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Literature on the History of South East Asia
Port./V.O.C. Malacca Johor
Last revised on May 12th 2002, last revised on December 17th 2013

NARRATIVE . References : Online Secondary Sources . Online Primary Sources . Bibliographic and Print Sources

For the history prior to 1511 see Srivijaya, Malacca
For the history after 1873, see Dutch East Indies, 1795-1949, Indonesia
Regional history : History of Sumatra

The Kingdom of Aceh was established by a son of the king of Champa in 1471. The ruler of Aceh converted to Islam early in the 16th century, thus turning Aceh into a sultanate. The Sultanate of Aceh throughout the 16th and into the 17th century was engaged in warfare with Portuguese Malacca, and a rival of the Sultanate of Johor.
Aceh maintained its independence in the years of V.O.C. domination of the Malay Archipelago (1602-1798). The Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1824 foresaw Aceh to remain independent. Only in 1871 did the Netherlands (for the Dutch East Indies) and Britain (for Straits Settlements) sign a new agreement which allocated the Sultanate of Aceh to the Dutch sphere of influence. Dutch military campaigns against Aceh began in 1873, but the conquest of Aceh was only completed in 1908. The Sultanate was abolished, the territory taken under direct Dutch administration.

Alternative spellings : Achin, Achen, Atschin, Atjeh, Aceh

Aceh 1496-1908

Narrative . References : ONLINE SECONDARY SOURCES . Online Primary Sources . Bibliographic and Print Sources

Country Profiles . Links . Organizations . Accounts of History . Politics . Military History . Economic History . Social History . Ethnography
History of Religion . Regional History . Local History . Institutions . Culture . Biography . Environmental History . Others
Country Profiles Current Article Aceh, from Wikipedia
Article Atjeh, from Wikipedia Dutch edition
Historical Cornelis Lekkerkerker, Land en Volk van Sumatra, in Dutch, from Internet Archive
Otto Mohnike, Banka und Palembang, nebst Mittheilungen über Sumatra im Allgemeinen, 1874, in German, posted on Internet Archive
Adolph Eschelskroon, Beschryving van het eiland Sumatra : Inzonderheid ten aanzien van deszelfs Koophandel, 1783, in Dutch, GB
Gerlach, Abraham Jean Arnaud, Atjih en de Atjinezen beknopt overzicht van onze betrekkingen tot dat rijk, sedert de vestiging der Nederlanders in den Oost-Indischen Archipel, met eene schets van Atjih-hoofd en de omgeving van den Kraton, 1873, in Dutch, SBB
Links General Category : Aceh, from Wikipedia
Aceh Conflict and Post-Tsunami Recovery, from Conflict Recovery
on History Links on Aceh History, from F. Willems
Portals Southeast Asian Archaeology Newsblog
Organizations on Asian History International Association of Historians of Asia (IAHA)
on SE Asian History Japan Society for Southeast Asian Studies (JSSEAS)
The International Center for East Asian Archaeology and Cultural History (ICEAACH)
Finnish University Network for East and Southeast Asian Studies
Malayan Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society (MBRAS)
on Indonesia History Sumatra Heritage Trust
Historical Dictionary Multatuli Encyclopedie
Timelines Search Google News Archive for Aceh, Acheh, Acheen, Atjeh, click Timeline
Chronology, from Conflict Recovery
Timeline : Aceh's Struggle for Independence, from buzzle.com
Chronological Table of the Principal Events in the History of the Indian Archipelago, pp.481-563 in vol.2 of John Crawfurd, History of the Indian archipelago, 1820, GB
Accounts of History on Sumatra W. Marsden, The History of Sumatra (1811), posted by Gutenberg Library Online
