Gibraltar 1918-1939 Gibraltar since 1945

Gibraltar during World War II

During World War II, Gibraltar controlled traffic in and out of the Mediterranean and was thus of major importance. Spain's hesitation to enter the war on the side of the Axis powers saved it from an assault of German land forces. As featured in the film "Das Boot", the rock remained one of the pillars of British presence in the Mediterranean, together with Malta and Cyprus/Egypt, throughout the war.

Gibraltar - History and Geography, from Gibnet
German P.O.W.s held in Gibraltar, from, text in English
REFERENCE William G.F. Jackson, The Rock of the Gibraltarians. A History of Gibraltar, Grendon : Gibraltar Books (1987) 1998
Article : Gibraltar, in : Americana Annual 1940 p.389, 1943 p.318, 1944 p.303, 1945 p.321, 1946 pp.322-323 [G]
Article : British Possessions in the Mediterranean, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1944 pp.433-434, 1945 pp.438-439 [G]
Article : Gibraltar, in : New International Year Book, Events of 1940 p.313, 1941 p.242, 1942 p.284, 1943 p.242, 1944 p.254 [G]
Article : Gibraltar, in : Funk & Wagnall's New Standard Encyclopedia Year Book 1940 p.274, 1941 p.224, 1942 p.197, 1943 p.198 [G]
Article : Gibraltar, in : Statesman's Year Book 1943 pp.84-85 [G]

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted in 2000, last revised on August 26th 2007

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