1918-1939 History of West Africa Ghana
since 1957






Stamps issued by the British Postal Administration for the Gold Coast
featuring Christiansborg Castle at Accra



Gold Coast, 1939-1957



World War II was fought 1939-1945. After the war, the world was a different place. The United Nations, successor to the League of Nations, pushed for democratization of the colonies and transition toward self-government. TOGOLAND was declared a UN territory under British trusteeship.
In 1946 a CONSTITUTION had been passed, which provided Africans with a majority of seats in the ASSEMBLY; yet it still favoured the whites and stopped well short of the principle one person - one vote. In 1948, riots broke out in the major towns. KWAME NKRUMAH advocated self-government now; the British administration held negotiations with him. In 1951 a new constitution was passed. In 1956 the population of Togoland in a plebiscite opted to integrate their territory into the Gold Coast, whicj in 1957, under the name of GHANA, became independent.






EXTERNAL
FILES
Ghana, History of, from Infoplease
Ghana : The Party System in 1950-1956 and 1957-1962, in : Kenneth Janda, Political Parties : A Cross-National Survey
DOCUMENTS
REFERENCE Chapter 36 : Introduction to British West Africa, pp.735-745; 40 : Prime Minister Nkrumah of the Gold Coast, pp.790-806; 41 : House of Commons in Black Miniature, pp.807-818; 42 : The Gold Coast and the Golden Stool, pp.819-842, in : John Gunther, Inside Africa, NY : Harper & Bros. (1953) 1955 [G]
W.E.F. Ward, The Colonial Phase in British West Africa, pp.405-439 in : JF. Ade Ajayi and Ian Espie (ed.), A Thousand Years in West African History, Ibadan UP (1965) 1967 [G]
Article : British West Africa, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1944 pp.131-132, 1945 pp.129-130, 1946 pp.151-152, 1947 pp.154-155, 1948 pp.142-143, 1949 pp.126-128, 1950 pp.130-131, 1951 pp.126-127, 1952 pp.125-126, 1953 pp.125-126, 1954 pp.125-127, 1955 pp.184-185, 1956 pp.123-124 [G]
Article : Gold Coast, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1957 pp.364-365 [G]
Article : West Africa : Gold Coast, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1943 pp.246-249 [G]
Article : West Africa : Ashanti, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1943 p.249 [G]
Article : West Africa : Northern Territories, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1943 pp.249-250 [G]
Article : Gold Coast, in : Americana Annual 1943 p.321, 1944 p.305 [G]
Article : British West Africa, in : Americana Annual 1945 pp.117-119, 1946 pp.126-129, 1947 pp.103-104 [G]
Article : British West Africa - Gold Coast, in : Americana Annual 1957 pp.105-108 [G]



This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted in 2001, last revised on September 28th 2007

Click here to go Home
Click here to go to Information about KMLA, WHKMLA, the author and webmaster
Click here to go to Statistics