1926-1939 1945-1949

Portugal in World War II, 1939-1945

The Portuguese dictatorship (President CARMONA, Prime Minister and strongman SALAZAR) was sympathizing with the Axis powers, yet remained neutral. In 1940 a CONCORDAT was signed with the Vatican.
Lisbon became the end of a route of refugees who, from Vichy France crossed Falangist Spain in the hope of finding passage to America.
While sticking to it's policy of neutrality, in 1943 Portugal granted Britain the right to establish a naval base on the AÇORES ISLANDS.

Library of Congress, Country Studies : Portugal
History of Portugal by Dark Angel
REFERENCE David Birmingham, A Concise History of Portugal, Cambridge Concise Histories, 1993, 210 pp.
Article : Portugal, in : Americana Annual 1940 pp.645-646, 1943 pp.606-607, 1944 pp.580-582, 1945 pp.589-591, 1946 pp.611-613 [G]
Article : Portugal, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1944 p.558, 1945 p.560 (on events of 1944) [G]
Article : Portugal, in : New International Year Book Events of 1940 pp.617-619, 1941 pp.528-530, 1942 pp.557-559, 1943 pp.498-500, 1944 pp.488-489, 1945 pp.466-468 [G]
Article : Portugal, in : Funk & Wagnall's New Standard Encyclopedia Year Book 1940 pp.438-439, 1941 pp.401-402, 1942 pp.367-368, 1943 pp.364-365, 1944 p.272 [G]
Article : Portugal, in : Statesman's Year Book 1943 pp.189-1206 [G]
Llewellyn Woodward, British Foreign Policy in the Second World War, London : HMSO 1962 [G]

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First posted in 2000, last revised on November 3rd 2008

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