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Literature on the History of South East Asia
Indonesia Portugal
First posted on May 5th 2002, last revised on May 8th 2010






NARRATIVE . References : Online Secondary Sources . Online Primary Sources . Bibliographic and Print Sources

see also History of Indonesia, History of the Lesser Sunda Islands



The Portuguese established a dominant influence over maritime trade in the Malay Archipelago in the early 16th century, but were expelled from all her trading posts in the area, except for those in the vicinity of Timor (at Solor).
In 1769 they established the city of Dili; in the Treaty of Lisbon 1859 the Netherlands and Portugal split the island of Timor. After Japanese occupation 1942-1945, Portuguese colonial rule was restored.
After the Velvet Revolution (1974), Portugal began to dissolve its colonial Empire. Arguing that the Fretilin - the Chinese-supported organization which had fought Portuguese rule, would turn Easty Timor into a regional base for Communism, Indonesian forces in 1975 occupied East Timor; annexation followed.
The attention of the world was focused on the Indonesian administration of East Timor when two East Timorese, Bishop Belo and J.R. Horta were awareded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1996. A referendum on independence followed in 1999. Immediately an armed conflict between pro-Indonesian and pro-independence militias ensued, and international peacekeeping forces lead by an Australian contingent arrived. In 2002 full independence was achieved when East Timor joined the UN.

Timeline : East Timor

Students' Paper : Cheong Purun, Goa and East Timor : A comparison of the history of two former Portuguese colonies (KMLA, Fall 2006)






Narrative . References : ONLINE SECONDARY SOURCES . Online Primary Sources . Bibliographic and Print Sources

Country Profiles . Links . Organizations . Accounts of History . Politics . Military History . Economic History . Social History . Ethnography
History of Religion . Regional History . Local History . Institutions . Culture . Biography . Environmental History . Others
Country Profiles from BBC Country Profiles; from World Desk Reference ; from Nations Encyclopedia; from Index Mundi; from Wikipedia; from CIA World Factbook, Countries : East Timor
from World Wide Gazetteer
Links General from Library of Congress, Portals to the World
from Virtual Library
from East and Southeast Asia. An Annotated Directory of Internet Resources at UOregon
List of East Timor-related Topics, from Wikipedia
on History Category History of East Timor, from Wikipedia
Timelines from timelines.ws, a website exploiting US newspaper articles, very detailed on the 20th century; from BBC News; East Timor Violence - a Chronology, posted by Imogen Trump and Cristen Tilley, very detailed, illustrated
Accounts of History General, Modern The Obscure History of East Timor, from Timor Net at Univ. of Coimbra; A Short History of East Timor, from AVCAT; East Timor, by Marco Ramerini, in Italian; East Timor : History, from Lonely Planet; East Timor History, from Glasgow University East Timor and Indonesia Group
General, Historical
Specific Periods C. Chrystello, East Timor: The Secret File 1973-1975, Timor Leste Vol.2 - Historiografia dum Reporter - Vol. 2 (1983-1992), Timor Leste Vol. 3 - As Guerras Tibais, A Historia Repete-se (1894-2006), partially in Portuguese
Politics Political Resources on the Net : East Timor; Governments on the WWW : Timor; Article Politics of East Timor, from Wikipedia
East Timor Profile, from International Crisis Group
Military Recently Ended Armed Conflicts - Indonesia-East Timor, from ploughshares
East Timor 2000, from Britain's Small Wars
Economy & Finances A Global History of Currencies : Timor Leste; Currency Boards and Dollarization by Kurt Schuler; click for Timor Leste
Article Economy of East Timor, from Wikipedia
Global Integrity : Timor Leste 2007
Search Company History, Funding Universe : Company Histories for East Timor, Timor Leste
Social History
Ethnography Languages of East Timor (20), from Ethnologue
Country Report : East Timor, from U.S. Committee for Refugees and Immigrants (Reports 2001-2004)
Migration Information Source : East Timor
Timor L'Este, from Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre
World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples : Timor Leste
Refugee Studies Centre : Displacement in the 2006 Dili Crisis : Dynamics of an Ongoing Conflict, 2008, from Forced Migration Online
Religion Chronology of Catholic Dioceses : East Timor, from Kirken i Norge
Catholic Church in Democratic Republic of Timor Leste, from GCatholic
Articles : Religion in East Timor, Roman Catholic Diocese of Dili, Roman Catholic Diocese of Baucau, Roman Catholic Diocese of Maliana, from Wikipedia
History of Regions Districts of Timor Leste, from www.statoids.com
Local History History of Dili, from Wikipedia
Institutions East Timor, from Airline History
Structurae : Timor Leste
Article Timor-Leste at the 2004 Summer Olympics, from Wikipedia
Culture
Biographies Famous East Timorese, from Nations Encyclopedia
Environmental History
Others East Timor flag history, from FOTW
EU's relations with East Timor, from European Union. External Relations
Disaster History by Country : Timor Leste, from Relief Web
Crime and Society. A Comparative Criminology Tour of the World : East Timor
East Timor Directory, from Peace Corps Online
Indo-Malayan Ecoregion, from WWF

WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED PRIMARY SOURCES
Historical Data . Statistical Data . Documents Newspapers . Yearbooks . Image Databanks . Archival Deposits . Laws . Historiography
Document Collections . Historical Maps . Historical Encyclopedia Articles . Travelogues . Institutions . National Symbols
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon); from Rulers (B. Schemmel); from Regnal Chronologies; from World Rulers (E. Schulz, illustrated)
Lists of Ambassadors U.S. Ambassadors to East Timor, from NNDB; Chinese Ambassadors to East Timor, from PRC MOFA
List of Canadian Heads of Post, click Timor
Lists of Bishops Articles : Roman Catholic Diocese of Dili, Roman Catholic Diocese of Baucau, Roman Catholic Diocese of Maliana, from Wikipedia
Statistical Data Responsible Institution National Statistics Directorate, Timor Leste
Population Figures East Timor, from Population Statistics at Univ. Utrecht
Population of Cities : East Timor, from City Population
Exchange Rates Historical Exchange Rates, from Oanda, since 1990
Election Results from Psephos (since 2001); from IFES Election Guide
from Elections and Electoral Systems (links)
Documents Historical Newspapers Kranten Historisch [historical newspapers]
Search Digitaal Krantenarchief at Regionaal Archief Leiden
Search Papers Past (New Zealand Newspapers 1839-1920)
History of occupied East Timor, from World History Archives, recent newspaper articles
Modern Newspapers links from Online Newspapers, from World Newspapers
Image Databanks Systematic Collections
General
Southeast Asia Digital Library Photographs from the Living Memory Project in East Timor
Systematic Collections
Specialist
Accidental Collections
Oriental Collections
Items on East Timor
Universal Collections
Items on East Timor
License Plates, from Francoplaque, from License Plates of the World
Historic Picture Postcards, from Postcardman, commercial site
Archival Deposits Search ARCHIEVEN.NL
Search New Zealand Electronic Text Centre
Digital Library Malaysia
Search National Archives (UK)
Search Tropenmuseum; site in Dutch
U.S. Department of State, Office of the Historian, search for Timor
Pandora, Australia's Web Archive - Timor Today (1999-2001), Timor Aid (1999-2000); search for more entries on Timor
Constitutions Constitution of East Timor, from ETAN
Laws
Treaties East Timor Treaties and International Agreements, from WorldLII
Peace Agreements Digital Collection : East Timor, from United States Institute of Peace
Historiography
Document Collections The Indonesia / East Timor Documentation Project, from National Security Archive at George Washington University
Truth Commissions : East Timor, from United States Institute of Peace
Historical Maps responsible institutions
collections Portuguese Timor Maps, from Ben's Almanac
Atlas of East Timor, from Wikimedia Commons
G.A. Pery, Geographia e estatistica geral de Portugal e colonias, com um atlas (1875) in Portuguese, posted on Internet Archive
East Timor Maps, PCL, UTexas
Category : Historic Maps of East Timor, Maps of the History of East Timor, from Wikimedia Commons
PRINT : J.M. Pluvier, Historical Atlas of South-East Asia, Leiden : Brill 1995 [G]
East Timor, Modern
East Timor, Contemporary
Detail, Modern
Detail, Contemporary Carta Historica - Timor, Plano do porto de Dili, 1870, Hidrografico marinha, Portugal
Historical
Encyclopedia Entries
Secular Article Timor, from EB 1911; from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Religious
Economic
Geographical
Historical
Parliamentary Debates Hansard (British Parliament)
Staten Generaal Digitaal (Dutch Parliament, 1900-1994)
Tour Guides
Travelogues
Institutions Archives
Musea
Monuments
Libraries
National Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW; Coat of Arms, from International Civic Heraldry; National Anthem, from National Anthems Net
Coins, Banknotes Banknotes of Timor from World Currency Museum; from Ron Wise's World Paper Money
Coins of Portuguese Timor, from Joel's Coins, scroll down; a commercial site
Stamps

