History by Country . A . B . C . D . E . F . G . HI . JK . L . M . N . OP . QR . S . TUV . WXYZ

Literature on the History of Southern Africa
South Africa Lesotho
First posted in April 2002, last revised on January 30th 2009

History of Swaziland : Narrative . References : Online Secondary Sources . Online Primary Sources . Bibliographic and Print Sources

until 1894 . 1894-1968 . Since 1968

Until 1894
Under the pressure of the Zulu, in 1815 the Dlamini moved northward across the Pongola River, into what is called Swaziland today. Under King Sobhuza I. they adopted the military strategy of the Zulus. In 1836, in the Battle of Lubuya, the Dlamini defeated the invading Zulu. In 1839, King Sobhuza I. died and was succeeded by his son Mswati; the name Dlamini changed to Swazi, after their new ruler. In 1845 the first mission station among the Swazi was established. In 1860, Coenraad Vermaak acquired the first Boer land concession on Swazi territory (basically the Swazi did not regard it a land concession, believing at that time to be engaged in a trade deal). In 1868, Mswati died; he was succeeded by son Ludvonga; the latter was poisoned in 1874.
In the latter half of the 19th century, Swaziland found itseld sandwiched between the Boer Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek, Portuguese Moçambique, British Natal and Zululand. In 1881 the Pretoria Convention was signed between the Cape Colony and the Zuid Afrikaansche Republiek (Transvaal) concerning Swaziland (1st Swaziland Convention); a second such convention followed in 1884.

In 1894, Swaziland became a protectorate of the Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek (Z.A.R., or Transvaal). in 1895 the Z.A.R. appointed a Resident Special Commissioner. During the Boer War, Swaziland was neutral. In 1900/1902, Swaziland continued to be administrated from Pretoria, now the capital of (British occupied) Transvaal. The Swaziland Administration Proclamation of 1904 formally placed Swaziland under the administration of Transvaal. In 1906, Swaziland petitioned to be declared a separate colony and to be separated from Transvaal; in 1907 the administration was transferred to the High Commissioner of South Africa. In 1907 a Land Ordinnance was published; one third of the land was allocated to the Swazi. In 1908 a Swazi delegation travelled to London to protest the effective partitioning of the country.
When the Union of South Africa was established in 1910, Swaziland did not become part of it. But in 1910, Swaziland joined in a customs and currency union with South Africa.
In 1900, Swaziland had a population of 750 whites, 28,000 Swazis. In 1907, whites held 44 % of the arable land, all mines and factories.
The Union of South Africa requested repeatedly that Swaziland was incorporated; the British Colonial office refused every time. Many Swazis worked in the gold mines of the Witwatersrand.
In 1921, the European Advisory Council was established as a political forum in which the white settlers were represented. It was dissolved in 1960. In 1950, the Swaziland Native Administration Proclamation was proclaimed. Political parties emerged in the early 1960es : the Sw. Progressive Party 1960, the Sw. Democratic Party 1962. On March 1st 1962, the equality of the races was proclaimed. In 1963, limited self-government was introduced, in 1966 the monarchy restored. A constitutional assembly in 1963 failed to agree on a constitution, so a constitution was octroyed by the British administration in 1964; it was replaced by a new constitution in 1967. On Sept. 6th 1968, the Kingdom of Swaziland was released into independence.

Independence, since 1968
In 1968, the Kingdom of Swaziland was released into independence. The capital was established at Mbabane. In 1973, King Sobhuza II. cancelled the constitution adopted by the British and reintroduced traditional rule.
Swaziland is a member of the Commonwealth, of the OAU and of the United Nations. It has close ties to South Africa, on which it is economically dependent.

Country Profiles . Links . Organizations . Accounts of History . Politics . Military History . Economic History . Social History . Ethnography
History of Religion . Regional History . Local History . Institutions . Culture . Biography . Environmental History . Others
Country Profiles Modern from CIA World Factbook; BBC Country Profiles; World Desk Reference; Index Mundi, Nations Encyclopedia; from ISS
Article : Swaziland, from Wikipedia
C. Vandome, Swaziland: Southern Africa's Forgotten Crisis 2013
Historical C.C. Watts, Dawn in Swaziland 1922, IA
R.P. Stevens, The South African Threat to the Independence of Basutoland, Bechuanaland and Swaziland 1966
Links General from Library of Congress, Portals to the World; from BUBL; Category : Swaziland, from Wikipedia
Swaziland Page, from African Studies at UPenn; from Africa South of the Sahara at Stanford
on History from Virtual Library History; Category : History of Swaziland, from Wikipedia
Organizations Southern African Historical Society
Economic History Society of Southern Africa
Church History Society of Southern Africa
The Philatelic Society for Greater Southern Africa
Swaziland National Trust Commission
Historical Dictionaries P.E. Raper, Dictionary of Southern African Placenames n.d.
