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Literature on the History of South East Asia
Sumatra Borneo
First posted on December 24th 2013

NARRATIVE . References : Online Secondary Sources . Online Primary Sources . Bibliographic and Print Sources

Introduction . Prehistory . Early History . Early History . Precolonial History . 1500-1800s . Java within the Dutch East Indies . Java within Indonesia

see also V.O.C., Dutch East Indies, 1795-1949, Indonesia

Java is Indonesia's 6th largest island. The tropical, moist climate and the exceptionally fertile volcanic soil of Java permit 4 harvests per year, which explains the island's high population density. The population, without Madura, in 2011 numbered 138 million. Ethnically, the population consists of the indigenous Sundanese (West Java), Javanese (Central, East Java), Madurese (Madura, East Java) and Balinese (East Java), as well as if descendants of immigrants, most notably the Chinese.

Homo erectus (Java Man) lived on the island 1.700.000 BP. During the Pleistocene, at least temporarily Java was connected with the Asian continent by a land bridge. During the Holocene, Java was an island. The megalithic site of Gunung Padang (West Java) is dated 6500 to 4800 BP.

Early History
Hinduism was influential during the early centuries CE, followed by Buddhism. The Hindu temple at Prambanan and the Mahayana Buddhist temple at Borobudur were both built in the 9th century CE. A number of inscriptions from the 8th and 9th centuries have been found, in Sanskrit language and Pallawa script or in Old Malay language and in Kawi script. Javanese kingdoms first are recorded in the 4th century; the 8th century Sailendra dynasty (credited for the construction of Borobudur) is of historical importance. However, documentation is scanty and the period remains "nebulous".

Precolonial History
The Sunda Kingdom (also called Pajajaran, capital Banten; West Java) lasted from 669 to 1579. In Central Java, Sailendra was succeeded by Kahuripan (1019-1045), Kediri (1045-1222) and Singhasari (1222-1292). Singhasari is credited for having brought about the decline of the Second Srivijaya in the Pamalayu Expedition of 1288. A Yuan expedition destroyed Singhasari in 1292; it was succeeded by Majapahit (1293-1527).
Majapahit controlled territory outside Java, most notably on Borneo. In the 15th century, Majapahit declined; Islam spread; the Sultanates of Cirebon (1445) and of Demak (1475) seceded.

During the 16th century, Islam became the dominant religion on Java; the Sultanate of Banten was established in 1527 and by 1579 had taken over the historical position of the Sunda Kingdom. In 1527, the Sultanate of Mataram replaced Majapahit. The conflict between Islam and Hinduism for political domination lasted longest in the eastern region of Blambangan (until 1580).
The Sultanate of Banten inherited Majapahit's territories on Borneo; it also ruled Lampung on southern Sumatra.
The Portuguese arrived in the early 16th century and established trade with Banten. The Portuguese did not construct any forts on Java. In the early 17th century, Dutch, English, French and Danish traders arrived, Banten being the most important trade center of that time. The Dutch V.O.C. in 1619 took possession of Jakatra, which it renamed Batavia and made the capital of her colonial empire. The V.O.C. was to become the leading force in regional maritime trade. On the occasion of succession conflicts in Mataram, the V.O.C. was asked to provide military assistance and in return was granted territory (Parahyangan, in Dutch : De Preanger, 1677/1705). The V.O.C. introduced a plantation economy (sugar, coffee). In 1743 the V.O.C. acquired Surabaya. In 1755 Mataram split into the Empire of Yogyakarta and the Sultanate of Surakarta. The V.O.C. declared bankrupcy in 1795.

Java within the Dutch East Indies
During the British occupation (1811-1816) the British authorities annexed the Sultanate of Banten (1813); now only two indigenous polities were left, Surakarta and Yogyakarta. Political reform had begun under governor Daendels (1808-1810) and continued under the British administration (Raffles) and after 1816 by the administration of the Dutch East Indies. In 1825-1830 a war against Surakarta and Yogyakarta was fought. In 1830 the cultuurstelsel (cultivation system) was introduced, which in essence meant the colony exploiting forced labour. New plantation products were introduced, most notably tea and opium. It was abolished in 1870.
Java was the core of the Dutch East Indies, Batavia its capital. The Dutch development of a plantation industry on Sumatra (Deli), of an oil industry on Sumatra, brought with it the importation of contract labour, most notably Javanese.

Java within Indonesia
Following World War II, several independence movements emerged in various parts of Indonesia. In 1947-1949 the Dutch tried to reestablish control (as the Dutch believed, revenue extracted from the colony was necessary to finance reconstruction in the Netherlands). Java (with 60 % of Indonesia's population, as of 2011) remained the center of the polity of Indonesia, the borders of which had been created by Dutch colonial rule. During the Sukarno and Suharto administrations (1949-1997) the policy of Transmigrasi was pursued, a program to resettle large numbers of Javanese and Madurese on less populated islands such as Sumatra and Borneo.

Narrative . References : ONLINE SECONDARY SOURCES . Online Primary Sources . Bibliographic and Print Sources

