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Literature on the History of South East Asia
Burma Cambodia
First posted on May 17th 2002, last revised on December 13th 2013






NARRATIVE . References : Online Secondary Sources . Online Primary Sources . Bibliographic and Print Sources

for earlier history, see Ayutthaya . Sukhothai
for regional history, see Sultanate of Pattani . Nakhon Si Thammarat (Ligor) . Phuket (Junk Ceylon) . Satun
see also History of Mainland Southeast Asia



Until the 14th century
From the 9th to the 14th centurty, the territory of modern Thailand was part of the Khmer Empire, which had its center at Angkor (modern Cambodia). The Thai, believed to be driven out of present-day Yunnan and adjacent regions by the Mongol conquest of Nanzhao (Dali), which was completed in 1253, migrated southward, establishing the Kingdoms of Sukhothai in 1238, of Lanna in 1262, of Ayutthaya in 1351.

From the 14th century until 1782
Sukhothai was absorbed by Ayutthaya in 1583, Lanna in 1774.
The Burmese conquest of Ayutthaya in 1767 marks a turning point in Thai history. Briefly Thonburi served as capital (1767-1782). Siam, as the country was called, recovered.
The first Portuguese embassy arrived in 1511; a treaty between Portugal and Siam was signed in 1516. The Portuguese established trade factories in Ayutthaya and in other places in Siam. The first V.O.C. embassy arrived in 1608; a treatyu between the V.O.C. and Siam was signed in 1616. The V.O.C. established a trade factory in Ayutthaya.
In 1662 Pope Alexander VII created the Vicariate Apostolic of Siam; the Missions Etrangeres de Paris were charged with its establishment and maintenance. In 1680 the French East India Company (est. in 1664) established contact; Siam sent embassies to France in 1680, 1684, 1686, 1688. The first French embassy arrived in Siam in 1685. French engineer Lamarre, at Siamese request, built a fortress in Bangkok. The French garrison at Bangkok was taken and France's influence curtailed in the 1688 Revolution.

1782-1932
The E.I.C. (British) conquest of Tenasserim (1824), Lower Burma (1852) and Upper Burma (1886), the French acquisition of Cambodia (1859), Cochinchina (1863), Annam, Tonkin (1885) made the position of Siam ever more precarious. In 1893 France took possession of Laos. In 1907/1909 French Indochina and British Malaya were expanded at the expense of Siam. Siam was able to maintain her independence as a buffer state.

since 1932
In 1932 a coup d'etat marks the begin of a policy of modernization. The country was renamed Thailand.
In World War II (1941) Thailand was coerced into becoming a Japanese ally. While Communist guerillas successfully fought the governments in South Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia, in Thailand the armed forces remained in control of the country. In 1954 Thailand was one of the founder nations of SEATO, in 1967 of ASEAN.

Historical Atlas : Thailand Page






Narrative . References : ONLINE SECONDARY SOURCES . Online Primary Sources . Bibliographic and Print Sources

Country Profiles . Links . Organizations . Accounts of History . Politics . Military History . Economic History . Social History . Ethnography
History of Religion . Regional History . Local History . Institutions . Culture . Biography . Environmental History . Others
Country Profiles Current from BBC Country Profiles; from World Desk Reference ; from Nations Encyclopedia; from Wikipedia; from Index Mundi; from CIA World Factbook, Countries : Thailand
Library of Congress Country Studies : Thailand; from World Wide Gazetteer
Historic J.B. Pallegoix, Description du Royaume Thai ou Siam: comprenant la topographie, histoire naturelle, moeurs .. (1854) in French. posted on Internet Archive
J. Bowring, The Kingdom and the People of Siam, vol.1, 1857, vol.2, 1857, GB
N.A. McDonald, Siam: its government, manners, customs, &c 1871, GB; Internet Archive
G.B. Bacon, Siam, the land of the white elephant, as it was and is (1892), posted on Internet Archive
J.G.D. Campbell, Siam In The Twentieth Century (1902), posted on IA
A.C. Carter, The Kingdom of Siam (1904), posted on Internet Archive
P.A. Thompson, Siam: An Account of the Country and the People (1910), posted on Internet Archive
Translation of van Vliet's Description of the Kingdom of Siam JSS 1910, van Vliet served as V.O.C. representative in Siam 1629-1634)
Links General from Library of Congress, Portals to the World; from BUBL, from dmoz; from Virtual Library Thailand
List of Thailand-related Topics, from Wikipedia
Kyoto Review of Southeast Asia
on History Category : History of Thailand, from Wikipedia
Organizations International Association of Historians of Asia (IAHA)
Japan Society for Southeast Asian Studies (JSSEAS)
The International Center for East Asian Archaeology and Cultural History (ICEAACH)
Finnish University Network for East and Southeast Asian Studies
Royal Institute : Academy of Moral and Political Sciences : Section of History, Discipline Thai History
Southeast Asian Archaeology Newsblog
Ministry of Education, Fine Arts Department : Glorious Ancient Thailand
SEAMEO Regional Centre for Archaeology and Fine Arts (SEAMEO SPAFA), Thailand
SIAM Society
Siamese Heritage Trust
Historical Dictionary Siampedia
Timelines Thai Perspective
Timelines Other Perspective from timelines.ws, a website exploiting US newspaper articles, very detailed on the 20th century; from BBC News; from Pattaya City
Accounts of History Thai Perspective from Royal Thai Embassy, click "about Thailand"; from The Royal Thai Embassy, Ottawa, Canada
Thai History, from AuNet (7 chapters)
Accounts of History Other Perspective History of Thailand (Siam) from Lonely Planet, from Asia Tours, 4 chapters; from geographia.com, scroll down for history and culture; from World Travel Guide; Article History of Thailand, from Wikipedia
Geschiedenis van Thailand, from Bert's Geschiedenis Site, in Dutch
Sanderson Beck, Siam, Cambodia and Laos 1800-1950
W.A.R. Wood, A History of Siam (1924), posted on IA
F.H. Turpin, Histoire civile et naturelle du royaume de Siam, vol.1, 1771, vol.2, 1771, in French GB
Specific Periods / Events Yong En En, Do you think the 1932 Coup was an inevitable result of Chulalongkorn's reforms, or could things have turned out differently ?, NUS History Society e-Journal
Thailand, Once Called Siam, pp.353-363 in : John Gunther, Inside Asia, 1942 War Edition, NY : Harper & Brothers (1938) 1942
Articles : Thonburi Kingdom, Rattanakosin Kingdom (Kingdom of Siam), History of Thailand (1932-1973), History of Thailand since 1973, from Wikipedia
