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Maguindanao Brunei
First posted on May 9th 2002, last revised on May 14th 2010

The Sultanate of Sulu was established in 1450. In 1658 (or 1603) it acquired much of present Sabah from the Sultanate of Brunei. In 1885 the territory in Sabah was ceded to the British North Borneo Company.
The Sultanate of Sulu successfully resisted attempts by the Spanish Philippines to annex it.
The Spanish-American War of 1898 resulted in the cession of the Philippines by Spain to the U.S.; the Sultan of Sulu signed a treaty with the U.S. which turned Sulu into a U.S. protectorate. In 1936 Sultan Jamal ul Kiram II. ceded his powers to the U.S.

Alternative spellings : Sulu, Sooloo

Timeline : Sulu

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Country Profiles Current Articles Sultanate of Sulu, Sulu Archipelago, from Wikipedia
Sulu, from Philippine Provincial Profile
Historical Chapter IX : Sooloo and the Sooloos, pp.112-122 in : Ada Pryer and Joseph Hatton, A Decade in Borneo, 1894, posted on Internet Archive
Links Category : Moro, from Wikipedia
Portals Southeast Asian Archaeology Newsblog
Timelines Historical Chronology of the Royal Sultanate of Sulu, by Josiah C. Ang
Jolo - Chronology of Moro Resistance, by Madge Kh
Search Google News Archive for Sulu, click Timeline
Accounts of History Articles Sultanate of Sulu
The Bangsamoro History, from Bangsamoro.info (tendentious, caution advised)
A Short History of Sulu, from Royal Sulu (tendentious, caution advised)
The Seat of Moro Power, from The Swish of the Kris (1936)
Politics Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, from Wikipedia
Moro National Liberation Front, from FAS
McKenna, Thomas M. Muslim Rulers and Rebels: Everyday Politics and Armed Separatism in the Southern Philippines. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998.
Dijk, Ludovicus Carolus Desiderius, Neerland's vroegste betrekkingen met Borneo, den Solo-Archipel, Cambodja, Siam en Cochin-China een nagelaten werk, 1862, in Dutch, SBB
Military Armed Conflicts Report - Philippines-Mindanao, from ploughshares
Filipino Weapons & History : Lumad, Moro, from Filhistory
Economy & Finances J. Montero y Vidal, Historia de la pirateria malayo-mahometana en Mindanao, Jolo y Borneo vol.1, vol.2, 1888, posted by Internet Archive
Ethnography, Social History Life in Sulu, in : Mogotaro. An Eighteenth Century Japanese Sailor's Record of Insular Southeast Asia, by Nomura Toru, Sari 27 (2009) pp.45-66
Religion Islam in the Philippines, from Wikipedia
History of Regions Basilan history, from Wow Philippines
Sulu History, from Wow Philippines
Local History
Biographies Sultanate of Sulu, from Guide to Women Leaders

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon); from Rulers (B. Schemmel), scroll down for Sulu
List of the Sultans of Sulu, from Wikipedia
Statistical Data Population Statistics Philippines : historical demographical data of the administrative divisions, from Population Statistics by Jan Lahmeyer
Documents Historical Newspapers Kranten - historisch, from startpagina.nl Dutch language site
Search Archief Leeuwarder Courant (1752-) in Dutch
Search Digitaal Krantenarchief at Regionaal Archief Leiden, in Dutch
Search Papers Past (New Zealand Newspapers 1839-1920)
Search Newspapers SG (Singapore Newspapers 1831-2006)
Historic Australian Newspapers 1803-1954
Image Databanks Category : Sulu Archipelago, from Wikimedia Commons
Archive Deposits Inventories Search National Archives (UK) for Sulu
Constitutions, Laws
Treaties Engagement of the Sultan of Sooloo, for the Protection of the Citizens of the United States, 1842, pp.51-52 in vol.33 of British and foreign state papers 1844-1845, 1859, GB
Guam at the Turn of the Century, from Public Bookshelf, has text of an 1898 or 1899 US-Sulu treaty
Document Collections
Historical Maps
Encyclopedia Entries
Secular Articles Sulu, Basilan, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Religious Article Diocese of Zamboanga, from Catholic Encyclopedia
Economic Sooloo, pp.423-426 in vol.2 of W. Milburn, Oriental Commerce, 1813, GB
J. Chr. Nelkenbrecher, Allgemeines Taschenbuch der Münz-, Maass- und Gewichtskunde für Banquiers und Kaufleute (General Manual on Coinage, Measurement and Weights, for Bankers and Merchants) Berlin 1832, in German, entries Suluh-Inseln, posted by DTBSWS
E.G. Balfour, The Cyclopaedia of India and of Eastern and Southern Asia, commercial, industrial, and scientific; products of the mineral, vegetable, and animal kingdoms, useful arts and manufactures (1885), vol.1, vol.2, vol.3, posted on Internet Archive; search for Sulu
Geographical Article : Sooloo, in R. Brookes, The General Gazetteer or Compendious Geographical Dictionary, 1812, GB
Article : Sooloo Isles, pp.576-579 in vol.1 of W. Hamilton, The East Indian Gazetteer 1828, GB
Articles : Soolo, pp.406-408 from John Crawfurd, A Descriptive Dictionary of the Indian Islands & Adjacent Countries 1856, posted on Internet Archive
from Encyclopedia of Modern Asia (Sulu Archipelago)
Articles Sulu, Bassilan, Bewam, from Geografisk-Statistisk Haandbog 1858-1863, in Danish
Sulu, pp.243-273 in vol.14 of E. Reclus, Universal Geography, n.d. [1876-1894], IA
The Sooloo Islands, pp.285-287 in R. Brown, The Countries of the World, 1892, IA
on History
Parliamentary Debates Hansard (British Parliament)
Historical Travelogues Burbidge, Frederick William, The gardens of the sun or a naturalist's journal on the mountains and in the forests and swamps of Borneo and the Sulu archipelago, 1880, SBB
Institutions Archives
National Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag of Sulu, from FOTW
Flags of the Royal Sultanate of Sulu, by Moro Vinta
Coins, Banknotes

Bibliographies Search ISBN Database for Sulu
Datenbasis Internationale Beziehungen und Länderkunde (Data Base on International Relations and Country Studies), keywords Sulu (site in German, most titles listed in English; hundreds of entries; publications mostly since 1970)
Search RHS Bibliography for Sulu
Search UK National Archive Online Library for Sulu
Retana, Wenceslao Emilio, Bibliograf? de Mindanao, 1894, SBB
Online Libraries Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
Persee (French search engine)
Philippine ELib
Online Journals Philippine Studies 1953-
General Accounts On Southeast Asia
On the Philippines
On Sulu Cesar Adib Majul, Muslims in the Philippines, University of the Philippines Press 1999 [G]
James Francis Warren, The Sulu Zone 1768-1898, Quezon City : New Day (1981) 1985 [G]

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