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Spain Genova
First posted on November 17th 2011

Political History . Carthaginian, then briefly independent. Roman from 123 BCE to c.455. Then part of the Vandal Kingdom until 535, when they were conquered by the Byzantine Empire. The islands fell to the Caliphate of Cordoba in 903. From 1013 to 1067 under the Taifa of Deria, then separate Taifa. From 1113 to 1116 the islands were held by the Republic of Pisa, from 1116 to 1147 by the Almoravids. Second Taifa of Mallorca from 1147 to 1203. From 1203 to the 1229 rule of Abu Yahya. In 1229 Mallorca and Ibiza were conquered by Aragon. In 1276 the inheritance of King Jaime I. of Aragon was split and the Kingdom of Mallorca formed. The Kingdom included the Balearic Islands and Roussillon - Cerdagna. Menorca remained a Muslim state tributary to Mallorca until 1287, when it was annexed by the latter. In 1349 the Kingdom of Mallorca was annexed by the Crown of Aragon. The Inquisition was established on the Baleares in 1478.
Menorca was British from 1713 to 1782 and from 1798 to 1802. The Balearic Islands are a province of Spain.

Historical Atlas : Aragon Page, Spain Page

E x t e r n a l . F i l e s
Country Profiles Links, Portals Organizations Accounts of History Politics Military History Economic History
Social History Ethnography History of Religion Regional History Local History Institutions Culture
Biography Others
D o c u m e n t s
Historical Data Documents Institutions National Symbols
P r i n t e d . R e f e r e n c e
Bibliographies Online Libraries Online Journals General Accounts Specific Topics Historical Dictionaries Others

