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Literature on the History of South East Asia
Malaysia Philippines
First posted on February 9th 2005, last revised on May 8th 2010






NARRATIVE . References : Online Secondary Sources . Online Primary Sources . Bibliographic and Print Sources

For the history since 1795, see Dutch East Indies, Cape Colony, Malabar, Ceylon
See also History of Java, History of Sumatra, History of Malaya until 1895, History of Borneo, History of Celebes, History of the Moluccas, History of the Lesser Sunda Islands




The Dutch expeditions into the Indian Ocean began in 1596; in 1602 the Vereenigde Oostindische Comnpagnie (V.O.C.) was established as a company holding the monopoly (within the Dutch Republic) for trade east of the Cape of Good Hope. The V.O.C. capital in Batavia (Java) was established in 1619. The Portuguese were expelled from Ambon (Moluccas) in 1605, Malacca was taken from them in 1641, Ceylon in 1638/1658, Negapatnam (Coromandel) in 1657, in 1663 from Cochin (Malabar), in 1640. Repeated efforts by the Dutch to take Goa, the capital of the Portuguese Indian Empire, failed.
The V.O.C. established control over Taiwan (1624-1662, 1664-1668), over Mauritius (1638-1710) and the Cape Colony. (1652-1806).
The V.O.C. is was a joint stock company operating a state under the protection of the Dutch Republic. As a joint stock company, its priority lay in gaining profit from its activities - trade (both European-Asian, and entrepot trade) and plantation economy (sugar on Taiwan, pepper, coffee on Java). Mauritius and the Cape Colony functioned as important hubs en route to and from the Dutch Republic.
In order not to endanger trade interests, the V.O.C. strictly forbade any missionary activities in the territories under its control.
The conclusion of the Anglo-Portuguese Alliance in 1661 marks the end to the V.O.C.'s aggressive policy of expansion at the expense of the Portuguese and the Spanish. The loss of Taiwan in 1662 was a first significant setback; the French invasion of the Dutch Republic in 1672 terminated the latter's status as a great power and the beginning of a gradual decline. In the 1730es the E.I.C. outtraded the V.O.C. in Bengal; the French occupation of the Dutch Republic in 1795 and its transformation into the Batavian Republic - a French ally - meant that Britain was at war with the Dutch, and V.O.C. ships were legitimate prey. The V.O.C. declared bankrupcy, her assets formally taken over by the Batavian Republic.
Following a transition period, in which the gems among the V.O.C. possessions were occupied by the British (Cape Colony 1795-1803, 1806-1815, Ceylon (1796-1815), Java (1811-1816), Ambon (Moluccas, 1810-1816)), Malacca (1795-1816), in 1816 the British returned Malacca, the Moluccas, Java and certain factories in Malabar and Bengal to the Netherlands, but held on to Ceylon and the Cape Colony. The Dutch possessions were organized as Nederlands-Indie, the Dutch East Indies (1816-1949).


Translations of the Tables of Contents of Dutch Language Books etc. on the History of the Dutch East Indies, provided by KMLA Multi-Language Reading Class

Students' Papers : Lee, Hye Jin, Maritime History : The South China Sea until the later 19th Century (2012)







Narrative . References : ONLINE SECONDARY SOURCES . Online Primary Sources . Bibliographic and Print Sources

Country Profiles . Links . Organizations . Accounts of History . Politics . Military History . Economic History . Social History . Ethnography
History of Religion . Regional History . Local History . Institutions . Culture . Biography . Environmental History . Others
Profiles Current Articles Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie, from Wikipedia Durch edition; Dutch East India Company, from Wikipedia
The Dutch East India Company, V.O.C., Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie, from Colonial Voyage (Marco Ramerini)
V.O.C., from TANAP
Historical Dirk Hogendorp, Bericht van den tegenwoordigen toestand der Bataafsche Bezittingen in Oost-Indië en den Handel op dezelfde, 1800, in Dutch, GB
Herman Willem Daendels, Staat der Nederlandsche Oostindische bezittingen, vol.1, vol.2, vol.3, 1814, in Dutch, GB
Ariën Huysers, Beknopte beschryving der Oostindische etablissementen , 1792, in Dutch, GB
Links on History Categorie : V.O.C., from Wikipedia Dutch edition; Category : Dutch East India Company, from Wikipedia
Dutch Portuguese Colonial History by Marco Ramerini; scroll down for Indonesia & Timor
VOC Links, from TANAP
Portals V.O.C. Kenniscentrum, Dutch language site
De V.O.C. Site, Dutch language site
Organizations TANAP
V.O.C. Kenniscentrum, Dutch language site
International Association of Historians of Asia (IAHA)
Historical Dictionaries V.O.C. Glossarium, from Instituut voor Nederlandse Geschiedenis
Timelines on the V.O.C. from De V.O.C. site
related to the V.O.C. Timeline of Indonesian History, from Serajah Indonesia , 11 sub-timelines, illustrated, very detailed
Timeline, from Network Indonesia
Accounts of History on the V.O.C. V.O.C. Kenniscentrum, Dutch language site
Articles Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie, from Wikipedia Durch edition; Dutch East India Company, from Wikipedia
De Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie, from Prinses Beatrix School, in Dutch
related to the V.O.C. Een kroniek van Nederlands-Chinese betrekkingen (A chronicle of Dutch-Chinese Relations), from Gele Draak, in Dutch
Specific Periods Jan Christiaan Nierstrasz, In the Shadow of the Company, the VOC (Dutch East India Company) and its servants in the period of its decline (1740-1796), diss. Leiden 2008
Rob Nieuwenhuijs, Oost-Indische spiegel, Wat Nederlandse schrijvers en dichters over Indonesi? hebben geschreven vanaf de eerste jaren der Compagnie tot op heden, 2006, in Dutch, posted by DBNL
Administration Article : Dutch East India Company : Organization, from Wikipedia
Articles : De Kamer van de V.O.C. in Zeeland, De Kamer van de V.O.C. in Rotterdam, De Kamer van de V.O.C. in Hoorn, De Kamer vam de V.O.C. in Enkhuizen, De Kamer van de V.O.C. in Delft, De Kamer van de V.O.C. in Amsterdam, from Wikipedia Dutch edition
Kamers van de V.O.C., from V.O.C. Kenniscentrum, in Dutch
Organisatie van de V.O.C., from V.O.C. site, in Dutch
List of governors general, from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon)
Gouverneurs-Generaal, from De V.O.C. site
Organization of the V.O.C. in Asia, chart from TANAP
J. Matthijs de Jongh, Shareholder Activism at the Dutch East India Company in 1622, 2009
N. Vriend, Het informatiesysteem en -netwerk van de Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie, thesis Leiden 2012
Military V.O.C. Warfare. Chain of Command; The military system of the Dutch East India Company 1655 - 1663
'De overtreffelijcke reijse gedaen door Reynier Adriaensen' Leven als soldaat in de Oost, (1681-1689) (Reynier Adriaensen's Journey. Life as a soldier in the East 1681-1689), by Bram Cocquyt, dis. Leuven 1999, in Dutch
The V.O.C. Fort at Jaffna, from Londoh
Wil O. Dijk, The V.O.C.s Gunpowder Factory ca 1620-1660, IIAS newsletter 26
Ernst van Veen, VOC Strategies in the Far East 1605-1640, BPJS 2001
Muridan S. Widjojo, Cross-Cultural Alliance-Making and Local Resistance in the Moluccas during the Revolt of Prince Nuku, c.1780-1810, diss. Leiden 2007
Ronald van Maanen, Naval strength of the Dutch East Company at the East Coast of Java in 1683, 2009 entry on blog "Warship Research"
Ronald van Maanen, Naval operations of the Dutch East Company in Cheribon according to the Generale Missive dated 5 April 1742, 2009 entry on blog "Warships Research"
Economy & Finances Animals Belangrijke Handelsprodukten : Olifanten [elephants], from V.O.C. Kenniscentrum, in Dutch
Metals Belangrijke Handelsprodukten : Goud en Silver, Koper, Tin, from V.O.C. Kenniscentrum, in Dutch
Supapara Ariyasojsiskul, For the Love of Tin. The V.O.C. in Ligoor, from IIAS Newsletter 33
Bangkok in the Age of Partnership, IIAS newsletter 2003, on VOC metals trade
Money & Finances A Global History of Currencies : Indonesia; The Oldest Share in the World : Verenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie (VOC) 1606
Participeren in het kapitaal van de Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie, from V.O.C. Kenniscentrum, in Dutch
Andrew van Nordenflycht, The Great Expropriation : Understanding the Innovation of "Permanent Capital" at the Dutch and English East India Companies, draft 2009
Willem G. Wolters, Managing Multiple Currencies with Units of Account : Netherlands India 1600-1800, IEHC 2006
Porcelain Belangrijke Handelsprodukten : Porselein, from V.O.C. Kenniscentrum, in Dutch
Article : Kraak Porcelain, from Wikipedia
Article : Kraakporselein, from Wikipedia Dutch edition
Rice Belangrijke Handelsprodukten : Rice, from V.O.C. Kenniscentrum, in Dutch
Spices The Economic History of Indonesia, from Economic History Encyclopedia
Producten, from V.O.C. Kenniscentrum
Belangrijke Handelsprodukten : Peper [pepper], Kruidnagelen [cloves], Muscaatnoten en Foelie [nutmegs and mace], Kaneel [cinnamon], Suiker [sugar], from V.O.C. Kenniscentrum, in Dutch
History of Camphor, from camphor.com.tw
Cardamom, Cinnamon, Clove, Nutmeg, Pepper, from Spanish Succession
Clifford A. Wright, Gastronomica : The Medieval Spice Trade and the Diffusion of the Chile, has a chapter on the Dutch Spice Trade
History of Clove, from Food History
Slave Trade Slavenhandel en Slavernij bij de V.O.C., from De V.O.C. site, in Dutch; Slavenhandel en Slavernij onder the V.O.C., from V.O.C. Kenniscentrum, in Dutch
The Dark Side of the V.O.C. Mentality (Slave Trade w. Arakan), from Univ. Leiden Research Archive
Stephan van Galen, The Changing Nature of the Seventeenth Century Slave Trade in Arakan and Eastern Bengal, Kaladan Press
Wim O. Dijk, An End to the History of Silence ? The Dutch Trade in Asian Slaves. Arakan and the Bay of Bengal, 1621-1665, IIAS Newsletter 2008
Stimulants Koffie, Thee, from Berts Geschiedenissite, in Dutch
Belangrijke Handelsprodukten : Opium, Koffie, Thee, from V.O.C. Kenniscentrum, in Dutch
Indonesia's Long and Rich Tobacco Growing History, from Wismilak Cigars
History of Coffee in Indonesia, from Specialty Coffee Association of Indonesia
Liu, Yong, The Dutch East India Company's tea trade with China, 1757-1781, diss. Leiden 2006