Arnold van Wickeren, Geschiedenis van Portugal en van de Portugezen overzee, Deel 6 chapter 7 subch.5 : Sumatra Deel 10, chapter 3, subch.0 : De Portugezen verdreven van Sumatra, in Dutch, posted on Colonial Voyage
Article : Sumatra : History, from Wikipedia
Sumatra History, from Lonely Planet
on Aceh Malay History : Aceh Kingdom, from Melayu Online; Article : Atjeh : Geschiedenis, from Wikipedia Dutch edition
Article : Aceh Sultanate, from Wikipedia
A Brief History of Aceh, from The East Timor Estafeta
Specific Periods Wap, Jan Jacobus Franciscus, Het gezantschap van den Sultan van Achin 1602 aan Prins Maurits van Nassau en de Oud-Nederlandsche Republiek, 1862, in Dutch, SBB
Jeekel, Leonardus Jacobus Pieter Johannes, Het Sumatra-tractaat, 1881, in Dutch, SBB
Borel, George Frederik Willem, Onze vestiging in Atjeh critisch beschreven ; met twee kaarten, 1878, in Dutch, SBB
A. Hadi, Aceh and the Portuguese. A Study of the Struggle of Islam ln Southeast Asia 1500-1579, thesis McGill 1992
L. Auni, The Decline of the Islamic Empire of Aceh (1641-1699), thesis McGill 1993
A. Hadi, Islam and the State in Seventeenth Century Aceh, thesis McGill 1999
Military Atjeh, De bloedige verovering door Nederland (Aceh, the bloody conquest by the Netherlands), from Arcengel's Homepage
De Atjeh-Oorlogen, from Begrippenlijst Nederlands Indie (The Aceh Wars), concise and informative, in Dutch
Minor Military Deployments and Actions, from Simonides Warzone US Military Deployments 1833-1992; Instances of use of US Armed Forces abroad, 1798-2001, from Unity (with this site caution is advised, anti-American)
Hoffman, F. G., Atchin Verhaal der expeditie in 1857, 1873, in Dutch, SBB
Gerlach, Abraham Jean Arnaud, De eerste expeditie tegen Atjih eene bijdrage tot de indische Krijgsgeschiedenis, 1874, in Dutch, SBB
Bruinsma, J. F. D., De verovering van Atjeh's Groote Missigit, 1889, in Dutch, SBB
Economy & Finances City of Salem Pepper Trade, from City of Salem
History of Phuket, from Phuket Guide, mentions Acehnese slave raiders
J.M. dos Santos Alves, O triangulo Madeira/Achem/Macau. Um projecto transoceanico de comercio de opio (1808-1816), Archipel 1998 vol.56 pp.43-70
J.T. Lindblad, The Economic Decolonization of Sumatra, New Zealand Journal of Asian Studies 11, 1 (June 2009): pp.178-88
Social History M. Arfiansyah, The Politicization of Shari'ah: Behind the Implementation of Shari'ah in Aceh - Indonesia, thesis McGill 2009
H.A. Latif, Persatuan Ulama Seluruh Aceh (PUSA): Its Contributions to Educational Reforms in Aceh, thesis McGill 1992
Ethnography Refugee Studies Centre : Aceh under Martial Law : Conflict, Violence and Displacement 2005, from Forced Migration Online
Religion Acehnese Religion, from Overview of World Religions
G. Simon, The progress and arrest of Islam in Sumatra (1912), posted on Internet Archive
E.T.R. Widianti, The Ulama in Aceh in Time of Conflict, Tsunami and Peace Process: An Ethnographic Approach, thesis Ohio Univ. 2006
M.Y. Yusuf, The Consultative Council of Aceh "Ulama" : History and Role in the Aceh Society
History of Regions
Local History History of Aceh Sumatra Ports, from Acehpress
Institutions Inventory of Historically and Culturally Significant Buildings and Complexes in Aceh, from Lestari Heritage
Culture L. Hasan, Architecture and the politics of identity in Indonesia: a study of the cultural history of Aceh, thesis Adelaide 2009
Environmental History Indo-Malayan Ecoregion, from WWF
J. Patton, A 6,500 year earthquake history in the region of the 2004 Sumatra-Andaman Earthquake 2012
Others Lessons from Aceh School, article from the Guardian Unlimited containing detailed historical information
Archaeological and Historical Research in Aceh, from Indonesia Tourism
I.A. Mansumoor, Territorial Expansion and Contraction in the Malay Traditional Polity as Reflected in Contemporary Thought and Administration (1999)
