1939-1960 History of West Africa






Independent Mali, since 1960



In 1959, Soudan and Senegal formed the MALI CONFEDERATION, which broke apart in 1960 when Mali (the former French Soudan) declared independence. The capital was BAMAKO, Mali now joined a nominal federation with Ghana and Guinea, which was dissolved when KWAME NKRUMAH, President of Ghana, was ousted in 1966.
President MODIBO KEITA, a descendant of the Malinke Emperors, introduced a ONE-PARTY-STATE, withdrew from the Franc-zone (1962) which it rejoined in 1967. In 1968, Lt. MOUSSA TRAORE took power in a coup d'etat. Mali suffered heavily from the Sahel drought in the early 1970es. In 1991 Traore was ousted in a coup, multiparty democracy introduced. The TUAREG in the north revolted in the early 1990es.






EXTERNAL
FILES
Mali, History of, from Infoplease
Chronology of Catholic Dioceses : Mali, from Kirken i Norge
DOCUMENTS List of Presidents etc., from World Statesmen by Ben Cahoon
Flag, from FOTW
Banknotes, from Ron Wise's World Paper Money
Mali Archive, from Africa Online, archive of recent articles
REFERENCE Article Mali; Mali, Federation of, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1961 p.415 (on events of 1960) [G]
Article Mali, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1962 p.415 (on events of 1961) [G]
Article Mali, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1963 p.538 (on events of 1962) [G]
Article Mali, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1964 pp.531-532 (on events of 1963) [G]
Article Mali, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1965 pp.514-515 (on events of 1964) [G]
Article Mali, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1966 pp.490-491 (on events of 1965) [G]
Article Mali, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1967 p.501 (on events of 1966) [G]
Article Mali, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1968 pp.500-501 (on events of 1967) [G]
Article Mali, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1969 p.486 (on events of 1968) [G]
Article Mali, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1970 p.490 (on events of 1969) [G]
Article Mali, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1971 pp.473-474 (on events of 1970) [G]
Article Mali, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1972 p.446 (on events of 1971) [G]
Article Mali, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1973 p.444 (on events of 1972) [G]
Article Mali, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1974 pp.446-447 (on events of 1973) [G]
Article Mali, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1975 p.474 (on events of 1974) [G]
Article Mali, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1976 p.502 (on events of 1975) [G]
Article Mali, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1977 p.502 (on events of 1976) [G]
Article Mali, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1978 p.533 (on events of 1977) [G]
Article Mali, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1979 p.521 (on events of 1978) [G]
Article Mali, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1980 pp.520-521 (on events of 1979) [G]
Article Mali, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1981 p.525 (on events of 1980) [G]
Article Mali, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1982 p.524 (on events of 1981) [G]
Article Mali, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1983 p.519 (on events of 1982) [G]
Article Mali, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1984 p.516 (on events of 1983) [G]
Article Mali, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1985 pp.469, 733 (on events of 1984) [G]
Article Mali, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1986 pp.463, 731 (on events of 1985) [G]
Article Mali, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1988 pp.393, 651 (on events of 1987) [G]
Article Mali, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1989 pp.392-393, 652 (on events of 1988) [G]
Article Mali, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1990 pp.410, 667 (on events of 1989) [G]
Article Mali, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1993 pp.364-365, 663 (on events in 1992) [G]
Article Mali, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1994 pp.363, 664 (on events in 1993) [G]
Article Mali, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1995 pp.442, 663 (on events in 1994) [G]
Article : Mali, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1970-1971 pp.950-952 (data of 1969-1970) [G]
Article : Mali, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1975-1976 pp.1143-1144 (data of 1974-1975) [G]
Article : Mali, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1978-1979 pp.826-828 (data of 1977-1978) [G]
Article : Mali, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1980-1981 pp.834-836 (data of 1979-1980) [G]
Article : Mali, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1983-1984 pp.830-832 (data of 1982-1983) [G]
Article : Mali, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1984-1985 pp.830-832 (data of 1983-1984) [G]
Article : Mali, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1985-1986 pp.832-834 (data of 1984-1985) [G]
Article : Mali, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1987-1988 pp.835-837 (data of 1986-1987) [G]
Article : Mali, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1988-1989 pp.837-839 (data of 1987-1988) [G]
Article : Mali, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1989-1990 pp.846-848 (data of 1988-1989) [G]
Article : Mali, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1990-1991 pp.847-849 (data of 1989-1990) [G]
Article : Mali, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1991-1992 pp.848-850 (data of 1990-1991) [G]
Article : Mali, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1992-1993 pp.931-933 (data of 1991-1992) [G]
Article : Mali, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1993-1994 pp.928-931 (data of 1992-1993) [G]
Article : Mali, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1994-1995 pp.925-928 (data of 1993-1994) [G]
Article : Mali, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1995-1996 pp.922-925 (data of 1994-1995) [G]
Article : Mali, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1998-1997 pp.871-874 (data of 1995-1996) [G]
Article : Mali, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1997-1998 pp.880-883 (data of 1996-1997) [G]
Article : Mali, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1998-1999 pp.944-947 (data of 1997-1998) [G]
Article : Mali, in : Statesman's Yearbook 2000 pp.1076-1080 (data of 1998-1999) [G]
Article : Mali, in : Statesman's Yearbook 2001 pp.1052-1055 (data of 1999-2000) [G]
Article : Mali, in : Statesman's Yearbook 2002 pp.1093-1097 (data of 2000-2001) [G]
Article : Mali, in : Statesman's Yearbook 2003 pp.1095-1099 (data of 2001-2002) [G]
Article : Mali, in : Statesman's Yearbook 2004 pp.1101-1105 (data of 2002-2003) [G]
Article : Mali, in : Statesman's Yearbook 2005 pp.1108-1112 (data of 2003-2004) [G]
Article : Mali, in : The World in Figures 1st ed. 1976 pp.79-80 [G]
Article : Mali, in : The World in Figures 2nd ed. 1978 pp.79-80 [G]
Article : Mali, in : The World in Figures 4th ed. 1984 pp.79-80 [G]
Entry : Republic of Mali, Cabinet, pp.65-66; Background Notes : Botswana, pp.870-876, in : Countries of the World and their Leaders Yearbook, 2003 [G]
Article : Mali, in : Americana Annual 1961 pp.444-445 (on events of 1960) [G]
Article : Mali, in : Americana Annual 1962 pp.453-454 (on events of 1961) [G]
Article : Mali, in : Americana Annual 1963 pp.407-408 (on events of 1962) [G]
Article : Mali, in : Americana Annual 1964 p.407 (on events of 1963) [G]
Article : Mali, in : Americana Annual 1965 p.440 (on events of 1964) [G]
Article : Mali, in : Americana Annual 1967 p.427 (on events of 1966) [G]
Article : Mali, in : Americana Annual 1968 pp.422-423 (on events of 1967) [G]
Article : Mali, in : Americana Annual 1969 pp.432-433 (on events of 1968) [G]
Article : Mali, in : Americana Annual 1970 pp.428-429 (on events of 1969) [G]
Article : Mali, in : Americana Annual 1972 p.433 (on events of 1971) [G]
Article : Mali, in : Americana Annual 1973 p.434 (on events of 1972) [G]
Entry : Mali, pp.700-703 in : IMF, International Financial Statistics Yearbook 2001 [G]



This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted in 2001, last revised on October 20th 2006

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