Portugal 1700-1789
Absolutism






Portuguese Independence Regained : the House of Bragança, 1640-1700



Portugal, in Dynastic Union with Spain since 1580, revolted in 1640, headed by John of Bragança, who was to become King John IV. The Portuguese were able to expel the Spaniards; yet the Spanish kings repeatedly attempted to reestablish Spanish control, and Spain recognized Portuguese independence as late as 1668.
The Portuguese could trust on their English alliance. In 1661 on the occasion of the marriage between English king Charles II. and a Portuguese princess, Catherine of Bragança, BOMBAY was ceded to England as dowry. When ceding from Spain, Portugal managed to hold on to what was left of it's colonial empire - southern BRAZIL, ANGOLA, MOÇAMBIQUE, GOA, TIMOR, MACAO. But during the past decades the Dutch had considerably damaged the Portuguese overseas Empire, had taken Ceylon, Malacca, the Spice Islands, Batavia and nortwestern Brazil. Here, at least, the Portuguese were able to regain territory lost; by 1654, they again were in possession of all of Brazil.





EXTERNAL
FILES
Restoration, from Library of Congress, Country Studies : Portugal
History of Portugal by Dark Angel
E-Conflict World Encyclopedia
Portugal, History of : the House of Braganca, 1640-1910
DOCUMENTS
REFERENCE David Birmingham, A Concise History of Portugal, Cambridge Concise Histories, 1993, 210 pp.



This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted in 2000, last revised on November 9th 2004

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