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Literature on the History of South East Asia
Malaya before 1895 Sumatra
First posted on December 19th 2013

NARRATIVE . References : Online Secondary Sources . Online Primary Sources . Bibliographic and Print Sources

Introduction . Prehistory . Early History . Srivijaya . 1400-1795 . Borneo 1795-1949 . Borneo since 1949

historical Bornean polities Banjarmasin, Berau, Brunei, Bulungan, Gunung Tabur, Kubu, Kutai, Labuan, Landak, Meliau, Mempawah, North Borneo, Piasa, Pontianak, Sabah, Sambaliung, Sambas, Sarawak, Simpang, Sintang, Sukadana, Tayan
see also Banten, V.O.C., Dutch East Indies, 1795-1949, Indonesia
see also Sulu, Straits Settlements, Malaysia

Borneo (Kalimantan in Bahasa Indonesia) is the world's third largest island, with an area of 743,330 square km and a population of 18.5 million.

Humans arrived on Sumatra "long before it became an island" [Crossroads p.32]. Paleolithic and Mesolithic stone tools have been found at a number of places. A Paleolithic settlement was found at Lahad Datu. An archaeological site of major importance is Niah Caves; here evidence of human activity dates back at least to 34,000 BP. In Island Southeast Asia the Neolithic began around 2000 BCE. Cave paintings, potsherds, both dated about 1200 BCE, and even iron objects have been found at Niah Caves. Pieces of obsidian originating from New Britain hint at interinsular trade connections at about 1000 BCE. The deposits of high concentration Iron ore on the island make Borneo a likely site within the region of Southeast Asia for the transition from the usage of imported iron tools to the stage of ironworking; Blust 2005 believes, based on linguistic evidence, that the knowledge of iron significantly predates the time for which iron objects are first documented in the area (500-200 BCE).

Early History
Inscriptions in Pallawa script and Sanskrit language have been found at Kutai and refer to a Hindu kingdom historians call Kutai Martadipura (about 400 CE). Also traces documenting the presence of Buddhism have been found. During this era, Borneo for the larger part was covered by rainforest, an ecosystem inhabited by tribal peoples with their traditional religion, who did little agriculture and extractyed much of their needs from the forest. Evidence of trade as well as the influx of foreign religions was concentrated to coastal areas where the local population practised a more intense form of agriculture, at some locations mining. Indian sources refer to Borneo as "Suvarnabhumi" (land of gold), Chinese sources as "Boni".
In the emerging regional trade network, Borneo gains importance as a source of diamonds, gold, camphor.

By the 14th century, the castal regions of Borneo were under the control of the Javanese Hindu Kingdom of Majapahit. Majapahit disintegrated in the late 15th to early 16th century; one of its successors, the Muslim Sultanate of Banten, inherited the control of the coast of West Borneo. Majapahit's former vassal states of Banjar (South B.) and Brunei (North B.) in the early 16th century appear as independent, Muslim sultanates. The Kingdom of Kutai (Kutai Kartanegara, East Borneo) has existed at least since the 13th century; conversion to Islam took place in the 17th century. The Sulu Sultanate had been founded in 1405; its influence extended to Sabah (Northeast B.). In 1771 the Sultanate of Pontianak was founded.

Antonio Pigafetta, the chronist of the Magellan expedition (1519-1522), established the spelling under which Borneo is known in the west. Portugal in the 16th century and the V.O.C. in the 17th and 18th century showed limited interest in Borneo. The V.O.C. traded at Banjarmasin and in western Borneo (Landak, Sambas, Sukadana). Mining was mostly undertaken by Chinese settlers.

Borneo 1795-1949
In 1824 and 1871 the British and Dutch concluded agreements delimiting their spheres of interest in the region. Most of Borneo was allocated to the Dutch East Indies; the North (Sarawak, the Sultanate of Brunei, and North Borneo) to the British. Sarawak had been granted to James Brooke as a fief in 1841 and was ruled by his successors until 1946. Sabah became the North Borneo Protectorate in 1888.
The Dutch annexed the Sultanate of Kutai in 1844, the Sultanate of Banjar in 1860

Borneo since 1949
Indonesia became independent in 1949. Indonesia's capital is Jakarta; the country's economy is concentrated on heavily populated Java. From the 1950s to 1980s, the Transmigrasi program resettled millions of Javanese families on the larger, but lesser populated island of Borneo. Logging was intensified. Both the influx of non-Bornean settlers and the intrusion of commercial companies into the rainforest threatened the lifestyle of the tribal population (Dayaks et al.) and resulted in conflict and violence in the 1990s, causing internal displacement.
During World War II, the island was administrated by the Japanese (1942-1945).
By the early 1950s, Indonesia's president Sukarno regarded Sarawak, North Borneo and Brunei (under British administration respectively protection until 1963/1984) as vestiges of colonialism and as territories to be included in a larger Indonesia; he pursued the policy of Konfrontasi. In 1963, Sarawak and Sabah were integrated into Malaysia; a 1965 coup in Indonesia removed the threat of Konfrontasi. In 1984, Brunei was released into full independence. While national and international efforts are undertaken to protect the rainforest on Borneo, commercial activities continue to pose a threat.