Country Profiles . Links . Organizations . Accounts of History . Politics . Military History . Economic History . Social History . Ethnography
History of Religion . Regional History . Local History . Institutions . Culture . Biography . Environmental History . Others
Country Profiles Modern
Historical Rijklof van Goens, Corte beschrijvinge van't eijland Java, derselver provintien, landdeelinge, rijckdom en inwoonders, soodanich't selve nu bevonden ende geregeert wert [1656], BTLF 4 1856, IA
P.J. Veth et al., Java, geographisch, ethnologisch, historisch 2nd ed. vol.1, 1896, 2nd ed. vol.3 1903, IA
J.F. Scheltema, Peeps at Many Lands : Java, 1912, IA
A.G. Mayer, Java, the Exploited Island, The Scientific Monthly 1916, IA
Links Virtual Library History : Indonesia
Organizations The Islamic Manuscript Association (TIMA)
V.O.C. Kenniscentrum, Dutch language site
International Association of Historians of Asia (IAHA)
Historical Dictionary J. Crawfurd, A Descriptive Dictionary of the Indian Islands & Adjacent Countries 1856, IA
V.O.C. Glossarium, from Instituut voor Nederlandse Geschiedenis
Accounts of History General L'Ile de Java, pp.273-290 in vol.1 of A.A. Bruzen de la Martiniere, Introduction a l'histoire de l'Asie, de l'Afrique, et de l'Amerique, 1735, in French, GB
Ancient History of Java, pp.293-303 in vol.2 of J. Crawfurd, History of the Indian Archipelago, 1820, GB
T.S. Raffles, The History of Java, vol.1, 1830, vol.2, 1830, IA
W. Fruin-Mees, Geschiedenis van Java, vol.1, 1920, vol.2, 1920, IA
Specific Periods
Prehistory R. Blench, Was there an Austroasiatic Presence in Island Southeast Asia Prior to the Austronesian Expansion ?, Indo Pacific Prehistory Association Bulletin 30, 2010 pp.133-144
G. Barker, Footsteps and marks: transitions to farming in the rainforests of Island Southeast Asia, Program in Agrarian Studies, Yale, Colloquium Series no.3, n.d.
P. Bellwood, Special Report: Ancient Seafarers, Archaeology vol.50 no.2, March/April 1997
600 BCE-600 CE Early Hindu Colonisation in Java, pp.91-116 in R.C. Majumdar, Ancient Indian Colonies In The Far East Vol II Suvarnadvipa Part I Political History, 1937, IA
600-1450 J. Wisseman Christie, State formation in early maritime Southeast Asia. A consideration of the theories and the data., BTLV 151 1995 pp.235-288
C. Day, Nederlandsch beheer over Java gedurende drie eeuwen, 1905, IA
Cape Malays and their Heritage, The Alienation 1501-1600, 1601-1700, 1701-1800 [mainly history of Java]
Arnold van Wickeren, Geschiedenis van Portugal en van de Portugezen overzee, Deel 10 chapter 3 subch.3 : Java, in Dutch, posted on Colonial Voyage
1750-1914 C. Day, Nederlandsch beheer over Java gedurende drie eeuwen, 1905, IA
Cape Malays and their Heritage, The Alienation 1701-1800 [mainly history of Java]
Levyssohn Norman, Henry David, De Britsche heerschappij over Java en onderhoorigheden (1811-1816), 1857, in Dutch, SBB
A. Spierings, Winnaar en Verliezer, De reputaties van Thomas Stamford Raffles en Nicolaus Engelhard naast elkaar gezet, thesis Leiden 2013
Historiography N.A. Mault, Java as a Western Construct: An Examination of Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles' "The History of Java", thesis Louisiana State 2005
M.J. Wood, The historical past as a tool for nation-building in new order Indonesia, thesis McGill 2004
Article : Nagarakretagama, Wikipedia of 1365
Article : Javanese historical texts, Wikipedia
J. Ras, Geschiedschrijving en de legitimiteit van het koningschap op Java, BLTV 150 1994 pp.518-538
Jan Wisseman Christie, Texts and Textiles in "Medieval" Java, Bulletin d'Ecole Française d'Extreme Orient 80 1993 pp.181-211
Article : Babad Tanah Jawi, from Wikipedia
J. Ras, The Genesis of the Babad Tanah Jawi, Origin and Function of the Javanese Court Chronicle, BLTV 143 1987 pp.343-356
Article Sejarah Banten, from Wikipedia
Article : Pararaton, from Wikipedia
J. van den Veerdonk, Curses in Javanese Royal Inscriptions from the Singhasari-Majapahit Period, 1222-1486, BTLV 157 2001 pp.97-112
J. Ras, The Genesis of the Babad Tanah Jawi, Origin and Function of the Javanese Court Chronicle, BLTV 143 1987 pp.343-356
Masaaki Miyazaka, Time and Space of the Javanese Chronicle Babad Tanah Jawi - the Pujanggas' Worldview in the Divided Kingdom of Mataram, 1984, in Japanese, English abstract
J.M. de Grave, Un "Champion" issu du kraton. L'histoire de Ndara Harimurti , Archipel 2000 vol.60 pp.141-166
Administration Review of the administration, value, and state of the colony of Java 1816, IA
R.H. Klein, Het gewestelijk bestuur op Java, thesis Leiden 1889
H.S. Boys, Some notes on Java and its administration by the Dutch 1892, IA
C. Day, The policy and administration of the Dutch in Java 1904, IA
P.W. Filet, De verhouding der vorsten op Java tot de Ned.-Indische regeering , 1895, IA
L.W.C. van den Berg, De inlandsche rangen en titels op Java en Madoera, 1887, IA
Military F.V.H.A. Stuers, Gedenkschrift van den oorlog op Java, 1847, IA
P.J.F. Louw, De Java-oorlog van 1825-30 1904, IA
R. van Maanen, Naval strength of the Dutch East Company at the East Coast of Java in 1683, 2009 entry on blog "Warship Research"
R. van Maanen, Naval operations of the Dutch East Company in Cheribon according to the Generale Missive dated 5 April 1742, 2009 entry on blog "Warships Research"
Henri Chambert-Loir, Le chagrin d'un Belge. Le journal de campagne du comte Edouard Errembault de Dudzeele durant la guerre de Java, Archipel 2000 vol.60 pp.267-300
Broek, Jan Abraham, De Cheribonsche Opstand van 1806, 1891, in Dutch, SBB
Claude Guillot, Libre enterprise contre economie dirigee : guerres civiles a Banten, 1580-1609, Archipel 1992 vol.43 pp.57-72
Article Mongol Invasion of Java, from Wikipedia
Steve Tarani, History of the Karambit
Article : Java War (Diponegoro War, 1825-1830), from Wikipedia
Article : Java Oorlog (1825-1830), from Wikipedia Dutch edition
Great Java War 1825-1830, from ACED
Article : Pamalayu Expedition, Wikipedia, of 1288
Economy & Finances Economic History Economic History of Yogyakarta in the 19th century
J.L. van Zanden, Colonial state formation and patterns of economic development in Java, 1800-1913, 2008