G. Barton, Defining Informal Empire: The Case of Siam and the Middle East, n.d.
Historiography Thai Perspective Somkiat Wanthana, The politics of modern Thai historiography, library catalogue entry
Chia Mengtat Jack, Muay Thai Nationalism : A Study of Film as a Historical Text in the Representation of Thai Nationalism, NUS History Society e-Journal
Thongchai Winichakul, A Short History of the Long Memory of the Thai Nation
Anna and the King : Controversy and Post-Colonialism in Thailand, by Pawit Mahasarinand
Prince Damrong, The Story of the Records of Siamese History, JSS 1911
Historiography On Thai Perspective Review : Patrick Jory, Problems in Contemporary Thai Nationalist Historiography, from Kyoto Review 2003
Eiji Murashima, The commemorative character of Thai historiography : The 1942-43 Thai military campaign in the Shan States depicted as a story of national salvation and the restoration of Thai independence , abstract from faqs
Siam History and Controversy, from Tom of Thailand
Prachatai : Thongchai: Thai-style history education makes Thais ignorant and narcissistic, 2013
Historiography Other Perspective
Politics Links Political Resources on the Net : Thailand; Governments on the WWW : Thailand
Category : Politics of Thailand, from Wikipedia
General Article Politics of Thailand, from Wikipedia
Thailand Profile, from International Crisis Group
Institutions Article : National Assembly of Thailand, Senate of Thailand, from Wikipedia
Political Parties, Movements Category : Political Parties in Thailand
Foreign Relations General
w. Britain. G. Finlayson, St. Raffles, The mission to Siam, and Hue : the capital of Cochin China, in the years 1821-1822, 1826, GB
J. Crawfurd, Journal of an embassy from the governor-general of India to the Courts of Siam and Cochin China, vol.1, 1830, vol.2, 1830, GB
w. Ceylon K. Sinlapakon, Religious intercourse between Ceylon and Siam in the eighteenth century (1908), vol.1, vol.2, posted on Internet Archive
w. China Thailand-China Relations, by Chulacheeb Chinwanno
w. Portugal Siampedia, Foreign Settlements : The Portuguese in Ayutthaya
w. the V.O.C./the Netherlands Siampedia, Foreign Settlements : The Dutch in Ayutthaya
w. France Relations Franco-Thailandaises : Presentation Historique, from Ambafrance
Ch. Lemire, La France et le Siam: Nos relations de 1662 a 1903; situation economique, situation politique 1903, in French, IA
D. Wright-Hamish, The Second Empire and Siam: a brief look at Franco-Siamese relations during the 19th century
w. Japan Japan-Thailand Relations, from MOFA Japan
w. the Netherlands Dijk, Ludovicus Carolus Desiderius, Neerland's vroegste betrekkingen met Borneo, den Solo-Archipel, Cambodja, Siam en Cochin-China een nagelaten werk, 1862, in Dutch, SBB
w. Prussia R. von Werner, Die preussische Expedition nach China, Japan und Siam in den Jahren 1860, 1873, in German, IA
w. Russia Y.V. Afanasiev, Russian-Thai Relations : History and Modern Times; Russian-Thai Relations : Historical Background, from Embassy of the Russian Federation in Thailand
w. the U.S. Looking Back : 175 Years of Relations, from U.S. Embassy Bangkok
E. Roberts, Embassy to the eastern courts of Cochin-China, Siam, and Muscat (U.S., 1832-1834), 1837, GB
U.S. Dept. of State, Office of the Historian, Visits By Foreign Leaders of Thailand
Military General see here
Article Military History of Thailand, from Wikipedia
W.E. Matthews, Civil-military relations in Thailand military autonomy or civilian control? , thesis Calhoun 2005
Branches, Facilities Articles Royal Thai Air Force, Chulachomklao Royal Military Academy, from Wikipedia
Conflicts Thailand Islamic Insurgency, from Global Security
Article South Thailand Insurgency, from Wikipedia
Armed Conflicts Report - Thailand, from Ploughshares
Understanding the Situation in the South as a "Millenarian Revolt", by Nidhi Aeusrivongse, in Kyoto Review of Southeast Asia 2005
Pahang Civil War 1857-1863, Franco-Siamese Confrontation 1863, Siamese Invasion of Laos 1887, Franco-Siamese War 1893, Thai "Promoters" Coup 1932, Military Coup 1933, Royalist Revolt 1933, Coup d'Etat 1947, Naval Revolt 1949, Naval Revolt 1951, Government Coup 1951, Anti-Chinese Campaign 1952-1955, Thai-Cambodian Border Clash 1958, CPT Insurgency, 1959- , Thai Government Coup 1971, Thai Students & Workers Revolt 1973, CPT Insurgency, 1959- , Cambodian Refugees in Thailand 1975-1995, Khmer Raids 1975-1979, Thammasat Massacre 1976, Thai Naval Coup 1976, Vietnamese Raids 1979-1988, Thai-Laotian Patrol Boat Incident, CPT Insurgency, 1959- , Cambodian Refugees in Thailand 1975-1995, Vietnamese Raids 1979-1988, Thai-Laotian Patrol Boat Incident, Drug War 1982, ThaiLaotian Border Clash 1984, Military Coup 1985, Thai-Laotian Border Clash 1987-1988, Military Coup 1991, Bangkok Mssacre 1992, from ACED
Franco-Thai Conflict in WW 2, from Weird Wars
Chapter II : Thailand, from Allied Participation in Vietnam, by S.R. Larsen and J.L. Collins Jr.