Godon, A. P., Geen militaire expeditien, maar een kundig en beleidvol bestuur op Sumatra, 1872, in Dutch, SBB

Historical Data . Statistical Data . Documents Newspapers . Yearbooks . Image Databanks . Archival Deposits . Laws . Historiography
Document Collections . Historical Maps . Historical Encyclopedia Articles . Travelogues . Institutions . National Symbols
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen Rulers of Aceh, from World Statesmen, scroll down; from Regnal Chronologies
Included in Article : Aceh Kingdom, from Melayu Online
Statistical Data Population Figures Indonesia : historical demographical data of the administrative divisions, from Population Statistics by J. Lahmeyer; has population data for Aceh since 1849
Documents Historical Newspapers Kranten Historisch [historical newspapers]
Search Digitaal Krantenarchief at Regionaal Archief Leiden for Atjeh etc.
Search Papers Past for Aceh, Atjeh, Achin (New Zealand Newspapers 1839-1920)
Image Databanks Wikimedia Commons
Historical Photos from Aceh, from Photos and Images of the Dutch East Indies, from Arcengel's Homepage
Archival Deposits Search ARCHIEVEN.NL
Search New Zealand Electronic Text Centre
Digital Library Malaysia
Search National Archives (UK)
Search Tropenmuseum for Atjeh; site in Dutch
Memories van Overgave, from IDC Publishers; pdf file contains table of contents which lists Atjeh
Historical Manuscripts of Aceh, from Univ. Leipzig
Foto : Sultan Mohammad Daoed surrenders, January 1903, posted by Zeeburg Nieuws, comment in Dutch
Laws Adatrechtbundels, ed. by KITLV, Serie F : Aceh, posted by Papua Web (scroll down)
Treaties J.E. Heeres (ed.), Corpus Diplomaticum Neerlando-Indicum, Verzameling van politieke contracten en verdere Verdragen door de Nederlanders in het Oosten gesloten, van Privilegiebrieven aan hen verleend, enz., vol.1 1907, covering 1596-1650, posted on Internet Archive; here English-language ToC
Peace Agreements Digital Collection : Aceh, from United States Institute of Peace
Treaty with the King of Acheen, April 22 1819, pp.1143-1144 in vol.23 of British and foreign state papers, 1852, GB
Treaty between Great Britain and the Netherlands, London, March 17 1824, pp.194-203 in vol.11 of British and foreign state papers, 1843, GB
Note addressed by the British Plenipotentiaries to the Plenipotentiaries of the Netherlands, March 17 1824, pp.203-206 in vol.11 of British and foreign state papers, 1843, GB
Treatise of 1824, from Indonesie en Den Haag : een lange Geschiedenis, text in Dutch
Sumatra - Acheen pp.303-306 in vol.1 of A collection of treaties, engagements, and sunnuds, relating to India and Neighbouring Countries, 1862, GB
Document Collections BGNMA : Tiele, Pieter Anton; Heeres, Jan Ernst (ed.), Bouwstoffen voor de geschiedenis der Nederlanders in den Maleischen Archipel Pt.1, 1886 : Outer Possessions 1612-1624, posted by Internet Archive, in Dutch; here English-language ToC; Pt.2, 1890 (ONGOI 2 vol.2) : Outer Possessions 1624-1640, posted by Aceh Books, in Dutch; here English-language ToC
Heeres, J.E. (ed.), Pt.3 1895 (ONGOI 2 vol.3), Outer Possessions 1640-1649, posted by Internet Archive, here English-language ToC
Official Documents Pertaining to the Prehistory of the 1st Acehnese War of 1873, from Indonesie en Den Haag : een lange Geschiedenis, many documents linked up, in Dutch
Hoe beschaafd Nederland in den twintigste eeuw vrede en orde schept op Atjeh, by Officer Wekker, 1907 (How the civilized Netherlands establish peace and order in Aceh)
Historical Maps Map of Aceh during the van Heutsz. Campaign, from Arcengel's Homepage
Map of the Aceh Kraton, from Caert-Thresoor 18, 1999, with commenting text (scroll down, text by F.J. Ormeling sr.)