Currency & Finances The Java Bank = De Javasche Bank : a short description of its organisation, operations and general policy / supplemented by some notes on the monetary system of Netherlands India, 1918, IA
Trade Overzigt des handels te Samarang, gedurende het jaar 1859, 1860, in Dutch, SBB
Article Jakarta Stock Exchange, from Wikipedia
K. Stenross, The seafarers and maritime entrepreneurs of Madura: history, culture, and their role in the Java Sea timber trade, thesis Murdoch Univ. 2007
Hans-Dieter Evers, Traditional Trading Networks of Southeast Asia, Archipel 1988 vol.35 pp.89-100
Claude Guillot, Un marchant français a Java au XVIIe s. Jean-Baptiste de Guilhen, 1634-1709, Archipel 1993 vol.45 pp.111-152
A. van Aelst, Majapahit Picis The Currency of a 'Moneyless' Society 1300-1700, BTLV 151 1995 pp.357-393
G.B. Souza, An Anatomy of Commerce and Consumption: Opium and Merchants at Batavia over the Long Eighteenth Century, Chinese Southern Diaspora Studies, Volume 3, 2009
Agriculture De rijstkultuur op Java vijftig jaren geleden, BTLV 3 1853, IA
P.A. Leupe, Invoering der koffijkultuur op Java, 1700-1750, BTLV 6 1859, IA
F.G. van Bloemen Waanders, De gouvernements-koffiecultuur op Java 1890, IA
O.J.F. van Heutsz, Inlandsch landbouw-crediet op Java 1901, IA
G.P. Rouffaer et al., De voornaamste industrieen der inlandsche bevolking van Java en Madoera, 1904, IA
P.H. van der Kemp, Java's landelijk stelsel, 1817-1819 ; naar oorspronkelijke stukken 1916, IA
H.A.P.M. Tervoore et al., Handboek ten dienste van de suikerriet-cultuur en de rietsuiker-fabricage op Java, 1906, IA
J.A. van der Chijs, Geschiedenis van de gouvernements thee-cultuur op Java, 1903, IA
C.E. Akers, Report on the rubber industry of the Orient (including Ceylon, the Malay Peninsula, Java and Sumatra), 1912, IA
T. Axelsson, Peasants and Policymakers, Agricultural transformation in Java under Suharto , Lund Studies in Economic History 45 2008
M. Leidelmeijer, Van suikermolen tot grootbedrijf : technische vernieuwing in de Java-suikerindustrie in de negentiende eeuw, thesis TU Eindhoven 1997
M.W. Barwegen, Gouden Hoorns : de geschiedenis van de veehouderij op Java 1850-2000, thesis Wageningen 2005
Claude Guillot, Lukman Nurhakim, Claudine Salmon, Les Sucriers chinois de Kelapadua, Banten, XVIIe siecle. Textes et vestiges, Archipel 1990 vol.39 pp.139-158
P. Boomgaard, Long Hours for High Yields : Agricultural Productivity in Pre-Industrial Java, EHC 2002
W.J. van der Schoor, Pure Science and Colonial Agriculture : The Case of the Private Java Sugar Experimental Stations (1885-1940), Les sciences hors d'occident au XXe siecle
C.R. Knight, A Precocious Appetite: Industrial Agriculture and the Fertiliser Revolution in Java's Colonial Cane Fields, c. 1880-1914, Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, 37 (1), pp 43-63 February 2006.
L. Christianty et al., Traditional Agroforestry in West Java: The Pekarangan (Homegarden) and Kebun..Talun (Annual-Perennial Rotation) Cropping Systems (1986)
Other Reformist Muslims in a Yogyakarta village. The Islamic Transformation of Contemporary Socio-Religious Life; especially chapter M. Bonneff, Le kauman de Yogyakarta. Des fonctionnaires religieux convertis au reformisme et a l'esprit d'entreprise 1985 vol.30 pp.175-205
M. Bonneff, Le Kauman de Yogyakarta (2). Des entrepreneurs assujettis a leur ideal religieux, Archipel 1988 vol.36 pp.77-112
C. Dobbin, Accounting for the Failure of the Muslim Javanese Business Class: Examples from Ponorogo and Tulungagung (1880-1940), Archipel 1994 vol.48 pp.87-101
Social History M.E. van Till, Batavia bij nacht: bloei en ondergang van het Indonesische roverswezen in Batavia en de Ommelanden, 1869-1942, thesis Amsterdam 2006
Rapport van de commissie tot onderzoek naar den toestand van het inlandsch onderwijs op Java, 1870, SBB
Reglement voor het gymnasium Willem III te Batavia 1860, GB
The History of Education in West Java, Indonesia : from Traditional Era toward Modern Era, International Journal for Educational Studies, 1(2) 2009
Wat kan den Javaan tot vrijen arbeider vormen? , 1859, SBB
Vrijwillige overeenkomsten en vrije arbeid op Java , 1861, SBB
M.C. Hoadley, Javanese procedural law: a history of the Cirebon-Priangan jaksa college, 1706-1735, thesis Univ. of Hawai'i 1975
S.U. Dradjat, The rationale behind urban form of the Javanese inland cities : Urban morphology of shifting capitals of Islamic mataram kingdom and its successors, thesis Singapore 2009
E.W. van Luijk et al., How government policy affects the consumption of hard drugs: The case of opium in Java, 1873-1907, 1998
J. Breman, Koloniaal profijt van onvrije arbeid : Het Preanger stelsel van gedwongen koffieteelt op Java 2010
M. Timmer, Overpopulation in Asia [on the D.I. Yogyakarta, with chapters on history]
E.W. van Luijk et al., The Effects of Government Policy on Drug Use: Java, 1875-1904, Journal of Economic History vol.61 no.1 2001, pp.1-18
Ethnography Muturzikin, Linguistic Map of Java
A. Boachi, Mededeelingen over de Chinezen op het eiland Java, BTLV 4 1856, IA
H. Schuchardt, Kreolische Studien. XII. Ueber das Malaioportugiesische von Batavia and Tugu, 1890, IA
A.R. T. Kemasang, Overseas Chinese in Java and their Liquidation in 1740, Southeast Asian Studies 19/2 1981
A. Oostwouder, Passenger Pasar: Chinese junk trade and passenger transport, Batavia 1825-1875 , thesis Leiden 2012
M.H. Chen, De Chinese gemeenschap van Batavia, 1843-1865 : een onderzoek naar het Kong Koan archief, thesis Leiden 2009
M. Erkelens, The decline of the Chinese Council of Batavia : the loss of prestige and authority of the traditional elite amongst the Chinese community from the end of the nineteenth century until 1942, thesis Leiden 2013
Gabriel A. Rantoandro, Lieux de recontre particuliers de l'Ancien Banten : les pabean, Archipel 1995 vol.50 pp.25-39
Claudine Salmon, Le cimetiere chinois de Kasunyatan a Banten Lama (fin XVIIe - debut XVIIIe s.), Archipel 1995 vol.50 pp.41-66
Louis Berthe, Aines et cadets : l'alliance et la hierarchie chez les Baduj (Java occidental), L'Homme 1965 vol.5.3 pp.189-223
The Osing-Osing, East Java, Indonesia, from Planet Mole