Coffee, from Spanish Succession
M. Burger, The Forgotten Gold? The Importance of the Dutch Opium Trade in the Seventeenth Century, n.d.
G.B. Souza, An Anatomy of Commerce and Consumption: Opium and Merchants at Batavia over the Long Eighteenth Century, Chinese Southern Diaspora Studies, Volume 3, 2009
J. Nozawa, Les vins europeens a la conquete de l'Asie extreme : le role de la VOC dans l'expansion orientale du vin aux Temps modernes, thesis Paris 2012
Textiles Om Prakash, India and the Indian Ocean in Textile Trade, GEHN 2005; Anthony Reid, Southeast Asian Consumption of Indian and British Cloth 1600-1850, GEHN 2005
Natalie Mault, From Patola to Paisley : How Colonization Led to Changes within Textile Designs, 2004 draft
Belangrijke Handelsprodukten : Zijde [silk], Effen en Gestreepde Kleeden [plain and striped cloth], Gedecoreerde Kleden [decorated cloth], from V.O.C. Kenniscentrum, in Dutch
Article : Chintz, from Wikipedia
Costume 18th Century : Coromandel Coast 1780s, Chintz c1715, by Meg Andrews; Chintz Fabric, from Den Haan & Wagenmakers
Giorgio Riello and Tirthankar Roy, How India Clothed the World : the World of South Asian Textiles 1500-1850, synopsis of forthcoming book 2008
Indian Textiles : Trade and Production, from Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History
Social History
Ethnography Kees Groeneboer, The Dutch Language in Maluku under the V.O.C., Cakalele 5 1994 pp.1-10
Cape Malays and their Heritage, Assimilation : Acculturation 1501-1652, Enslavement 1652-1699, Human Capital, Muslim Prisoners 1700-1790
Religion
History of Regions general Gewesten, from V.O.C. Kenniscentrum, in Dutch
Handelsposten van de V.O.C., from de V.O.C. site, in Dutch
at home (NL) V.O.C. in Zeeland, from Zeeuwse Bibliotheek, in Dutch
Cape Colony The Dutch in South Africa 1652-1795, 1802-1806, from Colonial Voyage (Marco Ramerini)
Gewesten : Kaap de Goede Hoop, from V.O.C. Kenniscentrum, in Dutch
Kaap de Goede Hoop, from De V.O.C. site, in Dutch
George McCall Theal, History of South Africa Under the Administration of the Dutch East India Company, 1652 to 1795, pt.1, pt.2, 1897, posted on Internet Archive
R.J. Ross, Zuid-Afrika onder de VOC, diss. Leiden 1980
Laura J. Mitchell, Belongings : Property, Family, and Identity in Colonial South Africa, diss. Columbia UP n.d.