Map of N. Sumatra 1598, from East Indies in 1598, map at J. Bell Library, Univ. of Minnesota
Talessman's Atlas, series of maps of the Eastern Hemisphere 1300 BC - 1500 AD
Encyclopedia Entries
Secular Acheen, pp.101-102 in Encyclopaedia Perthensis, 1816, GB
Acheen, p.91 in vol.1 of The London Encyclopaedia, 1820, GB
Article Atschin, in Pierer's Universal-Lexikon 1857-1865, in German
Article Atschin, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Article Aceh, from EB 1902
Article Atschin, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1902-1908, in German
Article Achin, from EB 1911
Economic Achem, pp.16-17 in vol.2 of S. Ricard, Traite general du commerce, 1781, in French, GB
Entry : Achem, pp.661-664 in : J.F. Lange et al., Übersicht und Berechnung aller Münzen, Ellenmaasse und Handelsgewichte von allen Welttheilen, 1804, in German, GB
Acheen, pp.325-331 in vol.1 of W. Milburn, Oriental Commerce, 1813, GB
Acheen, pp.356-361 in Oriental Commerce, or, The East India Trader's Complete Guide, 1825, GB
J. Chr. Nelkenbrecher, Allgemeines Taschenbuch der Münz-, Maass- und Gewichtskunde für Banquiers und Kaufleute (General Manual on Coinage, Measurement and Weights, for Bankers and Merchants) Berlin 1832, in German, entries Achem or Acheen, posted by DTBSWS
Geographical Article : Sumatra, pp.188-191 in vol.8 of A.A. Bruzen de la Martiniere, Le Grand Dictionnaire Geographique et Critique, 1738, in French, GB
The Acheen Islands and their Passages, pp.321-326 in J. Huddart, The oriental navigator, or, New directions for sailing to and from the East, 1801, GB
Acheen, p.12 in j. Walker, The Universal Gazetteer, 1807, GB
Malay Archipelago : Achen, pp.359-361 in J.H. Tuckey, Maritime Geography and Statistics, 1815, GB
Kingdom of Acheen, pp.432-435 in C. Malte-Brun, Universal Geography, or, a Description of All the Parts of the World, 1822, GB
Acheen, pp.29-31 in The Edinburgh Gazetteer, or Geographical Dictionary, 1822, GB
Article : Acheen, pp.31-32 in vol.1 of G.N. Wright, A New and Comprehensive Gazetteer, 1834, GB
G.Th. Landmann, A universal gazetteer; or, Geographical dictionary of the world (1835), posted on Acheen, p.226 in vol.5 of J. Bell, A System of Geography, Popular and Scientific, 1836, GB
Internet Archive; search for Acheen
Article : Achin (pp.2-6), from John Crawfurd, A Descriptive Dictionary of the Indian Islands & Adjacent Countries 1856, posted on Internet Archive
Articles Achem, from Geografisk-Statistisk Haandbog 1858-1863, in Danish
Historical De Weert retourne a Achen, pp.338-343 in vol.14 of J.A. de Thou, Histoire Universelle depuis 1543 jusqu'en 1607, 1734, in French, GB
Treats of the Situation, Trade and Produce of the Island of Sumatra, and of Manners and Customs of its Inhabitants, pp.152-166 in vol.1 of Th. Salmon, Modern History or the Present State of all Nations 1744, GB
