History of West Africa Mali






The Ghana Empire, 7th to 13th century



Not to be confused with the modern Republic of Ghana, the former Gold Coast.

The medieval Empire of Ghana was located on the banks of the upper Niger river in modern Mali. The Empire was dominated by the SONINKE CLANS and the MANDE speaking people. It was connected by caravan trading routes with the Maghreb; our earliest sources on Ghana are by Arab writers. In the 11th century, Ghana's capital was KUMBI. In trans-Saharan trade, Ghana gave gold and obtained salt.
The ALMORAVIDS, Sanhaja Berbers, raided Ghana in the 11th century, sacking Kumbi in 1076. Ghana disintegrated, and in 1240 it was conquered by SUNDIATA, King of Mali.






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This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted in 2001, last revised on November 6th 2004

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