1939-1960 History of West Africa






Independence, since 1960



Independence was proclaimed in 1960, the capital being LOME. Togo kept close ties with motherland France. In 1967 Sergeant ETIENNE GNASSINGBE EYADEMA seized power in a coup, established a ONE-PARTY-STATE, in 1974 nationalized the country's phosphate industry. A democratic constitution reintroducing multiparty democracy was passed in 1992.





EXTERNAL
FILES
History of Togo, from Infoplease
Togo : The Party System in 1950-1956 and 1957-1962, in : Kenneth Janda, Political Parties : A Cross-National Survey
DOCUMENTS Flag, from FOTW
Banknotes, from Ron Wise's World Paper Money
Togo Archive, from Africa Online, archive of recent articles
REFERENCE Article Togo, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1961 p.682 (on events of 1960) [G]
Article Togo, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1962 p.677 (on events of 1961) [G]
Article Togo, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1963 p.792 (on events of 1962) [G]
Article Togo, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1964 pp.814-815 (on events of 1963) [G]
Article Togo, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1965 p.811 (on events of 1964) [G]
Article Togo, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1966 p.750 (on events of 1965) [G]
Article Togo, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1967 p.741 (on events of 1966) [G]
Article Togo, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1968 p.750 (on events of 1967) [G]
Article Togo, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1969 p.723 (on events of 1968) [G]
Article Togo, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1970 pp.739-740 (on events of 1969) [G]
Article Togo, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1971 pp.719-720 (on events of 1970) [G]
Article Togo, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1972 p.680 (on events of 1971) [G]
Article Togo, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1973 p.677 (on events of 1972) [G]
Article Togo, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1974 pp.670-671 (on events of 1973) [G]
Article Togo, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1975 p.677 (on events of 1974) [G]
Article Togo, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1976 p.665 (on events of 1975) [G]
Article Togo, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1977 pp.665-666 (on events of 1976) [G]
Article Togo, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1978 p.673 (on events of 1977) [G]
Article Togo, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1979 p.669 (on events of 1978) [G]
Article Togo, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1980 p.670 (on events of 1979) [G]
Article Togo, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1981 pp.660-661 (on events of 1980) [G]
Article Togo, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1982 pp.668-669 (on events of 1981) [G]
Article Togo, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1983 pp.666-667 (on events of 1982) [G]
Article Togo, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1984 p.666 (on events of 1983) [G]
Article Togo, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1985 pp.478, 793 (on events of 1984) [G]
Article Togo, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1986 pp.473, 792 (on events of 1985) [G]
Article Togo, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1988 pp.401, 712 (on events of 1987) [G]
Article Togo, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1989 pp.401, 712 (on events of 1988) [G]
Article Togo, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1990 pp.418, 728 (on events of 1989) [G]
Article Togo, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1993 pp.374, 729 (on events in 1992) [G]
Article Togo, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1994 pp.372, 729 (on events in 1993) [G]
Article Togo, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1995 pp.483, 729 (on events in 1993) [G]
Article : Togo, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1970-1971 pp.952-953 (data of 1969-1970) [G]
Article : Togo, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1975-1976 pp.1370-1371 (data of 1974-1975) [G]
Article : Togo, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1978-1979 pp.1170-1172 (data of 1977-1978) [G]
Article : Togo, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1980-1981 pp.1175-1177 (data of 1979-1980) [G]
Article : Togo, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1983-1984 pp.1179-1182 (data of 1982-1983) [G]
Article : Togo, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1984-1985 pp.1176-1179 (data of 1983-1984) [G]
Article : Togo, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1985-1986 pp.1177-1180 (data of 1984-1985) [G]
Article : Togo, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1987-1988 pp.1180-1183 (data of 1986-1987) [G]
Article : Togo, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1988-1989 pp.1184-1187 (data of 1987-1988) [G]
Article : Togo, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1989-1990 pp.1190-1193 (data of 1988-1989) [G]
Article : Togo, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1990-1991 pp.1190-1194 (data of 1989-1990) [G]
Article : Togo, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1991-1992 pp.1194-1197 (data of 1990-1991) [G]
Article : Togo, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1992-1993 pp.1276-1279 (data of 1991-1992) [G]
Article : Togo, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1993-1994 pp.1280-1283 (data of 1992-1993) [G]
Article : Togo, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1994-1995 pp.1279-1282 (data of 1993-1994) [G]
Article : Togo, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1995-1996 pp.1266-1269 (data of 1994-1995) [G]
Article : Togo, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1996-1997 pp.1247-1250 (data of 1995-1996) [G]
Article : Togo, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1997-1998 pp.1245-1248 (data of 1996-1997) [G]
Article : Togo, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1998-1999 pp.1360-1363 (data of 1997-1998) [G]
Article : Togo, in : Statesman's Yearbook 2000 pp.1526-1530 (data of 1998-1999) [G]
Article : Togo, in : Statesman's Yearbook 2001 pp.1494-1498 (data of 1999-2000) [G]
Article : Togo, in : Statesman's Yearbook 2002 pp.1549-1553 (data of 2000-2001) [G]
Article : Togo, in : Statesman's Yearbook 2003 pp.1549-1553 (data of 2001-2002) [G]
Article : Togo, in : Statesman's Yearbook 2004 pp.1568-1572 (data of 2002-2003) [G]
Article : Togo, in : Statesman's Yearbook 2005 pp.1578-1582 (data of 2003-2004) [G]
Article : Togo, in : The World in Figures 1st ed. 1976 pp.100-101 [G]
Article : Togo, in : The World in Figures 2nd ed. 1978 pp.100-101 [G]
Article : Togo, in : The World in Figures 4th ed. 1984 pp.99-100 [G]
Entry : Togo, Cabinet, p.99; in : Countries of the World and their Leaders Yearbook, 2003 [G]
Article : Togo, in : Americana Annual 1961 p.762 (on events of 1960) [G]
Article : Togo, in : Americana Annual 1962 pp.768-769 (on events of 1961) [G]
Article : Togo, in : Americana Annual 1963 p.682 (on events of 1962) [G]
Article : Togo, in : Americana Annual 1964 pp.664-665 (on events of 1963) [G]
Article : Togo, in : Americana Annual 1965 p.691 (on events of 1964) [G]
Article : Togo, in : Americana Annual 1967 pp.687-688 (on events of 1966) [G]
Article : Togo, in : Americana Annual 1968 p.675 (on events of 1967) [G]
Article : Togo, in : Americana Annual 1969 pp.687-688 (on events of 1968) [G]
Article : Togo, in : Americana Annual 1970 pp.686-687 (on events of 1969) [G]
Article : Togo, in : Americana Annual 1971 p.675 (on events of 1970) [G]
Article : Togo, in : Americana Annual 1972 p.675 (on events of 1971) [G]
Article : Togo, in : Americana Annual 1973 p.674 (on events of 1972) [G]
Entry : Togo, pp.978-983 in : IMF, International Financial Statistics Yearbook 2001 [G]



This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted in 2001, last revised on September 28th 2007

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