Article : Osing, from Wikipedia
A. Wahid, In the shadow of opium: The 'Pachtstelsel' and the political economy of colonial extractions in Java, 1850s-1890s, draft 2010
Religion General
Hinduism M. Duijker, The worship of Bhima, thesis Leiden 2010
G.J. Resink, Note javanaise. Vishnu a Yogyakarta : post-scriptum a l'article de J. Noorduyn (Archipel 31) Archipel 1988 vol.35 pp.19-20
J. Noorduyn, Vishnu a Yogyakarta : note additionelle, Archipel 1988 vol.35 p.21
Le Sultan Hamengkubuwana VIII et le Ramayana , Archipel 1990 vol.40 pp.11-14
De klassieke danskunst van Java, from bvgnet.nl, in Dutch
Article : Hinduism in Java, Wikipedia
Article : Prambanan, Wikipedia
Buddhism J. Breck, A Buddha Head from Java, The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 13 1918, IA
C. Leemans et al., Boro-Boedoer op het eiland Java vol.1, vol.3 1873, IA
I. Groneman et al., The Tyandi-Barabudur in central Java 1906, IA
Islam C. Poensen, Brieven over den Islam uit de binnenlanden van Java, 1886, IA
Gramberg, Jan Simon Gerardus, De sleutel van Madjapahit het Mohamedanisme tegenover de westersche beschaving in Indië, 1869, in Dutch, SBB
M.M. Mohd Zarif, Jawah hadith scholarship in the nineteenth century : a comparative study of the adaptions of Lubab al-Hadith composed by Nawawi of Banten (d.1314/1897) and Wan Ali of Kelantan (d. 1331/1913), thesis Edinburgh 2008
G. Facal, Reseaux d'autorite, islam, institutions politiques : Les "hommes forts" jawara de Banten (Indonesie), thesis Aix-Marseille 2012
S. Mulyati, Sufism in Indonesia : an analysis of Nawawi al-Banteni's Salalim al-Fudala , thesis McGill 1992
M.M. van Bruinessen, Shari'a court, tarekat and pesantren: religious institutions in the Banten sultanate, 2007
M.M. van Bruinessen, Najmuddin al-Kubra, Jumadil Kubra and Jamaluddin al-Akbar: Traces of Kubrawiyya influence in early Indonesian Islam 2007 (Sultanate Banten)
B.S. Budi, A Study on the History and Development of the Javanese Mosque Part 2: The Historical Setting and Role of the Javanese Mosque under the Sultanates, Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering vol.4 (2005) , No. 1 pp.1-8
A.G. Muhairmin, The Islamic Traditions of Cirebon. Ibadat and Adat among Javanese Muslims, diss. 2006
L.F. Brakel and H. Massarik, A Note on the Panjunan Mosque in Cirebon, Archipel 1982 vol.23 pp.119-134
Islam in Banten, blog entry by nunu dani 1998
M.C. Ricklefs, Islamising Java : The Long Shadow of Sultan Agung , Archipel 1998 vol.56 pp.469-482
M. Bonneff, La "Mosquee de pierre" (Masjid Selo) de Yogyakarta, Archipel 1985 vol.30 pp.31-38
M. Bonneff, Le kauman de Yogyakarta. Des fonctionnaires religieux convertis au reformisme et a l'esprit d'entreprise 1985 vol.30 pp.175-205
M. Bonneff, Le Kauman de Yogyakarta (2). Des entrepreneurs assujettis a leur ideal religieux, Archipel 1988 vol.36 pp.77-112
Christianity Die Einführung des Christenthums auf Java 1858, IA
B. Schuh, De zending op het eiland Java: schetsen uit mijn leven 1864, IA
Harthoorn, S. E., De evangelische zending en Oost-Java eene kritische bijdrage, 1863, SBB
Voorhoeve, Hermanus Cornelis, De evangelische zending op Oost-Java een woord naar aanleiding van: De evangelische zending en Oost-Java. Eene kritische bijdrage door S. E. Harthoorn, Oud-Zendeling., 1864, in Dutch, SBB
History of Regions geographic Java's Noordoostkust, from De V.O.C. site, in Dutch
B. Kanumoyoso, Beyond the city wall : society and economic development in the Ommelanden of Batavia, 1684-1740, thesis Leiden 2011
Central Java and the archipelago from the 8th to the 10th Century, from Network Indonesia
History of Central Java, from borobudur.tv
historic states
Sailendra Article : Sailendra (dynasty), Wikipedia, 8th-9th, possibly 7th to 11th century
Bali History : Java's Sailendra Dynasty, from Bali Vision
F. Bosch, Crivijaya, de Cailendra en de Sanjaya-vamca, BLTV 108 1952 pp.113-123
R. Jordaan, The Sailendras, the status of the Kshatriya theory, and the development of Hindu-Javanese architecture, BTLV 155 1999 pp.210-243
H. Sarkar, The Kings of Sri Sailam and the foundation of the Sailendra Dynasty of Indonesia, BTLV 141 1985 pp.323-338
Sunda 669-1579 (Pajajaran) Article : Sunda Kingdom, Wikipedia, Pajajaran, 669-1579
Claude Guillot, La necessaire relecture de l'accord luso-soundanais de 1522, Archipel 1991 vol.42 pp.53-76
Article : Medang Kingdom, Wikipedia, Mataram Kingdom, 752-1006
Merapi and the Demise of Mataram Kingdom, Java, Indonesia, blog entry on Indonesialogue 2008
Kahuripan 1019-1045 Article : Kahuripan (kingdom), Wikipedia, 1019-1045
Eastern Java and the archipelago from 1019 to 1292 (I), Eastern Java and the archipelago from 1019 to 1292 (II), from Network Indonesia
Kediri 1045-1221 Article : Kediri Kingdom, Wikipedia, 1045-1221
History of Kediri, East Java, from petra.ac.id
Eastern Java and the archipelago from 1019 to 1292 (I), Eastern Java and the archipelago from 1019 to 1292 (II), from Network Indonesia
History of Kediri Regency, from eastjava.com
Singhasari 1222-1292 Article : Singhasari (kingdom), Wikipedia, 1222-1292
Eastern Java and the archipelago from 1019 to 1292 (I), Eastern Java and the archipelago from 1019 to 1292 (II), from Network Indonesia
Majapahit 1293-1527 Article : Majapahit, Wikipedia, 1293-1527
Majapahit Kingdom, from Indahnesia
The Majapahit era., from Network Indonesia
J. Noorduyn, Majapahit in the 15th Century, BTLV 134 1978 pp.207-274
Kenneth R. Hall, Ritual Networks and Royal Power in Majapahit Java , Archipel 52 1996 pp.95-118
Kenneth R. Hall, Personal Status and Ritualized Exchange in Majapahit Java , Archipel 59 2000 pp.51-96
Cirebon 1445-1677 Article : The Sultanate of Cirebon, Wikipedia, 1445-1677
Demak 1475-1548 Article : Demak Sultanate, Wikipedia, 1475-1548
The Kingdom of Demak, from China History Forum
The Demak Kingdom, from The Sundanese
Banten 1527-1813 Article : Banten Sultanate, Wikipedia, 1527-1813
Timeline Banten XVI Century, from IAI Banten, in Bahasa Indonesia
Article : Sultanate of Banten
C. Guillot, L. Nurhakim, S. Wibisono, La principaute de Banten Girang, Archipel 1995 vol.50 pp.13-24
Banten, from Pesona Indonesia