Country Profiles Current Article Balearic Islands, from Wikipedia; Islas Baleares, from Wikipedia Spanish edition, Illes Balears, from Wikipedia Catalan edition
Historic Mallorca etc. pp.72-74 in vol.1 of Ahmad ibn Mohammad Makkari, The history of the Mohammedan dynasties in Spain 1840, GB
J.F. Seyfart, Kurze doch gründliche Beschreibung der Balearischen und Pythyusischen Inseln, Majorca, Minorca, Yvica und Formentera 1757, in German, GB
J.V. Ponce, Descripciones de las islas Pithiusas y Baleares 1787, in Spanish, GB
H. Christmas, The shores and islands of the Mediterranean: including a visit to the seven churches of Asia 1851, GB; mainly on the Balearic Islands
Links General Category : Balearic Islands, from Wikipedia; Categoria : Islas Baleares, from Wikipedia Spanish edition; Categoria : Illes Balears, from Wikipedia Catalan edition
on History Category : History of the Balearic Islands, History of Minorca, from Wikipedia
Categoria : Historia de las Islas Baleares, Corona de Mallorca, Historia de Mallorca, Historia de Menorca, from Wikipedia Spanish edition
Categoria : Historia de les Illes Balears, from Wikipedia Catalan edition
Historical Dictionary Gran Enciclopedia Aragonesa Online
Organizations American Academy of Research Historians of Medieval Spain
Consortium of the Military Museum of Menorca
Timelines Important Dates in the History of Mallorca, from See Mallorca
Accounts of History current Article Balearic Islands : History, from Wikipedia; Islas Baleares : Historia, from Wikipedia Spanish edition, Historia de les Illes Balears, from Wikipedia Catalan edition
historical J.B. Dameto, The ancient and modern history of the Balearick Islands, 1719, GB
G. Hugelmann, Historia de Aragon, Cataluna, Valencia e Islas Baleares 1855, GB
C.R. Markham, The story of Majorca and Minorca, 1908, IA
Specific Periods Pre-Islamic Era J. Ramis y Ramis, Antiguedades celticas de la Isla de Menorca desde los tiempos mas remotos hasta el siglo IV de la era cristiana 1818, in Spanish, GB
Islamic Era Articles : Taifa of Denia, Taifa of Majorca, from Wikipedia
Article : Taifa de Mallorca, Taifa de Denia, Abu Yahya, from Wikipedia Spanish edition
A. Campaner y Fuertes, Bosquejo historico de la dominacion islamita en las islas Baleares 1888, in Spanish, IA
Kingdom of Mallorca Article : Kingdom of Majorca [!], from Wikipedia
Article : Reino de Mallorca, from Wikipedia Spanish edition
Article : Regne de Mallorca, from Wikipedia Catalan edition
Mallorca Medieval
J. Dameto, Historia general del Reino de Mallorca vol.1 1840, vol.2 1841, in Spanish, GB
F.D. Swift, The Life and Times of James the First, the Conqueror, King of Aragon, Valencia, and Majorca, 1894, IA
Aragonese Era
Spanish Era
Military A full account of the siege of Minorca: by the French, in 1756, GB
E.J. von dem Knesebeck, Geschichte der churhannöverschen Truppen in Gibraltar, Minorca und Ostindien, 1845, in German, GB
A. Ramis y Ramis, Fortificaciones antiguas de Menorca 1832, in Spanish, GB
J. Ramis y Ramis, La Alonsiada ó conquista de Menorca por el Rey Don Alfonso III de Aragón en 1287 1818, in Spanish, GB