Narrative . References : ONLINE SECONDARY SOURCES . Online Primary Sources . Bibliographic and Print Sources

Country Profiles . Links . Organizations . Accounts of History . Politics . Military History . Economic History . Social History . Ethnography
History of Religion . Regional History . Local History . Institutions . Culture . Biography . Environmental History . Others
Country Profiles Modern Article : Borneo, Wikipedia
Historical F.S. Marryat, Borneo and the Indian Archipelago 1848, IA
E. Green, Borneo, the land of river and palm 1909, IA
Links Virtual Library History : Indonesia
Organizations The Islamic Manuscript Association (TIMA)
Institut Dayakologi
Historical Dictionary J. Crawfurd, A Descriptive Dictionary of the Indian Islands & Adjacent Countries 1856, IA
Accounts of History General H. de Vries, Borneo/Kalimantan (heraldic site)
Specific Periods Prehistory
R. Blench, Was there an Austroasiatic Presence in Island Southeast Asia Prior to the Austronesian Expansion ?, Indo Pacific Prehistory Association Bulletin 30, 2010 pp.133-144
J. Krigbaum, Neolithic subsistence patterns in northern Borneo reconstructed with stable carbon isotopes of enamel, Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 22 (2003) pp.292-304
G. Barker, Burial Rituals of Prehistoric Forager-Farmers in Borneo. The Neolithic Cemeteries at Niah Cave, Sarawak, Penn Museum : Expeditions 47/3
G. Barker, Footsteps and marks: transitions to farming in the rainforests of Island Southeast Asia, Program in Agrarian Studies, Yale, Colloquium Series no.3, n.d.
R. Blust, Borneo and Iron : Dempwolff's Besi Revisited, Indo Pacific Prehistory Association Bulletin 25, 2005
P. Bellwood, Special Report: Ancient Seafarers, Archaeology vol.50 no.2, March/April 1997
600 BCE-600 CE
Early Hindu Colonisation in Borneo, pp.125-132 in R.C. Majumdar, Ancient Indian Colonies In The Far East Vol II Suvarnadvipa Part I Political History, 1937, IA
James, Rajah of Sarawak et al., Narrative of events in Borneo and Celebes, down to the occupation of Labuan vol.1 1848, vol.2 1848, IA
Since 1914
O.K. Gin, The Japanese Occupation of Borneo, 1941-1945, 2011
Historiography C. Effendi, Oral Tradition and Identity in West Kalimantan Society, Sari 27 2009 pp.3-12
V. Matheson, The Tuhfat al-Nafis : Structure and Sources, from BTLV 127 1971 pp.375-392
A. Smith, British and Dutch Perceptions of Cannibalism in Borneo, 1882-1964, pp.119-131
E.U. Kratz, Silsilah Raja-Raja Sambas as a Source of History, Archipel 20 1980 pp.255-267
Administration J.S. Davidson, Primitive Politics : The Rise and Fall of the Dayak Unity Party in West Kalimantan, Indonesia, NUS Asia Research Institute Working Paper no.9 2003
O.M. Hernando, The Philippine claim to North Borneo, thesis Kansas State 1966
J.R. Angel, Proposed federation of Sarawak, North Borneo and Brunei : the development and decline of the British Borneo concept, thesis Sydney 1963
J. Willi, The early relations of England with Borneo to 1805, 1922, IA
W.K. Ann, Examining the Connection Between Ancient China and Borneo Through Santubong Archaeological Sites, Sino-Platonic Papers no.236 2013
Military The Conquer of Borneo Island 1941-1942, from The Netherlands East Indies 1941-1942; Describing the Japanese Occupation: a case of West Kalimantan, from a Japanese site
Article Expeditie naar de Westerafdeling van Borneo (1850-1854), from Wikipedia Dutch edition
Okuno Katsumi : Describing the Japanese Occupation: a case of West Kalimantan
New Zealand History Online, New Zealand and the Confrontation in Borneo
Australian WarMemorial, Indonesian Confrontation 1963-1966
D. Teeuwen, Some Remarks about inception, organization and feats of arms of the Royal Dutch East Indian Army (KNIL)
Economy & Finances Harold Brookfield, Lesley Potter, and Yvonne Byron In Place of the Forest : Environmental and Socio-economic Transformation in Borneo and the Eastern Malay Peninsula, UNU 1995
K. Holmsen, Out of the Forest and Into the Market: Social and Economic Transformations in a Bornean Foraging Society, thesis Univ. of Arizona 2006
The Borneo Company Ltd., from Singapore Infopedia
L.K. Spencer et al., The Diamond Deposits of Kalimantan, Borneo, Gems and Gemology 1988
R. Pirard et al., The Revival of Industrial Forest Plantations in Indonesia's Kalimantan Provinces. Will they help eliminate fiber shortfalls at Sumatran pulp mills or feed the China market? 2006
Borneo's Diamond Mining History : Cempaka & Landak, from All about Gemstones
About the Matan - The Largest Diamond in the World, by J.J. Kent
V.O.C. handelsposten : Pontiana, from De V.O.C. Site, in Dutch
Rubber Stichting, Natuur Rubber 3 1996
M. Laure, Analysis and Characterization of Farming Systems in West Kalimantan, World Agro-Forestry Centre 2005
