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Literature on the History of South East Asia
Brunei British North Borneo
Last revised on May 5th 2002, last revised on May 2nd 2010







Historically the territory of Sarawak State used to belong to the Sultanate of Brunei. In 1842 Briton James Brooke, for services to the Sultan, was appointed hereditary Raja of Sarawak. The territory under the Brooke Dynasty expanded (reducing the territory of the Sultan of Brunei to a fragment of its former extension). De facto, the Rajadom of Sarawak was a British protectorate.
After several years of Japanese occupation (1942-1945), Charles Vyner Brooke in 1946 ceded his family's rights to the British government, and Sarawak became a crown colony. The thinly populated Sarawak was threatened by Indonesia's Konfrontasi Policy (1962-1963). In 1963, Sarawak, North Borneo, Singapore and the Federation of Malaya joined to form Malaysia.

Timeline : Sarawak
Historical Atlas, Sarawak






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DIRECTORY OF INTERNET SOURCES . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Country Profiles from Wikipedia
The Rajahate of Sarawak, 1875, IA
Links General Sarawak links, by Ted Pack, from Rengah Sarawak
on History
Historical Dictionaries
Organizations International Association of Historians of Asia (IAHA)
Japan Society for Southeast Asian Studies (JSSEAS)
The International Center for East Asian Archaeology and Cultural History (ICEAACH)
Finnish University Network for East and Southeast Asian Studies
Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society
Sarawak Heritage Society (no website found, May 7th 2010; contact info here
Timelines see here
Search Google News Archive for Sarawak, click Timeline
Accounts of History History of Sarawak, from Sarawak Tourism
Rajah Brooke and 19th C Sarawak, from Ohio University Library
Article White Rajahs, from Wikipedia
Politics A. Ireland, The far eastern tropics : studies in the administration of tropical dependencies : Hong Kong, British North Borneo, Sarawak, Burma, the Federated Malay states, the Straits settlements, French Indo-China, Java, the Phillipine islands, 1905, IA
S. Osman, H.U. Kueh, Land Administration, Land Management and Spatial Information in Sarawak, Malaysia, 2010
Military The War against Sukarno. Borneo 1962-1966, from Britain's Small Wars
Malaysia, from Land orces of Britain, the Empire and Commonwealth
H. Keppel, The expedition to Borneo of H.M.S. Dido for the suppression of piracy : with extracts from the journal of James Brooke, esq., of Sarawak vol.1, 1846, vol.2, 1847, IA
J. Brooke, Narrative of events in Borneo and Celebes, down to the occupation of Labuan : from the journals of James Brooke esq., rajah of Sarawak, and governor of Labuan. Together with a narrative of the operations of H. M. S. Iris, vol.1, 1848, vol.2, 1848, IA
Article : Royal Ranger Regiment, from Wikipedia
Economy & Finances A Global History of Currencies : Sarawak
Harold Brookfield, Lesley Potter, and Yvonne Byron In Place of the Forest : Environmental and Socio-economic Transformation in Borneo and the Eastern Malay Peninsula, UNU 1995
H. Low, Sarawak; Its Inhabitants and Productions : Being Notes During a Residence in that Country, 1848, IA
Ethnography Languages of Malaysia (141), from Ethnologue
Minorities at Risk, scroll down for Malaysia - Chinese, East Indians
World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples : Malaysia
H.L. Roth, The natives of Sarawak and British North Borneo, 1896, IA
H. Low, Sarawak; Its Inhabitants and Productions : Being Notes During a Residence in that Country, 1848, IA
N. Denyson, Jottings made during a tour amongst the Land Dyaks of upper Sarawak, Borneo, during the year, 1874, 1879, IA
Religion Bornean Religions, from Overview of World Religions
Local History History of Kuching, from Wikipedia
Institutions History, from Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Borneo, from Airline History
Biography G. LeGrand Jacob, The Raja of Sarawak : An account of Sir James Brooke, K.C.B.,LL.D., given chiefly through letters and journals vol.1, 1876, vol.2, 1876, IA
Sp.St. John, The Life of Sir James Brooke, Rajah of Sarawak, 1879, IA
R.H. Newell, There was once a man. A story, 1884, IA
Sp.St. John, Rajah Brooke; the Englishman as ruler of an eastern state, 1909, IA
Others Indo-Malayan Ecoregion, from WWF

