1939-1960 History of West Africa






Independence, since 1960



In 1960, the Ivory Coast declared independence, FELIX HOUPHOUET-BOIGNY becoming the country's first president. He held on to office until his death in 1993, providing his country with a degree of political stability. Cote d'Ivoire exprienced a higher population growth than other countries in West Africa, in part due to labour immigration. In 1983 the capital was moved from Abidjan to Yamoussoukro, the hometown of President Houphouet-Boigny. Until 1990, Cote d'Ivoire was a One-Party-State; then multiparty democracy was introduced.
Houphouet-Boigny kept close ties to France; the economy has seen a growth exceptional in an African context, based on export products such as coffee, cocoa and timber. In the 1970es, oil was discovered. The Abidjan Stock Exchange was opened in 1976. Political stabilty ended with a 2000 contested election, with both candidates declaring themselves winner. A coup d'etat followed in 2001; the country since suffered a civil war.






EXTERNAL
FILES
History of the Ivory Coast, from Infoplease and from Library of Congress, Country Studies
French West Africa, from Infoplease
CASCON Case GIC : Guinea - Ivory Coast 1966-1967, by L.P. Bloomfield, L. Moulton
DOCUMENTS Flag, from FOTW
Banknotes, from Ron Wise's World Paper Money, scroll down
Cote d'Ivoire Archive, from Africa Online, archive of recent articles
REFERENCE Article Ivory Coast, Republic of, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1961 p.375 (on events of 1960) [G]
Article Ivory Coast, Republic of, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1962 p.369 (on events of 1961) [G]
Article Ivory Coast, Republic of, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1963 p.487 (on events of 1962) [G]
Article Ivory Coast, Republic of, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1964 pp.473-474 (on events of 1963) [G]
Article Ivory Coast, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1965 p.461 (on events of 1964) [G]
Article Ivory Coast, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1966 pp.434-435 (on events of 1965) [G]
Article Ivory Coast, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1967 p.455 (on events of 1966) [G]
Article Ivory Coast, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1968 pp.457-458 (on events of 1967) [G]
Article Ivory Coast, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1969 pp.443-444 (on events of 1968) [G]
Article Ivory Coast, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1970 pp.445-446 (on events of 1969) [G]
Article Ivory Coast, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1971 pp.425-426 (on events of 1970) [G]
Article Ivory Coast, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1972 p.392 (on events of 1971) [G]
Article Ivory Coast, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1973 p.389 (on events of 1972) [G]
Article Ivory Coast, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1974 p.392 (on events of 1973) [G]
Article Ivory Coast, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1975 p.417 (on events of 1974) [G]
Article Ivory Coast, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1976 p.445 (on events of 1975) [G]
Article Ivory Coast, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1977 p.437 (on events of 1976) [G]
Article Ivory Coast, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1978 p.471 (on events of 1977) [G]
Article Ivory Coast, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1979 p.465 (on events of 1978) [G]
Article Ivory Coast, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1980 p.468 (on events of 1979) [G]
Article Ivory Coast, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1981 pp.469-470 (on events of 1980) [G]
Article Ivory Coast, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1982 p.468 (on events of 1981) [G]
Article Ivory Coast, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1983 pp.460-461 (on events of 1982) [G]
Article Ivory Coast, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1984 pp.461-462 (on events of 1983) [G]
Article Ivory Coast, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1985 pp.467, 710 (on events of 1984) [G]
Article Ivory Coast, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1986 pp.461, 707 (on events of 1985) [G]
Article Cote d'Ivoire, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1988 pp.387, 580 (on events of 1987) [G]
Article Cote d'Ivoire, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1989 pp.387, 580 (on events of 1988) [G]
Article Cote d'Ivoire, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1990 pp.404, 595 (on events of 1989) [G]
Article Cote d'Ivoire, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1993 pp.359, 590 (on events in 1992) [G]