K. Obidzinski, Logging in East Kalimantan, Indonesia. The Historical Expedience of Illegality Diss. A'dam 2004
A. Casson, Decentralisation, Forests and Estate Crops in Kutai Barat District, East Kalimantan
J. Lindblad, Westers en Niet-Westers Economisch Gedrag in Zuid-Oost Kalimantan, c.1900-1940, in BTLV 142 1986 pp,215-237
Social History A. Low, Social fabric : circulating Pua Kumbu textiles of the Indigenous Dayak Iban people in Sarawak, Malaysia, thesis Univ. of Technology, Sydney, 2008
K. Holmsen, Out of the Forest and Into the Market: Social and Economic Transformations in a Bornean Foraging Society, thesis Univ. of Arizona 2006
D.J. Leaman, The medicinal ethnobotany of the Kenyah of East Kalimantan (Indonesian Borneo) , thesis Ottawa 1996
Harold Brookfield, Lesley Potter, and Yvonne Byron In Place of the Forest : Environmental and Socio-economic Transformation in Borneo and the Eastern Malay Peninsula, UNU 1995
S. Chia, Prehistoric Pottery Production and Technology at Bukit Tengkorak, Sabah, Malaysia, Earthenware in Southeast Asia n.d.
C. Sather, ch.5 : "All Threads Are White": Iban Egalitarianism Reconsidered, from : Origins, Ancestry and Alliance: Explorations in Austronesian Ethnography 1996
Ethnography General Muturzikin, Linguistic Map of Borneo
C. Guillot, La population du sud de Borneo a la fin du XVIIe siecle d'apres le temoignage des Theatins, Melanges de l'Ecole française de Rome, Italie et de Mediterranee 101 1989 pp.925-952
J.T. Collins, Contesting Straits-Malayness : the Fact of Borneo, Journal of Southeast Asian Studies 32 2001 pp.385-395
K.A. Adelaar, Borneo as a Cross-Roads for Comparative Austronesian Linguistics, ch.4 in P. Bellwood et al. (ed.), The Austronesians: Historical and Comparative Perspectives, 2006, pp.81-102
ICE Case Studies : Ethnic Conflict in Kalimantan
W. van Binsbergen, South East Asia and sub-Saharan Africa: Sunda before Bantu ? African parallels to the Balinese fire dance ? Transcontinental explorations inspired by an Africanist's recent trip to South East Asia 2011
R.E. Elson, Constructing the Nation: Ethnicity, Race, Modernity and Citizenship in Early Indonesian Thought, Asian Ethnicity (2005) 6 (3): pp.145-160
indigenous H.J. Luping, The Kadazans and Sabah Politics, thesis Victoria Univ. Wellington 1985
A. Trisnasiwi et al., The Dayaks : An Amazing Ethnic in Indonesia, 2007; written by Indonesian high school students; apparently translated into English by a translation engine
The "Dayak Kingdom" in West Kalimantan : Earthly or Spiritual ?, from Borneo Research Bulletin 2002
Iban Customs and Traditions : Iban History in Brief
L.K. Thomson, The Effect of the Dayak Worldview, Customs, Traditions, and Customary Law (Adat - Istiadat) on the Interpretation of the Gospel in West Kalimantan, Indonesian Borneo, thesis Acadia Univ. 2000
Database for Indigenous Cultural Evolution (DICE) : Dayak Bakatiq Sara Riok, Iban, Ngaju Dayak, Penan
FAS Intelligence Research Program : Dayak
Countries and their Cultures : Dusun, Iban, Kalimantan Dayaks, Kenyah-Kayan-Kajang, Penan
C. Hose et al., The Pagan Tribes of Borneo, 1912, IA
E.H. Gomes, The Sea-Dyaks of Borneo 1917, IA
Articles Dayak People, Dayak Languages, from Wikipedia
R. Wadley, Reconsidering an Ethnic Label in Borneo : The Maloh of West Kalimantan, Indonesia, BTLV 156 (2000) pp.83-101
G. van Klinken, Dayak Ethnogenesis and Conservative Politics in Indonesia's Outer Islands (2004)
K. Silander, Acting Authoritatively, How Authority is Expressed through Social Action Among the Bentian of Indonesian Borneo, Diss. Helsinki 2004
B. Sellato, Forest, Resources and People in Bulungan
O. Mika, Ethnic Background of the Tidung : Investigation of Extinct Rulers of Coastal Northeast Borneo
Modang, Tidong, from Every Culture
O. Mika, Ethnohistory of the Kayanic People in Northeast Borneo (1), Borneo Research Bulletin 2006; (2), Borneo Research Bulletin 2008
Article Berau People, from Wikipedia
Chinese R.A. Oades, Chinese emigration through Hong Kong to North Borneo since 1880, thesis Hong Kong 1961
L.J. Ming, The Chinese of West Borneo residency: A study of socio-economic networks and political developments, 1880-1930, 2012
Yuan Bingling, Chinese Democracies. A Study of the Kongsis of West Borneo (1776-1884)
Scan : The Chinese in Borneo, from The China Review vol.26 1897
Malay Articles Banjar People, from Wikipedia
Religion General
indigenous Bornean Religions, from Overview of World Religions
Article : Candi of Indonesia : Candi of Kalimantan, Wikipedia
C. Hose et al., The Pagan Tribes of Borneo, 1912, IA
M. Morris, Harvest Gods of the Land Dyaks of Borneo, Journal of the American Oriental Society 26 1905, IA