Articles French-Thai War, Siamese Coup d'Etat of 1932, from Wikipedia
Militaria Orders, Decorations and Medals of Thailand, from ODM
Economy & Finances General Article Economy of Thailand, from Wikipedia
Global Integrity : Thailand 2007
Category : Enterprise Thailand, from Economy Point
History of Weights and Measures in Thailand, from NWMC
Economic Structure : Thailand, April 13th 2007, from Economist Intelligence Unit
Economic History Economy and History : Thailand and the Wheel of Commerce, abstracts of 5 papers posted by Thammasat University
Education and Natural Resources in Economic Development : Thailand Compared with Japan and Korea, from fasid.or.jp
The Economics of the Second World War in Southeast Asia, by Greg Huff Development of the Country in the National Plans (1961-1986), from Technological Independence - the Asian Experience by S. Chamarik and S. Goonatilake
J. Homan van der Heide, The Economical Development of Siam during the Last Half Century, JSS 1906
P. Ouyyanont, Industrialization of Bangkok before the Second World War , 2009
Currency & Finances A Global History of Currencies : Thailand
History of the Bank of Thailand
Article Stock Exchange of Thailand : History, from Wikipedia
Article : Thai Baht from Wikipedia
P. Phanomvan, 19th Century Early Rattanakosin Prices Based on "Wat Phra Chettuphon Wimon Mangkhlaram Ratchaworamahawihan" (Chetupol Temple Archives) 2013
Trade The Traditional Caravan Trade between Yunnan and North Thailand, from CPA Media
History of Thailand : The Opium Trade, 1908-1940, from Seansite
American Trade with Siam : a Report, 1898, IA
Ch. Erichsen, Siam som handelsland: og "det Østasiatiske kompagni,", 1900, in Danish, IA
Agriculture History of Phuket : Tin, Rubber and Tourists
Opium and the Hmong, by Gary Y. Lee
Success in Curbing Opium Production in the Golden Triangle, from UN Information Service
Prinz Dilok, Die Landwirtschaft in Siam, 1908, IA
Mining History of Phuket : Tin, Rubber and Tourists
Thailand : the Oil Fund (since 1979), from ESCAP Virtual Conference
Crafts & Industries Thailand Energy Profile, from Energy Information Administration; Thailand - an Energy Case Study, by Dave Cohen
Jim Thompson, Thailand's Silk King, from CPA Media
Tourism History of Thailand's National Tourist Office
History of Phuket : Tin, Rubber and Tourists
A Centennial of Thai Business, Management Study from 1892 to 1992, by Darunee Kaewmoung
Individual Companies Search Company History, Funding Universe : Company Histories for Thailand
Company Histories : Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand; PTT Public Company Ltd.; Krung Thai Bank, Thai Airways, Charoen Pokphand Group, Siam Cement, from Funding Universe
Social History General Thailand : History of the Third Sector, Thailand : History of Philanthropy, from Philanthropy and the Third Sector in Asia and the Pacific
Education History of Thai Education, from MOE Thailand
U.S. Consulate in Bangkok, Progress of western education in China and Siam (1880), IA
P. Suksod-Barger, Religious Influences in Thai Female Education (1889-1931), thesis Loyola Univ. Chicago 2010
L.R. Costa, Exploring the History of Women's Education and Activism in Thailand, Explorations in South East Asian Studies 1997
Article : Education in Thailand, Wikipedia
Educational Heritage Project, Thailand
J.S. Anderson, Forces for change in nineteenth century Siam: the origins of modern educational development in the Fourth Reign, thesis Hong Kong 1974
Crime Thailand, from Crime and Society. A Comparative Criminology Tour of the World (Robert Winslow)
Law R.H. Gesley, The legal colonization of Thailand, thesis Univ. of Wisconsin 1970
A. Iijima, The "International Court" System in the Colonial History of Siam, Taiwan Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, 5 (1) 2008 pp.31-64
Class, Elite S. Tongsiensom, Western knowledge and intellectual groups in Japan and Thailand in the nineteenth century: the Meirokusha and Young Siam, thesis Univ. of Washington 1990
Slavery R.B. Cruikshank, Slavery in Nineteenth Century Siam, JSS 1971
Health Article : Traditional Thai Medicine, Wikipedia
S. Charuluxananan et al., History and evolution of western medicine in Thailand, Asian Biomedicine Vol. 1 No. 1 June 2007
Ouay Ketusingh Museum of History of Thai Medicine, Mahidol Univ.
land J. Vechbanyongratana, Ordinary Landholder Living Standards in Early Twentieth-Century Siam, draft 2013
Ethnography Languages of Thailand (74), from Ethnologue
Minorities at Risk : Asia, scroll down for Thailand; entries on Chinese, Malay Muslims, Northern Hill Tribes
Travel and Ethnic Minorities in Thailand, from Peoples of the World
Country Report : Thailand, from U.S. Committee for Refugees and Immigrants (Reports 1997-2006)
Forced Migration Online, Research Guide Thailand, from FMO 2002
Hill Tribes and Forests : Minority Policies and Resource Conflicts in Thailand, by Reiner Buergin, thesis Univ. Freiburg 2000
World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples : Thailand
Down Sampeng Lane : the Story of Bangkok's China Town, from CPA Media
Vietnamese of Isaan, from CPA Media
The Black Dragon of Northern Thailand (Yunnanese Refugees), from CPA Media
Wang Liulan, Yunnanese Muslims along the Northern Thai Border, from Kyoto Review 2004
Minority Politics in Thailand - a Hmong Perspective, by Gary E. Lee
Opium and the Hmong, by Gary Y. Lee
Bangkok Horse Trams and Chinatown Gang Wars (1889), from Bangkok Tramways
The Vietnamese in Thailand : A Cultural Bridge in Thai-Vietnamese Relationship, by Thanyathip Sripana