Else Ensering, Banten in Times of Revolution, Archipel 1995 vol.50 pp.131-163
Anne Lombard-Jourdan et Denys Lombard, La premiere expedition des Français a Banten (1617), d'apres une lettre inedite du Sieur Andre, Archipel 1996 No.51 pp.53-65
Claude Guillot, La politique vivriere de Aultan Ageng (1651-1682) (of Banten), Archipel 1995 vol.50 pp.83-118
Claude Guillot, La necessaire relecture de l'accord Luso-soundanais de 1522, Archipel 1991, vol.42 pp.53-76
Claude Guillot, Banten en 1678, Archipel 1989 vol.37 pp.119-151
Sartono Kartodirdjo, Le leadership dans la revolte des paysans de Banten, 1888, Archipel 1995 vol.50 pp.123-130
Blambangan Article : Kingdom of Blambangan, Wikipedia, 1536-1580
Margana, Sri, Java's last frontier : the struggle for hegemony of Blambangan, c. 1763-1813, diss. Leiden 2007
Article : Banyuwangi : History, Wikipedia
History of Banyuwangi, from Banyuwangi Tourism, from Petranet
Mataram 1588-1755 Article : Mataram Sultanate, Wikipedia, 1588-1755
Surakarta 1755-1949 Article : Surakarta : History
De Wanordelijkheden in de Javasche Vorstenlanden, 1876, in Dutch, SBB
Surakarta, Brief History, by Christopher Buyers
Yogyakarta 1755-1949 Article : Yogyakarta Sultanate
De Wanordelijkheden in de Javasche Vorstenlanden, 1876, in Dutch, SBB
Yogyakarta, Brief History, by Christopher Buyers
Local History Bandung (Banten, Bantam) H. Michrob, A hypothetical reconstruction of the Islamic city of Banten, Indonesia , 1987, IA
History of Bandung, from Bandung City Homepage
Gewesten : Bantam, from V.O.C. Kenniscentrum, in Dutch
Bogor (Buitenzorg) Article : Bogor, Wikipedia
Cirebon (Cheribon) Handelsposten : Cheribon, from De V.O.C. site, in Dutch
Jakarta (Batavia, Jakatra) Batavia de Hoofdstad van Neerlands O. Indien, in derzelver Gelegenheid, Opkomst, voortreffelyke Gebouwen, hooge en laage Regeering, Geschiedenissen, Kerkzaaken, Koophandel, Zeden, Luchtgesteldheid, Ziekten, Dieren en Gewassen, Beschreven met Plaaten 3 vol.s, 1782, SBB
J.J. Ebert, Beschreibung und Geschichte der Hauptstadt in dem Holländischen Ostindien Batavia vol.1 1785, vol.3 1786, vol.4 1786, GB
A.W.P. Weitzel, Batavia in 1858, GB
W.R. van Hoëvell, Batavia in 1740: episode uit de geschiedenis van Neerland's Indië 1840, GB
Bisschop Grevelink, Arnoldus Hermanus, De Bataviasche Mei-beweging van 1848 in haren oorsprong en gevolgen herdacht, 1881, in Dutch, SBB
Beschrijving van de haven van Batavia "Tandjong priok", 1888, IA; Description of the harbour of Batavia, 'Tandjong Priok', 1888, SBB
De Nederlanders te Jakatra. Uit de bronnen, zoo uitgegevene als niet uitgegevene, 1860, in Dutch, IA
Gewesten : Batavia, from V.O.C. Kenniscentrum, in Dutch
Handelsposten : Batavia, from De V.O.C. site, in Dutch
History of Jakarta (Batavia), from Berita Jakarta, from Wikipedia
Semarang (Samarang) Article : Semarang, Wikipedia
Surabaya (Soerabaja) History of Surabaya (Soerabaja), from Wikipedia
Yogyakarta (Djokdjakarta, Jogyakarta) Article : Yogyakarta (city) : History, from Wikipedia
Jacques Dumarçay, Plered, capitale d'Amangkurat Ier, Archipel 1989 vol.37 pp.189-198
Institutions Article Soekarno-Hatta International Airport (Jakarta), from Wikipedia
Dutch East Indies, Indonesia, from Airline History
Culture K. With, Java; brahmanische, buddhistische und eigenlebige Architektur und Plastik auf Java, 1920, IA
De klassieke danskunst van Java, from bvgnet.nl, in Dutch
Buddhist Art and Architecture : The Temple of Borobudur, from buddhanet
Category : Borobudur, from Wikipedia
Alfred Foucher, Buddhist Art in Java (Fr. or. 1909, Engl. trsl. 1914), posted by borobudur.tv
Mark Long, In Pursuit of Sacred Science. An Architectural Survey of Borobudur, postyed by borobudur.tv
J. Vredenbregt, Dabus in West-Java, BTLV 129 2/3 (1973) pp.302-320
Regent of Cheribon, from Braun & Schneider 1861-1880, The History of Costume
Cirebon Arts
J. Talens, Ritual Power. The Installation of a King in Banten, West Java, 1697, BTLV 149/2, 1993, pp.333-353
Titik Pudjastuti, Letter Reading Ceremony on Sejarah Banten Text
J. Vredenbregt, Dabus in West-Java, BTLV 129 2/3 (1973) pp.302-320
The History of Batik in Mataram Kingdom, from Javanese Culture and Art Museum
Drs. Iskandarwassid, Le pantun soundanais. Quelques aspects historiques et culturels, Archipel 1976 vol.12 pp.121-146
J. Hostetler, Bedhaya Semang : The Sacred Dance of Yogyakarta, Archipel 1982 vol.24 pp.127-142
M. Bonneff, Le Renouveau d'un Rituel Royal : Les Garebeg a Yogyakarta, Archipel 1974 vol.8 pp.119-146
J. Noorduyn, The Etymology of the Name of Yogyakarta, Archipel 1986 vol.31 pp.87-96
C. Bigeon, Labuhan : Rite royal du kraton de Yogyakarta celebre sur la plage de Parangtritis, Archipel 1982 vol.24 pp.117-126
G.J. Resink, Le Sultan Hamengkubuwana VIII et le Ramayana , Archipel 1990 vol.40 pp.11-14
De klassieke danskunst van Java, from bvgnet.nl, in Dutch
Biographies Troostenburg de Bruijn, Caspar Adam Laurens, Biographisch woordenboek van Oost-Indische predikanten, 1893, in Dutch, SBB
Gabriel Rantoandro, Kiyai Ngabehi Kaytsu de Banten, shahbandar de son etat et "passeur" occasionnel, Archipel 1998 vol.56 pp.251-271
G.W.C. Drewes, Short notice on the story of Haji Mangsur of Banten, Archipel 1995 vol.50 pp.119-122
Articles Kertanegara of Singhasari, Ken Arok, from Wikipedia
Environmental History Indo-Malayan Ecoregion, from WWF
Anonymous, Krakatau en de Straat Sunda, Landen en Volken 1886, Project Gutenberg
I.L.M. Stuijts, Late pleistocene and holocene vegetation of West Java, Indeonesia, thesis Groningen 1993
10,000 Years of explosive eruptions of Merapi Volcano, Central Java : archaeological and modern implications, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 100 2000 pp.9-50
Article : Krakatoa, Wikipedia
Archaeology The Digital Archaeological Record (tDAR)
ABIA South and Southeast Asian Art and Archaeology Index, Project at IGNCA, New Delhi; ABIA Website
S. Noerwidi, Archaeological Research at Kendeng Lembu, East Java, Indonesia, Bulletin of the Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association 29, 2009 pp.26-32
J.S.E. Yuwono, Late Pleistocene to Mid-Holocene Coastal and Iinland Interaction in the Gunung Sewu Karst, Yogyakarta, IPPA Bulletin 29, 2009: pp.33-44

