1949-1969






Gibraltar, since 1969



In 1967 Franco, dissatisfied about British refusal to negotiate the handover of the rock, ordered the land borders to Gibraltar closed. They remained closed until 1982/1985.
In 1967 a referendum was held in Gibraltar, which turned out in favour of continued British sovereignty. Spain's economic blockade only strengthened the Gibraltarean sense of unity. The Constitution of 1969 provided a House of Assembly, thus self-government. In 1973, Gibraltar, with the UK, joined the EEC. In 1981, Gibraltarians were granted full British citizenship. In 1985, the border with Spain was reopened. The Royal Navy still is the major employer in Gibraltar, which in 1997 had ca. 27.000 inhabitants. A 2002 referendum opted against proposed joint Spanish-British sovereignty over the rock.






EXTERNAL
FILES
Gibraltar - History and Geography, from Gibnet <
Political Resources on the Net : Gibraltar
Politics of Gibraltar, from Wikipedia
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DOCUMENTS Gibraltar Statesmen, from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon)
Historical Population Statistics : Gibraltar, from Population Statistics, Univ. Utrecht
Online Gibraltar Newspapers, from World Newspapers
Election Results, from Gibraltar (since 2003)
REFERENCE William G.F. Jackson, The Rock of the Gibraltarians. A History of Gibraltar, Grendon : Gibraltar Books (1987) 1998
Article : Dependent States : Gibraltar, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1970 p.277, 1971 pp.266-268, 1972 p.253, 1973 pp.235, 1974 p.251, 1976 p.252, 1977 p.252, 1978 p.305, 1979 p.306, 1980 p.304, 1981 p.304, 1982 p.298, 1983 p.298, 1984 p.294, 1985 p.603, 1986 p.597, 1987 p.566, 1988 p.518, 1989 p.518 [G]
Article : Gibraltar, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1970-1971 pp.146-148, 1975-1976 pp.316-318, 1976-1977 pp.316-318, 1978-1979 pp.538-540, 1979-1980 pp.542-545, 1980-1981 pp.541-543, 1981-1982 pp.546-549, 1983-1984 pp.551-553, 1984-1985 pp.550-552, 1985-1986 pp.551-553, 1986-1987 pp.555-558, 1987-1988 pp.561-563, 1988-1989 pp.563-565, 1989-1990 pp.568-570, 1990-1991 pp.568-570, 1991-1992 pp.566-568, 1992-1993 pp.639-641, 1993-1994 pp.644-646, 1994-1995 pp.635-637, 1995-1996 pp.633-635, 1996-1997 pp.577-581 [G]
Article : United Kingdom : Gibraltar, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1997-1998 pp.1380-1383, 1998-1999 pp.1500-1503, 2000 pp.1689-1693, 2001 pp.1654-1658, 2002 pp.1713-1718, 2003 pp.1716-1721, 2004 pp.1733-1737, 2005 pp.1746-1751, 2006 pp.1749-1753 [G]
Article : Commonwealth : Gibraltar, in : Americana Annual 1970 p.202 (on events of 1969) [G]
Article : Gibraltar, in : The World in Figures 1st ed. 1976 p.229, 2nd ed. 1978 p.229, 4th ed. 1984 p.229 [G]
Entry : Gibraltar, in : The Commonwealth Yearbook 1989 pp.438-443 [G]



This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on July 3rd 2002, last revised on March 12th 2007

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