M. Morris, The Influence of War and of Agriculture upon the Religion of Kayans and Sea Dyaks of Borneo , Journal of the American Oriental Society 25 1904, IA
Hinduism D.R. Juniar, Hinduism's Development in Kalimantan, Indonesia 2012
Early Hindu Colonisation in Borneo, pp.125-132 in R.C. Majumdar, Ancient Indian Colonies In The Far East Vol II Suvarnadvipa Part I Political History, 1937, IA
Islam S. Amir et al., Islam and Muslim in Multi-religious Society: Realities and Challenges in Sabah, Malaysia, Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research 13 (2): pp.145-153, 2013
S.B. Scott, Mohammedanism in Borneo: Notes for a Study of the Local Modifications of Islam and the Extent of Its Influence on the Native Tribes, Journal of the American Oriental Society 33 1913, IA
D. Lombard, La Grande Mosquee de Banjarmasin , Archipel 1985 vol.30 pp.57-66
Christianity Article Roman Catholic Diocese of Sanggau
Article Roman Catholic Diocese of Sintang, from Wikipedia
History of Regions
Geographic Regions W. Uji Nugrono, Ethnic tension, Alliance and Clientelism: The political development of West Borneo, 1895-1950, thesis Leiden 2012
Article : West Kalimantan, from Wikipedia
P.J. Veth, Borneo's Wester-Afdeling, 1854, in Dutch, IA
Dr. Leyden, Sketch of Borneo : of the Western Coast of Borneo, pp.25-33, of Pontiana pp.33-53, of the Dayak pp.53-64 in : Transactions of the Batavian Society of Arts and Sciences vol.7 1814
D. Lombard, Guide Archipel IV : Pontianak et son arriere-pays, Archipel 1984 vol.28 pp.77-97
Planet Mole, West Kalimantan : A Short History : Kalimantan
D. Lumenta, The making of a transnational continuum : state partitions and mobility of the Apau Kayan Kenyah in central Borneo, 1900-2007, thesis Kyoto 2008
Introduction to Kalimantan Selatan, Introduction to Central Kalimantan, Moving City along the Barito River, from Indahnesia
East Kalimantan History, from Province of East Kalimantan
Kalimantan, Introduction to the East Coast, Berau, a Little Visited Place, from Indahnesia
Historic Polities
Banjarmasin Malay History : Banjar Kingdom, from Melayu Online
M. Idwar Saleh, Agrarian Radicalism and movements of native insurrection in South Kalimantan (1858-1865), Archipel 1975 vol.9 pp.135-153
Banjermassing, pp.52-54 in A. Huysers, Beknopte beschryving der Oostindische etablissementen, 1792, in Dutch, GB
Berau Article Berau Regency, from Wikipedia
Malay History : Berau Kingdom, from Melayu Online
Bulungan Article Kesultanan Bulungan, from Wikipedia Bahasa Indonesia edition
Article : Sultanat de Bulungan, from Wikipedia French edition
Search International Court of Justice site for Bulungan; has numerous files on Malaysia-Indonesia border dispute
Bunut Article : Kapuas Hulu, from Wikipedia
Article : Kabupaten Kapuas Hulu, from Wikipedia Bahasa Indonesia edition
Gunung Tabur Malay History : Kesultanan Gunung Tabur, from Melayu Online, in Bahasa Indonesia
Kubu Article : Kabupaten Kubu Raya, from Wikipedia Bahasa Indonesia ed.
Article : Kesultanan Kubu, from Wikipedia Bahasa Indonesia edition
Kubu, Brief History, by Christopher Buyers
Kutai Malay History : Kutai Kingdom, from Melayu Online; J.R. Wortmann, Milestones in the History of Kutai, from Kutai Kartanegara; The History of Kutai, East Borneo, from The Bangkong Wordpress
The Sultanate of Kutai pp.52-57, The Dutch in Kutai pp.57-61, in : Kenneth Silander, Acting Authoritatively, How Authority is Expressed through Social Action Among the Bentian of Indonesian Borneo, Diss. Helsinki 2004
Kesultanan Kutai Kartanegara, from Kutai Kartanegara, in Bahasa Indonesia
Article Kesultanan Kutai Kartanegara ing Martadipura , from Wikipedia Bahasa Indonesia edition
Article Kutai, from Wikipedia
Articles Kabupaten Kutai Barat, Kabupaten Kutai Kartanegara, Kabupaten Kutai Timur, from Wikipedia Indonesia ed.
Melayu Online, Kutai Kingdom
Heidelberg Bachtiar, Kingdom of Kutai, 2009
Koti/Coti 1827, p.275 in Aventures d'un Anglais a Borneo par Dalton, vol.4 of Nouvelles Annales des Voyages et des Sciences Geographiques 1831, in French, GB
Koti, p.132 in vol.2 of L. Rembaud, Malerische Reise um die Welt, 1832, in German, GB
Coti, pp.327-328 in G.W. Earl, The Eastern seas ; or, Voyages and adventures in the Indian Archipelago, 1837, GB
Landak Landak en Succadana, pp.135-136 in A. Huysers, Beknopte beschryving der Oostindische etablissementen 1792, in Dutch, GB
Article : Kabupaten Landak, from Wikipedia Bahasa Indonesia ed.
Meliau Article : Kecamatan Meliau, from Wikipedia Bahasa Indonesia ed.
Sejarah Kerajaan Meliau, from Meliau Blogspot, in Bahasa Indonesia
Mempawah Article Mempawah, from Wikipedia French edition
Article Mempawah, from Speedy Look