Articles : Sack of Mahon 1535, Ottoman Invasion of the Balearic Islands 1558, Capture of Minorca 1708, Battle of Minorca 1756, Siege of Fort Philip 1756, Invasion of Minorca 1781, Capture of Minorca 1798, Battle of Menorca 1939, from Wikipedia
C. Parpal y Marquez, La invasión turca de 1558 en Ciudadela de Menorca, 1903, in Spanish, IA
Economy & Finances J. Ramis y Ramis, Pesos y medidas de Menorca y su correspondencia con los de Castilla , 1815, in Spanish, Gb
Article : Majolica, from Wikipedia
Italian Pottery (Maiolica), pp.10-43 in J. Marryat, A history of pottery and porcelain: mediaeval and modern, 1857, GB
R.A. Ruiz, La Taifa de Denia en el Comercio Mediterraneo del Soglo XI, Anales de la Universidad de Alicante. Historia medieval, n.9, 1992-1993, pp.39-52
Wine Growing and its History in Mallorca, from ABC Mallorca; Article Binissalem-Mallorca from Wikipedia
History, from Oil de Mallorca
The Sa Firella Coal Mine, from Mallorca Daily Photo Blog, began operation 1822
Social History
Ethnography History of Minorcans in Florida, from Mike Purdy's Home Page
Religion Jewish Virtual History Tour : Jewish Mallorca
Mallorca, jüdische Geschichte, from Alemannia Judaica, in German
Beneficios que havia en las iglesias de Menorca en el ano 1792, 1815, in Spanish, GB
M. Kayserling, Die Juden in Navarra, den Baskenlaendern und auf den Balearen, 1861, in German, GB
Articles : History of the Jews in the Balearic Islands, Xueta, from Wikipedia
Della Congregazione di Filippo di Majorca, pp.68-70 in Storia degli ordini monastici, religiosi e militari e delle congregazioni 1739, in Italian, GB
Los Chuetas de Mallorca, from Tarbut Sefarad, in Spanish
La de los chuetas es una historia muy triste , from Tarbut Lleida, in Spanish
History of Regions History of Mallorca from Mallorca Service (click general information, click history); History of Mallorca, from Mallorca Select (chronological table)
Article : Mallorca : History, from Wikipedia
Article : Historias de Mallorca, from Wikipedia Spanish edition
Article : Minorca : History, from Wikipedia
Article : Menorca : Historia, from Wikipedia Spanish edition
J. Armstrong, The history of the island of Minorca, 1752, GB
J. Ramis y Ramis, Historia civil, y politica de Menorca pt.1 1819, in Spanish, GB
F. Laganda y Mada, The Archeology of Minorca, from Menorca Web
J. Sloss, Exit Britannia. Britain's Last Conquest of Menorca 1798 - 1802 2002
Article : Ibiza : History, from Wikipedia
Article : Ibiza : Historia, from Wikipedia Spanish edition
Local History Article : Ciutadella de Menorca, from Wikipedia
Mahon, Palma, Iviza pp.42-52 in J.M. Baker, A view of the commerce of the United States and the Mediterranean seaports 1847, GB
Palma de Mallorca medieval, from Arte Historia, in Spanish
E. Estada, Ciudad de Palma; su industria, sus foritificaciones, sus condiciones sanitarias y su ensanche, 1892, in Spanish, IA
Culture Articles : Majorcan Cartographic School, Catalan Atlas, from Wikipedia
A.C. Mas, La cocina judía en Mallorca, anon., Mahonesda o Mayonesa , from Enciclopedia de Gastronomia, in Spanish
Biographies J.M.B. de Rosello, Memoria biografica de los Mallorquines 1838, in Spanish, GB
F.D. Swift, The Life and Times of James the First, the Conqueror, King of Aragon, Valencia, and Majorca, 1894, IA