Ph.N. Bose, The Indian Colony of Siam, 1927, IA
L.J. Curtis, The Laos of North Siam 1903, GB
Religion Chronology of Catholic Dioceses : Thailand
Category Religion in Thailand, from Wikipedia
The Virtual Jewish History Tour : Thailand; Thailand, from International Association of Jewish Genealogical Societies - Cemetery Project
Mahanikay, Thammayutika Nikaya, from Overview of World Religions
Catholic Church in Kingdom of Thailand, from GCatholic
The Crescent in North Thailand : Muslims in Chiang Mai, from CPA Media
The Ghost People of Chiang Dao, from CPA Media
Isan's Palace of the Gods, from CPA Media
Religious Diversity in a Buddhist Majority Country : the Case of Islam in Thailand, by Imtiyaz Yusuf, Buddhapia 2003
Buddhism in the Kingdom of Siam : Its Past and Its Present, by Phra Rajpnyamedhi, in : Buddhapia 2007
Peter Hourdequin, Muslim influences in seventeenth century Ayutthaya , Diss. Univ. of Hawai'i 2007
P. Jotisakultratana, Mothers of all peoples. Goddesses of Thailand from prehistory until the present, thesis California Inst. of Integral Studies 2013
S.H. Son, Christian revival in the Presbyterian Church of Thailand between 1900 and 1941 : an ecclesiological analysis and evaluation, thesis Stellenbosch 2003
History of Regions Provinces of Thailand, Divisions of Thailand, from www.statoids.com
I. Bushell, Merchants and Missionaries. The Place of the Lanna States of Siam in the Informal Empire of Great Britain between 1883 and 1921, thesis Univ. of Wales 2011
Local History History of Bangkok, from Wikipedia
History of Ayutthaya, from Wikipedia
History of Chiangmai, from Wikipedia
Languid Lamphun : Thailand's Oldest City, from CPA Media
Institutions Mahidol University, from Wikipedia; Education in Thailand, from Wikipedia; Thai Academy of Science and Technology, from The Interacademy Panel
Censorship in Thailand, from Wikipedia
Suvarnabhumi Airport, from Wikipedia; Thai Airways International, from Wikipedia; History, from Airports of Thailand Public Company Ltd.; Siam, Thailand, from Airline History
Timeline of Thai Railways, by Nils Rennenberg
Stock Exchange of Thailand, from Wikipedia
Structurae : Thailand; Search Lighthouse Depot for Thailand
Article Thai Public Broadcasting Service : History, from Wikipedia
Article : State Railway of Thailand, from Wikipedia
Bangkok Tramways
Timeline of Thai Railways, from 2 Bangkok
Culture A. Subrahmanyan, Reinventing Siam: Ideas and Culture in Thailand, 1920-1944, thesis UC Berkeley 2013
J. Yamprai, Establishment of western music in Thailand, thesis Univ. of Northern Colorado 2011
Biographies List of Thai Actors, Actresses, Field Marshals, Film Directors, Kings, Prime Ministers, from Wikipedia
Environmental History Indo-Malayan Ecoregion, from WWF
Disaster History by Country : Thailand, from Relief Web
Others International Boundary Studies, search for Thailand
Thailand, from UK Food Online, a culinary history of Thailand
Peace Corps Online
David K. Wyatt, Family Politics in 17th and 18th Century Siam (1986)
Historical Background, from Thai Red Cross

WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED PRIMARY SOURCES
Historical Data . Statistical Data . Documents Newspapers . Yearbooks . Image Databanks . Archival Deposits . Laws . Historiography
Document Collections . Historical Maps . Historical Encyclopedia Articles . Travelogues . Institutions . National Symbols
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon); from Rulers (B. Schemmel); from Regnal Chronologies; from World Rulers (E. Schulz, illustrated)
Kings of Thailand, from The Government Public Relations Department, with some clickable biographies
History (List) of Thai Prime Ministers, from Thai Government
Siam (oder Tsiam), pp.51-52 in 1799 pt.1, p.53 in 1800 pt.1, pp.53-54 in 1801 pt.1, pp.53-54 in 1802 pt.1, pp.50-51 in 1803 pt.1, of Genealogisches Reichs- und Staats-Handbuch, in German, GB
Lists of Ambassadors Chinese Ambassadors to Thailand, from PRC MOFA; List of Ambassadors from the United Kingdom to Thailand, from Wikipedia; Liste der Botschafter der Bundesrepublik Deutschland in Bangkok (Thailand), from Wikipedia German edition
U.S. Ambassadors to Thailand, from NNDB; Canadian Ambassadors to Thailand, from MOFA Canada; Embajadores de Mexico en Tailandia, from Acervo Historico Diplomatico
List of Canadian Heads of Post, click Thailand
Statistical Data Responsible Institution National Statistical Office, Thailand
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Thailand, from Population Statistics at Univ. Utrecht
City Population : Thailand, from City Population
Exchange Rates Historical Exchange Rates, from Oanda, since 1990
Federal Reserve (U.S.) : Foreign Exchange Rates, Historic
Election Results from Psephos (since 2001); from IFES Election Guide (since 2000); from Elections and Electoral Systems
Documents Historical Newspapers Hemerotheques ICON, International Coalition on Newspapers, Newspaper Digitization Projects, scroll down for Thailand
Individual Historic Newspapers Siam Repository vol.1 1869, vol.2 1870, GB
Selected Articles Thailand News Archive, from Thai Pro (reports of 2003-2004)
Modern Newspapers links from World Newspapers
History of Thailand, from World History Archives
Online Yearbooks American Missionary Association : Bangkok Calendar 1861, 1862, GB