P.J.A. Roubaud, Histoire generale de l'Asie, de l'Afrique, de l'Amerique, vol.1, 1770, vol.2, 1770, vol.3, 1770, vol.4, 1770, vol.5, 1770, vol.6, 1770, vol.8, 1771, vol.9, 1771, vol.10, 1771, vol.11, 1771, vol.12, 1771, vol.13, 1775, vol.14, 1775, vol.15, 1775, in French, GB; search for Achin
Parliamentary Debates Hansard (British Parliament)
Staten Generaal Digitaal (Dutch Parliament, 1900-1994)
Tour Guides
Travelogues The Country of Achin (1688), pp.120-149 in vol.1 of W. Dampier, A new voyage round the world, 1699, GB
Voyage de P. van den Broeck, pp.523-525 in vol.7 of Recueil des voyages qui ont servi a l'etablissement et aux progrez de la Compagnie des Indes Orientales formee dans les Provinces-Unies des Pais Bas, 1725, in French, GB
J. Anderson, Mission to the east coast of Sumatra: in M.DCCC.XXIII , 1826, GB
Institutions Archives TANAP : Archives
Musea Museum Aceh, from Aceh Gallery
National Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag of Aceh, by Jaume Olle
Aceh flag of 1840, from Rijksmuseum Amsterdam, collection, 1250 major exhibits, encyclopedia, A, Aceh War, thumbnail image
Coins, Banknotes Coin Catalog of Atjeh, from Numismaticon
Search Coin Archives for Aceh, Atjeh, Achin
Samudra-Passa and Aceh Daressalaam, from Zeno

Bibliographies . Online Libraries . Thesis Servers . Online Journals . General Accounts . Specific Topics . Historical Dictionaries . Statistical Data . Yearbooks
Bibliographies general RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
ISBN Database
Malayan Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society (MBRAS)
Online Libraries general Google Books; Internet Archives; Gutenberg Library Online; HathiTrust; e-corpus
Center for Research Libraries (CRL)
related to Aceh New Zealand Electronic Text Centre
Digital Library Malaysia
Sejarah Melayu Library
Malaysian Theses Online
Borneo Research Bulletin
on Aceh Aceh Books
Thesis Server Open Access Theses and Dissertations
Registry of Open Access Repositories, Indonesia
Online Journals Guides Directory of Open Access Journals
Electronic Journals Online
modern, on SE Asia South East Asia Journals, from ELIN-NIAS; Journal of Southeast Asian History 1960-1969, Journal of Southeast Asian Studies 2009-, from Cambridge Journals Online (require registration)
ASEAS (Austrian Journal of South East Asian Studies), open access, 2008-
Asia Insights, from NIAS, 2002-
Southeast Asian Studies 1963-, mostly in Japanese
Explorations, 1997- Graduate Student Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, CSEAS, Univ. of Hawaii
