1945-1949 since 1974

Post-War Portugal : Late Dictatorship, 1945-1974

Portugal joined the United Nations in 1955. After Britain, France and Belgium had given independence to most of it's colonies in the years 1957 to 1964, Portugal stubbornly held on to theirs. Guerilla organizations - the MPLA in Angola, the FRELIMO in Moçambique, received financial support from the Soviet Union and her allies, as well as arms. South Africa assisted the UNITA, another guerilla organization.
While the economies of western Europe took off and the European Community developed, Portugal, because of it's dictatorship, was not admitted, and it's economy stagnated. Many Portuguese migrated into EEC countries (mostly to France) in search for labour.
Decades of dictatorship and political suppression now strengthened the sentiment of having missed out on something. The ideology so long bedevilled by the oppressive government became all the more fascinating.

Library of Congress, Country Studies : Portugal
History of Portugal by Dark Angel
Portugal, in : Kenneth Janda, Political Parties : A Cross-National Survey
REFERENCE David Birmingham, A Concise History of Portugal, Cambridge Concise Histories, 1993, 210 pp.
Chapter 10 : The Iberian Peninsula, pp.123-140 in : John Gunther, Inside Europe Today, NY : Harper & Bros. 1961 [G]
Article : Portugal, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1950 pp.557-558, 1951 pp.564-565, 1952 pp.566-567, 1953 pp.574-575, 1954 pp.573-574, 1955 p.623, 1956 pp.560-561, 1957 pp.460-461, 1958 p.557, 1959 p.556, 1960 pp.556-557, 1961 pp.568-569, 1962 pp.557-558, 1963 p.662, 1964 pp.676-677, 1965 pp.653-654, 1966 pp.625-626, 1967 pp.639-640, 1968 pp.639-640, 1969 pp.622-623, 1970 pp.630-632, 1971 pp.607-608, 1972 pp.623-624, 1973 pp.556-557, 1974 pp.559-560 [G]
Article : Portugal, in : Americana Annual 1957 pp.635-637, 1961 pp.603-604, 1962 pp.609-610, 1963 pp.540-541, 1964 pp.537-538, 1965 pp.577-578, 1967 pp.561-563, 1968 pp.550-552, 1969 pp.556-557, 1970 pp.560-561, 1971 pp.552-553, 1972 p.553, 1973 p.555, 1974 p.482 [G]
Article : Portugal, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1970-1971 pp.1248-1256 (data of 1969-1970) [G]
Article : Portugal, in : Funk & Wagnall's New Standard Encyclopedia Year Book 1952 pp.331-332, 1961 pp.267-268 [G]

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First posted in 2000, last revised on September 28th 2007

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