Statesman's Year-Book 1866 pp.665-669, GB, 1867 pp.693-697, GB, 1868 pp.693-697, GB, 1869 pp.700-704, GB, 1870 pp.697-700, GB, 1871 pp.697-700, GB; 1871, pp.697-700, IA, 1872, pp.696-700, IA, 1873, pp.695-699, IA, 1874, pp.697-701, IA, 1875, pp.697-701, IA, 1876, pp.709-713, IA, 1877, pp.726-730, IA, 1878, pp.726-730, IA, 1879, pp.725-731, IA, 1880, pp.725-731, IA, 1881, pp.725-731, IA, 1883, pp.725-729, IA, 1884, pp.801-807, IA, 1885, pp.823-829, IA, 1886, pp.845-850, IA, 1887, pp.874-879, IA, 1888, pp.882-887, IA, 1889, pp.893-899, IA, 1890, pp.917-922, IA, 1891, pp.921-927, IA, 1892, pp.932-938, IA, 1894, pp.934-940, IA, 1895, pp.934-939, IA, 1896, pp.934-939, IA, 1898, pp.933-938, IA, 1899, pp.996-1002, IA, 1903, pp.1079-1086, IA, 1913, pp.1246-1254, IA, 1919, pp.1244-1252, IA, 1921, pp.1272-1279, IA
Newsreels British Pathe
Wochenschau-Archiv (in German)
Archief Beeld en Geluid : Polygoon (in Dutch)
Image Databanks Systematic Collections
General
Systematic Collections
Specialist
Accidental Collections Historical Photos of Thailand, from Wikimedia Commons
Thailand Forum, Thailand and Siam History Photos
Oriental Collections
Items on Thailand
Trolleys in Thailand : Bangkok, Lop Buri, from Tram Views of Asia
Image Databank : South East Asian Images & Texts, from University of Wisconsin Digital Collection (on Philippines, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia)
AGSL Digital Photo Archive : Asia and Middle East
Asian Historical Architecture, a Photographic Survey
Universal Collections
Items on Thailand
License Plates, from License Plates of the World, from Francoplaque
Historic Picture Postcards, from Postcardman, commercial site
Airline Timetable Images : Thailand
Archival Deposits Ministerie van Buitenlandse Zaken (Mofa, NL ; enter "Thailand" in field : "Lijst samenstellen op land of regio", 1 entry; sources posted in Dutch language
U.S. Department of State, Office of the Historian, search for Thailand
Search Janus for Siam, Thailand
Search ARCHIEVEN.NL for Siam, Thailand
Search New Zealand Electronic Text Centre for Siam, Thailand
Search CIA Released Documents for Thailand
Constitutions
Laws Thai Legislation Database
Internet Law Library : Thailand
List of Ratifications of International Labour Conventions by Thailand, from ILO, 13 docs. since 1919
1991 Constitution, from Thai National Assembly
Draft civil and commercial code for the Kingdom of Siam : book on obligations, 1914, IA
The penal code for the kingdom of Siam (draft version.) R.S. 127 (1908), 1908, IA
Treaties Australian Treaty Series : Bilateral Treaties - Thailand
A Collection of all the Treaties of Peace, Alliance, and Commerce, between Great Britain and Other Powers, from the Revolution in 1688 to the Present Time, 1st edition vol.1 : 1688-1727, vol.2 : 1727-1771, 2nd edition vol.1 : 1688-1713, vol.2 : 1713-1748, vol.3 : 1750-1784, GB
British and Foreign State Papers 1812-1814 I, 1841, 1812-1814 II, 1841, 1814-1815, 1839, 1815-1816, 1838, 1816-1817, 1838, 1817-1818, 1837, 1818-1819, 1835, 1819-1820, 1834, 1820-1821, 1830, 1820-1821, 1861, 1821-1822, 1829, 1821-1823, 1851, 1822-1823, 1828, 1822-1823, 1850, 1823-1824, 1843, 1824-1825, 1846, 1825-1826, 1848, 1826-1827, 1828, 1827-1828, 1829, 1828-1829, 1832, 1829-1830, 1832, 1830-1831, 1833, 1832-1833, 1836, General List, vols.1-20, I, 1842, 1834-1835, 1852, 1836-1837, 1853, 1838-1839, 1856, 1840-1841, 1857, 1841-1842, 1858, 1842-1843, 1858, 1843-1844, 1859, 1844-1845, 1859, 1845-1846, 1860, 1848-1849, 1862, 1849-1850 I, 1862, 1849-1850 II, 1863, 1850-1851, 1863, 1851-1852, 1864, 1852-1853, 1864, General Index, 1865, 1853-1854, 1865 1854-1855, 1865, 1855-1856, 1865, 1856-1857, 1866, 1857-1858, 1866, 1858-1859, 1867, 1859-1860, 1867, 1860-1861, 1868, 1861-1862, 1868, 1862-1863, 1868, 1863-1864, 1869, posted on Google Books
Tratados, convenios y declaraciones de paz y de comercio .. desde del ano de 1700 hasta el dia, 1843, GB
ASEAN Basic Documents (1967-2001, 16 documents)
Environmental Treaties : Thailand, from Pop Planet
Treaties between the United States of America and China, Japan, Lewchew and Siam [1833-1858] acts of Congress, and the Attorney-general's opinion, with the decrees and regulations issued for the guidance of U.S. Consular courts in China, 1862, IA
Historiography
Document Surveys British Library, Guide to Current South Asian Official Publications; scroll down for Thailand
J. Burnay, Inventaire des Manuscrits Juridiques Siamois first part, JSS 1929, suite, JSS 1930, suite, JSS 1930, suite, JSS 1932
Document Collections History 244 (Cornell 1998); has a number of documents in English translation
Foreign Office (British) : Peace Handbooks (1919-1920), IA; v. 12. China, Japan, Siam, no. 67-74
Search New Zealand Electronic Text Centre for Siam, Thailand
Documents diplomatiques: Affaires de Siam (1893) in French, IA
Copies of despatches from Her Majesty's ambassador at Paris, relative to the agreement between Great Britain and France for constituting a neutral state between their possessions in Indo-China, 1893, IA
Individual Documents
Historical Maps responsible institutions Royal Thai Survey Department, Wikipedia Article
information D.F. Rooney, The Mapping of Thailand, an Introduction
collections : Asia Historical Map Archive : Historical Maps of Asia
collections : Thailand see here
Search Atlas of Mutual Heritage for Phuket (Oedjang Salang), Bangkok, Ayutthaya
Maps of Thailand, posted by Mapas Imperiales, scans, scroll down for Tailandia
PRINT : J.M. Pluvier, Historical Atlas of South-East Asia, Leiden : Brill 1995 [G]
Thailand Maps, PCL, UTexas
Category : Old Maps of Thailand, Maps of the History of Thailand, from Wikimedia Commons
Chao Phraya Delta Research and Reference Site, Old Maps Gallery