Timelines from BBC News; from timelines.ws; from Timelines DB; Chronology of Catholic Dioceses : Swaziland, from Kirken i Norge
Accounts of History Modern History of Swaziland, from Wikipedia; from History World; from about.com; from Swazi Web; from Swaziland National Trust Commission
S. Maseko, The Full History of the Maseko Clan,Times of Swaziland Oct. 17 2013
Specific Periods Freedom House, Swaziland: A Failed Feudal State; especially chapter Historical Overview of Swaziland's Dictatorship
EISA, Swaziland: Early human occupation (c2 million BP - c.1750 CE) 2008
EISA, Swaziland: Origin and rise of the Swazi Kingdom (c.1750-1868 CE) 2008
EISA, Swaziland: Boer incursion and British meddling (1868-1907) 2008
EISA, Swaziland: Settlers, colonialism and the struggle for national identity (1907-1945) 2008
EISA, Resurgence of Swaziland and the triumph of the aristocracy (1946-1968) 2008
EISA, Demands for democracy and Tinkhundla tinkerings (1986-1999) 2008
EISA, Swaziland: Repression, reform and resistance (2001-2007) 2008
Politics Links Political Resources on the Net : Swaziland; Governments on the WWW : Swaziland
Category : Elections in Swaziland, from Wikipedia
General Politics of Swaziland, from Wikipedia; Entry Swaziland, from EISA Web Encyclopedia
S.C.L. Pejstrup, Swaziland in Transition, thesis Aalborg 2010; an analysis of Swaziland's political system, with a special focus on trade unions
Freedom House : Swaziland Report 2013 (reports for 1999, 2001-2013 available)
Political History DADM : Swaziland, 1968-present
Foreign Relations P.Q. Magagula, Swaziland's Relations with Britain and South Africa since 1968, thesis Durham 1988
Swaziland Solidarity Network Canada, History of the ANC struggle and Swaziland 2007
Regional Cooperation H. Masemola, An Analysis and Appraisal of Restructuring in SADCC/SADC since 1990, thesis Univ. of South Africa 2005
Military Orders, Decorations and Medals of Swaziland, from ODM
H.M. Jones, Neutrality Compromised. Swaziland and the Anglo-Boer War 1899-1902, posted on Military History Journal vol.11 3/4
J. Tshabalala, C. Nhlengethwa & M. Rupiya, Caught between tradition and regional warfare: The Umbutfo Swaziland Defence Force since 1968, ch.10, in M. Rupiya (ed.), Evolutions and Revolutions, A Contemporary History of Militaries in Southern Africa, ISS 2005
Economy & Finances Global History of Currencies : Swaziland; Tables of Modern Monetary History : Africa, from www.dollarization.org, scroll down for Swaziland
