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Literature on the History of South East Asia
History of Annam History of Cambodia
First posted on December 19th 2004, last revised on December 13th 2013

NARRATIVE . References : Online Secondary Sources . Online Primary Sources . Bibliographic and Print Sources

see also History of Annam, History of Vietnam 1802-1885, History of French Annam, 1885-1954, History of French Cochinchina, 1859-1954
History of French Indochina, 1887-1954, History of South Vietnam, 1954-1975, History of North Vietnam, 1954-1975, History of Vietnam, 1975-
see also History of Mainland Southeast Asia

Historic Kingdom located on the coast of south and central Vietnam, from the 7th to the early 19th century. Champa was engaged in maritime trade, in piracy, in agriculture; it developed the Champa variety of rice, which needs only a short time to mature and allows for two rice harvests per year. The dominant religion was Hinduism; in the 17th century the population converted to Islam. The capital used to be Indrapura. In 1471 it was defeated by Vietnam and lost much of its territory, which from the 16th to the end of the 18th century belonged to Annam. A reduced Champa, concentrated around the estuary of the Mekong, lasted on until into the early 19th century, when it was absorbed by Vietnam. Today, the Muslim Cham form an ethnic minority in Cambodia and Vietnam.

Historical Atlas : Vietnam Page

Students' Papers : Lee, Hye Jin, Maritime History : The South China Sea until the later 19th Century (2012)

Narrative . References : ONLINE SECONDARY SOURCES . Online Primary Sources . Bibliographic and Print Sources

Country Profiles . Links . Organizations . Accounts of History . Politics . Military History . Economic History . Social History . Ethnography
History of Religion . Regional History . Local History . Institutions . Culture . Biography . Environmental History . Others
Country Profiles Current Article Champa, from Wikipedia
T.K. Phuong, The geography of the ancient kingdom of Champa in Central Vietnam, Vietnam, 2003
Links Category : Champa, from Wikipedia
Historical Dictionary
Organizations International Association of Historians of Asia (IAHA)
Japan Society for Southeast Asian Studies (JSSEAS)
The International Center for East Asian Archaeology and Cultural History (ICEAACH)
Finnish University Network for East and Southeast Asian Studies
Societe des Amis du Champa Ancien (SACHA)
Cham Studies
Accounts of History Current Pre-Colonial Vietnam, by E. Bolt, A. Garrett
Article History of Champa, from Wikipedia
S. Sadananda, Champa. A Short Sketch of her Historical Evolution Based on Architectural Ruins, n.d., IA
Specific Periods B.A. Zottoli, Reconceptualizing Southern Vietnamese History from the 15th to the 18th Centuries: Competition along the Coasts from Guangdong to Cambodia, thesis Univ. of Michigan 2011
D.W.T. Ken, Vietnam-Champa Relations and the Malay-Islam Regional Network in the 17th-19th Centuries, Kyoto Review 2004
A.V. Schweyer, The Birth of Champa, 2010
Historiography M. Vickery, Champa Revised, 2005
Military Article : Cham-Vietnamese War 1471, Wikipedia
Economy & Finances D.G. Sox, Resource-use systems of ancient Champa, thesis Univ. of Hawaii 2013
D.T. Giang, Port, Shipwrecks, and Ceramics: A maritime History of the Ancient Champa Kingdom, 2013
Social History
Ethnography Article : Cham People, from Wikipedia
History of the Cham People, from Art and Architecture of Champa
J. Tran-Math, Mystification Uncovered. Preventing Language Death of the People of Champa, 2011
Religion Cham - Religion and Expressive Culture, from Every Culture
Antonio Graceffo, Cham Muslims: A look at Cambodia's Muslim minority
Hinduism in Vietnam, from www.shaivam.org
History of Islam in Vietnam, anonymous
History of Regions F. Chebaut, Approach for a Historical Geography of South Champa, Cham Studies 2007
Local History
Culture Art and Architecture of the Cham
Article : Art of Champa, from Wikipedia
Asia Society, Arts of Ancient Vietnam : Coastal Kingdoms of Champa, 5th-early 19th century
Ancient History Encyclopedia, Deciphering Ancient Cham Art, dialogue between J.B. Wiener and K.P. Tran, 2013
Environmental History
Others Indo-Malayan Ecoregion, from WWF