Thailand, the Land of Smiles Thailand Historical Maps
Historical Maps Archive : Historical Maps of Indo-China
Asia, Modern Maps : Eastern Hemisphere 550 B.C., 527 BC, 500 BC, 400 BC, 335 BC, 323 BC, 300 BC, 200 BC, 100 BC, 050 BC, 050 AD, 200 AD, 300 AD, 400 AD, 450 AD, 565 AD, 600 AD, 610 AD, 900 AD, 1000 AD, 1025 AD, 1100 AD, 1200 AD, 1300 AD, 1400 AD, 1500 AD, Asia 700 AD, 800 AD, by Thomas Lessman
Asia, Historical Asia : Güssefeld/Homann 1793, Güssefeld/Homann 1805, Schmidt/Schropp 1820, Herisson 1848, GDZ
Asia 1892, PCL, UTexas
Thailand, Modern Map of Ethnic Groups in Thailand, from IKAP - MMSEA
Siam 1809, 1785-1909, from Thailand's World
Thailand, Contemporary Indochina 1886, Poricany
Siam 1904, 1906, 1932, from Probert Encyclopedia
Detail, Modern
Detail, Contemporary U.S. Army Map Service, Indochina and Thailand, 1:250,000, 1954-, PCL, UTexas
Historical
Encyclopedia Entries
Secular Article Siam, Ayuthia, Bangkok, Korat, from EB 1911
Article Siam, Bangkok, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German (Siam)
Article : Siam, Royaume de, pp.8-17, in vol.31 of D. Diderot, Encyclopedie ou dictionnaire raisonne des sciences, des arts et des metiers, nouvelle edition, 1778, in French, GB
Religious Article Siam from Catholic Encyclopedia 1907-1914
Economic Siam, pp.237-238, in vol.2 of S. Ricard, Traite general du commerce, 1781, in French, GB
Siam, pp.201-203 in vol.4 pt.1 of J.M. Demeunier, Economie politique et diplomatique, 1788, in French, GB
Handel zu Siam, pp.52-58, in : Friedrich Ludwig Langstedt, Geschichte des asiatischen Handels, 1803, in German, GB
Entry : Siam, pp.675-681 in : J.F. Lange et al., Übersicht und Berechnung aller Münzen, Ellenmaasse und Handelsgewichte von allen Welttheilen, 1804, in German, GB
Siam, pp.438-444 in vol.2 of W. Milburn, Oriental Commerce, 1813, GB
Entry : Siam, in J. Blunt, The shipmaster's assistant, and commercial digest, 1837, GB
Siam, pp.1009-1012 in Handels-Almanach oder Uebersicht des in den verschiedenen Ländern der Erde Wissenswürdigsten für den Handel, 1838, in German, GB
Gülich, Gustav von, Geschichtliche Darstellung des Handels, der Gewerbe und des Ackerbaus der bedeutenden handeltreibenden Staaten unserer Zeit (Historical Description of Trade, Industry and Agriculture of the Important Trading States of Our Time), Jena : Frommann 6 vol.s 1830-1845, chapter : Birma, Siam und Cochinchina, vol.4 1844 pp.236-238, in German, posted by DTBSWS
Handelsberichte der kaufmännischen Begleiter der Ostindischen Expedition (Mercantile Reports by Traders Accompanying the Prussian East Asian Expedition), Berlin : Königliche Geheime Ober-Druckerei 1861, in German, posted by DTBSWS : Fr. Wolff : Sia,, pp.23-31
E.G. Balfour, The cyclopaedia of India and of Eastern and Southern Asia, commercial, industrial, and scientific; products of the mineral, vegetable, and animal kingdoms, useful arts and manufactures (1885), vol.1, vol.2, vol.3, posted on Internet Archive; search for Siam
Geographical Sian, pp.61-63 in : Nicholas Sanson, L'Europe [l'Asie, l'Afrique, l'Amerique] en plusieurs cartes, 1683, in French, GB
Entry : The Kingdom of Siam, pp.112-123, in : T.G. Smollett, The Present State of the World, vol.7 1768, posted on Google Books
J.C.M.R., Korte Schets van den tegenwoordigen staat van het Half-Eiland beoosten de Ganges, pp.317-347 in : vol.4 of Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap der Kunsten en Weetenschappen, 1786, in Dutch, GB, on Siam pp.321-322
Siam, pp.512-544 in vol.5 of L.P. Anquetil, Precis de l'Histoire Universelle ou Tableau historique presentant les vicissitudes des Nations ... , 1799, in French, GB
Siam, pp.160-174 in vol.2 of J. Pinkerton, Modern Geography 1804, GB
G.Th. Landmann, A universal gazetteer; or, Geographical dictionary of the world (1835), posted on Internet Archive; search for Siam
Siam, p.378 in A. Harris, A geographical hand book, 1862, GB
Siam, pp.458-486 in vol.8 of E. Reclus, Universal Geography, n.d. [1876-1894], IA
Siam pp.249-252 in J. MacFarlane, Economic geography, c. 1910, GB
Serials
Genealogisches Staats-Handbuch, vol.65 1827 p.317, vol.66 1835 pp.366-367, vol.67 1839 p.392, in German, GB
Ethnographical Entry : Regno di Siam, pp.226-277, in vol.4 of D. G. Ferrario, Il Costume Antico e Moderno di Tutti i Popoli, 1824, in Italian, GB
Siam pp.176-179 in S. Morewood, A Philosophical and Statistical History of the Inventions and Customs of Ancient and Modern Nations in the Manufacture and Use of Inebriating Liquors, 1838, GB
Royaume de Siam, pp.388-389 in X. Heuschling, Manual de statistique ethnographique universelle, 1847, in French, GB
Siam, pp.517-525 in G.G. Chisholm, The world as it is; a popular account of the countries and peoples of the earth 1884, IA
The Siamese pp.203-205 in A.H. Keane, The World's Peoples: A Popular Account of Their Bodily & Mental Characters , 1908, GB
Siam, pp.4609-4634 in vol.6B of J.A. Hammerton, Peoples of All Nations, c.1920, illustrated, IA
Historical The Present State of Siam, pp.61-91 in vol.1 of T. Salmon, Modern History or the Present State of All Nations 1744, GB
P.J.A. Roubaud, Histoire generale de l'Asie, de l'Afrique, de l'Amerique, vol.1, 1770, vol.2, 1770, vol.3, 1770, vol.4, 1770, vol.5, 1770, vol.6, 1770, vol.8, 1771, vol.9, 1771, vol.10, 1771, vol.11, 1771, vol.12, 1771, vol.13, 1775, vol.14, 1775, vol.15, 1775, in French, GB; search for Siam
Other Article : Siam, from Röll, Enzyklopädie des Eisenbahnwesens (Encyclopedia of Railroads) 2nd ed. 1912-1923, in German
Parliamentary Debates
Tour Guides J. Conder, Birmah, Siam, and Anam, 1826, GB
