Region XXI
North Africa
Region XXIII
Central Africa
Last revised on October 10th 2001



Africa in Antiquity, 500 B.C. - 400 A.D.
Nok Culture
500 B.C.-200 A.D.

Africa in the Middle Ages
Ghana
7th-13th c.
Mali
13th-16th c.

Africa during Early Colonialism, 1415-1660
Portuguese GC
1482-1642
Songhai
15th-16th c.
Cape Verde
1456-1879

Africa during Mercantilism, 1660-1789
Oyo
14th-19th c.
Kgd. of Benin
1170-1897
Kgd. of Dahomey
1620-1892
Brandenburg-Afr. Co.
1682-1717
Danish Africa
1658-1850
Swedish Africa
1650-1663
Dutch West Africa
1598-1872
British Gold Coast
1645-1815
Fouta Djalon
1725-1899
Senegal
1445-1815
Segou
1650-1818
Kaarta
1753-1893

19th Century
Sokoto
1804-1903
Lagos
1861-1906
Ashanti
17th c.-1901
Liberia
1821-1847
Liberia
1847-1880
Sierra Leone
1808-1880
Guinea
before 1891
Port. Guinea
before 1879
Senegal
1815-1891
Gambia
before 1888
Ivory Coast
before 1842

High Imperialism, 1880-1918
Niger
1899-1922
Oil Rivers
1885-1914
Royal Niger Co.
1886-1900
Northern Nigeria
1900-1914
Nigeria
1914-1918
Dahomey
1863-1918
Togo
1884-1918
Upper Volta
1895-1919
Gold Coast
1874-1918
Ivory Coast
1842-1918
Upper Senegal & Niger
1898-1922
Liberia
1880-1918
Sierra Leone
1880-1918
Guinea
1891-1918
Port. Guinea
1879-1918
Cape Verde
1879-1918
Senegal
1891-1918
Gambia
1888-1918
Mauritania
before 1920

1918-1939
Niger
1922-1939
Nigeria
1918-1939
Dahomey
1918-1939
Togo
1918-1939
Upper Volta
1919-1939
Gold Coast
1919-1939
Ivory Coast
1919-1939
Fr. Soudan
1922-1939
Liberia
1919-1939
Sierra Leone
1919-1939
Guinea
1919-1939
Port. Guinea
1919-1939
Cape Verde
1919-1939
Senegal
1919-1939
Gambia
1919-1939
Mauritania
1920-1939

From World War II to Independence
Niger
1939-1960
Nigeria
1939-1960
Dahomey
1939-1960
Togo
1939-1960
Upper Volta
1939-1960
Gold Coast
1939-1957
Ivory Coast
1939-1960
Fr. Soudan
1939-1960
Liberia
1939-1960
Sierra Leone
1939-1961
Guinea
1939-1958
Port. Guinea
1939-1974
Cape Verde
1939-1975
Senegal
1939-1960
Gambia
1939-1965
Mauritania
1939-1960

African History since Independence
Niger
since 1960
Nigeria
since 1960
Biafra
1967-1970
Dahomey/Benin
since 1960
Togo
since 1960
Burkina Faso
since 1960
Ghana
since 1957
Ivory Coast
since 1960
Mali
since 1960
Liberia
since 1960
Sierra Leone
since 1961
Guinea
since 1958
Guinea Bissau
since 1975
Cape Verde
since 1975
Senegal
since 1960
Gambia
since 1965
Mauritania
since 1965


EXTERNAL
FILES
Library of Congress, Country Studies : Ivory Coast, Mauretania, Nigeria
DOCUMENTS Internet African History Soucebook, from fordham.edu
African History : Primary Documents, from Stanford Univ., History Dept.
Collections of Historic Maps from Africa from Perry Castaneda Collection at UTexas; from Columbia Univ.; Antiquarian Maps : Africa, from Yale Univ. Library, Map Coll.
Africa - Slave Trade - Tropical Colonies, from Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, Vol.55, June 1844 p.731ff
David Ker, Africa's Awakening, in Harper's New Monthly Magazine March 1886 pp.546-559; Arthur Silva White, Africa and the European Powers, from ditto, Nov. 1891, pp.924-931, H.M. Stanley, Slavery and the Slave Trade in Africa, from ditto, March 1893 pp.613-632, from Cornell Digital Library Collection
Historical Maps of Africa, from Univ. of Florida
REFERENCE Colin McEvedy, The Penguin Atlas of African History, London : Penguin (1980) 1995, 144 pp.



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