in Denmark, from Wikipedia
Libraries Libraries in Finland, from LibDex, 74 entries
History of the Finnish National Library, from The European Library
National Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW; Coat of Arms, from International Civic Heraldry; National Anthem, from National Anthems Net
Coins, Banknotes Banknotes of Finland, from World Currency Museum, from Ron Wise's World Paper Money
Collections of Coins : Finland, bilingual Russian-English page
Finland Coins, from Don's World Coin Gallery
Stamps Rare Finland Stamps, from Sandafayre Stamp Gallery; Stamps Finland 1856-1890, 1891-1920, from Stamps Catalogue 1840-1920 by Evert Klaseboer; Finland Free Online Stamp Catalogue 1856-1962, from Kerailija

Bibliographies general Search ISBN Database
on Finland survey of bibliographies
bibliographic database Doria : National Library of Finland online catalogue
general bibliographies pp.271-356 in George Maude, Historical Dictionary of Finland, Methuen : Scarecrow 1995; KMLA Library R 948.97 M447h
E. Bako, Finland and the Finns. A Selective Bibliography Library of Congress 1993
annual bibliographies
specialist bibliographies
serial publications Finnish Historical Society : Publications
general bibliographies
Finland entries
on Specific Issues
Concerning Finland
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
on Finland Scandinavian Digital Libraries and Projects, from Wess Web
Project Runeberg
National Library : Digital Collections
Thesis Server E-Thesis. Electronic Publications of the University of Helsinki
Online Journals Links National Library (Finland) : Digital Collections : Journals
full text online
Contents Online Scandinavian Journal of History Index 1985-1995, from H-net
Scandinavian Journal of History, Contents of all volumes, from Taylor and Francis
Historiography Article : Finnish Historiography, by P.K. Hämäläinen, pp.317-318, in vol.1 of A Global Encyclopedia of Historical Writing, NY 1998 [G]
General Accounts Fred Singleton, Short History of Finland, Cambridge UP 1998; KMLA Lib.Sign. 948.97 S617a
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th edition, Macropaedia : Finland, Vol.19 pp.179-192; KMLA Lib. Sign. R 032 B862n v.19
Specific Topics Svend Gissel e.a. (ed.), Desertion and Land Colonization in the Nordic Countries c. 1300-1600, Stockholm : Almqvist & Wiksell 1981 [G]
Historical Dictionaries George Maude, Historical Dictionary of Finland, Methuen : Scarecrow 1995; KMLA Lib. Sign. R 948.97 M447h
Articles : Aland pp.10-12, in : James Minahan, Nations without States, A Historical Dictionary of Contemporary National Movements, Westport CT : Greenwood 1996 [G]

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