Historical Data . Statistical Data . Documents Newspapers . Yearbooks . Image Databanks . Archival Deposits . Laws . Historiography
Document Collections . Historical Maps . Historical Encyclopedia Articles . Travelogues . Institutions . National Symbols
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen List of Vietnamese Monarchs : Champa, from Wikipedia
Documents Image Databanks Wikimedia Commons
Archival Deposits
Document Collections Coleccion de documentos ineditos relativos al descubrimiento, conquista y organizacion de las antiguas posesiones Espanoles vol.6, 1866 search for Champa
Asia for Educators : Primary Sources with DBQs, Vietnam
Historical Maps see here
Talessman's Atlas, series of maps of the Eastern Hemisphere 1300 BC - 1500 AD
Angkor Planet, combination of series of Historical Maps, timeline
Encyclopedia Entries
Religious De la Religion du Royaume de Champa, ou Ciampa, pp.420-421 in vol.3 of Nicolas Jovet, L'histoire des religions de tous les royaumes du monde, 1710, in French, GB
Economic J.C.M.R., Korte Schets van den tegenwoordigen staat van het Half-Eiland beoosten de Ganges, pp.317-347 in : vol.4 of Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap der Kunsten en Weetenschappen, 1786, in Dutch, GB, on Tsiampa p.345
Geographical Royaume de Champa, p.645 in P. d'Avity, Le Monde, ou la Description generale de ses quatre parties, 1643, in French, GB
Entry : Ciampa, pp.61-63 in vol.4 of J.J. Vaissete, Geographie historique, ecclesiastique et civile, 1755, in French, GB
Entry : The Kingdom of Champa, pp.134-135, in : T.G. Smollett, The Present State of the World, vol.7 1768, GB
On Ciampa pp.450-462 in : Instruction sur la navigation des Indes-Orientales et de la Chine, pour servir au Neptun Oriental, 1775, in French, GB
Ciampa, pp.548-549 in vol.5 of L.P. Anquetil, Precis de l'Histoire Universelle ou Tableau historique presentant les vicissitudes des Nations ... , 1799, in French, GB
Along the Coasts od Tsiompa and Cochinchina, pp.463-466 in Joseph Huddart, The oriental navigator, or, New directions for sailing to and from the East, 1801, GB
Siampa, p.177 in vol.2 of J. Pinkerton, Modern Geography 1804, GB
Articles : Chiampa, in : J. Walker, The Universal Gazetteer , 1807 (unpaginated), GB
Entry : Tsiompa, p.350 in : The Edinburgh gazetteer, or geographical dictionary, 1822, GB
Entry : Tsiompa, pp.282-283 in vol.2 of C. Malte-Brun, Universal geography : or a description of All Parts of the World, 1827, GB
Entry : Siampa, pp.637-638 in vol.4 of J. Bell, A system of geography, popular and scientific, 1832, GB
Historical Kingdom of Champa, pp.424-432, in : The Modern Part of an Universal History, vol.7, 1759, GB
Ciampa, p.51 in vol.3 of François-Marie de Marsy, Histoire Moderne des Chinois, des Japonnois, des Indiens, Des Persans. des Turcs, des Russiens etc., 1765, in French, GB
Kingdom of Champa, pp.402-405, in : G. Sale et al., The Modern Part of an Universal History, vol.24, 1781, GB
Royaume de Ciampa, pp.458-471 in vol.52 of Histoire universelle, depuis le commencement du monde jusqu'a present, 1783, in French, GB
Entry : Ciampa, pp.98-100 in vol.7 of Louis Pierre Anquetil, Precis de l'histoire universelle, ou tableau historique, 1801, in French, GB
on Customs
Institutions Archives
Musea Lists, Links
Musea Museum Websites Da Nang Museum of Cham Sculpture
Monuments My Son Sanctuary, from UNESCO World Heritage
National Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms
Coins, Banknotes

Bibliographies . Online Libraries . Thesis Servers . Online Journals . General Accounts . Specific Topics . Historical Dictionaries . Statistical Data . Yearbooks
Bibliographies general ISBN Database
on Champa
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
on Champa
Thesis Server Open Access Theses and Dissertations
Online Journals Open Access Theses and Dissertations
Search Electronic Journals Online for Laos
Asia Insights, from NIAS, 2002-
Bulletin de l'Ecole française d'Extreme-Orient 1901-2003
Southeast Asian Studies 1963-, mostly in Japanese
Explorations, 1997- Graduate Student Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, CSEAS, Univ. of Hawaii
General Accounts Keith W. Taylor, The Early Kingdoms : Champa, pp.153-157 in : Nicholas Tarling, The Cambridge History of Southeast Asia, Vol.I.1, Cambridge : UP (1992) 1999, KMLA Lib.Sign. 959 T188c
Kenneth R. Hall, Economic History of Southeast Asia : Champa's Plunder-based Economy, pp.252-260 in : Nicholas Tarling, The Cambridge History of Southeast Asia, Vol.I.1, Cambridge : UP (1992) 1999, KMLA Lib.Sign. 959 T188c
Anne-Marie Schweyer, Ancient Vietnam : History and Archaeology, 2005 [G]
Specific Topics A.V. Schweyer, Ancient Vietnam. History, Art and Archaeology, Bangkok : River Books 2011 [G]

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