Paser Article Kabupaten Paser, Kabupaten Penajam Paser Utara, from Wikipedia Bahasa Indonesia edition
The Pasir Region pp.68-71, in : K. Silander, Acting Authoritatively, How Authority is Expressed through Social Action Among the Bentian of Indonesian Borneo, Diss. Helsinki 2004
Sejarah Perjuangan Sultan Ibrahim Chaliluddin Raja Pasir (Sadurangas) - Kalimantan Timur 1899-1912, from Kerajaan Pasir Belengkong, in Bahasa Indonesia
Von Passier auf der Insel Borneo, pp.5-17 in H.M. Elmore, Vermischte Nachrichtern von verschiedenen Gegenden, Inseln und Handelsplätzen in Asien, und vorzüglich in Ostindien, 1804, in German, trsl. from the English, GB
Pontianak Mary Somers Heidhues, The First Two Sultans of Pontianak , Archipel 1998 vol.56 pp.273-294
Sambaliung Malay History : Sambaliung Sultanate, from Melayu Online
Sambas Article : Sambas, Kabupaten Bengkayang, Kota Singkawang, from Wikipedia Bahasa Indonesia ed.
Article Sultanate of Sambas, from Wikipedia
Malay History : Sambas Kingdom, from Melayu Online; The Sambas Sultanate, from The daily Brunei Resources
Sambas Sultanate Descents from Brunei, from SM Rimba History Department
Sanggau Article : Sanggau, from Wikipedia Bahasa Indonesia ed.
New Installation King of Sanggau, from Kingdoms of Indonesia
Sintang Article : Sintang, from Wikipedia Bahasa Indonesia ed.
Malay History : Sintang Sultanate, from Melayu Online
Sintang : Entrance to Kalimantan Barat, from Indahnesia
Brief History of the Sintang Royal Family, from Kobus Foundation
Genealogy of the Sintang Royal Family, from Kobus Foundation
Sukadana Article : Royaume de Sukadana, from Wikipedia French edition
Article : Kabupaten Kayong Utara, Kabupaten Ketapang, from Wikipedia Bahasa Indonesia ed.
Tayan Sejarah Kerajaan Tayan, from Pontianak Online Equatopedia, in Bahasa Indonesia
Ulu Are The kingdom of Ulu Are in Borneo's history: a comment. (Research Notes).
Local History World Port Source, Port of Banjarmasin : Review and History, Port of Pontianak : Review and History
Articles Kota Balikpapan, Kota Samarinda, from Wikipedia Indonesia ed.
Biographies M.M. van Bruinessen, Nafis al-Banjari : Muhammad Nafis b. Idris al-Banjari, Dictionnaire biographique des savants et grandes figures du monde musulman peripherique, du XIXe siecle a nos jours, Fasc. no 2. Paris: CNRS-EHESS, 1998, pp. 24-25
M.M. van Bruinessen, Shaykh 'Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani and the Qadiriyya in Indonesia, 2007
Article Reinier de Klerk, from Wikipedia Dutch edition
Reynier de Klerck, from De V.O.C. Site, in Dutch
Pirate Encyclopedia by Arne Zuidhoek
Environmental History Ecoregions Indo-Malayan Ecoregion, from WWF
WWF Panda Ecoregions, Borneo Lowland and Montane Forests
WWF Ecoregions, The Island of Borneo
Forest D.C. Yessup, Dayaks and the Forests of Interior Borneo, Expedition 1988 30/1
M. Poffenberger et al., Communities and Forest Management in East Kalimantan: Pathway to Environmental Stability, 1993
H. Brookfield et al., In Place of the Forest : Environmental and Socio-economic Transformation in Borneo and the Eastern Malay Peninsula, UNU 1995
J. Mayer et al., The Underlying Causes and Impacts of Fires in Southeast Asia, Fire and Landscape in Sanggau, West Kalimantan, Indonesia, 2000
K. Obidzinski, Logging in East Kalimantan, Indonesia. The Historical Expedience of Illegality thesis A'dam 2004
Science Daily, Slash-And-Burn Farming Method In Western Borneo Under Analysis , 2007
A. Lim, Forbidden Forest of the Dayak People, Our World 2009
L. Potter, Dayak Resistance to Oil Palm Plantations in West Kalimantan, Indonesia 2012
J. Miettinen et al., Historical Analysis and Projection of Oil Palm Plantation Expansion on Peatland in Southeast Asia, 2012
Archaeology The Digital Archaeological Record (tDAR)
ABIA South and Southeast Asian Art and Archaeology Index, Project at IGNCA, New Delhi; ABIA Website
J.H. Kress, Tom Harrisson, North Borneo, and Palawan: A Preliminary Assessment, 1977
L. Chin, Archaeological Work in Sarawak, with special reference to the Niah Caves, n.d.
T. Harrisson, 'Turtle-Ware' from Borneo Caves, Asian Perspectives IX 1966 pp.133-139
K. Szabo et al., Sailing between worlds: The symbolism of death in northwest Borneo, pp.149-170 in : K. Szabo et al., Islands of Inquiry, 2011
Others Borneo Research Council 2004 : Captain Burn and associates : British intelligence-gathering, trade, and litigation in Borneo and beyond during the early nineteenth century. posted by The Free Library
F.A. Smith, Missionaries, mariners, and merchants: overlooked British travelers to West Borneo in the early nineteenth century. Borneo Research Bulletin 2002
Nummercodes op Postwissels : Kantorenschema met Nummers van de Hoofd-, Bij- en Hulppostkantoren, in Dutch