Article Cote d'Ivoire, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1994 pp.357, 590 (on events in 1993) [G]
Article Cote d'Ivoire, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1995 pp.396-397, 590 (on events in 1994) [G]
Article : Ivory Coast, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1970-1971 pp.942-944 (data of 1969-1970) [G]
Article : Ivory Coast, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1975-1976 pp.1084-1085 (data of 1974-1975) [G]
Article : Ivory Coast, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1978-1979 pp.727-729 (data of 1977-1978) [G]
Article : Ivory Coast, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1980-1981 pp.730-732 (data of 1979-1980) [G]
Article : Ivory Coast, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1983-1984 pp.732-735 (data of 1982-1983) [G]
Article : Ivory Coast, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1984-1985 pp.733-736 (data of 1983-1984) [G]
Article : Ivory Coast, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1985-1986 pp.736-739 (data of 1984-1985) [G]
Article : Cote d'Ivoire, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1987-1988 pp.386-389 (data of 1986-1987) [G]
Article : Cote d'Ivoire, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1988-1989 pp.388-391 (data of 1987-1988) [G]
Article : Cote d'Ivoire, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1989-1990 pp.391-394 (data of 1988-1989) [G]
Article : Cote d'Ivoire, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1990-1991 pp.390-393 (data of 1989-1990) [G]
Article : Cote d'Ivoire, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1991-1992 pp.390-393 (data of 1990-1991) [G]
Article : Cote d'Ivoire, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1992-1993 pp.453-456 (data of 1991-1992) [G]
Article : Cote d'Ivoire, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1993-1994 pp.458-462 (data of 1992-1993) [G]
Article : Cote d'Ivoire, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1994-1995 pp.448-452 (data of 1993-1994) [G]
Article : Cote d'Ivoire, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1995-1996 pp.442-446 (data of 1994-1995) [G]
Article : Cote d'Ivoire, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1996-1997 pp.381-385 (data of 1995-1996) [G]
Article : Cote d'Ivoire, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1997-1998 pp.390-394 (data of 1996-1997) [G]
Article : Cote d'Ivoire, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1998-1999 pp.432-436 (data of 1997-1998) [G]
Article : Cote d'Ivoire, in : Statesman's Yearbook 2000 pp.499-504 (data of 1998-1999) [G]
Article : Cote d'Ivoire, in : Statesman's Yearbook 2001 pp.485-490 (data of 1999-2000) [G]
Article : Cote d'Ivoire, in : Statesman's Yearbook 2002 pp.505-510 (data of 2000-2001) [G]
Article : Cote d'Ivoire, in : Statesman's Yearbook 2003 pp.503-508 (data of 2001-2002) [G]
Article : Cote d'Ivoire, in : Statesman's Yearbook 2004 pp.504-509 (data of 2002-2003) [G]
Article : Cote d'Ivoire, in : Statesman's Yearbook 2005 pp.502-507 (data of 2003-2004) [G]
Article : Ivory Coast, in : The World in Figures 1st ed. 1976 pp.72-73 [G]
Article : Ivory Coast, in : The World in Figures 2nd ed. 1978 pp.72-73 [G]
Article : Ivory Coast, in : The World in Figures 4th ed. 1984 pp.72-73 [G]
Entry : Travel Warning - Cote d'Ivoire, pp.459-461, in : Countries of the World and their Leaders Yearbook, 2000, Supplement [G]
Entry : Republic of Cote d'Ivoire, Cabinet, pp.30-31; Background Notes : Cote d'Ivoire, pp.454-460, in : Countries of the World and their Leaders Yearbook, 2003 [G]
Article : Ivory Coast, in : Americana Annual 1961 pp.391-392 (on events of 1960) [G]
Article : Ivory Coast, in : Americana Annual 1962 pp.396-397 (on events of 1961) [G]
Article : Ivory Coast, in : Americana Annual 1963 pp.357-358 (on events of 1962) [G]
Article : Ivory Coast, in : Americana Annual 1964 p.354 (on events of 1963) [G]
Article : Ivory Coast, in : Americana Annual 1965 p.369 (on events of 1964) [G]
Article : Ivory Coast, in : Americana Annual 1967 pp.377-378 (on events of 1966) [G]
Article : Ivory Coast, in : Americana Annual 1968 pp.372-373 (on events of 1967) [G]
Article : Ivory Coast, in : Americana Annual 1969 pp.377-378 (on events of 1968) [G]
Article : Ivory Coast, in : Americana Annual 1970 p.383 (on events of 1969) [G]
Article : Ivory Coast, in : Americana Annual 1971 p.378 (on events of 1970) [G]
Article : Ivory Coast, in : Americana Annual 1972 p.373 (on events of 1971) [G]
Article : Ivory Coast, in : Americana Annual 1973 p.377 (on events of 1972) [G]
Entry : Cote d'Ivoire, pp.388-393 in : IMF, International Financial Statistics Yearbook 2001 [G]



This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted in 2001, last revised on October 20th 2006

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