historic, on Asia The Quarterly Oriental Magazine, Review and Register (Calcutta) 1824 Mar.-Jun., 1825 Jan.-Jun., 1825 Jul.-Dec., 1826 Jan.-Jun., 1826 Jul.-Dec., 1827 Jan.-Jun., 1827 Jul.-Dec., GB
Asiatic Journal and Monthly Miscellany for British India and its Dependencies (London) vol.1 1816 Jan.-Jun., vol.2 1816 Jul.-Dec., vol.3 1817 Jan.-Jun., vol.4 1817 Jul.-Dec., vol.5 1818 Jan.-Jun., vol.6 1818 Jul.-Dec., vol.7 1819 Jan.-Jun., vol.8 1819 Jul.-Dec., vol.9 1820 Jan.-Jun., vol.10 1820 Jul.-Dec., vol.11 1821 Jan.-Jun., vol.12 1821 Jul.-Dec., vol.13 1822 Jan.-Jun., vol.14 1822 Jul.-Dec., vol.15 1823 Jan.-Jun., vol.16 1823 Jul.-Dec., vol.17 1824 Jan.-Jun., vol.18 1824 Jul.-Dec., vol.19 1825 Jan.-Jun., vol.20 1825 Jul.-Dec., vol.21 1826 Jan.-Jun., vol.22 1826 Jul.-Dec., vol.23 1827 Jan.-Jun., vol.24 1827 Jul.-Dec., vol.25 1828 Jan.-Jun., vol.26 1828 Jul.-Dec., vol.27 1829 Jan.-Jun., vol.28 1829 Jul.-Dec., The Asiatic Journal and Monthly Register for British and Foreign India, China and Australasia (London), vol.1 1830 Jan.-Apr., vol.2 1830 May-Aug., vol.3 1830 Sep.-Dec., vol.4 1831 Jan.-Apr., vol.5 1831 May-Aug., vol.6 1831 Sep.-Dec., vol.7 1832 Jan.-Apr., vol.8 1832 May-Aug., vol.9 1832 Sep.-Dec., vol.10 1833 Jan.-Apr., vol.11 1833 May-Aug., vol.12 1833 Sep.-Dec., vol.13 1834 Jan.-Apr., vol.14 1834 May-Aug., vol.15 1834 Sep.-Dec., vol.16 1835 Jan.-Apr., vol.17 1835 May-Aug., vol.18 1835 Sep.-Dec., vol.19 1836 Jan.-Apr., vol.20 1836 May-Aug., vol.21 1836 Sep.-Dec., vol.22 1837 Jan.-Apr., vol.23 1837 May-Aug., vol.24 1837 Sep.-Dec., vol.25 1838 Jan.-Apr., vol.26 1838 May-Aug., vol.27 1838 Sep.-Dec., vol.28 1839 Jan.-Apr., vol.29 1839 May-Aug., vol.31 1840 Jan.-Apr., vol.32 1840 May-Aug., vol.33 1840 Sep.-Dec., vol.34 1841 Jan.-Apr., vol.35 1841 May-Aug., vol.36 1841 Sep.-Dec., vol.37 1842 Jan.-Apr., vol.38 1842 May-Aug., vol.39 1843 Sep.-Dec., vol.40 1843 Jan.-Apr., The Asiatic Journal and Monthly Miscellany, vol.1 1843 May-Oct., vol.2 1843 Nov.-1844 Apr., vol.3 1844 May-Oct., vol.4 1844 Nov.-1845 Apr., GB
Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain & Ireland (London), vol.1, 1834, vol.2, 1835, vol.3, 1836, vol.4, 1837, vol.5, 1839, vol.6, 1841, vol.7, 1843, vol.8, 1846, vol.9, 1848, vol.10, 1847, vol.12, 1850, vol.13, 1852, vol.14 pt.1, 1851, vol.15, 1855, vol.16, 1856, vol.17, 1860, vol.18, 1861, vol.19, 1864, vol.20, 1863, New Series, vol.1, 1865, vol.2, 1866, vol.3, 1868, vol.4, 1870, 1904, 1935, GB
Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal (Calcutta), vol.1, 1832 Jan.-Dec., vol.3, 1834 Jan.-Dec., vol.4, 1835 Jan.-Dec., vol.5, 1836 Jan.-Dec., vol.6 pt.1 1837 Jan.-Jun., vol.6 pt.2 1837 Jul.-Dec., vol.7 pt.1 1838 Jan.-Jun., vol.7 pt.2 1838 Jul.-Dec., vol.9 pt.2 1840 Jul.-Dec., vol.10 pt.1 1841 Jan.-Jun., vol.10 pt.2 1841 Jul.-Dec., vol.11 pt.1 1842 Jan.-Jun., vol.11 pt.2 1842 Jul.-Dec., vol.12 pt.1 1843 Jan.-Jun., vol.12 pt.2 1843 Jul.-Dec., vol.13 pt.1 1844 Jan.-Jun., vol.13 pt.2 1844 Jul.-Dec., vol.14 pt.1 1845 Jan.-Jun., vol.14 pt.2 1845 Jul.-Dec., vol.15 1846, vol.16 pt.1 1847 Jan.-Jun., vol.17 pt.1 1848 Jan.-Jun., vol.17 pt.2 1848 Jul.-Dec., vol.18 pt.1 1849 Jan.-Jun., vol.18 pt.2 1849 Jul.-Dec., vol.19 1850, vol.20 1851, vol.21 1852, vol.22 1853, vol.23 issues 1-4 1854, vol.23 issues 5-7 1854, vol.26 1857, vol.27 1858, vol.28 1859, vol.29 1860, vol.31 1862, vol.32 1863, vol.33 1864, vol.36 1867, vol.37 1868, vol.38 1869, GB
Asiatic Society of Bengal, Dissertations and Miscellaneous Pieces Relating to the History and Antiquities, the Arts, Sciences and Literature of Asia (London) vol.1 1801, vol.2 1801, vol.3 1796, vol.4 1798, Asiatick Researches; or Transactions of the Society Instituted in Bengal for Inquiring into the History and Antiquities, the Arts, Sciences and Literature of Asia, vol.5 1799, vol.6 1801, vol.7 1803, vol.8 1808, vol.9 1809, vol.10 1811, vol.11 1812, vol.12 1818, vol.13 1820, vol.14 1822, vol.15 1825, vol.16 1828, vol.17 1832, vol.20 1836, GB
The Oriental Herald and Colonial Review (London) vol.1 1824 Jan.-Apr., vol.2 1824 May-Aug., The Oriental Herald and Journal of General Literature (London) vol.4 1825 Jan.-Mar., vol.6 1825 Jul.-Sep., vol.7 1825 Oct.-Dec., vol.8 1826 Jan.-Mar., vol.9 1826 Apr.-Jun., vol.10 1826 Jul.-Sep., vol.11 1826 Oct.-Dec., vol.12 1827 Jan.-Mar., vol.13 1827 Apr.-Jun., vol.14 1827 Jul.-Sep., vol.15 1827 Oct.-Dec., vol.16 1828 Jan.-Mar., vol.17 1828 Apr.-Jun., vol.18 1828 Jul.-Sep., vol.19 1828 Oct.-Dec., vol.21 1829 Apr.-Jun., vol.22 1829 Jul.-Sep., vol.23 1829 Oct.-Dec., GB
The Asiatic Annual Register or a View of the History of Hindustan and of the Politics, Commerce and Literature of Asia, vol.1 1799, vol.2 1800, vol.3 1801, vol.4 1802, vol.5 1803, vol.6 1804, vol.7 1805, vol.8 1806 pt.2, vol.9 1807, vol.10 1808, vol.11 1809, vol.12 1810-1811, GB
Journal Asiatique 1822-1937, posted by Gallica, in French
General Accounts on Southeast Asia Nicholas Tarling, The Cambridge History of Southeast Asia, 4 vol.s, Cambridge : UP (1992) 1999, KMLA Lib.Sign. 959 T188c
On Indonesia, Dutch East Indies Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th edition, Macropaedia, Vol.21, pp.213-245 Article Indonesia KMLA Lib.Sign. R 032 B862h v.21
Steven Drakeley, The History of Indonesia, Westport CT : Greenwood 2005, KMLA Lib.Sign. 959.8 0763h
on Sumatra Edwin M. Loeb, Sumatra, Its History and People, (1935) Singapore : Oxford UP 1972 [G]
Specific Topics
Historical Atlas HASEA : Jan M. Pluvier, Historical Atlas of South-East Asia, Leiden : Brill 1995 [G]

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