Category : Economy of Swaziland, from Wikipedia
History of the Central Bank of Swaziland
About us, from Swaziland Stock Exchange
Wharton Financial Institutions Center : Swaziland
R. Grynberg et al., SACU Revenue Sharing Formula: The History of An Equation n.d.
O. Dlamini, The Swaziland Sugar Association; scroll down for History and Profile
Royal Swaziland Sugar Corporation : History
Freedom House : Swaziland, a Failed Feudal State : The Deformed Economy and its Consequences for Swazi People
Swaziland Electricity Company, History of the Electricity in Swaziland
SAB Miller, Where We Operate, Swaziland, has history
African Growing Enterprises : Swaziland
Social History General
Racial Discrimination N. Dlamini, Legal Abolition of Racial Discrimination and its Aftermath: The Case of Swaziland, 1945-1973, thesis Univ. of Witwatersrand 2007; ch.1 : General Introduction, ch.2 : Early Black and White Contacts: The Genesis of Racist Discourse in Swaziland, c.1840s-1902, ch.3 : A Pyramid of Inequality: Discrimination under British Rule, 1903-1944, ch.4 : The Emergence of a 'third nation': The Growth and Development of the Coloured Community in Swaziland, 1913-1959, The Failure of an Elitist Struggle: Swazi Intellectuals and their Anti-Discriminatory Campaign, 1945-1959, ch.6 : Winds of Change in Swaziland: Early Independence Politics and the Legal Abolition of Racial Discrimination, 1960-2, ch.7 : An Egg on Government's Face: Racial Discrimination and the 1962/3 Industrial Strikes, ch.8 : Shadows of Apartheid: Racial Discrimination and its Persistence, 1964-1973, ch.9 : thesis conclusion
Labour Solidarity Center, Justice for All. The Struggle for Worker Rights in Swaziland 2006
Class P. McFadden, Proletarianisation in Swaziland : the case of the sugar industry, thesis Warwick 1987
S.R. Dlamini, The Evolution of Professional Education in Swaziland and the Making of an Elite Class of Swazi Women 1925-1947 UNISWA Research Journal 2006 (abstract)
Education University of Swaziland, History
S.R. Dlamini, The Evolution of Professional Education in Swaziland and the Making of an Elite Class of Swazi Women 1925-1947 UNISWA Research Journal 2006 (abstract)
Health Swaziland, from Alcohol and Drugs History Society
F.T. Muwanga, A Systematic Review of the Economic Impact of HIV/AIDS on Swaziland, thesis Johannesburg 2004
Crime, Punishment Swaziland, from Crime and Society. a Comparative Criminology Tour of the World by R. Winslow
Ethnography Languages of Swaziland (4), from Ethnologue
Category Languages of Swaziland, from Wikipedia
World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples : Swaziland
UNHCR : Swaziland
Institutionalized Ethnicity : Swaziland
Religion General Category : Religion in Swaziland, from Wikipedia
Franco Frescura, List of Mission Stations in Southern Africa
Indigenous S. Nyawo, The Early Encounter between the Swazi and the Western Missionaries: The Establishment of the Evangelical Church in Swaziland, 1894-1950, thesis KwaZulu-Natal 2004; pp.46-81 on indigenous religious orientation
Swazi Solidarity Network Canada : Chapter 7 : The Traditional Religion of Swaziland
Anglican Article : Diocese of Swaziland (Anglican), Wikipedia
Evangelical S. Nyawo, The Early Encounter between the Swazi and the Western Missionaries: The Establishment of the Evangelical Church in Swaziland, 1894-1950, thesis KwaZulu-Natal 2004
Catholic Chronology of Catholic Dioceses : Swaziland, from Kirken i Norge
Concise History of the Salesians in Swaziland
GCatholic, Diocese of Manzini
Jewish Virtual Jewish History Tour, Swaziland
Swaziland, from International Association of Jewish Genealogical Societies - Cemetery Project
History of Regions Article Districts of Swaziland, from Wikipedia
Districts of Swaziland, from www.statoids.com
J.M. Merklin, Countries and Territories of the 20th Century, 2009 : Kingdom of Swaziland, Protectorate of Transvaal 1900-07-08, British Protectorate of Swaziland 1908-07-08, 1918-07-08, 1928-07-08, 1938-07-08, 1948-07-08, 1958-07-08, Protected State of Swaziland 1968-07-08, Kingdom of Swaziland 1978-07-08, 1988-07-08, 1998-07-08, 2008-07-08
Local History List of Cities in Swaziland, from Wikipedia
Article : Mbabane, from Wikipedia
Institutions Swaziland, from Airline History
Article Swazi Music Radio, from Wikipedia ; R. Rooney, Short History of "Times of Swaziland", from Swazi Media Commentary ; R. Rooney, History of Swazi Language Press, from Swazi Media Commentary
