Guinea 1958-1984
Era Sekou Toure
History of West Africa




Guinea after Sekou Toure, since 1984



When long-time president Sekou Toure died, Guinee Conakry was among the poorest countries in Africa; her agricultural production, the output of her mines had dropped significantly compared to the figures at the time of independence. Because of its socialist policy, the country was regarded with suspicion, by potential investors and financial institutions alike.
A week after the death of Sekou Toure, the Military Committee of National Recovery (CMRN) took power in a coup d'etat. Immediately, the constitution adopted by the PDG in 1982 was suspended, the PDG and its affiliates were dissolved. In 1986 a currency reform was implemented, in 1987 the legal groundwork was set to promote foreign investment, in 1992 an office was created to promote foreign investment. The Bauxite and diamond mining industries recovered; in 1994 Guinee Conakry was the world's second largest producer of Bauxite. The construction of hydroelectric dams was begun - electricity being the prerequisite for the establishment of Aluminum production.
In 1990 a new constitution was adopted, in 1993 a first multiparty election held. All elections since 1993 were won by President Conte's PUP (Party of Unity and Progress).
Civil wars in the neighbouring countries of Sierra Leone and Liberia resulted in a massive influx of refugees, over 700,000 since 1990. In 2000-2002, RUF rebels operating from Sierra Leone and Liberia, caused havoc in the border region.