Ceylon The Dutch in Ceylon : the Burghers of Ceylon, from Colonial Voyage (Marco Ramerini)
Gewesten : Ceylon, from V.O.C. Kenniscentrum, in Dutch
Article : V.O.C. op Ceylon, from Wikipedia Dutch edition
S. Arasaratnam, J.H.O. Paulusz on the 1638 Westerwolt Treaty in Ceylom : a Rejoinder, Bijdragen tot Taal- en Volkenkunde 138/2-3 (1982) pp.191-202, posted by KITLV
Ceylon, from De V.O.C. site, in Dutch
Lijst van gouverneurs van Nederlands-Ceylon, from Wikipedia Dutch edition
W. van Geer, De opkomst van het Nederlandsch gezag over Ceilon pt.1, thesis Leiden 1895, in Dutch, IA
A.F. Schrikker, Dutch and British colonial intervention in Sri Lanka c. 1780 - 1815 : Expansion and reform., thesis Leiden 2006
N.R. Dewasiri, Peasant in transition : agrarian society in Western Sri Lanka under Dutch rule, 1740-1800, thesis Leiden 2007
A. van den Belt, Het VOC-bedrijf op Ceylon : een voorname vestiging van de Oost-Indische Compagnie in de 18de eeuw, thesis Leiden 2008
R.J. Broekhuizen, VOC als kingmaker: Hoe de VOC een Thaise prins op de troon van Kandy wilde zetten, thesis Utrecht 2013
Java History of Jakarta (Batavia), from Berita Jakarta, from Wikipedia
History of Bandung, from Bandung City Homepage
History of Surabaya (Soerabaja), from Wikipedia
Gewesten : Batavia, Bantam, Javas Nordoostkust, from V.O.C. Kenniscentrum, in Dutch
Article Dutch Indies, from GenWiki
Batavia, Cheribon, Java's Noordoostkust, from De V.O.C. site, in Dutch
Thomas Stamford Raffles, History of Java, 1830, posted on Internet Archive
Margana, Sri, Java's last frontier : the struggle for hegemony of Blambangan, c. 1763-1813, diss. Leiden 2007
A.R. T. Kemasang, Overseas Chinese in Java and their Liquidation in 1740, Southeast Asian Studies 19/2 1981
Cape Malays and their Heritage, The Alienation 1501-1600, 1601-1700, 1701-1800 [mainly history of Java]
Chronologie van Nederlands Indie en Indonesie, Pt.1 1595-1699, 1700-1799, in Dutch
Growth of the Dutch empire. Dutch East India Company. , from Network Indonesia
De Nederlanders te Jakatra. Uit de bronnen, zoo uitgegevene als niet uitgegevene, 1860, in Dutch, posted on Internet Archive
The Present State of the Sunda Islands. Chapter III. Treats the Island of Java and the City of Batavia, pp.168-185 in vol.1 of Th. Salmon, Modern History or the Present State of All Nations, 1744, GB; described 16th-18th century
Java, pp.239-240 in vol.64 of G. Sale, An Universal History, from the Earliest Account of Time, 1765, GB
Makassar, Bandjermasin, Pontiana, Timor, Sumatra, Minahasa History of Makassar (Ujung Padang), from Wikipedia
Gewesten : Makassar, from V.O.C. Kenniscentrum, in Dutch
Article : Makassar, from Wikipedia Dutch edition
D. Teeuwen & H. Doorn, The Conquest of Makassar by the Dutch 1596-1800, Rendez-vous Batavia 2006
Timor, Makassar, Banjar Massing, Pontiana, Palembang en Jambi, Sumatra's Westkust, from De V.O.C. site, in Dutch
J.P. Parraud, Histoire de Sumatra 1788, in French, posted on Internet Archive
Article : Minahasa : History, from Wikipedia
History Timeline, from theminahasa.net
Malabar India. Shores without end, from Tanap; scroll down for Malabar, Coromandel
The Dutch in Kerala (Malabar), from Colonial Voyage (Marco Ramerini)
S. Anjana, From Merchant-Warriors to Landlords : the Changing Appearances of the V.O.C. in Cochin 1663-1795, 2007
Gewesten : Malabar, from V.O.C. Kenniscentrum, in Dutch
Malabar, from De V.O.C. site, in Dutch
Lijst van commandeurs van Malabar, from Wikipedia Dutch Edition
Colonial Imprints in India : the Dutch, from IHR Blog
Ramachandran Vaidyanadhan, Communication history of the Dutch in India (review)
Malacca Gewesten : Malakka, from V.O.C. Kenniscentrum, in Dutch
History of Colonial Malaysia. Dutch Malacca 1641-1795, 1814-1825, from Colonial Voyage (Marco Ramerini)
De V.O.C. op Malakka, from Berts Geschiedenissite, in Dutch
Malakka, from De V.O.C. site, in Dutch
Lijst van gouverneurs van Nederlands Malakka, from Wikipedia Dutch edition
The China Trade, from Singapore Infopedia
Maldives Article : Hisatory of the Maldives : Dutch, from Wikipedia
Mauritius, Moçambique Mozambique, Mauritius, from De V.O.C. site, in Dutch
The Dutch in Mauritius 1638-1658, 1664-1710, from Colonial Voyage, by Marco Ramerini
Moluccas Article : Maluku Islands : the Dutch, from Wikipedia
Article : VOC op de Banda Eilanden, from Wikipedia Dutch edition
Gewesten : Molukken, Ambon, Banda, from V.O.C. Kenniscentrum, in Dutch
Ternaten/Molukken, Amboina, Banda, from De V.O.C. site, in Dutch
Heinrich Bokemeyer, Die Molukken. Geschichte und quellenmässige Darstellung der Eroberung und Verwaltung der ostindischen Gewürzinseln durch die Niederländer diss. Rostock 1888, in German, posted on Internet Archive
Muridan S. Widjojo, Cross-Cultural Alliance-Making and Local Resistance in the Moluccas during the Revolt of Prince Nuku, c.1780-1810, diss. Leiden 2007
David Henley, A Superabundance of Centers : Ternate and the Contest of North Sulawesi, Cakalele 4 1993 pp.39-60
Gerrit J. Knaap, A City of Migrants : Kota Ambon at the End of the Seventeenth Century
Vincent C. Loth, Pioneers and Perkeniers : the Banda Islands in the 17th Century, Cakalele 6 1995 pp.13-35
Taiwan (Formosa) The Dutch in Formosa - Taiwan 1624-1662, 1664-1668, from Colonial Voyage (Marco Ramerini)
Gewesten : Formosa, from V.O.C. Kenniscentrum, in Dutch
Wei-Sheng Lin, The V.O.C. Trade in Taiwan
Article : Nederlands Formosa, from Wikipedia Dutch edition
Ilha Formosa : the Emergence of Taiwan on the World Scene, Transshipments and Local Products (VOC era)
Article : Dutch Formosa, from Wikipedia
Formosa, from De V.O.C. site, on Dutch
Chiu, Hsin-hui, The colonial 'civilizing process' in Dutch Formosa 1624-1662, thesis Leiden 2007
Daily Life under the Dutch in 17th Century Taiwan, from Once upon a Time in Taiwan
Tonio Andrade, How Taiwan Became Chinese: Dutch, Spanish, and Han Colonization in the Seventeenth Century, thesis Columbia UP n.d.