Article University of Swaziland : History, from Wikipedia
Article Swazi Rail, from Wikipedia
Structurae : Swaziland
Cultural History Articles Swaziland at the Olympics, from Wikipedia
T.M. Debly, Culture and Resistance. Swaziland 1960-2011, thesis Univ. of New Brunswick 2011
J.S. Crush, The Spatial Impress of Capital with the Colonial State in Swaziland, with Particular Reference to the Period 1903-1914, thesis Wilfried Laurier Univ. 1978
Biographies African Women Bibliographic Database
Dictionary of African Christian Biography
W.H. Wills et al., The Anglo-African who's who and biographical sketch-book 1905, IA
Environmental History Disaster History : Swaziland, from Relief Web
Afrotropic Ecoregion, from WWF
Others International Boundary Studies, search for Swaziland

Historical Data . Statistical Data . Documents Newspapers . Yearbooks . Image Databanks . Archival Deposits . Laws . Historiography
Document Collections . Historical Maps . Historical Encyclopedia Articles . Travelogues . Institutions . National Symbols
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon), from Rulers (B. Schemmel), from World Rulers (E. Schulz, illustrated)
Regnal Chronologies : Southern Africa
Lists of Ambassadors Article : High Commissioner for Southern Africa (British), from Wikipedia; has office holders 1847-1964
Lists of Consuls
Lists of Bishops Article : Diocese of Swaziland (Anglican), Wikipedia; has list of bishops
GCatholic, Diocese of Manzini, has list of bishops
Statistical Data Responsible Institution
Population Figures from Population Statistics (J. Lahmeyer)
World Life Expectancy : Health Profile, Swaziland
Exchange Rates Historical Exchange Rates, from Oanda, since 1990
Historical Exchange Rates, from FXTop, since 1968
Inflation Rate Index Mundi, Swaziland Inflation Rate 1999-2011
Trading Economics, Swaziland Inflation Rate 1967-
Unemployment Rate Index Mundi, Swaziland Unemployment Rate 1995-2006
Election Results Psephos
IFES Election Guide
EISA : Swaziland Election Archive
African Elections Database : Elections in Swaziland
Search IPU Parline for "Swaziland"
Documents Historical Newspapers The London Gazette Archive
Historical Newspaper Articles The Tablet 13 Aug. 1932 : Swaziland
Modern Newspapers Newspapers and News Media : Swaziland, from ABYZ; from Online Newspapers, from World Newspapers (links)
Online Yearbooks - Swaziland Entries Statesman's Year-Book, Swaziland 1894, pp.943-944, IA, 1895, pp.943-944, IA, 1896, pp.943-944, IA, 1898, pp.943-944, IA, 1899, pp.1006-1008, IA, 1903, pp.243-245, IA, 1913, pp.198-200, IA, 1919, pp.205-207, IA, 1921, pp.208-210, IA
Staatskalender Digitized Books from Swaziland 1906-1938, Digitized Books from the Library of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Great Britain, Colonial Office : Annual Report on Swaziland 1927, IA, 1930, IA
Historic Films Colonial Film : Swaziland
Image Databanks Systematic Collections
Swaziland National Trust Commission, Sawziland Digital Archives historical photographs
Systematic Collections
Accidental Collections
Universal Collections
Items on Swaziland
License Plates, from Francoplaque, from License Plates around the World
Passports of Swaziland, from World Passports
Airline Timetable Images : Swaziland
International Mission Photography Archive : Swaziland
Archival Deposits British Provenience
National Archives, UK
Foreign & Commonwealth Office, Archive Records
SOAS, Archive Catalogue (Archives of the London Missionary Society, the Methodist Missionary Society, the Presbyterian Church of England Foreign Missions Committee)
British Online Archives, Universities' Mission to Central Africa
Microform Academic Publishers, Guides, Central Africa 1883-1964. The Monthly Magazine of the Universities' Mission to Central Africa, introduction by R.G. Stuart
Adam Matthews Publications, African Missionaries' Collections
U.S. Provenience
Indiana University Library, African Pamphlets Collection Index
South African Provenience
University of the Witwatersrand, A2760, Swaziland Oral History Project, Records, 1983
Methodist Church of South Africa Archives
Dutch Provenience
African Studies Centre, Leiden : Development Plans, Swaziland
Laws South African Legal Information Institute, Databases (scroll down for Swaziland etc.)