EXTERNAL
FILES
Timeline, from BBC News
Global History of Currencies, click : Guinea Bissau
Historical Population Statistics : Guinea Bissau, from Population Statistics at Univ. Utrecht
History of Guinea, from Countries Quest, from Lonely Planet
A Short History of Guinea, from Election World
Guinee Conakry, from Francophonie, in French
Background Notes : Guinea, from U.S. Dept. of State
Republic of Guinea : Aredor, from Trivalence
DOCUMENTS Flag, from FOTW
Banknotes, from Ron Wise's World Paper Money
Guinea Archive, from Africa Online, archive of recent articles
REFERENCE Article Guinea, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1959 p.309 (on events of 1958) [G]
Article Guinea, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1960 p.308 (on events of 1959) [G]
Article Guinea, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1961 p.315 (on events of 1960) [G]
Article Guinea, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1962 pp.307-308 (on events of 1961) [G]
Article Guinea, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1963 p.424 (on events of 1962) [G]
Article Guinea, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1964 pp.402-403 (on events of 1963) [G]
Article Guinea, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1965 p.398 (on events of 1964) [G]
Article Guinea, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1966 p.352 (on events of 1965) [G]
Article Guinea, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1967 pp.383-384 (on events of 1966) [G]
Article Guinea, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1968 pp.385-386 (on events of 1967) [G]
Article Guinea, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1969 pp.380-381 (on events of 1968) [G]
Article Guinea, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1970 pp.387-388 (on events of 1969) [G]
Article Guinea, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1971 p.369 (on events of 1970) [G]
Article Guinea, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1972 p.339 (on events of 1971) [G]
Article Guinea, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1973 pp.336-337 (on events of 1972) [G]
Article Guinea, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1974 p.342 (on events of 1973) [G]
Article Guinea, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1975 p.336 (on events of 1974) [G]
Article Guinea, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1976 p.373 (on events of 1975) [G]
Article Guinea, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1977 pp.375-376 (on events of 1976) [G]
Article Guinea, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1978 p.418 (on events of 1977) [G]
Article Guinea, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1979 pp.410-411 (on events of 1978) [G]
Article Guinea, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1980 pp.413-414 (on events of 1979) [G]
Article Guinea, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1981 p.413 (on events of 1980) [G]
Article Guinea, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1982 p.410 (on events of 1981) [G]
Article Guinea, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1983 p.406 (on events of 1982) [G]
Article Guinea, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1984 pp.408-409 (on events of 1983) [G]
Article Guinea, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1985 pp.466, 693 (on events of 1984) [G]
Article Guinea, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1986 pp.461, 690 (on events of 1985) [G]
Article Guinea, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1988 pp.390-391, 611 (on events of 1987) [G]
Article Guinea, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1989 pp.390, 612 (on events of 1988) [G]
Article Guinea, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1990 pp.407, 627 (on events of 1989) [G]
Article Guinea, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1993 pp.362, 619 (on events in 1992) [G]
Article Guinea, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1994 pp.360, 620 (on events in 1993) [G]
Article Guinea, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1995 pp.414-415, 620 (on events in 1994) [G]
Article : Guinea, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1970-1971 pp.1005-1006 (data of 1969-1970) [G]
Article : Guinea, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1975-1976 pp.998-999 (data of 1974-1975) [G]
Article : Guinea, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1978-1979 pp.558-560 (data of 1977-1978) [G]
Article : Guinea, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1980-1981 pp.559-561 (data of 1979-1980) [G]
Article : Guinea, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1983-1984 pp.568-570 (data of 1982-1983) [G]
Article : Guinea, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1984-1985 pp.568-570 (data of 1983-1984) [G]
Article : Guinea, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1985-1986 pp.569-572 (data of 1984-1985) [G]
Article : Guinea, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1987-1988 pp.579-581 (data of 1986-1987) [G]
Article : Guinea, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1988-1989 pp.581-583 (data of 1987-1988) [G]
Article : Guinea, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1989-1990 pp.586-588 (data of 1988-1989) [G]
Article : Guinea, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1990-1991 pp.586-588 (data of 1989-1990) [G]
Article : Guinea, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1991-1992 pp.585-587 (data of 1990-1991) [G]
Article : Guinea, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1992-1993 pp.658-660 (data of 1991-1992) [G]
Article : Guinea, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1993-1994 pp.663-665 (data of 1992-1993) [G]
Article : Guinea, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1994-1995 pp.654-657 (data of 1993-1994) [G]
Article : Guinea, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1995-1996 pp.652-655 (data of 1994-1995) [G]
Article : Guinea, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1996-1997 pp.595-598 (data of 1995-1996) [G]
Article : Guinea, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1997-1998 pp.604-607 (data of 1996-1997) [G]
Article : Guinea, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1998-1999 pp.654-657 (data of 1997-1998) [G]
Article : Guinea, in : Statesman's Yearbook 2000 pp.756-759 (data of 1998-1999) [G]
Article : Guinea, in : Statesman's Yearbook 2001 pp.734-737 (data of 1999-2000) [G]
Article : Guinea, in : Statesman's Yearbook 2002 pp.764-768 (data of 2000-2001) [G]
Article : Guinea, in : Statesman's Yearbook 2003 pp.766-770 (data of 2001-2002) [G]
Article : Guinea, in : Statesman's Yearbook 2004 pp.769-773 (data of 2002-2003) [G]
Article : Guinea, in : Statesman's Yearbook 2005 pp.769-773 (data of 2003-2004) [G]
Article : Guinea, in : The World in Figures 1st ed. 1976 pp.71-72 [G]
Article : Guinea, in : The World in Figures 2nd ed. 1978 pp.71-72 [G]
Article : Guinea, in : The World in Figures 4th ed. 1984 pp.71-72 [G]
Entry : Background Notes - Guinea pp.157-162, in : Countries of the World and their Leaders Yearbook, 2000, Supplement [G]
Entry : Republic of Guinea, Cabinet, p.44; Background Notes : Guinea, pp.634-639, in : Countries of the World and their Leaders Yearbook, 2003 [G]
Article : Guinea, in : Americana Annual 1961 pp.321-322 (on events of 1960) [G]
Article : Guinea, in : Americana Annual 1962 p.326 (on events of 1961) [G]
Article : Guinea, in : Americana Annual 1963 p.298 (on events of 1962) [G]
Article : Guinea, in : Americana Annual 1964 p.296 (on events of 1963) [G]
Article : Guinea, in : Americana Annual 1965 p.312 (on events of 1964) [G]
Article : Guinea, in : Americana Annual 1967 pp.324-325 (on events of 1966) [G]
Article : Guinea, in : Americana Annual 1968 pp.317-318 (on events of 1967) [G]
Article : Guinea, in : Americana Annual 1969 p.331 (on events of 1968) [G]
Article : Guinea, in : Americana Annual 1970 p.335 (on events of 1969) [G]
Article : Guinea, in : Americana Annual 1971 p.329 (on events of 1970) [G]
Article : Guinea, in : Americana Annual 1972 p.321-322 (on events of 1971) [G]
Article : Guinea, in : Americana Annual 1973 pp.73, 330 (on events of 1972) [G]
Article : Guinea, in : Americana Annual 1974 p.277 (on events of 1973) [G]
Entry : Guinea, pp.524-527 in : IMF, International Financial Statistics Yearbook 2001 [G]



This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted in 2001, last revised on October 20th 2006

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