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France Spain
First posted on September 18th 2005, last revised on September 7th 2010

The Muslim conquest of most of the Iberian peninsula 711-718 left only parts of mountainous northern Spain under the control of Christian chieftains. One of these statelets was the Duchy of Vasconia. In the later half of the 9th century it was succeeded by the Kingdom of Pamplona, first mentioned in a chronicle dating from 905. Partitions in 1035 and 1199 reduced it to a fraction of its former territory. Garcia Ramirez (1134-1150) was the first king to use the title "King of Navarra".
Navarra participated in the Reconquista, but after the conquest of Tudela was eliminated as it no longer had a common border with the Muslim sultanates of Spain.
Navarra was able to protect her independence vis-a-vis larger neighbours (Castile, Aragon) by cultivating her alliance with France. When Castile and Aragon and France were at war, in 1512 the Duke of Alba, for Castile, conquered Iberian Navarra (Upper Navarra), which was annexed by Castile (Spain), but retained her traditional law (Province of Navarra).
Lower Navarra (i.e. the parts of Navarra located north of the Pyrenees) retained its independence and the title "Kingdom of Navarra"; it became a center of the Protestant Reformation. Upon the death of King Henri III of France, King Henri of Navarra became King Henri IV. of France (1589-1610). From now on (Lower) Navarre and France were united in dynastic union. (Lower) Navarra retained her separate institutions, but the kings resided in Paris / Versailles, and (Lower) Navarra had become a small sideland of France. Formally the Kingdom of Navarre was annexed into France during the French Revolution.

The Kingdom of Navarra, 905-1515

Timeline : Navarra
Historical Atlas : Navarra Page

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Country Profiles Current Article : Kingdom of Navarre, from Wikipedia
Article : Royaume de Navarre, from Wikipedia French edition
Article : Reino de Navarra, from Wikipedia Spanish edition
Navarre, from Etats Non Souverains, in French
Links general Category : Navarre, from Wikipedia
on history Category : Navarre History, from Wikipedia
Categorie : Histoire de Navarre, from Wikipedia French edition
Categoria : Historia de Navarra, from Wikipedia Spanish edition
Organizations Sociedad de Estudios Historicos de Navarra
Universidad de Navarra, Departamento de Historia
American Academy of Rersearch Historians of Medieval Spain
Historical Dictionary J.M. Yanguas y Miranda, Diccionario de antiguedades del reino de Navarra, vol.1, 1840, vol.2, 1840, vol.3, 1840, suppl. vol.1, 1843, in Spanish, GB
J. Yanguas y Miranda, Diccionarios de los fueros del reino de Navarra, 1828, in Spanish, GB
J. Yanguas y Miranda, Adiciones a los diccionarios de los fueros y leyes del reino de Navarra, 1829, in Spanish, GB
Accounts of History modern Article : Kingdom of Navarre, from Wikipedia
Article : Royaume de Navarre, from Wikipedia French edition
Article : Reino de Navarra, from Wikipedia Spanish edition
historical M. Quad, Historia des Königreichs Navarra, 1603, in German, GB
Pierre Olhagaray, Histoire de Foix, Bearn et Navarre, 1609, in French, GB
G. de Gongora y Torreblanca, Historia apologetica y descripcio del Reyno de Navarra , 1628, in Spanish, GB
J. de Moret, Annales del Reyno de Navarra, 1684, in Spanish, GB
J. de Moret, Tomo segundo de los Annales del Reyno de Navarra, 1695, in Spanish, GB
J. de Moret, Tomo tercero de los Anales de Navarra, 1704, in Spanish, GB
F. de Aleson, Tomo quarto de los Annales de Navarra, o primero de su segunda parte, 1709, in Spanish, GB
J. Yanguas y Miranda, Historia compendiada del Reino de Navarra, 1832, in Spanish, GB
Andre Favyn, Histoire de Navarre, 1836, in French, GB
Specific Periods J. de Moret, Congressiones apologeticas sobre la verdad de las investigaciones historicas de las antiguedades del Reyno de Navarra, 1678, in Spanish, GB
Foreign Relations
Military G. Anelier, F. Michel, Histoire de la guerre de Navarre en 1276 et 1277, 1856, in French, GB
L. de Evans, Memorias de la guerra de Navarra y las provincias, 1837, in Spanish, GB
J.M. de Anzaga, Memoria militar y politica sobre la guerra de Navarra, 1840, in Spanish, GB
A. Barres de Molard, M?oires su la guerre de la Navarre et des provinces basques, depuis son origine en 1833, jusqu'au traite de Bergara en 1839, 1842, in French, GB
J. Codina, Guerras de Navarra y Catalu?: desde el a? 1451 hasta el de 1472, 1854, in Spanish, GB
L. Correa, Historia de la conquista del reino de Navarra por el duque de Alba , (1512) 1843, in Spanish, GB
Article : Navarrese Company, Navarrese Civil War, 1451-1455, Spanish Conquest of Iberian Navarre, from Wikipedia
Economy & Finances
Ethnography Basque People's History, has several paragraphs on Navarrese History
Religion The Reformation in Navarre, pp.1-17, Jeanne d'Albret pp.18-36, in R.F. Jameson, 'Notices of the Reformation in the southwest provinces of France , 1839, GB
G. Fernandez Perez, Historia de la iglesia y obispos de Pamplona, real y eclesi?tica del reino de Navarra vol.1, 1820, vol.3, 1820, in Spanish, GB
M. Kayserling, Geschichte der Juden in Spanien und Portugal. Pt.1 : Die Juden in Navarra, den Baskenlaendern und auf den Balearen, 1861, in German, GB
History of Regions
Local History Articles : Pamplona : History, Pau : History, Tudela : History, from Wikipedia
Institutions History of the Navarrese Royal Palace at Olite, from ctv.es
Culture History of the Navarrese Royal Palace at Olite, from ctv.es