Consular Reports
Document Surveys British Library, Swaziland Official Publications
Document Collections History of Swaziland, from World History Archives
List of Ratifications of International Labour Conventions by Swaziland, from ILO, 33 docs. since 1975
Search Hansard for Swaziland
Great Britain, Office of Commonwealth Relations, Basutoland, the Bechuanaland Protectorate and Swaziland; history of discussions with the Union of South Africa, 1909-1939 1952, IA
Individual Documents Southern African Customs Union, 1910 Southern African Customs Union (SACU) Agreement
AHG (Assembly of Heads of State and Governments) Resolution 12/1, The Territorial Integrity of Basutoland, Bechuanaland and Swaziland, 1964, African Union
Billy Graham Center, Missionary Malla Moe's Letter of January 1, 1894
Historical Maps responsible institutions The Department of Surveyor-General , National Mapping Agencies in Africa
collections : Africa Historical Maps of Africa, University of Alabama
collections : Swaziland Swaziland Maps, PCL, UTexas
David Rumsey Map Collection, Swaziland
Atlas of Swaziland, Wikimedia Commons
Africa, Modern Africa 1905, 1912, 1938, 1959, 1967, 1993, J. de Salas Vara del Rey
Africa, Contemporary Historical Map of Africa 1885, Nations Online Project
Africa 1885, PCL, UTexas
Africa 1909, World Maps Online
Africa 1910, Emerson Kent
Africa 1913, Zonu
Swaziland, Modern
Swaziland, Contemporary R. de Lannoy de Bissy, Carte de l'Afrique a l'echelle de 1:2 000 000 55. Pretoria 1882, 55. Pretoria 1896, 55. Pretoria 1899, Gallica
detail, hindsight/modern
detail, contemporary
Encyclopedia Entries
Secular Articles Swaziland, EB 1911, Classic Encyclopedia, Internet Archive Wayback Machine
Articles Swasiland, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Geographical W.H.P. Greswell, Geography of Africa south of the Zambesi 1892, IA; Native States and Protectorates pp.285-307; Swazieland p.298
Parliamentary Debates Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides J.F. Ingram, The land of gold, diamonds and ivory; being a comprehensive handbook and guide to the colonies, states and republics of South and East Africa 1889, IA, Swazieland and the Swazies pp.157-170, IA
Travelogues N. Astrup, En missionreise til Limpopo gjennem Zululand, Swaziland og Tongaland ind i Riget Umgaza 1891, IA
O.R. O'Neil, Adventures in Swaziland 1921, IA
Residence Memoirs
Institutions Archives National Archives, from Swaziland Government, Ministry of Tourism
Musea National Museum, from Swaziland National Trust Commission
Libraries Libraries in Swaziland, from LibDex
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW; Coat of Arms, from International Civic Heraldry
National Anthem, from David's National Anthem Reference Page
Coins, Banknotes Banknotes of Swaziland, from World Currency Museum, from Ron Wise's World Paper Money
Swaziland coins from Collections of Coins, bilingual Russian and English page
Swaziland Coins, from World Coin Gallery
Search Coin Archives for Swaziland
Stamps Rare Swaziland Stamps, from Sandafayre Stamp Gallery; Stamps Swaziland Stamps 1889, from Stamps Catalogue 1840-1920 by Evert Klaseboer

Bibliographies . Online Libraries . Thesis Servers . Online Journals . General Accounts . Specific Topics . Historical Dictionaries . Statistical Data . Yearbooks
Bibliographies general Search ISBN Database
RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
on Swaziland survey of bibliographies
bibliographic database AfricaBib : Africana Periodical Literature, African Women, Women Travelers, Explorers and Missionaries to Africa
African Borderlands Research Network : Bibliography
general bibliographies pp.195-243 in J.J. Grotpeter, Historical Dictionary of Swaziland, Metuchen NJ : Scarecrow 1975 [G]
P. Muswazi and R. Magagula, Swazi Culture, an annotated bibliography
annual bibliographies
specialist bibliographies Reference Material : Swazi History, Archaeology, from Swaziland National Trust Commission
Paiki Muswazi and Rose Magagula, Swazi Culure : an Annotated Bibliography, posted on H-Net Africa
N. Dlamini, University of Swaziland Department of History Research Project Record 1978-2010
serial publications Queens University, Southern African Research Centre, graduate theses