Historical Data . Statistical Data . Documents Newspapers . Yearbooks . Image Databanks . Archival Deposits . Laws . Historiography
Document Collections . Historical Maps . Historical Encyclopedia Articles . Travelogues . Institutions . National Symbols
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen World Statesmen : Indonesia : Princely States : Banjarmasin, Bulungan, Bunut, Gunung Tabur, Kubu, Kutai Kerta Negara, Landak, Mampawa, Matan, Meliau, Pasir, Piasa, Sambaliung, Sambas, Sanggau, Simpang, Sintang, Sukadana, Tayan
Indonesia, Traditional Polities, from Rulers; scroll down for Borneo, Mampawa, Sambas, Sintang
List of Rulers of Sintang, from Wikipedia
Statistical Data Population Figures Kalimantan Barat, Kalimantan Selatan, Kalimantan Tengah, Kalimantan Timur, from Population Statistics by Jan Lahmeyer; data since 1930
Documents Image Databanks Geheugen van Nederland; site in Dutch; Tropenmuseum, Amsterdam; Rijksmuseum voor Volkenkunde, Leiden; Maritiem Digitaal (Dutch Maritime Musea); Leiden University Digital Sources (mostly images); Wikimedia Commons; Atlas of Mutual Heritage
Koleksi Foto, from Indonesian National Library, site in Bahasa Indonesia
Stichting Pelita, Beeldbank Virtueel Indië
Photo : De sultan van Koetai met zijn regalia (1910), from Geheugen van Nederland
Archival Deposits Indonesian Provenience
Manuscript Collection, from Indonesian National Library, Koleksi Digital
Dutch Provenience
Universiteit Leiden, South Ease Asia Collections
Memories van Overgave, from IDC Publishers; pdf file contains table of contents
E. Schwidder, E. Vermeij, Guide to the Asian Collections at the International Institute of Social History (IISG 2007) [400 page file]
Adatrechtbundels, ed. by KITLV, Serie L : Borneo, posted by Papua Web (scroll down)
Reconstructie van het Archief van de V.O.C. Vestiging Pontianak, from Tanap, in Dutch
KITLV - inventaris 117, Stukken afkomstig van Bertram Johannes Otto Schrieke (1890-1945), indoloog, etnoloog, hoogleraar en minister; scroll down for positon 12, nota F.Ch.H. Hirschmann, "betreffende de Dajakstammen in de adfeling Pasir".
British Provenience
National Archives (UK) Catalogue, Borneo, Sarawak, North Borneo, Labuan, Brunei
British Library, Indonesian Manuscripts
Bodleian Library, Oxford : Collection Level Description: Photographs and postcards relating to the Borneo Mission Association
Bodleian Library, A checklist of British Borneo manuscript and photographic materials in Rhodes House Library, Oxford
U.S. Provenience
Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS, search in Archives, Manuscripts and Photographs); has numerous items on Borneo
Penn Museum : Borneo to Philadelphia. The Furness-Hiller-Harrison Collections, Expedition 30/1
Univ. of Florida, G.A. Smathers Libraries, A Guide to the Tom Harrisson Papers, 2010
Laws Adatrechtbundels, ed. by KITLV, Serie L : Borneo, posted by Papua Web (scroll down)
Historiography Malay Concordance Project : Hikayat Banjar
Hikayat Banjar, British Library Add MS 12392, scan of an original in Jawi, 1816 copy of a text covering the 15th to 17th centuries
Digital Library of Malay Manuscripts, Asal bermula Islam di-negeri Banjarmasin
Document Surveys British Library, Help for Researchers, Indonesian Studies
N. Heer, A List of Malay Manuscript Catalogues, 2010
Malay Concordance Project
Document Collections Thesaurus of Indonesian Islamic Manuscripts (T2IM)
Manuscript Collection, from Indonesian National Library, Koleksi Digital
Digital Library of Malay Manuscripts
J.L. Kurz, Boni in Chinese Sources: Translations of Relevant Texts from the Song to the Qing Dynasties, n.d. (Boni = Brunei/Borneo)
Stukken betrekkelijk Borneo 1635-1636, BTLV 1 1855, IA
Individual Documents Dr. Leyden, A Sketch of the Island of Borneo, in : The Asiatic Journal and Register for British India and its Dependencies, Nov,1816, pp.453-456, 558-563, Jan.1817 pp.12-16, 107-110, posted by Sejarah Melayu Library
Government of Borneo and its Dependencies, a Proclamation of the Governor-General of Netherlands India, published at Buitenzorg February 28th 1846, scan, source not given