L. van Oosten, Formosa en de inter-Aziatische handel: Een onderzoek naar de Nederlandse handelsrelaties tussen Formosa en Japan in de zeventiende eeuw, thesis Utrecht 2009
Y. Palemeq, After All Ambivalence: The Situation of North Formosa and Its Inhabitants in the Seventeenth Century, thesis Leiden 2012
V.O.C. Trade with Arabia Mocha, from De V.O.C. site, on Dutch
Article : Handelsposten van de V.O.C. in het Midden-Oosten, from Wikipedia Dutch edition
Arakan The Dark Side of the V.O.C. Mentality (Slave Trade w. Arakan), from Univ. Leiden Research Archive
Stephan van Galen, The Changing Nature of the Seventeenth Century Slave Trade in Arakan and Eastern Bengal, Kaladan Press
Wim O. Dijk, An End to the History of Silence ? The Dutch Trade in Asian Slaves. Arakan and the Bay of Bengal, 1621-1665, IIAS Newsletter 2008
Stephan van Galen, The Serpent and the King. The Dutch-Arakanese Relationship
Myanmar (Birma), from De V.O.C. site, on Dutch
Bengal Article : V.O.C. in Bengalen, from Wikipedia Dutch Edition
Article : The Dutch, from Banglapedia
Gewesten : Bengalen, from V.O.C. Kenniscentrum, in Dutch
Bengalen, from De V.O.C. site, on Dutch
Lijst van VOC-directeuren in Bengalen, from Wikipedia Dutch Edition
Colonial Imprints in India : the Dutch, from IHR Blog
Burma Wil O. Dijk, The Dutch in 17th Century Burma, Burma Library
Article : V.O.C. in Birma, from Wikipedia Dutch edition
Wil O. Dijk, The V.O.C.'s Trade in Indian Textiles with Burma 1634-1680, 2002, accessible through jstor
Myanmar (Birma), from De V.O.C. site, on Dutch
Lijst van Opperhoofden van Nederlands Birma, from Wikipedia Dutch Edition
Cambodia Article : Evolution of the Dutch Empire : Cambodia, from Wikipedia
China Gewesten : China, from V.O.C. Kenniscentrum
Article : Nederlands China, from Wikipedia Dutch edition
Article : Evolution of the Dutch Empire : China, from Wikipedia
China, from De V.O.C. site, on Dutch
Liu, Yong, The Dutch East India Company's tea trade with China, 1757-1781, diss. Leiden 2006
J. Moldenhauer, The Dutch East India Company in Fuzhou and the Dutch merchant's image of China (c.1660-c.1690), thesis Leiden 2013
D. Welt, Daarheen en weer terug, twee Nederlandse gezantschappen in China, thesis Leiden 2012
Coromandel India. Shores without end, from Tanap; scroll down for Malabar, Coromandel
Gewesten : Coromandel, from V.O.C. Kenniscentrum, in Dutch
Articles : Nagapattinam, Kust van Coromandel, from Wikipedia Dutch edition
S. Arasaratnam, The Dutch East India Company and its Coromandel Trade 1700-1740, Bijdragen tot de Taal- en Volkenkunde 123/3 1967 pp.325-346, posted by KITLV
Coromandel, from De V.O.C. site, in Dutch
Factorijen van de V.O.C. aan de Coromandelkust, from Berts Geschiedenissite, in Dutch
Colonial Imprints in India : the Dutch, from IHR Blog
Japan History of Dejima, from Port of Nagasaki
Gewesten : Japan, from V.O.C. Kenniscentrum
Article : Dejima, from Wikipedia Dutch edition
Article : Dejima, from Wikipedia
Japan, from De V.O.C. site, on Dutch
Lijst van VOC-opperhoofden in Japan, from Wikipedia Dutch Edition
Bangkok in the Age of Partnership, IIAS newsletter 2003, on Japan's Copper Export
L. van Oosten, Formosa en de inter-Aziatische handel: Een onderzoek naar de Nederlandse handelsrelaties tussen Formosa en Japan in de zeventiende eeuw, thesis Utrecht 2009
Persia (Iran) Gewesten : Perzie, from V.O.C. Kenniscentrum
W.M. Floor, Commercial Conflict between Persia and the Netherlands 1712-1718 1988
Geography of Iram : Kharg Island, from Iran Chamber Society
Article : Evolution of the Dutch Empire : Iran, from Wikipedia
Perzie, from De V.O.C. site, on Dutch
Article : Handelsposten van de V.O.C. in het Midden-Oosten, from Wikipedia Dutch edition
Willem Floor, The Iranian Navy in the Gulf during the Eighteenth Century, 1987, accessinle through jstor
Article : Bushehr : History, from Wikipedia
