World War II
1939-1945
1949-1969






Gibraltar 1945-1949



During World War II, Gibraltar controlled traffic in and out of the Mediterranean and was thus of major importance. Germany's reluctance to accept Spain's offer to enter the war on the side of the Axis powers saved it from an assault of German land forces. As featured in the film "Das Boot", the rock remained one of the pillars of British presence in the Mediterranean, together with Malta and Cyprus/ Egypt, throughout the war.
A major issue in the late 1940es was that of the repatriation of Gibraltarian civilians, which had been evacuated during the war; 12,000 of them were permitted to return in 1946, while construction to provide housing for them was going on. As Spain faced diplomatic isolation from 1946 onward, Gibraltar was affected.
A new constitition implemented in 1949 created a Legislative Council.






EXTERNAL
FILES
Gibraltar - History and Geography, from Gibnet
DOCUMENTS
REFERENCE William G.F. Jackson, The Rock of the Gibraltarians. A History of Gibraltar, Grendon : Gibraltar Books (1987) 1998
Article Mediterranean, British Possessions in the, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1946, pp. 469-470 (on events of 1945) [G]
Article Mediterranean, British Possessions in the, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1947, pp. 489-490 (on events of 1946) [G]
Article Gibraltar, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1948, p. 345 (on events in 1947) [G]
Article Gibraltar, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1949, p. 304 (on events in 1948) [G]
Article Gbraltar, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1950, pp. 323 (on events in 1949) [G]
Article Gibraltar, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1952, pp. 317-318 (on events in 1951) [G]
Article : Gibraltar, in : Americana Annual 1947 p.296 (on events of 1946) [G]



This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on January 7th 2002, last revised on September 26th 2006

Click here to go Home
Click here to go to Information about KMLA, WHKMLA, the author and webmaster
Click here to go to Statistics