1851-1889 1910-1918

Portugal : the late Kingdom, 1889-1910

King Luis I. died in 1889; he was succeeded by his son, Carlos I. Similar to Spanish practice, the Septembrist or Historical Party and the Regenerators (former Chartists) alternated in government. This system broke down in 1906, when King Carlos I. appointed Joao Franco, an anti-Republican, prime minister; he ruled by decree. A 1908 coup intending to proclaim the republic failed. On Feb. 2nd 1908, King Carlos was assassinated. In a coup on Oct. 3rd 1910, King Manuel II. was deposed, the republic proclaimed.
Relations between monarchist and republican parties were to remain tense for some time; King Manuel II. went into exile.

Portugal's long-standing alliance with Britain was tested in 1890, when Portuguese plans to establish Portuguese sovereignty over a stretch of Central African territory connecting Angola and Moçambique collided with the British Cape-to-Cairo concept; Portugal gave in.

Library of Congress, Country Studies : Portugal
History of Portugal by Dark Angel
Armed Conflict Events Data : Portugal 1800-1999, from OnWar.com
Article History of Portugal 1834-1910, from Wikipedia
Articles Carlos I., Manuel II., Joao Franco, from Wikipedia
DOCUMENTS List of Statesmen, from World Statesmen (Ben Cahoon)
List of Prime Ministers of Portugal, from Wikipedia
Historical Population Statistics, from Population Statistics (J. Lahmeyer)
Articles Portugal, Azores, Madeira, Lisbon, Coimbra, Oporto, Setubal, Algarve, from EB 1911
REFERENCE James Maxwell Anderson, The History of Portugal, Greenwood 2000, 248 pp.; KMLA Lib.Sign. 946.9 A546h
David Birmingham, A Concise History of Portugal, Cambridge UP, 1993, 209 pp.; KMLA Lib.Sign. 946.9 B619a
Douglas L. Wheeler (ed.), Historical Dictionary of Portugal, Scarecrow 2003; KMLA Lib.Sign. R 946.9 W562h
Article : Portugal, in : Statesman's Year Book 1895 pp.827-843, 1898 pp.827-844, 1901 pp.925-944, 1905 pp.1005-1026, 1910 pp.1106-1123 [G]
Article : Portugal, in : Appleton's Annual Cyclopedia and Register of Important Events 1894 pp.671-673, 1902 pp.569-572 [G]
Article : Portugal, in : International Year Book 1898 p.639, 1899 p.669, 1900 pp.745-746 [G]
Article : Portugal, in : New International Year Book 1907 pp.645-647, 1908 pp.574-576, 1909 pp.593-595 [G]
Algernon Bastard, The Gourmet's Guide to Europe (1903), posted by Gutenberg Library Online, chapter X pp.178-196 on Spain and Portugal

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted in 2000, last revised on October 17th 2007

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