J. Conder, The Modern Traveller, vol.11 : Burmah, Siam, &c., 1830, IA
Travelogues J. Crawfurd, Journal of an embassy from the governor-general of India to the courts of Siam and Cochin China exhibiting a view of the actual state of those kingdoms, vol.1, 1830, vol.2, 1830, GB
H. Mouhot, Travels in the Central Parts of Indo-China (Siam), Cambodia, and Laos vol.1 1864, vol.2 1864, GB
H. Malcolm, Travels in south-eastern Asia: Embracing Hindustan, Malaya, Siam, and China 1839, GB
Residence Memoirs J. Tomlin, Journal of a Nine Months Residence in Siam, 1831, GB
F.A. Neale, Narrative of a Residence in the Capital of the Kingdom of Siam H.W. Smyth, Five Years in Siam from 1891 to 1896 (1898), posted on IA
Institutions Archives National Archives of Thailand
Huntington Archive of Buddhist and Buddhist-related Art : Thailand
UNESCO Archives Portal : Government Archives, National Asia Pacific, one entry for Thailand, scroll down
Musea Lists, Links Category : Museums in Thailand, from Wikipedia
National Museum in Thailand
Musea Museum Websites
Monuments Tentative Lists : Thailand, World Heritage List, scroll down for Thailand; from UNESCO World Heritage
Thailand Index, from Showcaves
The Ramakien Writ Large : The Mural Galleries of Wat Phra Kaeo, Bangkok, from CPA Media
Libraries National Library of Thailand
Libraries in Thailand, from LibDex
National Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW; Coat of Arms, from International Civic Heraldry; National Anthem, from National Anthems Net
Coins, Banknotes Banknotes of Thailand, from World Currency Museum; from Ron Wise's World Paper Money; from Zeno
Medal : Reception of the Siamese Ambassadors by Pope Innocent XI, 1688, posted by Christopher Eimer
Coins - Modern Thailand, Rattanakosin Thailand, from Zeno
World Coin Catalog : Patani, Thailand, from Numismaticon
Thailand, AR Bullet Money/Unalom, 1782 - 1809 AD, from Hillsdale College Archives
Stamps Rare Siam/Thailand Stamps, from Sandafayre Stamp Gallery

BIBLIOGRAPHY AND PRINT SOURCES
Bibliographies . Online Libraries . Thesis Servers . Online Journals . General Accounts . Specific Topics . Historical Dictionaries . Statistical Data . Yearbooks
Bibliographies general Search ISBN Database
RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
on Thailand survey of bibliographies
bibliographic database Thai National Bibliography, IFLA Entry
general bibliographies pp.209-213 in H.E. Smith, Historical Dictionary of Thailand, Metuchen NJ : Scarecrow 1976 [G]
Thailand, from The Online Books Page
Thailand Bibliography, from University of Washington, University Libraries, Southeast Asia Section
Bibliography, from Library of Congress Country Studies : Thailand
M. Watts, World Bibliographical Series No.65 : Thailand, Oxford : Clio 1986 [G]
annual bibliographies
specialist bibliographies Mabbett, Hale, Early Thai history : a select bibliography, 1978, IA
Tribal Textiles, Thailand Bibliography
Thailand Women Studies Bibliography
J. Halpern, An annotated bibliography on the peoples of Laos and Northern Thailand [selected sources in English, French and Japanese, published since 1945] 1961
Bibliography, Thai, Lao and Cambodian Manuscript Collection, British Library
CSCA Mission Research and Documentation Portal, CSCA: SOAS Mission Collection on Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Indochina and Myanmar : Thailand, 2005
serial publications List of Thai Khadi Research Institute's Publications in TIC Database
New Asia Books : Thailand
general bibliographies
Thailand entries
Search Asian Development Bank (ADB) Publications for Thailand
ASEAN Environmental Education Inventory Database, resources, scroll down for Thailand
Food and Culture (a bibliography), by R.T. Dirks, click on South East Asia
South East Asia Dissertations, click South East Asia, Thailand
Ch.11 : De Scriptoribus Rerum Orientalium atque Asiaticarum, Par.6 : Siamensium rerum scriptores, pp.244-247 in B.G. Struve, Selecta bibliotheca historica, 1705, in Latin, GB ; a catalogue of narrative historical sources
booksellers Books on the History of Thailand and Siam , on Modern History of Thailand, Hill Tribes, from DCO Thai
Books on Thailand, from Orchid Press
Online Libraries general Google Books; Internet Archives; Gutenberg Library Online; HathiTrust; e-corpus
Gallica
Center for Research Libraries (CRL)
International Boundary Studies, search for Thailand
Search New Zealand Electronic Text Centre for Siam, Thailand
on Thailand Thai Manuscripts Online
Silpakorn University, Thapra Digital Library (Thai language site; Rare Books features an online library of Thai books; Thesis Online a library of mainly Thai language theses)
South East Asia Digital Library (project)
South East Asia Visions, at Cornell
ISEAS Working Papers, Back Issues 2000-2003
Thesis Server Open Access Theses and Dissertations
Registry of Open Access Repositories, Thailand
Open Access Theses and Dissertations
South East Asian Studies, Student Theses, from Ohio University
Silpakorn University, Thapra Digital Library (Thai language site); Rare Books features an online library of Thai books; Thesis Online a library of mainly Thai language theses
Online Journals Directory of Open Access Journals
Search Electronic Journals Online for Thailand
Journal of Southeast Asian History 1960-1969, Journal of Southeast Asian Studies 2009-, from Cambridge Journals Online (require registration)
ASEAS (Austrian Journal of South East Asian Studies), open access, 2008-
Asia Insights, from NIAS, 2002-