Progress of the Borneo Mission, 1850 Report, from Anglican History; Chinese Repository 1840 - Journal of Occurrences, Borneo, from The Centre for the Study of Christianity in Asia
International Military Tribunal for the Far East, Enforced prostitution in Western Borneo during Japanese Occupation 1946, Wikisource
British Library, Digitised Manuscripts Or 14537 : Malay letter from Haji Abdul Rahman of Banjarmasin, 1843
British North Borneo company charter 1878, IA
Historical Maps R. Cribb, Digital Atlas of Indonesian History : Continental plates and plate fragments, twenty million years ago, Coastlines of the archipelago, ca 17,000 years ago (Sumatra with Java, Borneo attached to the mainland), Languages of Borneo, Political entities known in the archipelago, ca A.D. 250, States and courts in the archipelago, ca A.D. 450, States and courts in the archipelago, ca A.D. 550, States and courts in the archipelago, ca A.D. 650, Kawi and Pallawa inscriptions, 4th-12th centuries, Borneo in the 15th and 16th centuries, Borneo in 1750, Western Borneo c.1800, Borneo in 1850, Administrative sub-divisions in Dutch Borneo, ca 1879, Administrative divisions in Dutch and British Borneo, 1902, Native states (zelfbesturen) in Dutch Borneo, 1900
1521 Map of Borneo by Antonio Pigafetta, posted on Wikimedia Commons
Maps and Atlasses Collection : Borneo, from University of Leiden Digital Sources
Borneo Administrative 1914, from History Map
U.S. Army Map Service, Borneo 1:200,000, 1944-, PCL, UTexas
Muturzikin, Linguistic Map of Borneo
Encyclopedia Entries
Economic Borneo, pp.414-423 in W. Milburn, Oriental Commerce, 1813, GB
J. Chr. Nelkenbrecher, Allgemeines Taschenbuch der Münz-, Maass- und Gewichtskunde für Banquiers und Kaufleute (General Manual on Coinage, Measurement and Weights, for Bankers and Merchants) Berlin 1832, in German, entry Banjermassing, Borneo, posted by DTBSWS
Geographical Borneo pp.141-150 in vol.1 of T. Salmon, Modern History or the Present State of All Nations, 1744, GB
Borneo, pp.44-46 in vol.8 of T.G. Smollett, The Present State of All Nations, 1769, GB
Borneo, pp.476-482 in vol.3 of C. Malte-Brun, Universal Geography, 1822, GB
Banjarmasin pp.36-37, Borneo pp.57-66, Brunai pp.68-72, Dyak pp.127-134, Kuti pp.202-203, Labuan pp.203-204, Landak pp.204-205, Mampawah p.259, Matan p.272, Pontianak p.359, Sukadana p.412 in J. Crawfurd, A Descriptive Dictionary of the Indian Islands & Adjacent Countries 1856, IA
Articles Borneo, from S. Anskjær, Geografisk-Statistisk Haandbog 1858-1863, in Danish, Project Runeberg
Borneo, pp.120-149 in vol.14 of E. Reclus, The universal geography : earth and its inhabitants [1876-1894], IA
Ethnographical Borneo, pp.197-198 in S. Morewood, A Philosophical and Statistical History of the Inventions and Customs of Ancient and Modern Nations in the Manufacture and Use of Inebriating Liquors, 1838, GB
Historical Borneo, pp.321-348 in vol.5 of F. de Marsy, Histoire Moderne des Chinois, des Japonnois, des Indiens &c., 1766, in French, GB
Borneo p.385, in vol.2 of S. Maunder, The history of the world: comprising a general history, 1856, GB
Parliamentary Debates Staten Generaal Digitaal (Dutch Parliament, 1900-1994)
Hansard (British Parliament)
Travelogues A. W. Nieuwenhuis, In Centraal Borneo, Reis van Pontianak naar Samarinda [1894-1900] 1900, in Dutch, IA
R.W.C. Shelford, E.B. Poulton, A Naturalist in Borneo 1912, IA
Tivadar Posewitz, Borneo: Entdeckungsreisen und Untersuchungen : gegenwärtiger Stand der geologischen Kenntniss. Verbreitung von Mineralien 1889, in German, IA
J.H.W. Meijerink, Brieven uit Indië. Aan het Deldens Weekblad, 1948, Eerste tournee kartering West Borneo, in Dutch, posted by Caert Thresor 26, 2007
Resident Memoirs Life in Banjarmasin, in : Mogotaro. An Eighteenth Century Japanese Sailor's Record of Insular Southeast Asia, by Nomura Toru, Sari 27 (2009) pp.45-66
Institutions Musea Sarawak Museum Department
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Mempawa States Flags, from FOTW
Flag, from FOTW
Flag, from FOTW
Coins, Banknotes Coins, Maluka (Sultanate of Banjermasin), Banjermasin, from Oriental Coin Database
Coin Catalog of Banjarmasin, from Numismaticon