Siam (Thailand) George G. van der Meulen, 400 years Thai-Dutch Relation: VOC in Judea, Kingdom of Siam 2004
Bhawan Ruangsilp, Dutch East India merchants at the court of Ayutthaya : Dutch perceptions of the Thai Kingdom, c. 1604-1765, diss. Leiden 2007
The Dutch in Ayutthaya, from History of Ayutthaya
Siam, from De V.O.C. site, on Dutch
Supapara Ariyasojsiskul, For the Love of Tin. The V.O.C. in Ligoor, from IIAS Newsletter 33
Bangkok in the Age of Partnership, IIAS newsletter 2003, on VOC-Siam trade
Siamese king sent diplomats to 'King' Maurits at The Hague VOC manned country's only foreign trading post (1996)
Sindh M.H. Panhwar, An Introduction to Willem Floor's Book "The Dutch East India Company (V.O.C.) and Diewel-Sindh (Pakistan) in the 17th and 18th Centuries
Article : Handelsposten van de V.O.C. in het Midden-Oosten, from Wikipedia Dutch edition
Surat Article : Suratte, from Wikipedia Dutch edition
Suratte, from De V.O.C. site, on Dutch
Colonial Imprints in India : the Dutch, from IHR Blog
Tonkin Article : Tonquin, from Wikipedia Dutch edition
Hoang Anh Tuan, Silk for silver : Dutch-Vietnamese relations, 1637-1700, diss. Leiden 2006
Article : Evolution of the Dutch Empire : Vietnam, from Wikipedia
Tonkin en Quinam, from De V.O.C. site, on Dutch
Institutions Forts & Factories Overzicht Forten en Fortificaties, from De V.O.C. site, in Dutch
Dutch Colonial Remains in Africa, Dutch Colonial Remains in Asia 1600-1800, The Castle of Good Hope, Dutch and Portuguese Buildings in Sri Lanka, Photos of Some Remains (Middelburg Bastion) of the Portuguese-Dutch Fort at Malacca, from Colonial Voyage (Marco Ramerini)
Article Fort Zeelandia [Taiwan], Fort Santo Domingo [Taiwan], Fort Provintia [Taiwan], Forts of Sri Lanka : Colonial Forts, Fort Fredrick [Sri Lanka], Galle Fort [Sri Lanka], from Wikipedia
Articles : Fort Mosselstein [Persia], Fort Zeelandia [Taiwan], from Wikipedia Dutch edition
Search Geheugen van Nederaland for Fort Oranje, Ternate, Fort Amsterdam, Molukken, Fort Nieuw Victoria, Ambon, Kasteel Batavia, Stadsmuren Batavia, Fort Rotterdam, Ujung Padang, Fort Belgica, Molukken, Fort de Kock, Singalang, Fort Vastenburg, Soerakarta, Fort Zeelandia
Anjana Singh, Fort Cochin in Kerala 1750-1830 : the social condition of a Dutch community in an Indian milieu, diss. Leiden 2007
Ships Schepenlijst [list of ships], from De V.O.C. site, in Dutch
Maritima Lanka
Nick Habermehl, List of V.O.C. Shipwrecks, from Treasure Net
Factories Batavia. A Virtual Factory
Culture
Biographies
Environmental History
Others Crime and Society. A Comparative Criminology Tour of the World : Indonesia
Indo-Malayan Ecoregion, from WWF; Australasia Ecoregion, from WWF
P.K. Bhattacharyya, Beginning of Modern Botany in India by Dutch in 16th-18th Century, Indian Journal of History of Science 17/2 1982 pp.365-376
Onderzoek naar flora en fauna ten tijde van de Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie (V.O.C.), from V.O.C. Kenniscentrum, in Dutch
Project : The European Labour Market and the Dutch East India Company (V.O.C.), Univ. Leiden, lead by Femme Gaastra

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Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon)
Gouverneurs-Generaal, from De V.O.C. site
Documents Historical Newspapers Kranten Historisch [historical newspapers]
Search Digitaal Krantenarchief at Regionaal Archief Leiden
Image Databanks Search Geheugen van Nederland ; Search Tropenmuseum; site in Dutch

Archival Deposits Search ARCHIEVEN.NL
List of Charters of the V.O.C., from TANAP
Database of V.O.C. documents, from TANAP
V.O.C. : Uitgevaren voor de Kamers, Dutch-language online register of 18th century sailors in the service of the V.O.C., based on ship's registers, posted by Nationaalarchief
Wil O. Dijk, The Archives of the Dutch East India Company (V.O.C.) as they Relate to Burma, SOAS Bulletin of Burma Research 1/1 2003