BIBLIOGRAPHY AND PRINT SOURCES
Bibliographies . Online Libraries . Thesis Servers . Online Journals . General Accounts . Specific Topics . Historical Dictionaries . Statistical Data . Yearbooks
Bibliographies general Search ISBN Database
on Timor Leste survey of bibliographies
bibliographic database
general bibliographies R. Lawless, Bibliography of East Timor
M. Jardine, Bibliography of Books and Articles on East Timor
East Timor, Bibliography and Articles
IICT, Bibliografia sobre Timor dispon?eis para consulta no CDI
annual bibliographies
specialist bibliographies Timor na II Guerra Mundial, Bibliografia
serial publications
general bibliographies
Timor Leste entries
Search Asian Development Bank (ADB) Publications for East Timor, Timor Leste
Books on Genocide and Related Topics in Portuguese, from Prevent Genocide
South East Asia Dissertations, click East Timor
booksellers
Online Libraries general Google Books; Internet Archives; Gutenberg Library Online; HathiTrust; Gallica
on East Timor ISEAS Working Papers, Back Issues 2000-2003
Biblioteca Digital, Memorias de Africa e do Oriente
Thesis Server Open Access Theses and Dissertations
Online Journals Directory of Open Access Journals
Asia Insights, from NIAS, 2002-
Southeast Asian Studies 1963-, mostly in Japanese
Explorations, 1997- Graduate Student Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, CSEAS, Univ. of Hawaii
General Accounts on Southeast Asia Nicholas Tarling, The Cambridge History of Southeast Asia, 4 vol.s, Cambridge : UP (1992) 1999, KMLA Lib.Sign. 959 T188c
Special Topics
Historical Atlasses Jan M. Pluvier, Historical Atlas of Southeast Asia, Leiden : Brill 1995 [G]
Statistical Data IHS : B.R. Mitchell, International Historical Statistics. Africa, Asia & Oceania 1750-2000, London : Palgrave 2003 [G]
Yearbook Entries Britannica Book of the Year Portuguese Colonial Empire, 1945 pp.560-561, 1946 pp.591-592, 1947 p.614, 1948 p.600, 1949 pp.532-533, 1950 p.558, 1951 p.565, Portuguese Overseas Territories, 1952 p.567, 1953 p.575, 1954 pp.574-575, 1955 pp.623-624, 1956 pp.561-562, 1957 pp.624-625, 1958 pp.557-559, 1959 pp.556-557, 1960 pp.557-558, 1961 pp.569-570, 1962 pp.558-561, 1963 pp.662-664, Colonies and Other Dependencies, 1964 pp.265-268, 1965 p.255, 1966 p.206, 1967 p.221, 1968 p.219, Dependent States, Timor, 1969 p.281, 1970 p.281, 1971 p.271, Portuguese Timor, 1972 p.243, 1973 p.234, 1974 p.250 , Dependent States : Indian Ocean and South Sea, 2002 pp.380-381
Statesman's Year-Book Portugal : Dependencies, 1895 pp.841-843, 1898 pp.839-842, 1901 pp.938-942, 1905 pp.1019-1023, 1910 pp.1117-1122 , 1918 p.1186, Portuguese Timor, 1919 pp.1164, 1924 pp.1220-1221, 1925 pp.1228-1229, 1926 pp.1190-1191, 1928 pp.1228-1229, 1929 p.120, 1932 p.1225, 1937 p.1257, Portugal : Portuguese Timor, 1943 pp.1203-1204, Portugal : Timor, 1970-1971 pp.1262-1263, 1975-1976 pp.1267-1268, Indonesia : East Timor, 2002 pp. 886-888, East Timor, 2003 pp.570-572, 2004 pp.570-572, 2005 pp.569-571, 2006 pp.563-565
(New) Int'l Yearbook Timor, 1907 p.767, 1908 p.690, 1909 pp.698-699, 1913 p.677, 1916 p.684, Timor Portuguese, 1935 pp.705-706, 1938 p.727, 1939 p.761, Events of 1941 p.656, 1942 pp.685-686, 1943 p.640, 1944 p.621
Americana Annual Timor, 1940 p.758, 1943 p.705, 1944 p.681, Portuguese Colonial Empire - Portuguese Timor, 1945 p.591, 1946 pp.613-614, Portuguese Colonial Empire - Territories in Oceania, 1947 pp.576-577, Portuguese Territories - Portuguese Timor, 1957 pp.637-638, 1961 pp.604-605, Portuguese Territories, 1962 pp.610-612, 1963 pp.541-543, 1964 pp.538-539
Other Article : Portuguese Timor, in : Funk & Wagnall's New Standard Encyclopedia Year Book 1937 pp.418-419, 1938 p.422 [G]
Article : Timor Portuguese, in : Funk & Wagnall's New Standard Encyclopedia Year Book 1942 p.446, 1943 p.444, 1944 p.374, 1961 p.331 [G]