History of West Africa 1918-1939

Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria, 1914-1918

In 1914, SOUTHERN NIGERIA and NORTHERN NIGERIA were joined to form the COLONY AND PROTEXTORATE OF NIGERIA. Head of the administration was to be the GOVERNOR-GENERAL, residing in LAGOS, the capital.
In 1914, World War I broke out. In 1916, British troops occupied stretches of the German colony of KAMERUN. After the surrender of German troops in Kamerun in January/February 1916, a Nigerian regiment was dispatched to German East Africa, where German troops continued to resist.
Kamerun was partitioned; the British part, called BRITISH CAMEROONS, came under British military occupation and came to be administrated from Lagos, as an annex to Nigeria.

Timeline of Nigerian History, from Nigeria Exchange
History of Lagos, from Cyber Schoolbus
Nigeria, Upper and Lower, from Catholic Encyclopedia, 1913 edition
DOCUMENTS Report by Sir F. Lugard on the Amalgamation of Northern and Southern Nigeria
List of Nigerian Governors General etc., from World Statesmen , by Ben Cahoon
Flag, from FOTW
REFERENCE Toyin Falola, The History of Nigeria, Westport : Greenwood 1999
R.C. Burns, History of Nigeria, London 1929

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted in 2001, last revised on November 6th 2004

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