general bibliographies
Swaziland entries
J. Gay, Bibliographie des ouvrages relatifs a l'Afrique et a l'Arabie : catalogue methodique de tous les ouvrages français et des principaux en langues etrangeres traitant de la geographie, de l'histoire, du commerce, des lettres et des arts de l'Afrique et de l'Arabie 1875, in French, Gallica
Roots Institute, Bibliography of Published Primary Sources in African History (English Language)
Swaziland-Bibliographie, from Afrika-Handbuch, at Univ. of Vienna
Online Libraries general Google Books; Internet Archives; Gutenberg Library Online; HathiTrust; Gallica
International Boundary Studies
on Swaziland Aluka, African Online Digital Library (AODL), African Digital Library (ADL)
Thesis Server Open Access Theses and Dissertations
Online Journals Directory of Open Access Journals
General Accounts Deutsche Botschaft, Pretoria : Swaziland vor der Unabhängigkeit (German Embassy, Pretoria : Swaziland prior to Independence), manuscript Juli 1968, in German
Zdenek Cervenka et al., Botswana - Lesotho - Swaziland, Bonn : Deutsche Afrika-Gesellschaft, 1974, in German
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th edition, Macropaedia, Vol.28, pp.929-933 Article Southern Africa : Swaziland. KMLA Lib.Sign. R 032 B862h v.28
Specific Topics Jonathan Crush, Cheap Gold : Mine Labour in Southern Africa, pp.172-177 in : Robin Cohen, The Cambridge Survey of World Migration, Cambridge : UP 1995, KMLA Lib.Sign. 304.809 C678c
Historical Dictionaries John J. Grotpeter, Historical Dictionary of Swaziland, Metuchen N.J. : Scarecrow 1975 [G]
Statistical Data IHS : B.R. Mitchell, International Historical Statistics. Africa, Asia & Oceania 1750-2000, London : Palgrave 2003 [G]
Yearbook Entries Britannica Book of the Year Swaziland, 1913 p.707 [G]
British South African Protectorates, 1944 p.130, 1945 p.128, 1946 pp.150-151, 1947 p.153, 1948 p.142, 1949 pp.125-126, 1950 p.130, 1951 pp.125-126, 1952 p.124 [G]
British South African Territories, 1953 pp.124-125, 1954 p.125, 1955 p.184, 1956 p.123, 1957 p.183, 1958 p.121, 1959 p.122, 1960 p.123, 1961 p.122, 1962 p.109-110, 1963 p.224 [G]
Commonwealth of Nations, 1964 pp.268-269 [G]
Colonies and Other Dependencies, 1965 p.252, 1966 p.203, 1967 p.219 [G]
Protected States, Condominiums and Trust Territories, 1968 p.650 [G]
Swaziland, 1969 p.705, 1970 p.711, 1971 p.691, 1972 p.649, 1973 pp.641-642, 1974 p.640, 1975 pp.647-648, 1976 pp.636-637, 1977 p.638, 1978 p.651, 1979 pp.644-645, 1980 p.644, 1981 p.639, 1982 p.645, 1983 p.640, 1984 pp.640-641, 1985 pp.477, 786, 1986 pp.473, 785, 1988 pp.400, 705, 1989 pp.400-401, 705, 1990 pp.417-418, 721, 1993 pp.373, 721, 1994 pp.371, 721, 1995 pp.477, 721 [G]
Statesman's Yearbook South African Republic - Swaziland, 1895 pp.943-944, 1898 pp.943-944 [G]
Swaziland, 1901 pp.227-228, 1905 pp.252-254, 1910 pp.194-195, 1919 pp.205-207, 1924 pp.214-216, 1925 pp.219-220, 1926 pp.223-224, 1928 pp.221-222, 1929 pp.222-224, 1932 pp.226-227, 1937 pp.246-247, 1943 pp.239-241, 1970-1971 pp.510-512, 1975-1976 pp.488-492, 1978-1979 pp.1121-1124, 1980-1981 pp.1126-1129, 1983-1984 pp.1131-1135, 1984-1985 pp.1127-1130, 1985-1986 pp.1129-1133, 1987-1988 pp.1133-1136, 1988-1989 pp.1137-1140, 1989-1990 pp.1144-1148, 1990-1991 pp.1144-1147, 1991-1992 pp.1147-1150, 1992-1993 pp.1236-1238, 1993-1994 pp.1139-1142, 1994-1995 pp.1139-1142, 1995-1996 pp.1227-1230, 1996-1997 pp.1204-1207, 1997-1998 pp.1204-1208, 1998-1999 pp.1316-1320, 2000 pp.1478-1482, 2001 pp.1447-1450, 2002 pp.1501-1504, 2003 pp.1498-1502, 2004 pp.1517-1521, 2005 pp.1527-1530 [G]
Americana Annual Swaziland, 1927 p.812, 1928 p.742, 1930 p.732, 1931 p.723, 1932 p.677, 1933 p.729, 1934 pp.560-561, 1935 p.680, 1936 p.690, 1937 pp.662, 664, 1938 p.658, 1939 pp.720-721, 1940 p.737, 1943 pp.687-688, 1944 pp.663-664, 1945 p.680, 1946 p.702, 1947 pp.685-686, 1957 p.759 [G]
British South African Territories : Swaziland, 1961 p.97, 1962 pp.95-96, 1963 pp.103-104, 1964 pp.103-104 [G]
Commonwealth of Nations, 1965 pp.183-185 [G]
Swaziland, 1970 p.663, 1971 p.654, 1972 p.653, 1973 p.653 [G]
Other Article : Swaziland, in : Appleton's Annual Cyclopedia and Register of Important Events 1894 p.104 [G]

Impressum · Datenschutz