Southeast Asian Studies 1963-, mostly in Japanese
Explorations, 1997- Graduate Student Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, CSEAS, Univ. of Hawaii
The Siam repository: containing a summary of Asiatic intelligence vol.2, 1870, IA
Thai Khadi Journal 2004- (has abstracts in Thai)
Journal of the Siam Society, Archive
Historiography Article : Thai Historiography - Chronicles, by D.K. Wyatt, pp.879-881, Article : Thai Historiography - Modern (from 1900), by S. Wanthana pp.881-882, in vol.2 of A Global Encyclopedia of Historical Writing, NY 1998 [G]
General Accounts Nicholas Tarling, The Cambridge History of Southeast Asia, 4 vol.s, Cambridge : UP (1992) 1999, KMLA Lib.Sign. 959 T188c
David K. Wyatt, Thailand - A Short History, New Haven : Yale Univ. Press (1982) 1986
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th edition, Macropaedia, Vol.27, pp.769-779 Article Southeast Asia : Thailand KMLA Lib.Sign. R 032 B862h v.27
Special Topics
Historical Dictionaries Harold E. Smith, Historical and Cultural Dictionary of Thailand, Lanham Md : Scarecrow 4th edition 2005
Articles : Pattani pp.441-444, in : James Minahan, Nations without States, A Historical Dictionary of Contemporary National Movements, Westport CT : Greenwood 1996 [G]
Historical Atlasses Jan M. Pluvier, Historical Atlas of Southeast Asia, Leiden : Brill 1995 [G]
Statistical Data IHS : B.R. Mitchell, International Historical Statistics. Africa, Asia & Oceania 1750-2000, London : Palgrave 2003 [G]
Yearbook Entries Britannica Book of the Year 1913 pp.1134-1135, 1942 pp.653-654, 1943 p.689, 1944 pp.692-693, 1945 pp.692-693, 1946 pp.673-674, 1947 pp.692-693, 1948 p.672, 1949 pp.583-584, 1950 p.671, 1951 pp.673-675, 1952 pp.677-678, 1953 p.686, 1954 pp.686-687, 1955 pp.737-738, 1956 p.675, 1957 p.740, 1958 pp.679-680, 1959 p.678, 1960 pp.677-678, 1961 pp.676-677, 1962 pp.671-672, 1963 pp.786-787, 1964 pp.808-809, 1965 pp.804-805, 1966 pp.741-742, 1967 pp.730-731, 1968 pp.740-741, 1968 pp.740-741, 1969 p.724, 1970 pp.730-731, 1971 pp.711-712, 1972 p.672, 1973 p.668, 1974 pp.663-664, 1975 pp.670-671, 1976 pp.656-657, 1977 pp.657-659, 1978 pp.667-668, 1979 p.661, 1980 pp.664-665, 1981 pp.655-656, 1982 pp.663-664, 1983 pp.660-661, 1984 pp.659-660, 1985 pp.519-520, 792, 1986 pp.514-515, 791, 1987 pp.484-485, 759, 1988 pp.441-442, 711, 1989 pp.441-442, 711, 1990 pp.458-459, 727, 1991 pp.440-441, 712, 1992 pp.413, 712, 1993 pp.416-417, 728, 1994 pp.417-418, 728, 1995 pp.482-483, 728, 1996 pp.478-479, 728, 1997 pp.482-483, 726, 1999 pp.505-506, 722, 2002 pp.501-502, 740
Statesman's Year-Book 1878 pp.726-730, 1889 pp.893-898, 1895 pp.934-939, 1898 pp.933-939, 1901 pp.1047-1054, 1902 pp.1059-1065, 1904 pp.1112-1119, 1905 pp.1135-1143, 1906 pp.1394-1401, 1907 pp.1457-1464, 1910 pp.1209-1215, 1918 pp.1260-1268, 1919 pp.1244-1252, 1924 pp.1276-1284, 1925 pp.1283-1292, 1926 pp.1247-1256, 1928 pp.1288-1295, 1929 pp.1264-1271, 1932 pp.1276-1285, 1937 pp.1310-1317, 1942 pp.1318-1326, 1943 pp.1312-1319, 1960-1961 pp.1426-1433, 1970-1971 pp.1359-1365, 1973-1974 pp.1371-1378, 1975-1976 pp.1364-1369, 1976-1977 pp.1361-1367, 1978-1979 pp.1164-1169, 1979-1980 pp.1173-1178, 1980-1981 pp.1169-1174, 1981-1982 pp.1175-1181, 1982-1983 pp.1375-1380, 1983-1984 pp.1173-1178, 1984-1985 pp.1169-1175, 1985-1986 pp.1170-1176, 1986-1987 pp.1169-1175, 1987-1988 pp.1173-1179, 1988-1989 pp.1177-1183, 1989-1990 pp.1184-1189, 1990-1991 pp.1184-1189, 1991-1992 pp.1188-1193, 1992-1993 pp.1270-1275, 1993-1994 pp.1274-1279, 1994-1995 pp.1273-1278, 1995-1996 pp.1260-1265, 1996-1997 pp.1241-1246, 1997-1998 pp.1239-1244, 1998-1999 pp.1353-1359, 2000 pp.1519-1525, 2001 pp.1487-1493, 2002 pp.1542-1548, 2003 pp.1542-1548, 2004 pp.1561-1567, 2005 pp.1571-1577, 2006 pp.1580-1586, 2007 pp.1208-1212, 2008 pp.1208-1212
(New) Int'l Yearbook 1898 p.701, 1899 p.735, 1900 pp.820-821, 1907 pp.718-719, 1908 pp.648-649, 1909 pp.649-650, 1913 pp.632-633, 1914 pp.639-640, 1916 pp.634-635, 1918 pp.592-594, 1919 p.615, 1920 pp.627-628, 1921 p.658, 1923 pp.694-695, 1925 pp.643-644, 1928 pp.692-693, 1930 pp.715-716, 1932 pp.750-752, 1933 pp.745-746, 1934 pp.647-648, 1935 pp.664-665, 1938 pp.673-675, Thailand 1939 pp.759-760, 1940 pp.738-739, 1941 pp.650-652, Events of 1942 pp.681-682, 1943 pp.635-637, 1944 pp.615-617, Siam 1945 pp.529-531
Americana Annual 1927 pp.788-789, 1928 pp.720-721, 1930 p.707, 1931 pp.702-703, 1932 pp.658-659, 1933 pp.709-710, 1934 pp.545-546, 1935 pp.652-653, 1936 pp.666-668, 1937 pp.640-642, 1938 pp.634-636, 1939 pp.696-697, 1943 pp.703-704, 1944 pp.679-680, 1945 pp.693-695, 1946 pp.669-671 1940 pp.756-757, 1947 pp.637-638, 1957 pp.777-778, 1961 pp.754-755, 1962 pp.761-762, 1963 pp.675-676, 1964 pp.658-659, 1965 p.685, 1967 pp.680-681, 1968 pp.668-669, 1969 pp.679-680, 1970 pp.679-680, 1971 p.669, 1972 p.669, 1973 p.668, 1974 p.586, 1976 pp.103, 543, 1988 p.522, 1989 p.529, 1990 p.517, 1992 p.523, 1993 p.533, 1994 p.535, 1998 p.542, 2006 p.372
YB on Int'l Communist Affairs 1973 pp.551-557, 1974 pp.545-550, 1976 pp.384-388, 1978 pp.319-324, 1979 pp.290-293, 1980 pp.299-304, 1984 pp.277-280, 1988 pp.223-225, 1989 pp.271-273
Other Appleton's Annual Cyclopedia and Register of Important Events 1902 pp.626-629 [G]
Funk & Wagnall's New Standard Encyclopedia Year Book 1932 p.474, 1933 pp.466-467, 1934 pp.477-478, 1935 pp.475-476, 1936 pp.450-451, 1937 pp.453-454, 1938 pp.456-457, Thailand 1939 pp.504-505, 1940 p.497, 1941 pp.468-469, 1942 p.442, 1943 pp.440-441, 1944 pp.367-369, 1946 pp.364-368, Thailand 1952 pp.420-421, 1961 p.327 [G]