Historical Data . Statistical Data . Documents Newspapers . Yearbooks . Image Databanks . Archival Deposits . Laws . Historiography
Document Collections . Historical Maps . Historical Encyclopedia Articles . Travelogues . Institutions . National Symbols
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen Indonesia : Princely States : Bantam, Cirebon, Surakarta, Yogyakarta, from World Statesmen
Indonesia, Traditional Polities, from Rulers; scroll down for Java, Cirebon
Lists of Bishops Article : Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Jakarta, from Wikipedia, has Apostolic Prefects (-1826)/Apostolic Vicars (-1961)/Archbishops of Batavia/Jakarta (since 1961) since 1808
Statistical Data Population Statistics Dr. A.J. Gooszen (2000), Population census in VOC-Batavia, DANS, covers period 1673-1793; access restricted
A.H. Bollemeijer (1982), Demography of Batavia, 1689-1789, DANS, access restricted
Various Data Siddharth Chandra, 2009-04-17, "Replication data for: Diseases in Java, 1930-1937", http://hdl.handle.net/1902.1/15291 World Historical Dataverse
Siddharth Chandra, 2009-07-28, "Replication data for: Rice Production and Price Data for Java, Netherlands East Indies, 1856 & 1857", http://hdl.handle.net/1902.1/15297 World-Historical Dataverse
Image Databanks Geheugen van Nederland; site in Dutch; especially collection Moluccan history and culture in pictures
Tropenmuseum, Amsterdam; Rijksmuseum voor Volkenkunde, Leiden; Maritiem Digitaal (Dutch Maritime Musea); Leiden University Digital Sources (mostly images); Wikimedia Commons; Atlas of Mutual Heritage
Koleksi Foto, from Indonesian National Library, site in Bahasa Indonesia
Stichting Pelita, Beeldbank Virtueel Indië
Archival Deposits
Indonesian Provenience Manuscript Collection, from Indonesian National Library, Koleksi Digital
Chijs, Jacobus Anne van der, Inventaris van 's lands archief te Batavia (1602-1816), 1882, posted by Aceh Books, in Dutch
Dutch Provenience Search ARCHIEVEN.NL
Universiteit Leiden, South Ease Asia Collections
Memories van Overgave, from IDC Publishers; pdf file contains table of contents
E. Schwidder, E. Vermeij, Guide to the Asian Collections at the International Institute of Social History (IISG 2007) [400 page file]
ING, Repertorium van Zendings- en Missiearchieven, Circa 1800-1960 2007
British Provenience National Archives (UK) Catalogue, Java
British Library, Indonesian Manuscripts
Laws J.A. van der Chijs (ed.), Nederlandsch-Indisch Plakaatboek 1602-1811, vol.1 1885, covers 1602-1642, vol.2 1886, covers 1642-1677, vol.5 1888, covers 1743-1750, vol.6 1889, covers 1750-1754, vol.7 1890, covers 1755-1764, vol.8 1891, covers 1765-1775, vol.10 1892, covers 1776-1787, vol.11 1893, covers 1788-1794, vol.12 1894, covers 1795-1799, vol.13 1895, covers 1800-1803, vol.14 1895, covers 1804-1808, vol.15 1896, covers 1808-1809, vol.16, 1897, covers 1810-1811, vol.17 1900, systematic index, IA
Resume van het bij gouvernements besluit van 10 Julij 1867 no. 2 bevolen onderzoek naar de regten van den inlander op den grond in de residentie Bantam, 1871, in Dutch, SBB
Treaties J.E. Heeres (ed.), Corpus Diplomaticum Neerlando-Indicum, Verzameling van politieke contracten en verdere Verdragen door de Nederlanders in het Oosten gesloten, van Privilegiebrieven aan hen verleend, enz., vol.1 1907, covering 1596-1650, posted on Internet Archive; here English-language ToC
Document Surveys British Library, Help for Researchers, Indonesian Studies
N. Heer, A List of Malay Manuscript Catalogues, 2010
Malay Concordance Project
Document Collections
Indonesian Provenience Thesaurus of Indonesian Islamic Manuscripts (T2IM)
Manuscript Collection, from Indonesian National Library, Koleksi Digital
GRETIL - Göttingen Register of Electronic Texts in Indian Languages and related Indological materials from Central and Southeast Asia
Digital Library of Malay Manuscripts
Titjik Pudjiastuti, Letters of the Sultans of Banten in the National Archives of the Republic of Indonesia, Sari 23 (2005) pp.123-135, posted on docstoc
E.S. Ekadjati, Sundanese Manuscripts. Their Existence, Functions and Contents, pp.124-134 in Repository, Tokyo University of Foreign Studies
Claudine et Denys Lombard-Salmon, A propos de quelques steles chinoises recemment retrouves a Banten, Archipel 1975 vol.9 pp.99-127
Jorge Manuel dos Santos Alves, L'inscription du padrao de Banten (1522) , Archipel 1994 vol.47 pp.23-34
Claude Guillot, Les fouilles archeologiques de Banten Girang (Java-Ouest, Indonesie), Bulletin de l'Ecole Française d'Extreme Orient 1993 vol.80 pp.298-302
Viviane Sukarde-Tessier, Note sur les manuscrits soundanais (Java-Ouest), Bulletin de l'ecole française d'extreme-orient 1992 vol.79.1 pp.277-280
J. Noorduyn, Holle, Van der Tuuk, and Old Sundanese Epigraphy : the Cikajang and Kawali Inscriptions, Bulletin de l'ecole française d'extreme-orient 1988 vol.77 pp.303-314
Dutch Provenience Letters by Stephen van der Haghen, 1599-1620, trsl. by P. Bakker
Het Nederlandsch gezag over Java en onderhoorigheden sedert 1811. Verzameling van onuitgegeven stukken uit de koloniale en andere arhieven. 1. deel, 1811-1820 1891, IA
Daghregister Batavia 1683, 1684, 1685, 1686, 1687, 1688, 1689, 1690, 1691, 1692, 1693, 1694, 1695, 1696, 1697, 1698, 1699, 1700, 1701, 1702, 1703, 1704, 1705, 1706, 1707, 1708, 1709, 1710, ANRI Arsip Nasional Republik Indonesia (ANRI, Indonesia's National Archive; website in Bahasa Indonesia)
Batavia Daghregisters 1623, 1647-1648, 1659, 1664, 1670, 1678, IA
Tiele, Pieter Anton; Heeres, Jan Ernst, Bouwstoffen voor de geschiedenis der Nederlanders in den Maleischen Archipel, 1886, posted by Aceh Books, in Dutch; here English-language ToC
De Opkomst van het Nederlandsch Gezag in Oost-Indië, 1st Series, 1595-1610, Vol.2 1595-1602, 1864, IA, Dito, 1st Series, 1595-1610, Vol.3 1605-1610, 1865, IA, Dito, 1st Series, Java 1612-1622, Volume 1 1869, IA, Dito, 1st Series, Java 1623-1650, Volume 2 1870, IA, Dito, 1st Series, Java 1677-1684, Volume 4 1873, IA, Dito, 1st Series, Java 1685-1710, Volume 5 1875, IA, Dito, 1st Series, Java 1717-1743, Volume 6 1877, IA, Dito, 1st Series, Java 1743-1767 Volume 7 1878, IA, Dito, 1st Series, Java 1764-1781 Volume 8 1883, IA, Dito, 1st Series, Java 1781-1799 Volume 9 1884, IA, Dito, 1st Series, Java 1799-1811, Volume 10 1888, IA, Alphabetic Index 1888, IA
H.G. Nahuys van Burgst, Verzameling van officiële rapporten, betreffende den oorlog op Java in de jaren 1825-1830, vol.1, 1835, vol.2, 1835, in Dutch, GB
Individual Documents
Historical Maps
Modern, Hindsight
Historical Polities R. Cribb, Digital Atlas of Indonesian History :
Airlangga's Kingdom, 11th Century, Singhasari's Empire Outside Java, Majapahit's Empire on Java, Majapahit's Overseas Empire, Java, the first half of the 16th century - the Rise of Demak, Java 1550-1594, Java 1595-1625, Mataram at the height of its power, early 17th century, Java in turmoil, 1676-1681: the Trunajaya rebellion, Mataram truncated: Amangkurat II and his rivals, 1681-1704, Mataram's Overseas Empire, (Central) Java after the Treaty of Giyanti, 1755, Java 1705-1768 : The Expansion of Dutch Rule, Java War 1825-1830, Princely states (Vorstenlanden) of central Java after 1830, VOC civil administration in central and east Java, 1792
Mapas Imperiales, scans, scroll down for Imperio de Kediri, Imperio de Majapahit, Imperio Islamico de Mataram, Imperio de Mataram, Imperio de Singhasari
Map : Srivijaya, Kediri and Champa 12th C., from Wikipedia
Map : Sunda Kingdom, from Wikipedia
Map : Mataram 1830, from Wikipedia
Map of Majapahit Empire
Administrative Divisions R. Cribb, Digital Atlas of Indonesian History :
(Central) Javanese territories ceded to the colonial governments of Daendels and Raffles, 1808-1812, Java Administrative Divisions at the conclusion of Daendels' rule (1811), 1832-1860, 1867-1900, 1901-1924, 1925-1931, Administrative Divisions in Central Java 1857, 1931, Jawa Tengah Administrative Divisions 2007, Yogyakarta Administrative Divisions 2007, Administrative Divisions in Eastern Java 1857, 1931, West Java : Colonial Political Divisions, 1730-1808, Administrative Divisions in West Java, Mid 19th Century, 1931, Jawa Barat Administrative Division 2007, Banten Administrative Division 2007,