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen J. Ramis y Ramis, Serie cronologica de los gobernadores de Menorca desde 1287 hasta 1815 inclusive 1815, in Spanish, GB
Lists of Bishops Bishops of Mallorca, Bishops of Menorca, from Wikipedia
Historical Newspapers Hemeroteca, from Biblioteca Digital de les Illes Balears
Image Databanks
Archival Deposits Search National Archives (UK) for Minorca
Constitutions, Laws Leyes palatinas de Jaime III de Mallorca, from Arte Historia, in Spanish
Extracto del arreglo llamado el pariatje del rey don Jaime iii. de Mallorca , 1815, IA
Consular Reports Die Balearischen Inseln, p.12 in Handels- und Seeberichte des Oesterreichischen Lloyds 1838, in German, GB
Report on the Trade of the Balearic Islands for 1865, pp.22-29 in vol.67 of House of Commons papers, 1867, GB
Report on the Trade and Commerce of the B. Islands for 1868, pp.414-421 in vol.7 of Reports from Her Majesty's consuls on the manufactures, commerce, &c. of their consular districts 1869, GB
Document Collections Ramon Muntaner, Chronica, o descripcio dels fets, e hazanyes del inclyt Rey don Jaume Primer, Rey Darago, de Mallorques e de Valencia, 1558, in Spanish, GB
Calendario general para el año 1814 en las Islas Baleares 1814, 1815, (astronomical/festivities)
Wikisource : Admiral John Byng's account of the Battle of Minorca (1756)
Proceso contra el rey de Mallorca d. Jaime III, mandado formar por el rey d. Pedro IV de Aragón vol.1 1866, vol.2 1866, vol.3 1866, IA
H.W. Richmond (ed.), Papers relating to the loss of Minorca in 1756, 1913, IA
An Account of the facts which appeared on the late enquiry into the loss of Minorca, IA
Llibre dels fets. Crònica de Jaume I (1276) IA
Historical Maps Collections Cartografia, from Biblioteca Digital de les Illes Balears
Categoria : Cartografia, from Balear Web
Overview, Modern Map : Political Map of Iberia 1031, Taifa of Denia, c.1037, Taifa of Mallorca, from Wikipedia
Islas Baleares, administrative division, from Baleares Notariado
Overview, Contemporary Mapa Islas Baleares Mercator c.1570 Bellin 1740 Lopez 1793, from Balear Web
Baleares, Coello 1851, Cartografía histórica Giennense
Balearic Islands 1875, 1906, 1922, from Probert Encyclopedia
Detail, Modern
Detail, Contemporary Port of Mahon 1896, from Balear Web
Isla de Cabrera 1893, from Balear Web
Encyclopedia Entries
Secular Articles : Majorca, Balearic Islands, from EB 1911
Religious Majorca and Iviza, Diocese of Minorca, article from Catholic Encyclopedia
Articles : Balearic Isles, Chuetas, Palma, from Jewish Encyclopedia 1901-1906
Economic Menorca p.156 in V.M. Gomez, Manual de comercio en que se halla la descripcion de las monedas, pesas y medidas que se usan en los reynos de Espana 1795, in Spanish, GB
Majorca, p.297; Minorca p.310 in P. Kelly, The Universal Cambist, 1811, GB
Majorca, Minorca pp.546-548 in J. Rördansz, European commerce: or, Complete mercantile guide to the continent of Europe 1818, GB
Majorca, pp.247-248 in vol.1 of P. Kelly, The Universal Cambist, 1821, GB
Majorca p.173 in J.H. Freese, The cambist's compendium 1828, GB
Majorca p.226, Minorca pp.232-233 in G.T. Flügel, The merchant's assistant, or, Merchantile instructer 1834, GB
Geographical Coasting Pilot for Majorca and Cabrera, Minorca pp.252-285 in V.T. de San Miguel, Espana maritima 1812, GB
The Balearic Islands, pp.32-49 in J. Purdy, The new sailing directory for the Strait of Gibraltar and the western division of the Mediterranean Sea 1826, GB
The Balearic Islands, pp.41-58 in J. Purdy, The new sailing directory for the Strait of Gibraltar and the western division of the Mediterranean Sea 1832, GB
The Balearic Islands, pp.41-58 in J. Purdy, The new sailing directory for the Strait of Gibraltar and the western division of the Mediterranean Sea 1840, GB
The Balearic Islands, pp.101-102 in T.S. Lavallee, Physical, historical and military geography, 1868, GB
Historical The Spanish Isles, pp.707-708 in vol.2 of T. Salmon, Modern history or the present state of all nations 1745, GB
Tour Guides Minorca, Majorca, Ivica pp.327-330 in J. Carver, The New Universal Traveller 1779, GB
Guía de forasteros en las Islas Baleares para el año de 1851, in Spanish, 1851
Travelogues A. Grasset de Saint-Sauveur, Travels through the Balearic and Pithiusian Islands, performed between the years 1801 and 1805, 1806, IA
Maximilian Emperor of Mexico, Recollections of My Life: Messina. Palermo. Syracuse. The Balearic Islands. Valencia and Murcia. Lisbon. Madeira. Algiers. Albania. Across the line, 1868, GB
W. Dodd, Three weeks in Majorca 1843, GB
Institutions Archives Arxiu del Regne de Mallorca
Musea Museu de Mallorca; detailed description in English from North-South Guides
Diocesan Museum, from Ayuntament de Palma
Monuments Catalogo Monumental de Espana : A.V. Escudero, Inventario de los monumentos artisticos de Espana : Provincia de los Baleares 1905/1909, in Spanish
Can Catlar, from Ayuntament de Palma
Lonja de los Mercaderes de Palma, from Arte Historia, in Spanish
Libraries Diocesan Library of Mallorca
Bibliopalma, website of the public libraries of Palma de Mallorca
State Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag of Majorca, Menorca, from FOTW
Coat of Arms of Menorca, Kingdom of Mallorca, from Wikimedia Commons
Coins, Banknotes Coin Collection : Kings of Majorca, from Fitzwilliam Museum
S.M. Huston, Coins of the Crusader Kingdom of Majorca
Medals National Maritime Museum (UK), Medal commemorating the capture of Minorca, 1756

Bibliographies general ISBN Database
on the Baleares Hispania Judaica (on source editions)
ORB Bibliographies : Medieval Spain
Bibliography : Reconquista, from Crusades Encyclopedia
R.I. Burns, The Worlds of Alfonso the Learned and James the Conqueror, Bibliographic Essay
Cacao Project : History of Minorca
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
LIBRO - Library of Iberian Resources Online
Biblioteca Virtual Miguel de Cervantes
on the Baleares Biblioteca Digital de les Illes Balears
Online Journals full text online Hemeroteca, from Biblioteca Digital de les Illes Balears
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General Accounts
Special Topics

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