B, v d., Het Oost- en West-Indische archief te Amsterdam, 1855, posted by Aceh Books, in Dutch
Chijs, Jacobus Anne van der, Inventaris van 's lands archief te Batavia (1602-1816), 1882, posted by Aceh Books, in Dutch
Laws J.A. van der Chijs (ed.), Nederlandsch-Indisch Plakaatboek 1602-1811, vol.1 1885, covers 1602-1642, vol.2 1886, covers 1642-1677, vol.5 1888, covers 1743-1750, vol.6 1889, covers 1750-1754, vol.7 1890, covers 1755-1764, vol.8 1891, covers 1765-1775, vol.10 1892, covers 1776-1787, vol.11 1893, covers 1788-1794, vol.12 1894, covers 1795-1799, vol.13 1895, covers 1800-1803, vol.14 1895, covers 1804-1808, vol.15 1896, covers 1808-1809, vol.16, 1897, covers 1810-1811, vol.17 1900, systematic index, IA
Treaties J.E. Heeres (ed.), Corpus Diplomaticum Neerlando-Indicum, Verzameling van politieke contracten en verdere Verdragen door de Nederlanders in het Oosten gesloten, van Privilegiebrieven aan hen verleend, enz., vol.1 1907, covering 1596-1650, posted on Internet Archive; here English-language ToC
J. Dumont (ed.), Corps universel diplomatique du droit des gens, vol.1, 1726, vol.3, 1726, vol.4, 1726, vol.7, 1731, in French, GB
Historiography
Document Collections Daghregister Batavia 1683, 1684, 1685, 1686, 1687, 1688, 1689, 1690, 1691, 1692, 1693, 1694, 1695, 1696, 1697, 1698, 1699, 1700, 1701, 1702, 1703, 1704, 1705, 1706, 1707, 1708, 1709, 1710, posted by ANRI
Arsip Nasional Republik Indonesia (ANRI, Indonesia's National Archive; website in Bahasa Indonesia)
Batavia Daghregisters 1623, 1647-1648, 1659, 1664, 1670, 1678, posted on Internet Archive
Tiele, Pieter Anton; Heeres, Jan Ernst, Bouwstoffen voor de geschiedenis der Nederlanders in den Maleischen Archipel, 1886, posted by Aceh Books, in Dutch; here English-language ToC
Dito, 2nd Series, Buitenbezittingen 1612-1624, Volume 1 1886, posted by Internet Archive, Dito, 2nd Series, Buitenbezittingen 1640-1649, Volume 3 1895, posted by Internet Archive, De Opkomst van het Nederlandsch Gezag in Oost-Indië, 1st Series, 1595-1610, Vol.2 1595-1602, 1864, posted by internet Archive, Dito, 1st Series, 1595-1610, Vol.3 1605-1610, 1865, posted by internet Archive, Dito, 1st Series, Java 1612-1622, Volume 1 1869, posted by Internet Archive, Dito, 1st Series, Java 1623-1650, Volume 2 1870, posted by Internet Archive, Dito, 1st Series, Java 1677-1684, Volume 4 1873, posted by Internet Archive, Dito, 1st Series, Java 1685-1710, Volume 5 1875, posted by Internet Archive, Dito, 1st Series, Java 1717-1743, Volume 6 1877, posted by Internet Archive, Dito, 1st Series, Java 1743-1767 Volume 7 1878, posted by Internet Archive, Dito, 1st Series, Java 1764-1781 Volume 8 1883, posted by Internet Archive, Dito, 1st Series, Java 1781-1799 Volume 9 1884, posted by Internet Archive, Dito, 1st Series, Java 1799-1811, Volume 10 1888, posted by Internet Archive, Alphabetic Index 1888, posted by Internet Archive
J.A. Gothe (ed.), Archief voor de Geschiedenis der Oude Hollandsche Zending, vol.4-6, vol.4 : Formosa 1643-1661, vol.5 : Molukken 1603-1624, vol.6 : Molukken 1625-1638, IA
A remonstrance of the Bewinthebbers or directors of the Netherlands East India Company, lately exhibited to the Lords States Generall in iustification of the proceedings of their officers at Amboyna against the English there, n.d., IA
H.T. Colenbrander (ed.), Jan Pietersz. Coen, bescheiden omternt zijn bedrijf in Indie, 1919, in Dutch, IA
Historical Maps Atlas of Mutual Heritage, posted by Nationaalarchief
WHKMLA Historical Atlas : Indonesia Page
Atlas of Indonesia, from Wikimedia Commons
Leen Helmink, The Secret Atlas of the Dutch East India Company
Kaarten, from V.O.C. Kenniscentrum
Historical
Encyclopedia Entries
Secular
Economic Batavia, p.37 in vol.2 of S. Ricard, Traite general du commerce, 1781, in French, GB
Historical
Navigation Guides
Travelogues Willem Lodewijcksz, Cornelis Houtman, Premier livre de l'histoire de la navigation aux Indes Orientales, par les Hollandois, 1609, in French, GB