Economy R. Cribb, Digital Atlas of Indonesian History :
Opium Monopoly in Java in 1881, Areas of Java under irrigated rice cultivation (sawah), ca 1937,
Religion R. Cribb, Digital Atlas of Indonesian History :
Islamization of Java 1480-1546,
Infrastructure R. Cribb, Digital Atlas of Indonesian History :
Rijklof van Goens' description of main roads in Mataram, 1648-1654, Dandels' Postroad on Java,
Contemporary Leen Helmink, The Secret Atlas of the Dutch East India Company
Bantam, from Atlas of Mutual Heritage
Jogyakarta, from Atlas of Mutual Heritage
Surakarta, from Atlas of Mutual Heritage
Batavia 1888, Wikimedia Commons
Batavia 1897, 1914, PCL, UTexas
Batavia 1920, 1935, Niehorster
Soerabaja 1897, 1914, PCL, UTexas
Soerabaja 1935, Niehorster
R. Cribb, Digital Atlas of Indonesian History :
Languages of Java
Muturzikin, Linguistic Map of Java
Encyclopedia Entries
Secular Articles Java, Batavia, Dschokdschokarta, Surabaja, Surakarta, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Article Jokjakarta, from EB 1911
Article Java, in Pierer's Universal-Lexikon 1857-1865, in German
Article Java, Dschokdschokarta, Surakarta, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1902-1909, in German
Economic Commerce de Java, pp.1306-1314 in J. Savary de Brulons, Dictionnaire universel de commerce, 1765, in French, GB
of Java, pp.672-678 in W. Beawes, Lex Mercatoria Rediviva : or, The Merchant's Directory, 1773, GB
Batavia, p.37 in vol.2 of S. Ricard, Traite general du commerce, 1781, in French, GB
Das Königreich Cheribon, p.336 in J. Beckmann, Physikalisch-Ökonomische Bibliothek, 1795, in German, GB
J. Chr. Nelkenbrecher, Allgemeines Taschenbuch der Münz-, Maass- und Gewichtskunde für Banquiers und Kaufleute (General Manual on Coinage, Measurement and Weights, for Bankers and Merchants) Berlin 1832, in German, entries Bantam, Batavia, Surabaya, posted by DTBSWS
Geographical JAVA IN GENERAL
The Present State of the Sunda Islands. Chapter III. Treats the Island of Java and the City of Batavia, pp.168-185 in vol.1 of Th. Salmon, Modern History or the Present State of All Nations, 1744, GB
L'Ile de Java, pp.146-195 in Gr.L.D. de Rienzi, Oceanie, ou cinquieme partie du monde 1836, in French, GB
Bantam, pp.131-134, in A. Huysers, Beknopte beschryving der Oostindische etablissementen, 1792, in Dutch, GB
Directions for Sailing through the Straits of Sunda, to Bantam and Batavia, pp.415-417 in J. Huddart, The Oriental Navigator, 1801, GB
Article : Bantam, p.138 in vol.1 of J.E. Worcester, A Geographical Dictionary or Universal Gazetteer, Ancient and Modern, 1823, GB
Kingdom of Bantam, p.320 in vol.2 of C. Malte-Brun, Universal Geography : or A Description of All Parts of the World, 1827, GB
Bantam, pp.95-107 in vol.2 of A.J. van der Aa, Aardrijkskundig Woordenboek der Nederlanden, 1839, in Dutch, GB
Article : Bantam (p.38), Lampung (pp.205-206), from John Crawfurd, A Descriptive Dictionary of the Indian Islands & Adjacent Countries 1856, posted on Internet Archive
Le Royaume de Tsieribon, p.47 in vol.4 of A.A. Bruzen de la Martiniere, Le grand dictionnaire geographique et critique, 1732, in French, GB
Article : Charabon, in : J. Walker, Universal Gazetteer, unpaginated, 1807,. GB
Kingdom of Cheribon, p.454 in C. Malte-Brun, Universal Geography, or a Description of All the Parts of the World, 1822, GB
Article : Cheribon, p.383 in vol.1 of J.E. Worcester, A Geographical Dictionary or Universal Gazetteer, Ancient and Modern, 1823, GB
Articles : Cheribon, pp.70- in vol.3 of A.J. van der Aa, Aardrijkskundig Woordenboek der Nederlanden, 1841, in Dutch, GB
Article : Mataram, p.430 in J.B. Ladvocat, Dictionnaire geographique-portatif, 1776, in French, GB
Kingdom of Mataram, p.321 in vol.2 of C. Malte-Brun, Universal Geography : or a Description of All Parts of the World, 1827, GB
Etats de l'Empereur et du Sultan, p.156 in Gr.L.D. de Rienzi, Oceanie, ou cinquieme partie du monde, 1836, in French, GB
Soerakarta, pp.243-246 in Ph.P. Roorda van Eysinga, Aardrijksbeschrijving van Nederlandsch Indië, 1838, in Dutch, GB
Articles : Soerakarta, pp.838-840 in vol.10 of A.J. van der Aa, Aardrijkskundig Woordenboek der Nederlanden, 1847, in Dutch, GB
Djocjokarta, pp.248-250 in Ph.P. Roorda van Eysinga, Aardrijksbeschrijving van Nederlandsch Indië, 1838, in Dutch, GB
Articles : Djocjokarta, pp.347-349 in vol.3 of A.J. van der Aa, Aardrijkskundig Woordenboek der Nederlanden, 1841, in Dutch, GB
Ethnographical Java, pp.192-197 in S. Morewood, A Philosophical and Statistical History of the Inventions and Customs of Ancient and Modern Nations in the Manufacture and Use of Inebriating Liquors, 1838, GB
Historical Java, pp.273-290 in vol.1 of A.A. Bruzen de la Martiniere, Introduction a l'histoire de l'Asie, de l'Afrique, et de l'Amerique, 1735, in French, GB
Java, pp.239-290 in F.M. de Marsy, Histoire moderne des Chinois, des Japonnois, des Indiens, des Persans, des Turcs, des Russiens etc. (vol.5 of Histoire Moderne), 1766, in French, GB
State of the King of Bantam's Dominions, p.392-399 in vol.32 of An Universal history, from the earliest account of time, 1759, GB
Java, pp.239-240 in vol.64 of G. Sale, An Universal History, from the Earliest Account of Time, 1765, GB
Java, pp.384-385 in vol.2 of S. Maunder, The history of the world: comprising a general history, 1856, GB
Ethnographical Lois, gouvernement, justice, police, moeurs & caractere des habitants de Bantam, pp.282-288 in C. Dorville, Histoire des differens peuples du monde, 1770, in French, GB
Parliamentary Debates Staten Generaal Digitaal (Dutch Parliament, 1900-1994)
Hansard (British Parliament)
Dagverhaal der handelingen van het Vertegenwoordigend lichaam des Bataafschen Volks, vol.1, 1798, vol.4, 1799, vol.5, 1799, vol.8, 1800, vol.9, 1800, vol.10, 1800, vol.11, 1801, vol.12, 1801, vol.13, 1801, in Dutch, GB
Exhibition Catalogues Verslag van de in 1865, te Batavia gehouden tentoonstelling van grondstoffen en nijverheidsvoortbrengselen uit den Indischen archipel .. 1867, GB
Tour Guides Tourist Guide : Java, the Wonderland (1900), IA
J.F. van Bommelen, Guide through Netherlands India 1903, IA
L.F.M. Schulze, Führer auf Java: Ein Handbuch für Reisende 1890, IA
Travelogues Rijklof van Goens, Reijsbeschrijving van den weg uijt Samarangh, nae de konincklijke hoofdplaets Mataram, mitsgaders de zeeden, gewoonten ende regeringe van den sousouhoenan, groot machtichste koningk van't eijlant Java [1666], BTLV 4 1856, IA; 1667 edition, IA
Reis van den Gouverneur-Generaal van Imhoff, over Java, in het jaar 1746, BTLV 1 1853, IA
Resident Memoirs
Institutions Archives Arsip Nasional Republik Indonesia (ANRI, National Archive); in Bahasa Indonesia
Musea Museum Nasional Indonesia
Yogyakarta : Museum & Monument, from YogYes
Monuments J.F. Scheltema, Monumental Java, 1912, IA
Brumund, J.Fr.G.H., Wolter Robert, Ueber Alterthuemer des Ostindischen Archipels insbesondere die Hindu-Alterthuemer und Tempelruinen auf Java, Madura und Bali, 1859, in German, SBB
Hageman, Johannes, Het ontworpen standbeeld voor Jan Pieterszoon Koen te Batavia tegenover de geschiedenis, 1868, in Dutch, SBB
Kasepuhan Palace : The Legacy of Cirebon's Oldest Sultanate, by Yovita Suswati
Cilacap resident stumbles upon site of ancient Padjadjaran Kingdom, The Jakarta Post Sept. 13th 2008
Yogyakarta : Museum & Monument, from YogYes
Article : Gunung Padang Megalithic Site, Wikipedia
Article : Prambanan, Wikipedia, 9th century Hindu temple
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms
Coins, Banknotes J.P. van Bosse, Academisch proefschrift over het muntwezen op Java 1863, IA
Coins, British Occupation of Java, Bantam, Cheribon, Sailendra, Majapahit, from Oriental Coins Database