DIRECTORY OF INTERNET SOURCES . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon); from Rulers (B. Schemmel), scroll down for Sarawak
Genealogical Gleanings : Sarawak
Population Figures Malaysia : historical demographical data of the administrative divisions, from Population Statistics at Univ. Utrecht; has population data for Sarawak from 1901 onward
Documents Historical Newspapers Kranten Historisch [historical newspapers]
[On the] Sarawak Gazette, from Amazing Sarawak (1870-)
Image Databanks Sejarah Melayu Gallery
Malaysia Design Archive
Wikimedia Commons
Archival Deposits Digital Library Malaysia
National Archives (UK)
Search Janus for Sarawak
Search New Zealand Electronic Text Centre for Sarawak
Pandora, Australia's Web Archive, browse for Sarawak
Search ARCHIEVEN.NL for Sarawak
Papers of the Brookes of Sarawak kept in Rhodes House Library, Oxford (1), Borneo Research Bulletin 1999
Constitutions, Laws
Treaties
Document Collections Vital New Documents on the Formation of Malaysia (1945-1965), from Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
The Private Letters of Sir James Brooke, K.C.B., Rajah of Sarawak vol.1, vol.2, vol.3, 1853, IA
Historical Maps see here
Parliamentary Debates Hansard (British Parliament)
Hansard Parlimen Malaysia 1959-
Tour Guides, Travelogues W.H. Treacher, British Borneo: Sketches of Brunai, Sarawak, Labuan, and North Borneo, 1891, IA
N. Denyson, Jottings made during a tour amongst the Land Dyaks of upper Sarawak, Borneo, during the year, 1874, 1879, IA
Residence Memoirs H. Low, Sarawak; Its Inhabitants and Productions : Being Notes During a Residence in that Country, 1848, IA
Charles Rajah of Sarawak, Ten Years in Sarawak, vol.1, 1866, vol.2, 1866, IA
H.B. McDougall, Sketches of our Life at Sarawak, n.d. (1882 ?), IA
Margaret Brooke, My Life in Sarawak, 1913, IA
Historical
Encyclopedia Entries
Secular from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German, posted by Retro Bibliothek
from EB 1911
Religious from Catholic Encyclopedia (Borneo)
Economic Handelsberichte der kaufmännischen Begleiter der Ostindischen Expedition (Mercantile Reports by Traders Accompanying the Prussian East Asian Expedition), Berlin : Königliche Geheime Ober-Druckerei 1861, posted by DTBSWS : Fr. Wolff : Sarawak, p.22
Geographical E.G. Balfour, The cyclopaedia of India and of Eastern and Southern Asia, commercial, industrial, and scientific; products of the mineral, vegetable, and animal kingdoms, useful arts and manufactures (1885), vol.1, vol.2, vol.3, posted on Internet Archive; search for Sarawak
Historical
Institutions Archives Archive and Library Division, from Sarawak Museum
Musea Lists, Links Museums in Malaysia
Sarawak Museums
Musea Museum Websites
Monuments Tentative Lists : Malaysia, World Heritage List, scroll down for Malaysia, from UNESCO World Heritage
Malaysia Index, from Showcaves
Libraries Libraries in Malaysia, from LibDex
Sarawak State Library
National Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW; Civic Arms from International Civic Arms
Coins, Banknotes Banknotes of Sarawak; further banknotes from Tomchao; Banknotes of Malaya and British Borneo from World Paper Money
Images of Sarawak coins, from Dan's Virtual Coin Collection, scroll down; from Coin Pictures
Stamps Sarawak stamps 1869-1932, from Stamps Catalogue 1840-1920 by Evert Klaseboer
The Sarawak Specialists Society, philatelic website