Reynier Adriaensen's Voortreffelycke Reyse narr de Oost 1680-1689 (R.A.'s Journey to the East), posted by Bram Cocquyt, in Dutch
Nederlandsche reizen: tot bevordering van den koophandel na de meest afgelegene gewesten des aardkloots, vol.1, 1784, vol.2, 1784, vol.3, 1784, vol.5, 1784, vol.7, 1785, vol.8, 1785, vol.9, 1786, vol.10, 1786, vol.11, 1786, vol.12, 1787, vol.13, 1787, vol.14, 1787, in Dutch, GB
Andre Everard van Braam, An Authentic Account of the Embassy of the Dutch East-India Company, to the Court of the Emperor of China, in the Years 1974 and 1795, 1798, posted on Internet Archive
Reize van Maarten Gerritsz. Vries in 1643 naar het noorden en oosten van Japan, volgens het journaal gehouden door C. J. Coen, op het schip Castricum, 1859, in Dutch, posted on Internet Archive
Institutions Archives Search ARCHIEVEN.NL
The Archives of the V.O.C., from TANAP
Arsip Nasional Republik Indonesia (ANRI, National Archive); in Bahasa Indonesia
Musea Museum Nasional Indonesia
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW
Coins, Banknotes Dutch Coinage in India, posted by JMD
1658-1796, Ceilon Dutch Colonial Period, from Lakdiva Coin Collection; Dutch Rule in Ceylon, from Ceylon Coin Web
Melaka Dutch Coinage of Vereenigde Oos-Indische Compagnie (V.O.C.), from Melaka Today 2007

BIBLIOGRAPHY AND PRINT SOURCES
Bibliographies . Online Libraries . Thesis Servers . Online Journals . General Accounts . Specific Topics . Historical Dictionaries . Statistical Data . Yearbooks
Bibliographies Journal of Asian History, index of articles
Southeast Asia Publications, from Center for Southeast Asian Studies, Northern Illinois University
Monographs, from Yale University Council on Southeast Asian Studies
South East Asia Dissertations, click South East Asia, Indonesia
McGill Southeast Asian Studies (theses), search for Indonesia
Boeken, from De V.O.C. Site; Literatuur, from V.O.C. Kenniscentrum
Bibliography of Dutch Colonial History : Asia, from Colonial Voyage (Marco Ramerini)
Itinerario cumulative index 2003-
Events List : Tanat Workshops, from TANAP
Nederlandsche Oost-Indische Compagnie, select bibliography from National Library of Australia (1991)
Online Libraries General Google Books; Internet Archives; Gutenberg Library Online; HathiTrust; e-corpus
Gallica
Center for Research Libraries (CRL)
On SE Asia South East Asia Digital Library (project)
South East Asia Visions, at Cornell
Leiden University Repository (NL, Open Access)
South East Asian Studies, Student Theses, from Ohio University
Search Narcis (server for theses from the Netherlands) for V.O.C.
Aceh Books, has 653 titles
Scholar Space at the University of Hawai'i at Manoa
Search Digitale Bibliografie Nederlandse Geschiedenis for V.O.C. etc
Thesis Server Open Access Theses and Dissertations
Online Journals Directory of Open Access Journals
Electronic Journals Online
Journal of Southeast Asian History 1960-1969, Journal of Southeast Asian Studies 2009-, from Cambridge Journals Online (require registration)
ASEAS (Austrian Journal of South East Asian Studies), open access, 2008-
Journal of Indonesian Social Sciences and Humanities, KITLV (NL) 2008-
Indonesia (Cornell); articles published until 2000 accessible free of charge
Asia Insights, from NIAS, 2002-
Archipel, use Persee (French search engine)
BTLV 1853-1908, 1950-2009
General Accounts on the V.O.C. Jacobus Anne van der Chijs, Geschiedenis der stichting van de Vereenigde O.I. compagnie en der maatregelen van de Nederlandsche regering betreffende de vaart op Oost-Indie, welke aan deze stichting voorafgingen, 1857, in Dutch, posted by Internet Archive
Special Topics Jan Lucassen, Emigration to the Dutch Colonies and the USA, pp.21-27 in : Robin Cohen, The Cambridge Survey of World Migration, Cambridge : UP 1995, KMLA Lib.Sign. 304.809 C678c
Historical Dictionaries