Bibliographies . Online Libraries . Thesis Servers . Online Journals . General Accounts . Specific Topics . Historical Dictionaries . Statistical Data . Yearbooks
Bibliographies Malayan Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society (MBRAS)
ISBN Database
RHS Bibliography
Borneo Bibliography 1999, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, from Borneo Research Bulletin
Bibliography : Anglicanism in Sarawak/Borneo, Project Canterbury
Institut Dayakologi, Publication Catalog, most titles in Bahasa Indonesia
Mark A. Johnson, Tribal Art, Bibliography Indonesia and Borneo
Online Libraries Gutenberg Library Online, Internet Archive
Persee (French search engine)
Sejarah Melayu Library
Thesis Server Open Access Theses and Dissertations
Registry of Open Access Repositories, Indonesia
Narcis (server for theses from the Netherlands)
Borneo Dissertations Project
Online Journals Directory of Open Access Journals
Archipel, use Persee (French search engine)
Archipel 1971-2004 (French search engine)
BTLV 1853-1908, 1853-2009
Borneo Research Bulletin, index by author, -2012, index by title, -2006, index by volume, -2012; index by volume -2007, with links to scans
Institute of the Malay World and Civilization, Sari 1999-2009, partly in English, partly in Bahasa Malaysia
Tribal Arts 1994-2004
Institut Dayakologi, Dayakologi Journal
Bulletin of the Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association 1979-
Moussons. Recherche en sciences humaines sur l'Asie du Sud-Est
General Accounts On Southeast Asia Nicholas Tarling, The Cambridge History of Southeast Asia, 4 vol.s, Cambridge : UP (1992) 1999, KMLA Lib.Sign. 959 T188c
On Borneo Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th edition, Macropaedia, Vol.21, pp.213-245 Article Indonesia KMLA Lib.Sign. R 032 B862h v.21
Steven Drakeley, The History of Indonesia, Westport CT : Greenwood 2005, KMLA Lib.Sign. 959.8 0763h
Specific Topics
Historical Atlasses Jan M. Pluvier, Historical Atlas of Southeast Asia, Leiden : Brill 1995 [G]
Yearbook Entries

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