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen Bearn et Navarre, from World Statesmen by Ben Cahoon
The French Kings of Navarre, from friesian.com
The Titles of European Rulers : Navarra
Historical Data Lists of Bishops List of Bishops and Archbishops of Pampelune, from Speedy Look
Documents Annal Entries etc.
Image Databanks Europeana
Wikimedia Commons
Archival Deposits Online
Archival Deposits Catalogue Online G. Bascle Lagreze, Le tr?or de Pau : archives du chateau d'Henri IV, 1852, in French, Gb
Laws Recopilacion de todas las leyes del reyno de Navarra, 1614, in Spanish, GB
Ordonnance de Louis XIV roi de France et de Navarre : sur le fait des eaux et les forets, 1669, 1776, in French, GB
pour le commerce, 1673, 1725, in French, GB
Fueros del Reyno de Navarra, desde su creaci? hasta su feliz uni? con el de Castilla, 1815, in Spanish, GB
A. Sagaseta de Hudoz, Fueros fundamentales del reimo de Navarra : y defensa legal de los mismos, 1840, in Spanish, GB
J. Alonso, Recopilaci? y comentarios de los fueros y leyes del antiguo Reino de Navarra, 1848, in Spanish, GB
Fuero general de Navarra, 1869, in Spanish, GB
Document Collections Ch.14 : De Scriptoribus Regni Gallicani et Navarreni, pp.298-353 in B.G. Struve, Selecta bibliotheca historica, 1705, in Latin, GB ; a catalogue of narrative historical sources
Individual Documents Navarre, inheritance law, from Heraldica
Coleccion de Documentos Ineditos del Archivo General de la Corona del Aragon, vol.37 : Guerra entre Castilla, Aragon y Navarra : compromiso para terminarla. (Ano 1431), 1869, GB
Historical Maps WHKMLA Historical Atlas, Navarra Page
Maps : Eastern Hemisphere 1000 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1100 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1200 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1300 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1400 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1500 AD, by Thomas Lessman
Maps : Europe in the Year 1000, 1100, 1200, 1300, 1400, 1500, 1600, 1700, 1800, from Euratlas
Encyclopedia Entries
General Article : Navarra, pp.1331-1334 in vol.23 of J.H. Zedler, Grosses vollständiges Universal-Lexicon Aller Wissenschafften und Künste, 1740, in German, GB
Article : Navarre, pp.642-643 in vol.14 of Encyclopaedia Britannica, 6th ed. 1823, GB
Article : Navarra, Geschichte von, in : Pierer's Universal-Lexikon 1857-1865, in German, posted by Zeno
Article : Navarre, from Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th edition, 1911, posted by Classic Encyclopedia
Religious Article Navarra, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1907-1914 edition
Economic Navarre, pp.192-193, in vol.2 of S. Ricard, Traite general du commerce, 1781, in French, GB
Geographical Article : Navarre, in R. Brookes, The general gazetteer: or, compendious geographical dictionary, 1801, GB; unpaginated
Historical The History of Navarre, pp.390-537 in vol.22 of The modern part of an universal history, 1760, GB
Parliamentary Debates Navarrese Arrete du Parlement de Navarre: Extrait des Registres du Parlement 1763, in French, GB
Coleccion de Cortes de los antiguos reinos de Espana, 1855, in Spanish, GB
Travelogues J.A. Chaho, L. von Alvensleben, Reise in Navarra w?rend des Aufstandes der Basken, 1836, in German, GB
M. Cenac-Moncaut, Voyage archeologique et historique dans l'ancien royaume de Navarre , 1857, in French, GB
Institutions Archives Archivo General de Navarra
Archives de la Communaute d'agglom?ation Pau-Pyrenees
Musea Museo de Navarra
Monuments History of the Navarrese Royal Palace at Olite, from ctv.es
Libraries Bibliotecas Publicas de Navarra
National Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag of Navarra from FOTW, of Lower Navarra, from FOTW
Coins Search Coin Archives for Navarra
Search Early Dated Coins for Navarra

Bibliographies general Datenbasis Internationale Beziehungen und Länderkunde (Data Base on International Relations and Country Studies) (site in German, most titles listed in English; numerous entries; publications mostly since 1970)
RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
on Navarra
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
on France, Spain
Online Journals links
full text online
General Accounts on Eastern Europe
on Navarra Mark Kurlansky, The Basque History of the World, NY : Penguin (1999) 2001 [G]
Specific Topics
Historical Atlas
Historical Dictionary

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