1939-1961 History of West Africa since 1991





Sierra Leone independent, 1961-1991



Constitution Sierra Leone obtained independence within the British Commonwealth in 1961. A 1967 coup factually ended the multiparty system; the 1978 constitution formalized the status of a one-party-state. The Republic had been proclaimed in 1971. Changes in government were affected by coups in 1967, 1968, 1971 At the time when a new constitution foresaw the reintroduction of a multiparty democracy in 1991, tragically the civil war already had begun.

The Economy Sierra Leone suffered from the Oil Crisis in 1973 to 1981. In 1987 the state of economic emergency was declared. The country's diamond deposits became the object in the civil war, which began in 1991.






EXTERNAL
FILES
DOCUMENTS Flag, from FOTW
Banknotes, from Ron Wise's World Paper Money
Estimates of Death Toll in Sierra Leone Civil War (1991-), posted by Matthew White, scroll down for Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone Archive, from Africa Online, archive of recent articles
REFERENCE Article : Sierra Leone, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1962 p.618, 1963 p.725, 1964 p.746, 1965 p.735, 1966 p.682, 1967 p.681, 1968 p.690, 1969 pp.673-674, 1970 pp.681-682, 1971 p.663, 1972 pp.622-623, 1973 p.610, 1974 pp.610-611, 1975 p.614, 1976 pp.611-612, 1977 p.613, 1978 pp.627-628, 1979 pp.618-619, 1980 pp.616-617, 1981 p.616, 1982 p.617, 1983 p.612, 1984 p.614, 1985 pp.473, 776, 1986 pp.467, 775, 1987 pp.435-436, 743, 1988 pp.396, 695, 1989 pp.396, 695, 1990 pp.413, 711, 1991 pp.393, 697 [G]
Article : Sierra Leone, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1970-1971 pp.440-445, 1975-1976 pp.469-473, 1976-1977 pp.475-480, 1978-1979 pp.1046-1050, 1979-1980 pp.1055-1059, 1980-1981 pp.1050-1054, 1981-1982 pp.1055-1059, 1983-1984 pp.1052-1056, 1984-1985 pp.1049-1053, 1985-1986 pp.1050-1054, 1986-1987 pp.1050-1054, 1987-1988 pp.1055-1059, 1988-1989 pp.1059-1063, 1989-1990 pp.1070-1074, 1990-1991 pp.1071-1074, 1991-1992 pp.1072-1076 [G]
Article : Sierra Leone, in : The World in Figures 1st ed. 1976 pp.93-94, 2nd ed. 1978 pp.93-94, 4th ed. 1984 pp.92-93 [G]
Article : Sierra Leone, in : Americana Annual 1962 pp.671-672, 1963 p.595, 1964 pp.589-590, 1965 p.624, 1967 p.603, 1968 pp.594-595, 1969 pp.598-599, 1970 p.606, 1971 pp.595-596, 1972 pp.589-590, 1973 pp.73, 592-593 [G]
Entry : Sierra Leone, in : The Commonwealth Yearbook 1989 pp.324-328 [G]



This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted in 2001, last revised on April 13th 2007

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