PRINTED REFERENCE
Bibliographies general Datenbasis Internationale Beziehungen und Länderkunde (Data Base on International Relations and Country Studies) (site in German, most titles listed in English; numerous entries; publications mostly since 1970)
RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
ISBN Database
DBNG .
on Malaysia Malayan Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society (MBRAS)
on Borneo Index of Borneo Research Bulletin, -2006
Borneo Bibliography 1999, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, from Borneo Research Bulletin
Books & Articles on Borneo, from Krul Antiquarian Books, commercial site
Butterfields¡¯ June Sale of Fine Books & Manuscripts Features Harold & Agnes Keith Collection of Borneo and Southeast Asian Literature, from e-borneo
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
e-corpus
International Boundary Studies, search for Malaysia
on Malaysia Digital Library Malaysia
Theses Server Malaysian Theses Online
South East Asian Studies, Student Theses, from Ohio University
ISEAS Working Papers, Back Issues 2000-2003
Online Journals South East Asia Journals, from ELIN-NIAS; Indonesia Journals, from ELIN-NIAS; Search Electronic Journals Online for Thailand
Journal of Southeast Asian History 1960-1969, Journal of Southeast Asian Studies 2009-, from Cambridge Journals Online (require registration)
ASEAS (Austrian Journal of South East Asian Studies), open access, 2008-
Asia Insights, from NIAS, 2002-
Southeast Asian Studies 1963-, mostly in Japanese
Explorations, 1997- Graduate Student Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, CSEAS, Univ. of Hawaii
The Sarawak Museum Journal, vol.3 1925, IA
General Accounts on SE Asia Nicholas Tarling, The Cambridge History of Southeast Asia, 4 vol.s, Cambridge : UP (1992) 1999, KMLA Lib.Sign. 959 T188c
Articles : Sarawak pp.487-489, in : James Minahan, Nations without States, A Historical Dictionary of Contemporary National Movements, Westport CT : Greenwood 1996 [G]
Statistical Data IHS : B.R. Mitchell, International Historical Statistics. Africa, Asia & Oceania 1750-2000, London : Palgrave 2003 [G]
Yearbook Entries Britannica Book of the Year Borneo, 1942 p.107, 1946 p.133, 1947 pp.135-136, North Borneo, 1948 p.534, 1949 p.472, British Borneo, 1950 p.126, 1951 p.123, 1952 p.131, 1953 pp.121-122, 1954 pp.119-120, 1955 p.180, 1956 p.119, 1957 pp.178-179, 1958 p.119, 1959 p.120, 1960 pp.120-121, 1961 pp.119-120, 1962 pp.107-108
Statesman's Year-Book Borneo (British), 1895 pp.101-103, 1898 pp.101-102, 1901 pp.110-112, 1902 pp.113-116, 1904 pp.113-116, 1905 pp.113-116, 1906 pp.115-118, 1907 pp.117-120, 1910 pp.101-103, 1912 pp.106-109, 1918 pp.96-99, 1919 pp.101-104, 1924 pp.104-107, 1925 pp.107-108, 1926 pp.95-98, 1928 pp.98-99, 1929 pp.96-99, 1932 pp.98-100, 1933 pp.100-102, 1937 pp.103-106, 1942 pp.89-93, 1943 pp.90-93, 1961-1962 pp.244-250
(New) Int'l Yearbook Borneo, 1898 p.112, 1899 pp.123-124, 1900 pp.131-132, Sarawak, 1907 p.707, 1908 p.638, 1909 p.639, 1913 p.620, 1914 pp.667-668, 1916 p.660, 1918 p.623, 1919 p.601, 1920 p.611, 1921 p.646, 1922 p.658, 1923 pp.678-679, 1924 p.668, 1925 p.630, 1926 p.669, 1928 p.678, 1929 p.745, 1930 p.706, 1931 p.731, 1932 pp.742-743, 1933 p.738, 1934 p.639, 1935 p.656, 1938 p.667, 1939 p.694, British Malaya, Events of 1940 pp.90-91, 1941 pp.82-83, 1942 pp.94-95, 1943 pp.81-82, 1944 pp.83-84, Sarawak 1947 pp.563-565
Americana Annual Borneo, British - Sarawak, 1927 pp.109-110, 1928 pp.100-101, 1930 pp.115-116, 1931 p.113, 1932 p.110, 1933 pp.100-101, 1934 p.112, 1935 p.104, 1936 p.92, 1937 p.81, 1938 pp.83-84, 1939 p.90, 1940 p.78, 1943 pp.104-105, 1944 pp.97-98, Borneo - Sarawak, 1945 pp.99-100, 1946 pp.105-107, 1947 pp.88-89, 1950 pp.80-81, 1951 p.78, 1952 p.79, 1953 p.78, 1954 p.78, 1957 pp.93-94, 1958 p.92, 1959 pp.89-90, 1960 p.90, 1961 p.85, 1962 pp.82-83, 1963 p.95
Other Article : Sarawak, in : Funk & Wagnall's New Standard Encyclopedia Year Book 1932 p.462, 1933 p.467, 1934 p.473, 1935 pp.470-471, 1936 p.445, 1937 p.449, 1938 p.451, 1946 p.360, 1952 p.360, 1961 p.297 [G]