Bibliographies . Online Libraries . Thesis Servers . Online Journals . General Accounts . Specific Topics . Historical Dictionaries . Statistical Data . Yearbooks
Bibliographies Malayan Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society (MBRAS)
ISBN Database
RHS Bibliography
Catalogus van boeken, kaarten, atlassen en andere drukwerken in voorraad bij 's Lands Depot van Leermiddelen te Batavia 1888, SBB
Supplement op den catalogus van het jaar 1888 van boeken, kaarten enz. in voorraad bij 's Lands Depot te Weltevreden 1889, SBB
Catalogus van het depot van leermiddelen te Weltevreden vol.1 1890, suppl. 2 vol., 1892, 1893, SBB
Merapi Volcano Scientific Bibliography
Bibliography, from Cirebon Arts
Online Libraries Gutenberg Library Online, Internet Archive
Persee (French search engine)
Sejarah Melayu Library
Thesis Server Open Access Theses and Dissertations
Registry of Open Access Repositories, Indonesia
Narcis (server for theses from the Netherlands)
Online Journals Directory of Open Access Journals
Archipel, use Persee (French search engine)
Archipel 1971-2004 (French search engine)
BTLV 1853-1908, 1853-2009
Institute of the Malay World and Civilization, Sari 1999-2009, partly in English, partly in Bahasa Malaysia
Bulletin of the Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association 1979-
Bulletin of the Society for East Asian Archaeology (BSEAA) 2007-
Moussons. Recherche en sciences humaines sur l'Asie du Sud-Est
General Accounts On Southeast Asia Nicholas Tarling, The Cambridge History of Southeast Asia, 4 vol.s, Cambridge : UP (1992) 1999, KMLA Lib.Sign. 959 T188c
On Borneo Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th edition, Macropaedia, Vol.21, pp.213-245 Article Indonesia KMLA Lib.Sign. R 032 B862h v.21
Steven Drakeley, The History of Indonesia, Westport CT : Greenwood 2005, KMLA Lib.Sign. 959.8 0763h
Specific Topics
Historical Atlasses Jan M. Pluvier, Historical Atlas of Southeast Asia, Leiden : Brill 1995 [G]
Yearbook Entries

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